دنف دنق دنو
دَنَقَ, aor. ـُ and ـِ, inf. n. دُنُوقٌ, He pursued small, little, or minute, things. (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Z, Ḳ. [See also 2.]) [Two other significations assigned to دَنَقَ in the CK and in the Lexicons of Golius and Freytag belong to دَنَّقَ.]
دنّق, (Ṣ, Mgh, TA,) inf. n. تَدْنِيقٌ, (Mgh, Ḳ,) He went to the utmost point [in his dealings &c.]: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) he was minute, observant of small things, nice, or scrupulous: (Mgh:) he examined minutely into his dealings and expenses. (So accord. to an explanation of the act. part. n. in the TA.) Hence the saying, لَا تُدَنَّقُوا فَيُدَنَّقَ عَلَيْكُمْ [Go not ye to the utmost point against others, for in that case the utmost point may be gone to against you]. (Ṣ, TA.) And the saying of El-Ḥasan, (Mgh, TA,) لَعَنَ ٱللّٰهُ الدَّانَقَ وَمَنْ دَنَّقَ, (TA,) or وَمَنْ دَنَّقَ بِهِ, (Mgh,) [May God curse the دانق and him who has been minute, &c., in his dealings, or and him who has been minute, &c., therewith;] as though he meant to forbid the considering and examining a paltry or contemptible thing: (TA:) or, as some relate it, وَأَوَّلَ مَنْ أَحْدَثَ الدَّانَقَ [and the first who innovated the دانَق], meaning El-Hajjáj. (Mgh.)
[Hence,] تَدْنِيقٌ, metonymically, signifies ‡ The being niggardly, stingy, or avaricious. (Az, TA.)
Also The continuing to look at a thing; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as also تَرْنِيقٌ: [or rather each has this signification elliptically; for] you say, دنّق إِلَيْهِ النَّظَرَ and رنّق [meaning He continued looking at it]. (Ṣ.) [See رَنَّقَ.] And in like manner, The looking weakly. (Ṣ, TA.) And دنّق بَصَرَهُ He looked hard, and sharply, or intently. (JK.)
Also ‡ The approaching of the sun to setting. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) You say, دنّقت الشَّمْسُ ‡ The sun became near to setting. (JK, TA. [See also رنّقت.])
And دنّق ‡ He (a man) died: (JK, TA:) or ‡ he was near to dying; inf. n. as above. (TA.)
And دنّقت عَيْنُهُ, (JK, Ḳ, TA, [accord. to the CK دَنَقَتْ, which is wrong,]) inf. n. تَدْنِيقٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) ‡ His eye sank, or became depressed, in his head: (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or, accord. to Az, the more correct explanation is, the ball, or globe, of his eye became prominent, and apparent. (TA.)
And دنّق وَجْهُهُ, (Lth, Ḳ, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, دَنَقَ,]) inf. n. تَدْنِيقٌ, (Lth, TA,) His face exhibited emaciation, arising from fatigue or disease. (Lth, Ḳ, TA.)
دُنُوقٌ [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned] Persons niggardly, or parsimonious, in expenditure, towards their households (IAạr, Ḳ, TA) and themselves. (IAạr, TA.)
دَنِيقٌ One who alights by himself, (TA,) and eats by himself in the daytime, and in the moonlight by night, last the guest should see him: (Ḳ, TA:) mentioned by IAạr, on the authority of Abu-I-Mekárim: and so كِيصٌ and صُوصٌ. (TA.)
دَانَقٌ: see the next paragraph.
دَانِقٌ Foolish; stupid; having little, or no, intellect, or understanding: (Ḳ:) and so دَائِقٌ. (TA.)
‡ A thief. (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ, TA.)
Emaciated and falling down, or emaciated and tottering; expl. by مَهْزُولٌ سَاقِطٌ: (AA, Ṣ, Ḳ:) or falling down, or tottering, (سَاقِطٌ,) by reason of emaciation: (JK:) applied to a man (AA, Ḳ) and to a she-camel. (Ḳ.)
Having a constant, or chronic, disease, and oppressed thereby so as to be at the point of death. (AA, TA.)
Also, andدَانَقَ↓, (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the former, accord. to some, the more chaste, arabicized [from the Pers. دَانْك or دَانَك], (Mṣb,) andدَانَاقٌ↓, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) like as they said دِرْهَمٌ and دِرْهَامٌ, (Ṣ,) [but دَانَاقٌ seems to have been disallowed by Sb, either as unused or as post-classical,] The sixth part of a dirhem (or drachm); (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) [i. e.] two carats; (Mgh;) [i. e.] two grains of the خُرْنُوب [or carob], with the ancient Greeks, for the dirhem with them was twelve grains of the خرنوب; but the دانق of the Muslims is two grains of the خرنوب and two thirds of a grain of the خرنوب, for the dirhem of the Muslims is sixteen grains of the خرنوب: (Mṣb:) and the sixth part of the deenár: (TA: [but this I find nowhere else: see دِينَارٌ: and see also رِطْلٌ:]) the pl. of دانق is دَوَانِقُ and دَوَانِيقُ; (Mgh, TA;) the former is said by Az to be pl. of دَانِقٌ; and the latter, of دَانَقٌ; and it is said that every pl. of the measure فَوَاعِلُ or مَفَاعِلُ may be lengthened with ى so that one may say فَوَاعِيلُ and مَفَاعِيلُ: (Mṣb:) or, accord. to Sb, دَوَانِيقُ is pl. ofدَانَاقٌ↓, though this be not in their speech. (TA.) [Also A small silver coin, the sixth part of the coin called دِرْهَم.] The dim. is دُوَيْنِيقٌ↓. (TA.)
دَانَاقٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.
دَوَانِقِىٌّ [rel. n. from دَوَانِقُ pl. of دَانِقٌ], (El-Mekeen, “Hist. Sarac.” p. 104,) or دَوَانِيقِىٌّ [rel. n. from دَوَانِيقُ pl. of دَانَاقٌ], (TA,) [Of, or belonging or relating to, dániks: and hence,] a surname of the 'Abbásee Khaleefeh Aboo-Jaáfar El-Manṣoor; (El-Mekeen, TA;) because of his extreme niggardliness. (El-Mekeen.)
دُوَينِيْقٌ: see دَانِقٌ, last sentence.
مُدَنِّقٌ One who examines minutely into his dealings and expenses: used in this sense by the people of El-'Irák. (TA.)
عَيْنٌ مُدَنِّقَةٌ An eye of which the ball, or globe, is prominent, and apparent: so accord. to AZ; and Az holds this to be the correct explanation, rather than an eye sunk, or depressed, in the head. (TA.)