رسف رسل رسم
1. ⇒ رسل
رَسِلَ, aor. ـَ
Also, aor. ـَ
[Golius says, as on the authority of the KL, that رَسَلَ signifies Nuncium misit: but what I find in the KL is, that رَسُولٌ, as an inf. n., signifies the bringing a message (پيغام بردن): whence it seems that رَسَلَ means he brought a message.]
2. ⇒ رسّل
تَرْسِيلٌ, in reading, or reciting, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) i. q. تَرْتِيلٌ; (Ḳ, TA;) i. e. (TA) Easy [or leisurely] utterance; without haste: (Yz, Mṣb, TA:) or, as some say, with consecution of the parts, or portions: (TA:) andتَرَسُّلٌ↓ therein signifies the same: (Yz, Mṣb:) orتَرَسَّلَ↓ قِرّآءَتِهِ فِى signifies he proceeded in a leisurely manner in his reading, or reciting, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and was grave, staid, sedate, or calm, (Mgh,) and endeavoured to understand, without raising his voice much. (TA.) It is said in a trad., كَانَ فِى كَلَامِهِ تَرْسِيلٌ i. e. تَرْتِيلٌ [There was in his (Moḥammad's) speech an easy, or a leisurely, utterance]. (TA.) And in another trad. it is said,إذَا أَذَّنْتَ فَتَرَسَّلْ↓ وَإِذَا أَقَمْتَ فَٱحْذِمْ [expl. in art. حذم]. (Mgh.)
See also 4, last sentence but one.
رَسَّلْتُ فُصْلَانِى, inf. n. تَرْسِيلٌ, I gave to drink [to my young camels, or my young weaned camels,] رِسْل (Ḳ, TA,) i. e. milk. (TA.)
3. ⇒ راسل
راسلهُ (Ṣ, MA,) inf. n. مُرَاسَلَةٌ, (Ṣ,) He sent a message, and a letter, or an epistle, to him, (MA, PṢ,) the latter doing the like: (PṢ:) [he interchanged messages, and letters, with him.] You say, راسلهُ فِى كَذَا [He interchanged messages, or letters, with him, in relation to such a thing]: and بَيْنَهُمَا مُرَاسَلَاتٌ [Between them two are interchanges of messages, or of letters]. (TA.) And هَىَ تُرَاسِلُ الخُطَّابَ [She interchanges messages, or letters, with those who demand women in marriage]. (M, Ḳ.) And تُرَاسِلُهُ بِالخُطَّابِ [She interchanges messages, or letters, with him by means of those who demand women in marriage]. (TA.)
[Hence,] راسلهُ فِى نِضَالٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ [He acted interchangeably, or alternated, with him in a competition in shooting, or in some other performance]. (Ṣ.) And راسلهُ فِى الغِنَآءِ, and العَمَلِ, He relieved him, or aided him, in singing, and in work, [by alternating with him, i. e.,] in the former case, by taking up the strain when the latter was unable to continue it [so as to accomplish the cadence (see 6)], and in the latter case by taking up the work when the latter person was unable to continue it; or he so relieved, or aided, him in singing with a high voice: or راسلهُ فِى عَمَلِهِ he aided him, [or relieved him, by alternating with him,] or he followed him, or imitated him, in his work: (IAạr, Mṣb:) and راسلهُ الغِنَآءَ he emulated him, or imitated him, [by alternating with him,] in the singing. (TA.) And راسلهُ فِى القِرَآءَة He aided him, or assisted him, [or relieved him, by alternating with him,] in the reading, or reciting, of the Ḳur-án, &c. (MA.)
4. ⇒ ارسل
إِرْسَالٌ signifies The act of sending. (Ḳ, KL, &c.) Thus is explained إِرْسَالُ ٱللّٰهِ أَنْبِيَآءَهُ [i. e. God's sending his prophets.] (Th, TA.) You say,أَرْسَلْتُ فُلَانًا فِى رِسَالَةٍ↓ (Ṣ) I sent such a one with a message. (PṢ.) Andارسل إِلَيْهِ رَسُولًا↓ (MA, Mṣb *) He sent to him a message, or a letter, (MA,) or a messenger. (Mṣb.)
[The act of sending forth, or starting, a horse for a race: the discharging a thing; as, for instance, an arrow from a bow; and water, or the like, from a vessel, &c. in which it was confined: the launching forth a ship or boat; letting it go; letting it take its course:] the act of setting loose or free; letting loose; loosing, unbinding, or liberating. (Ḳ.) You say ارسل الشَّىْءَ He set loose or free,, &c., the thing. (M.) And أَرْسَلْتُ الطَّائِرَ مِنْ يَدِى I let go, or let loose, the bird from my hand. (Mṣb.) And [hence,] ارسل الحُرُوفَ [He uttered the letters]. (Mgh in art. رتل.) And ارسل الغِنَآءَ [He uttered the song; he sang]. (TA.) And ارسل الإِقَامَةَ [He chanted the اقامة]. (Mṣb in art. درج. [See أَدْرَجَ.]) And ارسل عَلَيْهِ لِسَانَهُ [† He let loose his tongue against him]. (A in art. برد.) And ارسل الكَلَامَ † He made the speech, or language, to be unrestricted. (Mṣb.) [In like manner,] إِرْسَالٌ signifies also † The making a thing, such as property, and a legacy, absolute, or unrestricted. (Mgh.)
[The act of letting down, letting fall, or making to hang down, the hair, &c. You say, ارسلهُ, and ارسلهُ مِنْ أَعْلَى إِلَى أَسْفَلَ, He let it down,, &c., or lowered it.]
† The act of leaving, leaving alone, or neglecting, (M, Ḳ,) a thing. (M.) [Hence,] one says, ارسلهُ عَنْ يَدِهِ ‡ He left, forsook, or deserted, him; or he abstained from, or neglected, aiding him, or assisting him. (TA.)
Also The act of making to have dominion, or authority, and power; making to have, or exercise, absolute dominion or sovereignty or rule, or absolute superiority of power or force; or giving power, or superior power or force. (M, Ḳ.) Hence, in the Ḳur [xix. 86], أَرْسَلْنَا الشَّيَاطِينَ عَلَى الكَافِرِينَ تَؤُزُّهُمْ أَزًّا, i. e. [We have made the devils to have dominion,, &c., over the unbelievers, inciting them strongly to acts of disobedience; or] we have appointed, or prepared, the devils for the unbelievers, because of their unbelief; like as is said in the same [xliii. 35], نُقَيِّضْ لَهُ شَيْطَانًا [“We will appoint, or prepare, for him a devil” as an associate]: this is the preferred explanation: [or it may be well rendered we have sent the devils against the unbelievers:] some say that the meaning is, we have left the devils to do as they please with the unbelievers, not withholding them, or preserving them, from acceptance from them. (Zj, M.)
ارسلوا [from رِسْلٌ] They had milk in their cattle: (Ṣ:) or their milk became much; as alsoرسّلوا↓, inf. n. تَرْسِيلٌ: (Ḳ:) or the latter signifies their milk and drink became much. (TA.)
Also [from رَسَلٌ] They became possessors of herds or flocks. (O, Ḳ.*)
5. ⇒ ترسّل
ترسّل He acted, or behaved, gently, and deliberately, or leisurely, (M, Ḳ, TA,) and with gravity, staidness, sedateness, or calmness. (TA.) التَّرَسُّلُ فِى الأُمُورِ is The acting, or behaving, [gently, and] deliberately, or leisurely, and with gravity, staidness, sedateness, or calmness, in affairs. (TA.) See also 2, in three places.
التَّرَسُّلُ in riding is The extending one's legs upon the beast so as to let, or make, his clothes hang down loosely upon his legs: and in sitting, the crossing one's legs, and letting, or making, his clothes hang down loosely upon them and around him. (TA.)
ترسّلا بَيْنَ القَوْمِ [He acted as a رَسُول (or messenger) between the people]. (Mṣb and TA in art. الك.)
6. ⇒ تراسل
تراسلوا They sent, one to another, (MA, Mṣb, TA,) a message [or messages], (MA, Mṣb,) or a messenger [or messengers]. (Mṣb.)
Hence, تراسلوا فِى الغِنَآءِ [They relieved, or aided, one another alternately in singing;] i. e. they combined in singing, one beginning, and prolonging his voice, but being unable to continue long enough to accomplish the cadence, and therefore pausing, and another then taking up the strain, and then the first returning to the modulation, and so on to the end. (Mṣb.) لَا تَرَاسُلَ فِى الأَذَانِ means [in like manner] There shall be no relieving, or aiding, one another [alternately], i. e., no combining [of two or more persons, each performing a part alternately], in the chanting of the call to prayer. (Mṣb.) [In other cases likewise] التَّرَاسُلُ signifies The doing the like of that which one's companion, or fellow, [or another,] does, in such a manner as that one follows another [alternately]. (Ḥar p. 268.)
10. ⇒ استرسل
استرسل It (a thing) was, or became, loose, or slack; syn. سَلِسَ. (M, TA.)
Said of hair: see 1, in two places. [In like manner said of a tree, &c., It drooped; or was pendent. Said of a cheek, (to which its part. n. مُسْتَرْسِلٌ is applied as an epithet in the Ḳ voce أَسِيلٌ,) It was, or became, lank.]
الاِسْتِرْسَالُ in the pace of a beast is The going gently, deliberately, or leisurely. (TA.) [And you say, استرسلت الدَّابَّةٌ The beast went a gentle, deliberate, or leisurely, pace.]
Also, [in other cases,] The being still, and steady. (TA.)
Hence, (TA,) استرسل إِلَيْهِ ‡ He acted, or behaved, towards him with freedom, boldness, forwardness, or presumptuousness, and with familiarity; syn. اِنْبَسَطَ, and اِسْتَأْنَسَ; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) and was at ease, and confided in him, with respect to that which he told him: (TA:) or he acted forwardly, or impudently, towards him: he acted forwardly, impudently, freely, or familiarly, towards him, in the way of coquetry, or feigned disdain. (MA.)
And استرسل الدَّهْرُ فِيهِمْ فَأَفْنَاهُمْ [† Fate made free with them, and destroyed them]. (TA in art. بهل)
Also He said, Send thou to me the camels in droves (أَرْسَالًا [in the CK, erroneously, اِرْسالًا]); (Ḳ, TA;) ارسالا being with fet-ḥ to the hemzeh; i. e. drove after drove: for the camels, when they come to the water, are numerous; and their tender brings them to the watering-trough thus; not all together, as in this case they would press together upon the watering-trough and not satisfy their thirst. (TA.)
رَسْلٌ / رَسْلَةٌ
رَسْلٌ Easy; applied to a pace. (M, Ḳ.)
Easy in pace; applied to a he-camel: fem. with ة
Soft, and lax, or flaccid: [app. applied to a he-camel; for it is added,] one says نَاقَةٌ رَسْلَةٌ القَوَائِمِ, meaning A she-camel loose, or slack, [in the legs, and] soft in the joints [thereof]. (TA. [See also another meaning assigned to this phrase in what follows.])
Applied to hair, i. q.مُسْتَرْسِلٌ↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ; in the CK مُرْسَل;) which means Lank; not crisp: (Mgh, Mṣb: [and so accord. to an explanation of استرسل in the Ṣ and Ḳ:]) or lank and pendent: (Mṣb:) or long, and lank or pendent. (AZ, Az, Mṣb.)
And رَسْلَةٌ, (M,) or رَسْلَةُ القَوائِمِ, [of which see an explanation in what precedes,] (L, TA,) andمِرْسَالٌ↓, applied to a she-camel, (M, L, TA,) Having much hair, (M,) or much and long hair, (L, TA,) upon her shanks, or hind legs (فِى سَاقِيْهَا): (M, L, TA:) but in the Ḳ, رَسْلَةٌ andمُرَاسِلٌ↓ [not مِرْسَالٌ] are explained as epithets applied to a woman, meaning having much and long hair upon her shanks. (TA.)
Also sing. of رِسَالٌ↓, (TA,) which signifies The legs of a camel: (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) so called because of their length. (AZ, TA.)
And see the paragraph here next following.
رِسْلٌ Gentleness; and a deliberate, or leisurely, manner of acting or behaving; as alsoرِسْلَةٌ↓; (M, Ḳ;) [and perhapsرَسْلٌ↓ andرَسْلَةٌ↓; for] one says اِفْعَلْ كَذَا وَكَذَا عَلَى رِسْلِكَ (Ṣ, Mgh,* Mṣb,* CK * [but not in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ nor in the copies used by SM]) and رَسْلِكَ and رَسْلَتِكَ, (CK, [but likewise wanting in MṢ. copies of the Ḳ,]) i. e. [Do thou such and such things] at thine ease; (Mṣb;) or act thou gently, deliberately, or leisurely, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,*) in doing such and such things; like as one says, عَلَى هِينَتِكَ. (Ṣ.) Sakhr-el-Ghei says, when despairing of his companions' overtaking him, his enemies surrounding him, and he feeling sure of slaughter, (M,)
* لَوْ أَنَّ حَوْلِى مِنْ قُرَيْمٍ رَجْلَا ** بِيضَ الوَجُوهِ يَحْمِلُونَ النَّبْلَا ** لَمَنَعُونِى نَجْدَةً أَوْ رِسْلَا *
(Skr, M,*) i. e. [If there were around me, of the family of Kureym, men on foot, fair in the faces (app. meant tropically), bearing arrows, they would defend me] by violent means or by gentle means: (Skr:) or with fighting or without fighting. (M.) [See also a phrase cited from a trad. in what follows of this paragraph.] One says also,جَاؤُوا رِسْلَةً رِسْلَةً↓ They came company by company. (M.)
And A soft, gentle, saying or speech. (TA.)
Also Milk, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) of whatever sort it be: (M, Ḳ:) or, accord. to the Towsheeh, fresh milk. (TA.) One says, كَثُرَ الرِّسْلُ العَامَ, meaning Milk has become abundant this year: and the people of the desert assert that, when this is the case, dates are few; and that, when dates are abundant, milk is scarce. (TA.)
It is said in a trad. [respecting the giving of the poor-rate], إِلَّا مَنْ أَعْطَى فِى نَجْدَتِهَا وَرِسْلِهَا, (Ṣ, TA,) which is explained in two different ways: (TA:) [J says that] it is from رِسْلٌ in the sense first explained above; meaning straitness and plenty; i. e. Except him who gives when they are fat and goodly, when it is difficult, or hard, to their owner to give them forth, and when they are lean, [or] in a middling condition: (Ṣ:) and AʼObeyd says the like; and that it is similar to the saying, قَالَ فُلَانٌ كَذَا عَمَّا رِسْلِهِ, meaning Such a one said such a thing holding it (the saying) in light estimation: others say that it is from رِسْلٌ signifying “milk;” which AʼObeyd disallows: IAth says that what is meant by نجدة is straitness and drought or barrenness or dearth; and by رسل, plenty, and abundance of herbage or the like; because رسل, i. e. milk, is plentiful only in the case of abundance of herbage; so that the meaning is, except him who gives forth the due of God in the case of straitness and in that of plenty. (TA.)
The رِسْلَانِ of a horse are The extremities of the عَضُدَانِ [or two arms]. (M, Ḳ.*)
رَسَلٌ Camels: (M, Ḳ:) thus expl. by AʼObeyd, without any epithet: (M:) or a drove, or herd, or a distinct collection or number, of camels, (Ṣ, M,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) and of sheep or goats, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) accord. to ISk from ten to twenty-five, (TA,) or the رَسَل of the watering-trough is at least ten, and extending to twenty-five; and the word is masc. and fem.; (M;) and also † of horses or horsemen; (Ṣ;) applied to ‡ a company of men (Mgh, Mṣb) as being likened to a drove, or herd, of camels: (Mṣb:) and also a distinct collection or number of any things: (M, Ḳ:) pl. أَرْسَالٌ. (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.) A rájiz says,
* يَا ذَائِدَيْهَا خَوِّصَا بِأَرْسَالْ ** وَلَا تَذُودَاهَا ذِيَادَ الضُّلَّالْ *
[O ye two drivers of them, water some before others, by droves, and drive them not with the driving of those who err from the right way]: (Ṣ, TA:) i. e. bring near your camels some after some, and do not let them crowd upon the water-ing-trough. (TA.) And one says, جَآءَتِ الإِبِلُ رَسَلًا The camels came [in a drove, or] following one another. (IAmb, TA.) And جَآءَتِ الخَيْلُ أَرْسَالًا, i. e. † [The horses, or horsemen, came] in successive distinct companies. (Ṣ, TA.) And جَاءُوا أَرْسَالًا ‡ They (men) came in successive companies. (Mṣb. [And the like is said in the Mgh and in the TA.]) وَقِيرٌ كَثِيرُ الرَّسَلِ قَلِيلُ الرِّسْلِ, occurring in a trad. relating to a drought, is said by IḲt to mean [A collection of sheep or goats] of which many were sent to the pasture, i. e. many in number, but having little milk but the more probable explanation of كثير الرسل is that of El-'Odhree, who says that it means much dispersed in search of pasture: for the trad. relates that the camels had died, notwithstanding their ability to endure drought: how then should the sheep or goats be safe, and increase so as to become numerous? (IAth, TA.)
Also Animals, or beasts, having milk. (M, TA.)
رُسُلٌ A young girl, that has not worn the [muffler, or veil, called] خَمَار. (Ḳ.)
Also a pl. of رَسُولٌ. (Ṣ, M, &c.)
رَسْلَةٌ A soft, or delicate condition of life: you say, هُمْ فِى رَسْلَةٍ مِنَ العَيْشِ They are in a soft, or delicate, condition of life. (M.)
And Heaviness, sluggishness, laziness, or indolence: (M, Ḳ:) you say رَجُلٌ فِيهِ رَسْلَةٌ A man in whom is heaviness,, &c. (M.)
See also رِسْلٌ, first sentence.
رِسْلَةٌ: see رِسْلٌ, in two places.
رِسَالٌ: see رَسْلٌ (of which it is the pl.), near the end of the paragraph:
رَسُولٌ i. q. رِسَالَةٌ: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) see the latter, in five places.
Hence, as meaning ذُو رَسُولٍ, i. e. ذُو رِسَالَةٍ [One who has a message; i. e. a messenger]; (TA;) i. q.مُرْسَلٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) meaning one sent with a message; (Ṣ;) of the measure فَعُولٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ [or rather مُفْعَلٌ]: (Mṣb:) [and often meaning an apostle of God; and with the article ال especially applied to Moḥammad:] accord. to IAmb, its meaning in the proper language of the Arabs is one who carries on by consecutive progressions the relation of the tidings of him who has sent him; taken from the phrase جَآءَتِ الإِبِلُ رَسَلًا, meaning “The camels came following one another:” and the saying of the Muëdhdhin, أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ ٱللّٰه means I know [or acknowledge] and declare that Moḥammad is the relater by consecutive progressions of the tidings from God: (TA:) [or, as commonly understood, I testify that Moḥammad is the apostle of God:] a رَسُول is also called مِرْسَالٌ↓, as being likened to the arrow thus termed: (TA:) the pl. of رَسُولٌ is رُسُلٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and رُسْلٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb) and رُسَلَآءٌ, (M, Ḳ,) which last is from IAạr, (M,) or Fr, (Ṣgh,) and أَرْسُلٌ, (M, Ḳ,) which [is a pl. of pauc., and] occurs in the saying of the Hudhalee,
* لَوْكَانَ فِى قَلْبِى كَقَدْرِ قُلَامَةٍ ** حُبًا لِغَيْرِكِ قَدْ أَتَاهَا أَرْسُلِى *
[Had there been in my heart as much as a nailparing of love for another than thee, my messengers (or, accord. to the TA, app., my messages) had come to her]: respecting which IJ says that he has given to رَسُولٌ this form of pl., which is [regularly] proper to feminines [of this class of words, consisting of four letter whereof the third is a letter of prolongation], such as أَتَانٌ and عَنَاقٌ and عُقَابٌ, because women are meant thereby, as they, generally, are the persons required to serve in cases of this kind: (M:) [for] رَسُولٌ is applied without variation to a male and a female, and to one [and to two] and to a pl. number; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) sometimes: (M:) i. e., it is allowable thus to apply it: (Mṣb:) hence, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) in the Ḳur [xxvi. 15], (Ṣ,) إِنَّا رَسُولُ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ [Verily we are the apostles of the Lord of the beings of the whole world]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) MF says, in ch. xx. [verse 49], we find إِنَّا رَسُولَا رَبِّكَ [Verily we are the two apostles of thy Lord]; the dual form being here used: and Z says, in the Ksh, that in this instance it means the messengers, and therefore the dual form is necessarily used; but in ch. xxvi. it means the message, and therefore it is allowable to use it alike, when applying it as an epithet, as sing. and dual and pl.: Aboo-Is-hak the Grammarian says that the meaning here is, إِنَّا رِسَالَةٌ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ, i. e. ذَوُو رِسالَةِ [Verily we are those that have the message, &c.]: (TA:) [but] رَسُولٌ [as meaning a messenger] is like عَدُوٌّ and صَديقٌ [&c.] in its being used alike as masc. and fem. and sing. [and dual] and pl.: (Ṣgh, TA:) Aboo-Dhu-eyb uses it in the sense of رُسُل in his saying,
* أَلِكْنِى إِلَيْهَا وَخَيْرُ الرَّسُو ** لِ أَعْلَمُهُمْ بِنَوَاحِى الخَبَرْ *
[Be thou my messenger to her: and the best of messengers is the most knowing of them in respect of the bounds, or limits, of the tidings]. (M.) See 4. The saying in the Ḳur [xxv. 39], وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ لَمَّ كَذَّبُوا الرُّسُلَ أَغْرَقْنَاهُمْ [lit. And the people of Noah, when they charged with lying the apostles, we drowned them], Zj says, may mean that they charged with lying Noah alone; for he who charges with lying a prophet charges therewith all the prophets, since they believe in God and in all his apostles; or the general term may be here used as meaning one; like as when you say, أَنْتَ مِمَّنْ يُنْفِقُ الدَّرَاهِمَ, meaning “Thou art of those who expend the kind of things termed دراهم.” (M.)
One says also, السِّهَامُ رُسُلُ المَنَايَا ‡ [Arrows are the messengers of death, or of the decrees of death]. (TA.)
رَسِيلٌ Easy: occurring in the saying of Jubeyhà El-Asadee,
* وَقُمْتُ رَسِيلًا بِالَّذِى جَآءَ يَبْتَغِى ** إِلَيْهِ بَلِيجَ الوَجْهِ لَسْتُ بِبَاسِرِ *
[And I undertook, or managed, with ease, that which he came seeking to obtain; bright in countenance to him: I was not frowning]. (TA.)
Also A stallion-camel (Ḳ,* TA) of the Arabian race, that is sent among the شَوْل [or she-camels that have passed seven or eight months since the period of their bringing forth] in order that he may leap them: one says, هٰذَا رَسِيلُ بَنِى فُلَانٍ This is the stallion of the camels of the sons of such a one: and أَرْسَلَ بَنُو فُلَانٍ رَسِيلَهُمْ [The sons of such a one sent the stallion of their camels]: as though it were of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مُفْعَلٌ, from أَرْسَلَ. (TA.)
And accord. to some, A horse that is started with another in a race. (Ḥar p. 544.)
[In the CK and in a MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, voce عَمُودٌ, it occurs as though meaning The scout, or emissary, or perhaps the advanced guard, of an army: but in other copies of the Ḳ, in this instance, accord. to the TA, and in the L, the word is رَئِيس.]
I. q. مُرَاسِلٌ↓ [as meaning one who interchanges messages or letters with another: see 3]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
The person who stands with thee (المُوَاقِفُ لَكَ [in the Ḳ (in which this explanation is erroneously assigned toرَسُولٌ↓) المُوَافِقُ لَكَ]) in a competition in shooting and the like: (M:) [i. e.] رَسِيلُ الرَّجُلِ signifies he who stands with the man, (يَقِفُ مَعَهُ, Ḥar p. 544,) or he who acts interchangeably, or alternates, with the man, (يُرَاسِلُهُ, Ṣ,) in a competition in shooting, or in some other performance. (Ṣ and Ḥar.) And, as alsoمُرَاسِلٌ↓, One who relieves, or aids, another, in singing and in work, [by alternating with him, i. e.,] in the former case, by taking up the strain when the other is unable to continue it [so as to accomplish the cadence (see 6)], and in the latter case by taking up the work when the other is unable to continue it; or one who so relieves, or aids, another in singing with a high voice; i. q. مُتَالٍ: or one who aids another, [or relieves him, by alternating with him,] or who follows him, or imitates him, in his work. (IAạr, Mṣb.) One says, هُوَ رَسِيلُهُ فِى الغِنَآءِ وَنَحْوِهِ [He is the person who relieves him, or aids him, by alternating with him, in singing and the like thereof]. (TA.)
See also رِسَالَةٌ, in two places.
Also Wide, or ample. (Ḳ.)
A thing little in quantity, or incomplete: الشَّىْءُ اللَّطِيفُ in the copies of the Ḳ should be الشَّىْءُ الطَّفِيفُ, as in the Moḥeeṭ (TA.)
And Sweet water. (Ḳ.)
رَسَالَةٌ: see the next paragraph.
رِسَالَةٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andرَسَالَةٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andرَسُولٌ↓ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andرَسِيلٌ↓ (Th, M, Ḳ) signify the same, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) A message; and a letter; (MA in explanation of the first, and KL in explanation of the first and third;) [a communication sent from one person or party to another, oral or written;] substs. from أَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ: (M, Ḳ:*) the pl. of the first is رَسَائِلُ; (Mṣb;) and أَرْسُلٌ is pl. ofرَسُولٌ↓ in the sense of رِسَالَةٌ, and of the fem. gender. (TA. [See the former of the two verses cited voce رَسُولٌ.]) You say, أَرْسَلْتُ فُلَانًا فِى رِسَالَةٍ: (Ṣ:) andأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولًا↓: (MA:) see 4. A poet says, (Ṣ,) namely El-Ash'ar El-Joafee, (TA,)
*أَلَا أَبْلغْ أَبَا عَمْرٍو رَسُولًا↓ ** بِأَنِّى عَنْ فُتَاحَتِكُمْ غَنِىُّ *
[Now deliver thou to Aboo-ʼAmr a message, saying that I am in no need of your judging]: (Ṣ:) or بَنِى عَمْرٍو [the sons of ʼAmr]: he means, عَنْ حُكْمكُمْ. (TA.) And hence the saying of Kutheiyir,
* لَقَدْ كَذَبَ الوَاشُونَ مَا بُحْتُ عِنْدَهُمْ **بِسِرٍّ وَلَا أَرْسَلْتُهُمْ بِرَسُولِ↓ *
[Assuredly the slanderers have lied: I revealed not in their presence a secret, nor did I send them with a message]: (Ṣ, TA:) or, as some relate the second hemistich, (TA,)
*بِلَيْلَى وَلَا أَرْسَلْتُهُمْ بِرَسِيلِ↓ *
[i. e. I revealed not the case of Leyla, nor did I send them with a message]: thus cited by Th. (M, TA.)
رِسَالَةٌ also signifies [A tract, or small treatise or discourse;] a مَجَلَّة [i. e. book, or writing, relating to science, or on any subject.] comprising a few questions, inquiries, or problems, of one kind: pl. رَسَائِلُ. (TA.)
And Apostleship; the apostolic office or function. (MA.)
أُمُّ رِسَالَةَ [in a copy of the Ḳ أُمُّ رِسَالَةٍ] The رَخَمَة [or female of the vultur percnopterus, in the CK رَحْمَة]: (M, Ḳ, TA:) a surname thereof. (TA.)
الرُّسَيْلَى A certain small beast or reptile or insect; expl. by the word دُوَيْبَّةٌ: (M, Ḳ, TA:) in [some of] the copies of the Ḳ, erroneously, الرُّسَيْلَآءُ. (TA.)
الرَّاسِلَانِ The two shoulder-blades: or two veins therein: (M, Ḳ:) he who says that they are two veins in the two hands, (Ḳ,) pointing to what is found in the copies of the Mj of IF, [in which فِى الكَفَّيْنِ is put in the place of فى الكَتِفِيْنِ,] (TA,) is in error: (Ḳ:) or the وَابِلَتَانِ [q. v., a word variously explained]: (M, TA:) in the copies of the Ḳ, الرَّابِلَتَانِ is erroneously put for الوَابِلَتَانِ. (TA.)
مُرْسَلٌ: see رَسُولٌ, second sentence.
Applied to a tradition (حَدِيثٌ), it means † Of which the ascription is not traced up so as to reach to its author: (Mṣb:) [i.e.] الأَحَادِيثُ المُرْسَلَةُ means the traditions which one relates as on the authority of a تَابِعِىّ, (Ḳ TA,) by tracing up the ascription thereof uninterruptedly to him, (TA,) when the تابعىّ says, “The Apostle of God (May God bless and save him) said,” without mentioning a صَحَابِىّ (Ḳ, TA) who heard it from the Apostle of God: (TA: [and the like is said in the Mgh:]) مَرَاسِيلُ is the [pl. or] quasi-pl. n. of مُرْسَلٌ thus used, [or rather used as a subst., or as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant,] like as مَنَاكِيرُ is of مُنْكَرٌ. (Mgh.)
In lexicology, it means, like مُنْقَطِعٌ, † That of which the series of transmitters is interrupted: as a word, &c. handed down by IDrd as on the authority of AZ [with whom he was not contemporary, without his mentioning the intermediate transmitters]: and such is not admitted [as unquestionable]; because exactness is a condition of the admission of what is transmitted, and the exactness of him who is not mentioned is not known. (Mz 4th نوع.)
مَجَازٌ مُرْسَلٌ: see art. جوز.
مُرْسَلَةٌ A قِلَادَة [or necklace], (M,) or a long قلادة, (IDrd, O, Ḳ,) that falls upon the bosom: (IDrd, M, O, Ḳ:) or a قلادة upon which are beads, &c. (Yz, O, Ḳ.)
As used in the Ḳur [lxxvii. 1], (M,) المُرْسَلَاتُ means The winds (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA) that are sent forth, [by عُرْفًا, which follows it, being meant consecutively,] like [the several portions of] the mane of the horse: (TA:) or the angels [so sent forth]: (Th, Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) or the horses (M, Ḳ, TA) that are started, [one following another,] in the racecourse. (TA.)
مِرْسَالٌ One who sends the morsel [that he eats] into his fauces: or who throws forth the branch from his hand, (O, Ḳ,) when he goes in a place of trees, (O,) in order that he may hurt his companion. (O, Ḳ.)
A short arrow: (Ṣ, O:) or a small arrow. (Ḳ.)
See also رَسْلٌ, in three places.
مُرَاسِلٌ: see رَسْلٌ.
See also رَسِيلٌ, in two places.
Also A woman who interchanges messages, or letters, with the men who demand women in marriage: or whose husband has become separated from her (M, Ḳ, TA) in any manner, (M, TA,) by his having died or his having divorced her: (TA:) or who has become advanced in age, (M, Ḳ, TA,) but has in her some remains of youth: (M, TA:) or whose husband has died, or who has perceived that he desires to divorce her, and who therefore adorns herself for another man, and interchanges messages, or letters, with him (Ṣ, Ḳ,* TA) by means of the men who demand women in marriage, (TA,) and who has in her some remains (Ḳ, TA) of youth; but this addition is more properly mentioned in a former explanation. (TA.) The subst. [app. meaning The state, or condition, of a woman such as is thus termed] is رِسَالٌ↓. (M, TA.)
مُسْتَرْسِلٌ: see رَسْلٌ.
مُسْتَرْسِلٌ لِلْمَوْتِ i. q. مُسْتَميتٌ and مُسْتَقْتِلٌ [i. e. Seeking, or courting, death or slaughter; resigning, or subjecting, himself to death, and not caring for death]. (A and TA in art. موت.)