رضخ رضع رضف


1رَضِعَ أُمَّهُ

, aor. رَضَعَ; and رَضَعَ, aor. رَضِعَ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, * Ḳ;) the former of the dial. of Tihámeh; (O, L;) the latter of the dial. of Nejd; (Ṣ, O, L;) or the former of the dial. of Nejd; and the latter of the dial. of Tihámeh, and used by the people of Mekkeh; (Mṣb;) and رَضَعَ, (Mṣb,) i. e. رَضَعَ ثَدْىَ أُمِّهِ, (IḲṭṭ, TA,) aor. رَضَعَ; (IḲṭṭ, Mṣb;) inf. n. رَضَاعٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of the first, (Ṣ, TA,) or of the third, (Mṣb,) and رِضَاعٌ, (Ḳ,) [which is also an inf. n. of 3,] and رَضَعٌ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) of the first, (Mṣb, TA,) and رَضْعٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of the second, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and رَضِعٌ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) said by some to be the original form of the inf. n. of the second, (Mṣb,) and رَضَاعَةٌ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) of the third, (Mṣb,) and رِضَاعَةٌ; (Ḳ;) or the last two are simple substs. form رَضَاعٌ; (IAth;) said of a child; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) He sucked the breast of his mother; (Ḳ;) and ارتضع signifies the same. (Mṣb, TA.) You say, هٰذَا أَخِى مِنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ [This is my foster-brother]; and هٰذَا رَضِيعِى. (Ṣ, Ḳ. *) The saying, in a trad., الرَّضَاعَةُ مِنَ المَجَاعَةِ, and الرِّضَاعَةُ, means The sucking which occasions interdiction of marriage [with the woman whose milk is sucked and certain of her relations] is that of an infant when hungry; not of a child that is grown up: (IAth:) or that consequent upon hunger which is stopped by the milk in the time of infancy of the child; not when the child's hunger is only to be stopped by solid food. (Mgh in art. جوع.) You also say, of a man, يَرْضَعُ إِبِلَهُ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and غَنَمَهُ (Ṣ) [He sucks the teats of his camels and of his ewes or she-goats, by reason of his sordidness: see رَاضِعٌ].
رَضِعَ اللُّؤْمَ مِنْ ثَدْىِ أُمِّهِ (tropical:) [He sucked meanness, sordidness, or ignobleness, from the breast of his mother]; (Ḳ;) i. e. he was born in meanness, sordidness, or ignobleness. (TA.)
يَرْضَعُ النَّاسَ (assumed tropical:) He begs of men; (Ḳ, TA;) asks gifts of them. (TA.) So, accord. to IAạr, in the saying of Jereer,
* وَيَرْضَعُ مَنْ لَا قَى وَإِنْ يَرَ مُقْعَدًا *
* يَقُودُ بِأَعْمَى فَٱلْفَرَزْدَقُ سَائلُهْ *
[And he begs of him whom he meets; and if he see a cripple leading a blind person, El-Farezdak asks of him]: but [properly speaking] the مُقعَد is one who cannot stand, so as to lead the blind. (TA.)
هُوَ يَرْضَعُ الدُّنْيَا وَيَذُمُّهَا (tropical:) [He sucks the sweets of the present world, and dispraises it]. (TA.)
رَضُعَ, (Ṣ, Z, Ḳ,) with damm, as though what the verb denotes were natural to the person of whom it is said, (Ṣ, TA,) or the verb has this form because it is changed in meaning so as to be intensive, (Z, TA,) aor. رَضُعَ; and رَضَعَ, aor. رَضِعَ; (Ibn- ʼAbbád, Ḳ;) inf. n., (Z, Ḳ,) of the former verb, (Z, TA,) رَضَاعَةً, (Z, Ḳ,) with fet- h only; (IAth, TA;) (tropical:) He (a man, Ṣ) was, or became, mean, sordid, or ignoble: (Ṣ, * Ḳ, TA:) or he was, or became, very mean, &c.: (Z, TA:) [see رَاضَعٌ:] or one says, لَؤُمَ وَرَضُعَ, for the sake of mutual resemblance; and the meaning is, [he was, or became, mean, sordid, or ignoble, and] he sucked from the teat of the she-camel, fearing lest, if he milked, any one should know of his doing so, and demand of him somewhat. (Mṣb.)
رَضَعَتْ أَلْبَانُهَا (tropical:) Their milk became little in quantity; said in reference to milch-camels abounding with milk. (TA. [But the context in the TA suggests that this is a mistake; that the phrase is said of the wind called رَضَاعَةٌ; and that the right reading is رَضَعَتْ أَلْبَانَهَا; and the meaning, (assumed tropical:) It rendered their milk little in quantity.])

3راضعهُ

, (Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. مُرَاضَعَةٌ and رِضَاعٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and also رِضَاعَةٌ, (Mṣb,) [but this last is anomalous, and, if correct, is probably a simple subst.,] He sucked with him; or had him sucking with him; (Mṣb, * Ḳ, * TA;) he had him as his رَضِيع [or foster-brother]. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] بَيْنَهُمَا رِضَاعُ الكَأْسِ (tropical:) [Between them two is the sipping of the wine-cup, or cup of wine]. (TA.)
مُرَاضَعَةٌ also signifies An infant's sucking the breast of his mother while she has a child in her belly. (Ḳ.)
راضع ٱبْنَهُ He gave, or delivered, his son to the woman who should suckle him. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [See also 4.]

4أَرْضَعَتْ

She (a woman) had a child which she suckled. (Ḳ.)
ذَاتُ إِرْضَاعٍ, also, signifies (assumed tropical:) Having milk, though not having a child that is suckled. (IB.)
أَرْضْعَتْهُ أُمُّهُ His mother suckled him. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ. *)
You say also, أَرْضَعَ الوَلَدَ [app. meaning He caused the child to be suckled: or, perhaps, he suckled the child, by means of his wife or a female slave; because his semen genitale is considered as the source of the milk of a woman who has borne him a child; accord. to a saying of Lth, cited in an explanation of a usage of the word لَقَاحٌ or لِقَاحٌ]. (Ḳ voce مَلَحَ, q. v.) [See also 3.]

6تراضعا

They both sucked the breast of a woman together; each with the other. (TA.)

8ارتضع

: see 1; first sentence.
ارتضعت العَنْزُ The she-goat drank [or sucked] her own milk [from her udder]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Hence اِرْتِضَاعُ الكَأْسِ (assumed tropical:) The drinking [of the cup] of wine. (Ḥar p. 284: [See also 3.])

10استرضع

He sought, or demanded, a wetnurse. (Ḳ.) It is said in the Ḳur [ii. 233], وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمْ أَنْ تَسْتَرْضِعُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ And if ye desire to seek, or demand, wet-nurses for your children; i. e., ان تسترضعوا اولادكم مَرَاضِعَ; the second objective complement [accord. to this order of the words], but the first in reality because the wetnurse is the agent with respect to the child, being suppressed; for you say, اِسْتَرْضَعْتُ المَرْأَةَ وَلَدِى, meaning I sought, or demanded, of the woman that she should suckle my child: (IB:) accord. to some, the verb is doubly trans.: accord. to others, the prep. لِ is suppressed in the Ḳur; the meaning being لِأَوْلَادِكُمْ. (El-Howfee, in the “ Burhán fee tefseer-el-Ḳur-án. ”)

رِضْعٌ

A kind of trees upon which camels feed. (O, Ḳ.)

رَضَعٌ

The young ones [or suckers] of palmtrees; (IAạr, Ḳ;) as also رَصَعٌ, (Ḳ,) accord. to Lth and IDrd and the Ṣ; (TA in art. رصع;) or the latter, accord. to Az, is a mistranscription: (Ḳ * and TA in that art.:) n. un. with ة. (TA.)
(tropical:) Meanness, sordidness, or ignobleness; a subst. from رَضُعَ; as also رَضِعٌ. (Ḳ.)

رَضِعٌ

: see رَاضِعٌ, in two places:
: and see رَضَعٌ.

رَضِيعٌ

A foster-brother; syn. مُرَاضَعٌ: pl. رُضَعَآءُ (TA.) You say, هٰذَا رَضِيعِى, (Ṣ, Mṣb, * Ḳ, *) i. e. هٰذَا أَخِى مِنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ [This is my foster-brother]. (Ṣ, Ḳ. *)
[A child while it is a suckling;] a child before it is termed فَطِيمٌ [i. e. weaned]. (IAạr, TA in art. طبخ. [See also رَاضَعٌ.]) [In explanations of the words وَطْبٌ and شَكْوَةٌ in the Ṣ, it is applied as an epithet to a kid, evidently as meaning Sucking; or a suckling; like رَاضِعٌ, q. v., and رَضِعٌ.]
See two other significations, voce رَاضَغٌ, in two places.

رَضَاعَةٌ

, said in the Ḳ to be an inf. n. of 1 in the first of the senses explained in this art., is, accord. to IAth, a simple subst. (TA.)
[It is a regular inf. n. of رَضُعَ, q. v.]
الرَّضَاعَةُ also signifies (tropical:) The [west wind, or westerly wind, called] دَبُور: or a wind between that and the [south wind, or southerly wind, called] جَنُوب: (IDrd, Ḳ, TA:) because, when it blows upon the milch-camels abounding with milk, their milk becomes little in quantity. (IDrd, TA.)

رِضَاعَةٌ

, said in the Ḳ to be an inf. n. of 1 in the first of the senses expl. in this art., is, accord. to IAth, a simple subst. (TA.)
[It is also said, in the Mṣb, to be an inf. n. of رَاضَعَهُ, q. v.]

رَضُوعَةٌ

A female that suckles her young: (TA:) or a ewe or she-goat that suckles, or that has a young one which she suckles. (AO, Ṣ, Ḳ.)

رَضَّاعٌ

: see the next paragraph.

رَاضَعٌ

Sucking the breast of his mother; a suckling; as also رَضِعٌ: pl. of the former رُضَّعٌ; and of the latter; رُضُعٌ. (Ḳ. [See also رَضِيعٌ, which signifies the same; as is shown below, voce مُرْضِعٌ; and by Bḍ in xxii. 2; &c.])
One who sucks from the teat of the she-camel, fearing lest, if he milked, any one should know of his doing so, and demand of him somewhat: (Mṣb:) or a pastor who does not take with him a milkingvessel, and, when he is asked for milk, excuses himself on that ground, (Ḳ, TA,) and, when he desires to drink, sucks the teat of his milchbeast: (TA:) pl. رُضَّعٌ. (Mṣb.) The phrase لَئِيمٌ رَاضِعٌ [i. e. Mean, sordid, or ignoble; who sucks the teats of his she-camels, &c.,] originated, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) as they assert, (Ṣ,) from a certain man's sucking the teats of his she-camels (Ṣ, Ḳ) or ewes or she-goats, and not milking them, (Ṣ,) lest the sound of his milking should be heard and somewhat should be demanded of him: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the origin was the coming of a guest by night to a certain man of the Amalekites, whereupon the latter sucked the udder of his ewe, lest the guest should hear the sound of the streaming of the milk from the teat. (IDrd.) But when a single epithet is used, one says رَضِيعٌ. (Mṣb. [See, however, what follows.])
[Hence,] (tropical:) Mean, sordid, or ignoble; (Ḳ, TA;) as also رَضِيعٌ and رَضَّاعٌ: pl. رُضَّعٌ and رُضَّاعٌ: (Ḳ:) and رَضِعُونَ, as a pl., [i. e. pl. of رَضِعٌ,] has the same signification, of mean, &c. (TA.) It is said in a trad. of Selemeh Ibn-El-Akwa', اليُوْمَ يُوْمُ الرُّضَّعِ, meaning (tropical:) To-day is the day of the destruction of the mean, &c. (TA.)
Also (tropical:) Mean, sordid, or ignoble, who has sucked meanness, sordidness, or ignobleness, from the breast of his mother; (ElYemámee, Ḳ, TA;) i. e. born in meanness, sordidness, or ignobleness. (TA.)
(tropical:) A beggar: (TA:) one who begs of men: (Ḳ:) thus Ibn-ʼAbbád explains لَئِيمٌ رَاضِعٌ. (TA.)
(assumed tropical:) One who eats the particles of food remaining between his teeth, lest anything [thereof] should escape him: (Ḳ:) or such is termed لَئِيمٌ رَاضِعٌ. (TA.)
A possessor of milk: after the usual manner of a possessive epithet [like لَابِنٌ]. (TA.)

رَاضِعَةٌ

A central incisor when it falls out: (Mṣb:) or the رَاضِعَتَانِ are the two central incisors (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) of a child, (Ṣ Ḳ, TA,) over which the milk is drunk [or sucked]: (Mṣb, TA:) pl. رَوَاضَعُ: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the رَوَاضِع are the teeth of a child that grow and then fall out in the period of sucking; (Mṣb, * TA;) and they are said to be six in the upper part of the mouth and six in its lower part: (TA:) [the pl. is applied to all the milk-teeth of a child, and of a horse &c.; it applies to the teeth called رَبَاعِيَات that fall out, as well as to the ثَنَايَا, or central incisors, accord. to AO, in a passage relating to a colt, in his كتاب الخيل quoted in the TA in art. حفر; and to the teeth called قَوَارِح that fall out, accord. to a passage in the Ṣ, voce أَحْفَرَ, q. v., as well as the extract from the work of AO mentioned above, and in this case likewise relating to a colt.]

مَرْضَعٌ

The breast, as being the place of sucking: pl. مَرَاضِعُ. (Ksh and Bḍ in xxviii. 11.)
And [as an inf. n.] The act of sucking the breast: pi. as above. (Ksh and Bḍ ibid.)

مُرْضَعٌ

Suckled: pl. مَرَاضَعُ; which is opposed to فُطُمٌ, pl. of فَطِيمٌ. (Mgh.)

مُرْضِعٌ

and مُرْضَعَةٌ A mother [or other woman] suckling: (Mṣb:) or one having with her a child which she suckles: the former epithet may with reason be applied to the mother because suckling is performed only by females, like as the epithets حَائِضٌ and طَامِثٌ are applied to a woman; and if مُرْضَعَةٌ were applied to her who has with her a child, it would be correct: (Fr, TA:) [but see another saying ascribed to Fr in what follows:] or the former, a woman having a child which she suckles; (Kh, Ṣ, IB, Ḳ;) after the manner of a possessive epithet; (IB;) i. e. having a رَضِيع; (Kh, IB;) like اِمْرَأَةٌ مُطْفِلٌ “ a woman having a طِفْل; ” (Kh;) or ظَبْيَةٌ مُشْدِنٌ “ a doe-gazelle having a شَادِن; ” though مُرْضِعٌ has a verb bearing a signification agreeing with this; and it sometimes occurs as meaning having milk, though not having a child that is suckled: (IB:) but the latter is used in describing a woman as performing an action; (Kh;) signifying suckling a child: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) the former is used when the [abstract] quality is meant: the latter, when the action is meant: but God knows: (Akh:) or the former signifies one who is near to suckling, but has not yet suckled: and one having with her the child that is suckled [by her] (الصَّبِىُّ الرَّضِيعُ): and the latter, [in the TA the former, but this is a mistranscription, as is shown by what follows,] one who is suckling, her teat being in the mouth of her child; and in this sense it is used in the Ḳur, in a passage which see below: (AZ in the TA:) Th says, the latter signifies one who suckles, though she have not a child, or if she have a child: and the former, one who has not a child with her, and sometimes having with her a child: and in one place he says, when the action is meant, the latter is used, and it is made an epithet: and when the ة is not added, it is meant as a subst: (TA:) Fr and some others say that it is without ة when the proper signification of suckling is meant: and with ة when the tropical signification of a subject of the attribute of suckling in time past or future is meant: (Mṣb:) the pl. [of both, though said in the Mgh and TA to be that of the former,] is مَرَاضِعُ (Mgh, Mṣb, TA) and مَرَاضِيعُ. (Mṣb, TA.) The saying in the Ḳur [xxii. 2], يَوْمَ تَرَوْنَهَا تَذْهَلُ كُلُّ مُرْضِعَةٍ عَمَّا أَرْضَعَتْ means [On the day when ye shall see it,] every woman that is suckling;, (AZ, Kh,) in the act of doing so, (Kh,) with her teat in the mouth of her child; (AZ,) [shall neglect, or become heedless of or diverted from, that which she shall have been suckling:] or مرضعة here has the last signification explained in the preceding sentence [so that the meaning is every woman who shall have been suckling or shall be going to suckle]. (Mṣb.)
It is said in a trad., نِعْمَتِ المُرْضِعَةُ وَبِئْسَتِ الفَاطِمَةُ, meaning (assumed tropical:) Excellent in the office of commander, or governor, and the profit, or advantage, which it brings to its possessor; and very evil is death, which destroys his delights, or pleasures, and stops the profits, or advantages, of that office. (TA.)
The pl. مَرَاضِيعُ is metaphorically applied as an epithet to bees (جَوَارِس, i. e. نَحْل). (TA.)

مُرَاضَعٌ

: see رَضِيعٌ.
Also An unborn child of a woman who is suckling another child: such a child proves to be meagre in body, slender in the bones, and ill nourished. (En-Naḍr, Ṣgh.)

مُسْتَرْضَعٌ

[for مُسْتَرْضَعٌ لَهُ, agreeably with an opinion mentioned by El-Howfee, (see 10,) One for whom a wet-nurse has been sought, or demanded]. You say, فُلَانٌ المُسْتَرْضَعُ فِى بَنِى تَمِيمٍ [Such a one is he for whom a wet-nurse has been sought, or demanded, among the Benoo-Temeem]. (TA.)