رجب رجح رجحن
رَجَحَ, aor. ـَ and ـُ (Mṣb, TA) and ـِ, (TA,) inf. n. رُجُوحٌ (Mṣb, TA) and رَجَحَانٌ and رُجْحَانٌ, (TA,) or this last is a simple subst., (Mṣb,) It (a thing) exceeded another thing in weight; outweighed; preponderated. (Mṣb, TA.*) And رَجَحَ الميزَانُ, aor. ـَ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and ـُ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, but omitted in some copies of the Ṣ) and ـِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. رُجْحَانٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and رُجُوحٌ, (Ḳ,) [but see what is said of the former above,] The balance inclined; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) i. e. the scale, of the balance, in which was the thing weighed was heavier than the other; (Mṣb;) as alsoترجّح↓. (MA.) And رَجَحَتْ إِحْدَى الكَفَّتَيْنِ عَلَى الأُخُرِى [One of the two scales outweighed the other]. (A.)
[Hence,] رَجَحَ أَحَدُ قَوْلَيْهِ عَلَى الآخَرِ ‡ [One of his two sayings outweighed the other; surpassed, excelled, was preferable to, or of more force or validity than, the other]. (A.)
And رَجَحَ الشَّىْءُ The thing was, or became, heavy. (TA in art. رجحن [q. v.].)
[Hence,] رَجَحَ فِى مَجْلِسِهِ ‡ He was, or became, heavy, [i. e. dull, torpid, or drowsy,] not light, [i. e. not lively or sprightly,] in his sitting-place. (TA.)
It is also used transitively: one says, رَجَحْتُهُ [I outweighed him]. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] رَجَحَهُ † He surpassed him in gravity, staidness, sedateness, and forbearance, or clemency; was, or became, more grave, staid, sedate, and forbearing, or clement, (أَرْزَن, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA, and أَحْلَم, TA,) than he. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) So in the saying, نَاوَأْنَا قَوْمًا فَرَجَحْنَاهُمْ † [We vied with a people, or party, and surpassed them in gravity, &c.]. (TA.) Andرَاجَحْتُهُ↓ فَرَجَحْتُهُ † [I vied with him in gravity, &c., and surpassed him therein]. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
You say also, رَجَحَ الشَّىْءَ بِيَدِهِ He weighed the thing with his hand, trying what was its weight: (TA:) or so رَجَحَهُ alone. (A.)
رجّح هٰذَا عَلَى ذَاكَ He made this to outweigh that. (MA.)
[Hence,] رجّح الشَّىْءَ † He held, or pronounced, [and it made,] the thing [to outweigh, as meaning] to be more, or most, excel-lent or preferable, and of more, or most, force or validity. (Mṣb.)
رَاجَحْتُهُ فَرَجَحْتُهُ: see 1.
ارجح المِيزَانَ He made the balance to incline, the scale in which was the thing weighed being heavier than the other. (Mṣb, TA.)
And ارجحهُ, (Mṣb.) or ارجح لَهُ, (Ṣ, A,* Ḳ,) He gave him preponderating weight; (Ṣ, A,* Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoرجّح↓ له, (Ṣ, A,* Ḳ,) inf. n. تَرْجِيحٌ. (Ṣ.) One says, إِذَا وَزَنْتَ فَأَرْجِحْ [When thou weighest, give preponderating weight]. (A.)
ترجّح: see 1, second sentence.
Also i. q. تَذَبْذَبَ [It moved to and fro; dangled; was, or became, in a state of motion or commotion; said of a thing hanging in the air, &c.; and soارتجح↓]. (Ḳ.) You say,ترجّحت الأُرْجُوحَةُ↓ The seesaw inclined, [or moved up and down,] (Ṣ, Ḳ,) بِهِ (Ḳ,) i. e., (TA,) بِالغُلَامِ [with the boy], (Ṣ, TA,) or بِالغُلَامَيْنِ [with the two boys]. (A. [There mentioned as tropical; but why, I see not.]) Andارتجح↓ He (a boy, TA) inclined, [or moved up and down,] upon a seesaw, (Ḳ, TA,) and [moved to and fro] upon a rope, or swing. (TA.) Andارتجحت↓ رَوَادِفُهَا Her posteriors moved to and fro: (Ḳ:) andرَوَادِفُهَا تَرْتَجِحُ↓ عَلَيْهَا Her posteriors move to and fro upon her; said of a girl whose posteriors are heavy. (Az, TA.) Andارتجحت↓ الإِبِلُ and ترجّحت The camels had a quivering [or vacillating] motion in going along with short steps. (Ḳ.) And فَلَوَاتٌ كَأَنَّهَا تَتَرَجَّحُ بِمَنْ سَارَفِيهَا † [Deserts, or waterless deserts, seeming] as though they bandied him who journeyed therein to the right and left. (TA.)
[Hence,] ترجّح بَيْنَ شَيْئَيْنِ † He wavered, or vacillated, between two things; (A in art. رنح, and TA;) [and soرجّح↓, for] التَّرْجِيحُ بَيْنَ شَيْئَيْنِ is like التَّمْيِيلُ بَيْنهُمَا. (TA in art. ميل.) And ترجّح فِى القَوْلِ i. q. تَمَيَّلَ بِهِ ‡ [app. meaning He inclined, in the saying, now this way and now that]. (A, TA.)
see the next preceding paragraph, in five places.
استرجح النِّعْمَةَ † He held the benefit, or favour, &c., to be a thing of weight, or importance; contr. of اِسْتَخَفَّهَا. (A in art. بطر.)
رُجْحَانٌ an inf. n. of 1: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, TA:) or a simple subst., signifying Excess in weight; preponderance. (Mṣb.)
رَجَاحٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) andرَاجَحٌ↓, (Ḳ,) applied to a woman, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) ‡ Heavy in the posteriors; (TA;) large therein: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) pl. [of the former accord. to rule, and perhaps of the latter also,] رُجُحٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) [and of the latter accord. to rule, and perhaps of the former also, رُجَّحٌ, and of the latter also رَوَاجِحُ, for] you say نِسَآءٌ رَوَاجِحُ الأَكْفَالِ and رُجَّحُهَا ‡ [women heavy, or large, in the posteriors]. (A.)
كَتَائِبُ رُجُحٌ, (Ḳ,) or رُجَّحٌ, (A,) ‡ Armies, or troops, marching heavily by reason of numbers, or dragging along the apparatus of war, heavily laden. (Ḳ.)
جِفَانٌ رُجُحٌ, (Ḳ,) or رُجَّحٌ, (A,) ‡ [Large bowls] filled with ثَرِيد [or crumbled bread moistened with broth] and with flesh-meat: (Ḳ:) or correctly, as in the T, filled with fresh butter and flesh-meat. (TA.)
قَوْمٌ رُجَّحٌ and رُجْحٌ, [the latter, thus in the TA, perhaps a pl. of رَاجِحٌ, like as بُزْلٌ is of بَازِلٌ, but more probably, I think, a mistranscription for رُجُحٌ,] ‡ A people, or party, forbearing, or clement; or grave, sedate, or calm; (TA;) as alsoمَرَاجِيحُ↓ (Ḳ, TA) andمَرَاجِحُ↓; of which latter two pls., the sings. are مِرْجَاحٌ↓ andمِرْجَحٌ↓; or, accord. to some, these pls. have no proper sings.: حِلْمٌ [“forbearance” &c.] is described by the term ثِقَلٌ, like as its contr. [سَفَهٌ] is described by the terms خِفَّةٌ and عَجَلُ. (TA.) You say alsoقَوْمٌ مَرَاجِيحُ↓ فِى الحِلْمِ (Ṣ) or مَرَاجِيحُ الحِلْمِ (A) ‡ [A people, or party, grave in forbearance or clemency, or of much gravity, or sedateness, or calmness, so as not to be excited to lightness of deportment: see حِلْمٌ رَاجَحٌ, below.]
رَجَاحَةٌ ‡ Forbearance, or clemency; or gravity, sedateness, or calmness. (TA.) One says, فِى عَقْلِهِ رَجَاحَةٌ وَفِى خُلُقِهِ سَجَاحَةٌ ‡ [In his intellect is gravity, and in his natural disposition is gentleness]. (A.)
رُجَاحَةٌ: see what next follows.
رُجَّاحَةٌ (Ḳ) andرُجَاحَةٌ↓, (TA, as from the Ḳ, but omitted in some copies of the latter,) the latter word without teshdeed, mentioned by IDrst., (TA,) A swing of rope; a rope suspended, (Ḳ, TA,) in, or upon, which one goes to and fro; (TA;) it is ridden by a boy: (Ḳ:) thought by MF to be what is called أُرْجُوحَةٌ; he holding this last also to mean the rope [above mentioned]; but no other says this except IDrst. (TA.)
رَاجِحٌ Outweighing, or preponderating; or heavy; or of full weight; syn. وَازِنٌ. (TA.) You say, أَعْطَاهُ رَجِحًا [He gave him preponderating, or full, weight]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
[† Outweighing, preponderating, or preponderant, as meaning surpassing, excelling, or preferable, or of more force or validity; applied to a saying and the like: of frequent occurrence in this sense.]
One says also, حِلْمٌ رَاجِحٌ, meaning † Forbearance, or clemency, or gravity, sedateness, or calmness, that weighs down the person in whom it exists so that nothing renders him light [in deportment]. (TA.) And رَجُلٌ رَاجَحُ العَقْلِ ‡ [A man grave in respect of intellect]. (A.)
أُرْجُوحَةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.) andمَرْجُوحَةٌ↓, both signify the same, (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) but the latter is disapproved by the author of the “Bári';” (Mṣb, TA;) A seesaw; i. e. a piece of wood [or a plank] the middle of which is placed upon a heap of earth or the like, then a boy sits upon one end of it and another boy upon its other end, (Mṣb, TA,) and it moves up and down with them: thus explained in the ʼEyn and its Abridgment, and in the Jámiʼ of Ḳz, and thus Th says on the authority of IAạr: (TA:) [accord. to the CK and some MṢ. copies of the Ḳ, these two words signify the same as رُجَّاحَةٌ; but accord. to other copies of the Ḳ, and the TA, the meaning of this last word is different from that of the two preceding words: see also زُحْلُوقَةٌ:] the pl. of the first is أَرَاجِيحُ (Mṣb) [and that of the second, accord. to rule, مَرَاجِيحُ]. See 5.
أَرَاجِيحُ pl. of أُرْجُوحَةٌ. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] ‡ Deserts, or waterless deserts: (A, Ḳ:) as though they bandied the travellers therein to the right and left. (TA.)
And ‡ The quivering [or vacillating] motions of camels: (A, TA:) or the quivering [or vacillating] motion of camels in going along with short steps: (Ḳ, TA:) Abu-l- Ḥasan understands not how a pl. word can be thus explained by a sing. word: (TA: [but an inf. n., such as is here used, is often used in explanation of a sing. and of a dual and of a pl.])
مِرْجَحٌ: see رَجَاحٌ.
مِرْجَاحٌ: see رَجَاحٌ.
Also sing. of مَرَاجِيحُ, (TA,) which signifies ‡ Camels having a quivering [or vacillating] motion in going along with short steps: (Ḳ:) the sing. is applied to the female, without ة, and to the male. (TA.)
مَرْجُوحٌ [Outweighed, or preponderated, in the proper sense:]
[and also as meaning † surpassed, or excelled, and particularly in force, or validity; applied to a saying and the like: of frequent occurrence in this tropical sense.]
مَرْجُوحَةٌ: see أُرْجُوحَةٌ.
مَرَاجِحُ: see رَجَاحٌ.
مَرَاجِيحُ ‡ Palm-trees heavily laden with fruit: (A, Ḳ:) [because they are moved to and fro by the wind.]
[Also pl. of مَرْجُوحَةٌ.]
And pl. of مِرْجَاحٌ, expl. above. (TA.) See also رَجَاحٌ, in two places.