رت رتب رتج
رَتَبَ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. رُتُوبٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,*) It (a thing, Ṣ, M, Mṣb) was, or became, constant, firm, steady, steadfast, stable, fixed, fast, settled, established, (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and stationary, or motionless; (Ṣ,* M, A,* Mṣb,* Ḳ;) as alsoترتّب↓. (M, Ḳ.) Also, said of a thing, (T,) of a كَعْب [i. e. cockal-bone, or die], [aor. and] inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, M, A, TA,) and of a man, (M, TA,) aor. as above, inf. n. رَتْبٌ, (M,) or رَتَبٌ, (Ḳ,* TA,) It, and he, stood erect, or upright; (T, Ṣ, M, A, TA; [but in some copies of the Ḳ, الاِنْصِبَابُ is erroneously put for الاِنْتِصَابُ as the explanation of الرَّتَبُ;]) and (TA) so ارتب↓, (Ḳ, TA, [but this I rather think to be a mistranscription,]) said of a man: mentioned in the T as on the authority of IAạr. (TA. [But in the T, I find only رَتَبَ in this sense.]) So in the saying, رَتَبَ رُتُوبَ الكَعْبِ فِى المَقامِ الصَّعْبِ [He stood erect like as does the cockal-bone, or the die, in the difficult standingplace]: (Ṣ,* A, TA:) occurring in a trad. of Lukmán Ibn-'Ád. (TA.) And رَتَبَ فِى الصَّلَاةِ He stood erect in prayer. (A.) [Or] رَتَبَ said of a man, [aor. ـُ,] inf. n. رَتْبٌ and رُتُوبٌ, signifies He remained, stayed, dwelt, or abode, in the town, or country: and also he stood firm. (Mṣb.) And you say also, رَتَبَ فِى الأَمْرِ [He was constant, firm, &c., in the affair]. (A.)
رتّب, (Ṣ, M, A, &c.,) inf. n. تَرْتِيبٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He made, or rendered, (a thing, Ṣ, M, or things, A,) constant, firm, steady, steadfast, stable, fixed, fast, settled, established, and stationary, or motionless. (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, رتّب الطَّلَائِعَ فِى المَرَاتِبِ [He stationed the scouts upon the مراتب]. (A. See مَرْتَبَةٌ.)
He set things in order, disposed them regularly, arranged them, or classified them. (MA.) You say, رتّب الرُّتَبَ [He set in order, regularly disposed, arranged, classified, distributed, or appointed, the stations, posts of honour, &c.]. (TA voce أَصَّلَ.)
[Hence,] تَرْتِيبٌ is sometimes used as signifying The mode of construction termed لَفٌّ وَنَشْرٌ [when it is regularly disposed: see art. لف]. (Ḥar p. 383.)
[Also The prescribing, or observing, a particular order in any performance; as, for instance, in the ablution termed الوُضُوْء.]
And The drawing of omens, one after another. (KL.)
ارتب الكَعْبَ, (T, M, A,) inf. n. إِرْتَابٌ, (T,) said of a boy, (T, M, A,) He made the كعب [i. e. cockal-bone, or die,] to stand erect, or upright: (T,* A:) or he made the كعب firm, or steady. (M.)
ارتب as an intrans. v.: see 1.
Also, inf. n. as above, He became a beggar, after having been rich, or in a state of competence. (IAạr, T, Ḳ. [Perhaps formed by transposition from أَتْرَبَ.])
And He invited distinguished persons to his food, or banquet. (T.)
ترتّب: see 1, first sentence.
[Also, as quasi-pass of 2, It was, or became, set in order, regularly disposed, arranged, or classified.]
[And ترتّب عَلَيْهِ It was consequent upon it; it resulted, or accrued, from it.]
رَتْبٌ: see the next paragraph.
رَتَبٌ The steps of stairs. (M, TA.)
Rocks near together, some of them higher than others: (M, Ḳ:) [a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. رَتَبَةٌ↓; mentioned on the authority of Yaạḳoob as [written رُتَبٌ↓,] with damm to the ر and fet-ḥ to the ت. (M.)
Elevated ground, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) like a بَرْزَخ [or bar, or an obstruction, between two things: app. a coll. gen. n. in this sense also; n. un. with ة; for] you say رَتَبَةٌ↓ and رَتَبٌ like as you say دَرَجَةٌ and دَرَجٌ. (Ṣ.)
Hardness, or difficulty: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) coarseness, hardness, or difficulty, of life or living: (M, Ḳ:*) fatigue, weariness, embarrassment, or trouble; as alsoمَرْتَبَةٌ↓. (M.) You say, مَا فِى عَيْشِهِ رَتَبٌ (T, Ṣ, M, A) There is no hardness, or difficulty, in his life or living: (Ṣ, A:) or no coarseness, hardness, or difficulty. (M.) And مَا فِى هٰذَا الأَمْرِ رَتَبٌ, andمَرْتَبَةٌ↓, There is no fatigue, weariness, embarrassment, or trouble, in this affair. (M.) And مَا فِى هٰذَا الأَمْرِ رَتَبٌ وَلا عَتَبٌ There is not in this affair any hardness, or difficulty: (Ṣ:) or any fatigue, or trouble: (T:) i. e. it is easy, and rightly disposed. (T, A.)
Also The space between the little finger and that next to it, namely, the third finger, [when they are extended apart:] and the space between the third finger and the middle finger [when they are so extended]: (M, Ḳ:) or the space between the fore finger and the middle finger [when they are so extended]: sometimes written and pronounced رَتْبٌ↓: (Ṣ, TA:) [or it is a coll. gen. n.; and] رَتَبَةٌ↓ [is the n. un., and] signifies the space between [any two of] the fingers. (TA in art. رتق. [See also بُصْمٌ.]) It denotes also The [space that is measured by] putting the four fingers close together. (Ḳ. [See also عَتَبٌ.])
رُتْبَةٌ A single step of stairs or of a ladder; (MA;) [and soمَرْتَبَةٌ↓, as appears from what follows:] pl. of the former رُتَبٌ (MA) [and رُتَبَاتٌ, for Az says that] رُتْبَةٌ signifies one of the رُتَبَات of stairs: (T:) [the pl. of مَرْتَبَةٌ is مَرَاتِبُ.] You say, رَقِىَ فِى رُتَبِ الدَّرَجِ andمَرَاتِبِهَا↓ [He ascended the steps of the stairs]. (A.)
[Hence,] also, (Ṣ, M, A,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) andمَرْتَبَةٌ↓, (T, Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ, TA,) [or] from رَتَبَ signifying “he stood erect,” (TA,) ‡ A station, or standing; a post of honour; rank; condition; degree; dignity; or office; (T, Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) with, or at the courts of, kings; and the like: (T, TA:) or a high station, &c.: (TA:) pl. of the former رُتَبٌ; (A,* Mṣb, TA;) and of the latter مَرَاتِبُ↓. (A, TA.) You say, هُوَ فِى أَعْلَى الرُّتَبِ ‡ [He is in the highest of stations, &c.]: andلَهُ مَرْتَبَةٌ↓ عِنْدَ السُّلْطَانِ ‡ [He has a station, &c., or high station, &c., with, or at the court of, the Sultán]: andهُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ المَرَاتِبِ↓ ‡ [He is of the people of high stations, &c.]. (A, TA.)
[رُتْبَةٌ also signifies The order of the proper relative places of things; as, for instance, of the words in a sentence.]
See also the pl. رُتَبٌ in the next preceding paragraph.
رَتَبَةٌ n. un. of رَتَبٌ, which see in three places. (Ṣ,* M.)
رَتْبَآءُ A she-camel erect in her pace. (T, Ḳ.)
رَاتِبٌ (Mṣb) andتُرْتُبٌ↓ andتُرْتَبٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andتَرْتُبٌ↓ (M) A thing constant, firm, steady, steadfast, stable, fixed, fast, settled, established, stationary, or motionless: (M, Mṣb, Ḳ: [the third of these words, in this sense, is mentioned in the T in art. ترب: but see the next paragraph:]) and the first, standing erect, or upright; (T, TA;) applied to a thing, (T,) to a كَعْب [i. e. cockal-bone, or die], and to a man. (TA.) You say أَمْرٌ رَاتِبٌ A thing, or an affair, continual, or uninterrupted, (دَارٌّ.) constant, firm, steady, &c.: andأَمْرٌ تُرْتَبٌ↓, the latter word of the measure تُفْعَلٌ, with damm to the ت and fet-ḥ to the ع, a thing, or an affair, constant, firm, steady, &c. (Ṣ.) And عِزٌّ رَاتِبٌ Might, high rank or condition, or the like, constant, firm, &c. (A.) And عَيْشٌ رَاتِبٌ Constant, or continual, (M, TA,) fixed, settled, or established, (TA,) means of subsistence. (M, TA.) And مَا زِلْتُ عَلَى هٰذَا رَاتِبًا I ceased not to be, or to do, thus constantly; as also رَاتِمًا; in which, IJ says, the م is app. a substitute for ب, because we have not heard رَتَمَ used like رَتَبَ; but it may be radical, from الرَّتِيمَةُ. (M.)
[رَاتِبٌ in the modern language, used as a subst., signifies A set pension, salary, and allowance; a ration; and any set office, or task: and so رَاتِبَةٌ; pl. رَوَاتِبُ.]
تُرْتَبٌ and تُرْتُبٌ and تَرْتُبٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in four places.
You say also, جَاؤُوا تُرْتَبًا and تُرْتُبًا, meaning They came all together. (Ḳ.) And a poet says, (M,) namely, Ziyád Ibn-Zeyd El-'Odharee, (TA,)
* وَكَانَ لَنَا فَضْلٌ عَلَى النَّاسِ تُرْتَبَا *
meaning [And we possessed excellence above the people] all together: (M, TA:) thus accord. to the reading commonly known: but, as some relate it,
* وَكَانَ لَنَا حَقًّا عَلَى النَّاسِ تُرْتَبَا *
i. e. [And it was a just claim that we had upon the people,] settled, or established. (TA.) The first ت in تُرْتَبٌ is augmentative, because there is no word like جُعْفَرٌ; and the derivation also is an evidence of this, for the word is from الشَّىْءُ الرَّاتِبُ. (M.)
Also the second of these three words, (T in art. ترب, and M, and L,) or the first of them, (Ḳ,) A bad slave: (T, Ḳ:) or a slave whom three persons inherit, one after another; because of his continuance in slavery: [it being a common custom for a man to make a good slave free at his death:] mentioned by Th. (M.)
Also the second, (Th, M, Ḳ,) and the first, (Ḳ,) Dust, or earth; syn. تُرَابٌ: (Th, M, Ḳ:) because of its long endurance. (Th, M.)
And the first, i. q. أَبَدٌ [Time, or duration, or continuance, or existence, without end; &c.: or the right reading may perhaps be آبِدٌ, i. e. remaining constantly, &c.]. (Ḳ.)
أَخَذَ فُلَانٌ تُرْتُبَّةً Such a one took what was like a road, to tread it. (Ḳ,* TA.)
مَرْتَبَةٌ, and its pl. مَرَاتِبُ: see رُتْبَةٌ, in six places.
Accord. to Aṣ, it signifies A place of observation, which is the summit of a mountain, or the upper part thereof: (Ṣ:) accord. to Kh, (Ṣ,) the مَرَاتِب in mountains and in deserts (صَحَارٍ) are [structures such as are termed] أَعْلَام [pl. of عَلَمٌ, q. v.,] upon which are stationed (تُرَبُ↓) scouts, or spies: (T, Ṣ:) or places to which scouts ascend, in, or upon, mountains. (A.)
The pl. also signifies Narrow and rugged parts of valleys. (TA from a trad.)
And the sing., Any difficult station or position. (M.)
See also رَتَبٌ, in two places.
[In post-classical works, and in the language of the present day, it is applied to A mattress, upon which to sit or recline or lie; such as is spread upon a couch-frame or upon the ground.]