ددو در درأ
دَرَّ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) aor. ـِ and ـُ, [the latter anomalous,] inf. n. دَرٌّ (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) and دُرُورٌ, (TA,) It (milk) was, or became, copious, or abundant, (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) and flowed, or streamed; it flowed, or streamed, copiously, or abundantly; and so † the water of the eye, or tears, and the like, (TA,) &c.; (Mṣb;) as alsoاستدرّ↓: (Ḳ, TA:) and, said of milk, it ran, or flowed: and it collected [or became excerned] in the udder from the ducts and other parts of the body. (TA.)
[Hence,] said of sweat, † It flowed (Ḳ) like as milk flows. (TA.)
And of the tax called خَرَاج, † Its produce became abundant. (Ḳ.)
And [in like manner] one says, لَاَدَرَّ دَرُّهُ: see دَرٌّ, below.
And [hence,] دَرَّ also signifies † It was, or became, consecutive. (Ḳ in art. دهدر.) And † It continued; as in the phrase, دَرَّ لَهُ الشَّىْءٌ † [The thing continued to him]. (Sh, TA in art. جرى.)
And, said of a horse, aor. ـِ, inf. n. دَرِيرٌ (Ḳ) and دَرَّةٌ, (TA,) † He ran vehemently: or ran easily (Ḳ, TA) and without interruption. (TA.)
And of herbage, (Ḳ,) inf. n. دَرٌّ, (TA,) † It became tangled, or luxuriant, (Ḳ,* TA,) by reason of its abundance. (TA.)
One says also, of a she-camel, دَرَّتْ, (TA,) and دَرَّتْ بِلَبَنِهَا, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ and ـِ, [the former anomalous,] inf. n. دُرُورٌ and دَرٌّ; (TA;) andادرّت↓, alone, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) andادرّت↓ بِلَبَنِهَا; (Ḳ;) She yielded her milk, or made it to flow, copiously, or abundantly. (Ḳ, TA.) And دَرَّالضَّرْعُ بِاللَّبَنِ, aor. ـُ, (Ṣ,) or ـِ, (TA,) inf. n. دُرُورٌ, (Ṣ,) or دَرٌّ, (TA,) [The udder abounded with milk: or yielded milk copiously, or abundantly: andادرّ↓ اللَّبَنَ signifies the same; or it yielded, or emitted, the milk.]
And [hence,] دَرَّتْ حَلُوبَةُ المُسْلِمِينَ, (Ṣ, A,) and لِقْحَتُهُمْ, (TA,) [lit. The milch-camel of the Muslims yielded milk copiously,] meaning ‡ the tribute, or taxes, pertaining to the Muslims poured in abundantly. (Ṣ,* A, TA.)
And دَرَّتِ السَّمَآءُ بِالمَطَرِ, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (Ṣ,) inf. n. دَرٌّ and دُرُورٌ, (Ḳ,) † The sky poured down rain (Ḳ, TA) abundantly. (TA.)
And دَرَّبِمَا عِنْدَهُ ‡ He produced, or gave forth, what he had. (A.)
And دَرَّتِ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا ‡ The world was bountiful to its inhabitants. (A.)
And دَرَّتِ السُّوقُ, (Ṣ in art. غر, and Ḳ,) inf. n. دِرَّةٌ, (Ṣ ubi suprà,) ‡ The market became brisk, its goods selling much; (Ṣ ubi suprà, Ḳ, TA;) contr. of غَارَّت. (Ṣ ubi suprà.)
And دَرَّتِ العُرُوقُ The ducts, or veins, became filled with milk, (TA,) or ‡ with blood. (A, TA.)
And دَرَّ العِرْقُ, inf. n. دُرُورٌ, † The vein pulsated uninterruptedly. (TA.)
And دَرًّ السَّهْمُ, (AḤn, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (TA,) inf. n. دُرُورٌ, † The arrow turned round well upon the nail (AḤn, Ḳ *) of the left thumb, [app. so as to produce a sound, (see حَنَّانٌ,)] being turned with the thumb and fore finger of the right hand [for the purpose of testing its sonorific quality]: the arrow does not thus turn, nor does it produce the kind of sound termed حَنِين, unless in consequence of the hardness of its wood, and its goodly straightness, and its compact make. (AḤn.)
دَرَّ also signifies It (a thing) was, or became, soft, tender, or supple. (IAạr, Ḳ.)
And It (a lamp) gave light, shone, or shone brightly. (Ḳ.)
And, aor. يَدَرُّ. which is extr., (Ḳ,) or, as some say, the pret. is originally دَرِرَ, [the sec. pers. being دَرِرْتَ,] and, if so, the aor. is not extr., (MF,) It (a man's face) became goodly after disease. (Ḳ.)
ادرّ [He made milk to flow, or to flow copiously, or abundantly:] he drew forth milk. (Mṣb.) See also 1, in three places.
[Hence,] أَدَرُّوا الخَرَاجَ † They (the collectors) made the produce of the tax called خراج to come in abundantly. (TA.)
[And ادرّ البَوْلَ † It (a medicine, &c.,) caused the urine to flow plentifully; acted as a diuretic; (see the act. part. n. below;) as alsoاستدرهُ↓.]
ادرّ أُمَّهُ He (a young camel) sucked, or drew the milk of, his mother. (TA.) And ادرّها He stroked her (a camel's) dugs, to draw her milk: he milked her; (TA;) as alsoاستدرها↓, referring to a ewe or she-goat: (Mṣb:) and the latter, he stroked her dugs with his hand, causing the milk to flow, or to flow copiously: and the same verb, he sought, or desired, her milk, or the flowing of her milk. (TA.)
[Hence,] أَدِرُوا لِقْحَةَ ٱلمُسْلِمِينَ ‡ [Make ye. the tribute, or taxes, pertaining to the Muslims to pour in abundantly: lit., make ye the milchcamel of the Muslims to yield milk abundantly]: said by ʼOmar to the collector of the taxes. (TA.)
[Hence, also,] one says to a man, when he seeks a thing, and begs for it importunately, أَدِرَّهَا وَإِنْ أَبَتْ, meaning, [lit.,] Ply her, though she refuse, until she yield her milk abundantly. (TA.)
And أَدَرَّ ٱللّٰهُ لَهُ أَخْلَافَ الرِّزْقِ ‡ [God milked for him the dugs of sustenance; i. e. provided for him the means of subsistence]: andاستدّر↓ نِعْمَةَ ٱللّٰهِ بِالشُّكْرِ ‡ [He drew the favour, or blessing, of God, by thankfulness]. (A.)
الرِّيحُ تُدِرُّ السَّحَابَ, (Ṣ, L, Ḳ,) andتَسْتَدِرُّهُ↓, (Ṣ, L,) † The wind draws forth a shower of fine rain from the clouds: (Ṣ, L, Ḳ: in some copies of the last, we find, as the explanation of أَدَرَّتِ الرِّيحُ السَّحَابَ, instead of حَلَبَتْهُ, [agreeably with the above explanation,] جَلَبَتْهُ, with ج: the explanation in the [Ṣ and] L is تَسْتَحْلِبُهُ: TA:) andنَسْتَدِرُّ↓ السَّحَابَ † [We desire, or look for, a shower of rain from the clouds]. (TA in art. حلب.)
And بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ عِرْقٌ يُدِرُّهُ الغَضَبُ (said in a trad., TA) ‡ Between his eyes was a vein which anger caused to flow; (Ṣ;*) or to fill with blood; (A;) or to become thick and full: (TA:) or which anger put in motion: (Ṣ:) for (TA) أَدَرَّ الشَّىْءَ signifies he put the thing in motion. (Ḳ, TA.)
ادرّت المِغْزَلَ ‡ She twisted the spindle vehemently, (A, Ḳ,) so that it seemed to be still in consequence of its vehement twirling. (Ḳ,* TA.)
And ادرّ السَّهْمَ † He made the arrow to turn round well upon the nail (AḤn, Ḳ *) of his left thumb, turning it with the thumb and fore finger of his right hand. (AḤn. [See 1, latter part.])
And أَدْرَرْتُ عَلَيْهِ الضَّرْبُ ‡ I inflicted upon him an uninterrupted beating. (A.)
see 1, first sentence:
See also 4, in five places.
استدرّت † She (a goat) desired the ram: (El-Umawee, Ṣ, Ḳ:) and one says also اِسْتَذْرَتْ. (El-Umawee, Ṣ. [See art. ذرو.])
And استدرّ † He spoke, or talked, much. (TA in art. غلت.)
R. Q. 1. (دردر)
دَرْدَرَ, (inf. n. دَرْدَرَةٌ, TḲ,) He (a child, Ṣ) chewed, or mumbled, an unripe date (Ṣ, Ḳ) with his toothless gums. (TA.) Hence the saying of a certain Arab, to whom El-Aṣmaʼee had come, أَتَيْتَنِى وَأَنَا أُدَرْدِرُ [Thou camest to me when I was a child mumbling with toothless gums: or it may mean thou hast come to me when I am old, mumbling &c.: see دُرْدُرٌ]. (TA.)
Also He (a man) lost his teeth, and their sockets became apparent. (TA.)
R. Q. 2. (تدردر)
تَدَرْدَرَ It (a thing) was, or became, in a state of motion or commotion, or it moved about. (T in art. دل.) And تَدَرْدَرَتِ اللَّحْمَةُ The piece of flesh quivered. (Ḳ.) [Hence,] one says of a woman, تَدَرْدَرُ, [for تَتَدَرْدَرُ,] meaning She quivers in her buttocks, by reason of their largeness, when she walks. (TA.)
دَرٌّ an inf. n. used as a subst., (Mṣb,) Milk; (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoدِرَّةٌ↓. (Ḳ.) Hence, ذَوَاتُ الدَّرِّ, and الدَّرُّ alone, Milch-animals. (TA.) And أُمَّهَاتُ الدَّرِّ The teats of a camel or clovenfooted animal. (TA.)
Hence also the saying, لِلّٰهِ دَرُّكَ ‡ To God be attributed the good that hath proceeded from thee! or thy good deed! (TA:) or thy deed: (A:) or thy gift! and what is received from thee! [and thy flow of eloquence! and the like: when said to an eloquent speaker or poet, it may be rendered divinely art thou gifted!] a man's gift [or the like] was originally thus likened to the milk of a camel; and then this phrase became so common as to be used as expressive of admiration of anything: (Aboo-Bekr, TA:) it was first said by a man who saw another milking camels, and wondered at the abundance of their milk: (ISd, TA:) the thing alluded to therein is attributed to God to indicate that none other could be its author. (TA.) You say also, لِلّٰهِ دَرُّهُ ‡ To God be attributed his deed! (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or his knowledge! or his good! or bounty! or beneficence! (Ḥar p. 418:) [&c.:] meaning praise. (Ṣ.) Accord. to IAạr, دَرٌّ signifies ‡ A deed, whether good or evil. (TA.) Ibn-Aḥmar says, لِلّٰهِ دَرِّى [To God be attributed what hath brought me to this state!] wondering at himself. (TA.) One also says, لِلّٰهِ دَرُّكَ مِنْ رَجُلٍ, which is likewise an expression of praise, (Ṣ,) meaning ‡ To God be attributed the goodness, or good action, of thee, as a man! [i. e., of such a man as thou!] (TA.) And لِلّٰهِ دَرُّهُ فَارِسًا ‡ [To God be attributed his excellence as a horseman!]. (Mṣb.) And, in dispraise, (Ṣ,)لَا دَرَّ↓ دَرُّهُ May his good, or wealth, not be, or become, much, or abundant! (Ṣ, A, TA:) or may his work not thrive! (Ḳ.) El-Mutanakhkhil says,
* لَا دَرَّ دَرِّىَ إِنْ أَطْعَمْتُ نَازِلَهُمْ ** قِرْفَ الحَتِّىِ وَعِنْدِى البُرُّ مَكْنُوزُ *
[May my wealth not become abundant, or may my work not thrive, if I feed him among them who is a guest with the rind of حَتِىّ (q. v.) when I have wheat stored up]: this verse is cited by Fr, who also mentions the phrase, دَرَّ دَرُّ فُلَانٍ [May the wealth of such a one become abundant! or may his work thrive!]. (TA.)
Also The soul; syn. نَفْسٌ. (Ḳ.) One says رَجُلٌ سَرِىٌّ الدَّرِّ A man of generous and manly soul. (TḲ.) And دَفَعَ ٱللّٰهُ عَنْ دَرِّهِ May God defend his soul. (Lḥ.)
دُرٌّ and دُرَرٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and دُرَّاتٌ (Ḳ) pls., (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or rather the first is a coll. gen. n., and the second and third are pls., (MF,) of دُرَّهٌ↓, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which last signifies A pearl: (Ṣ:) or a large pearl. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)
دَرَّةٌ: see دِرَّةٌ.
دُرَّةٌ: see دُرٌّ.
دِرَّةٌ: see دَرٌّ, first sentence.
Also Copious, or abundant, flowing milk; milk flowing copiously, or abundantly: (TA:) and a flow, or stream, or a flowing or streaming, of milk; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and its abundance or abounding: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) as alsoدَرَّةٌ↓: (L:) or this latter signifies a single flow, or stream, of milk. (Mṣb.) Hence the prov., لَا آتِيكَ مَا ٱخْتَلَفَتِ الدِّرَّةُ وَالجِرَّةُ I will not come to thee as long as the flow of milk and the cud go [the former] downwards and [the latter] upwards. (TA. [See also جِرَّةُ.])
[Hence also the phrase,] لِلسَّحَابِ دِرَّةٌ † The clouds have a pouring forth: pl. دِرَرٌ. (Ṣ.) En-Nemir Ibn-Towlab says,
* سَلَامُ الإِلَاهِ وَرَيْحَانُهُ ** وَرَحْمَتُهُ وَسَمَآءٌ دِرَرْ *
meaning ذَاتُ دِرَرٍ [i. e. The peace, or security, &c., of God, and his bounty, and his mercy, and a sky pouring forth showers]. (Ṣ.) Some say that دِرَرٌ signifies دَارٌّ↓ [flowing, or streaming; or flowing, or streaming, copiously, or abundantly]; like as قِيَمًا in the Ḳur vi. 162 signifies قَائِمًا. (TA.) In like manner one says also دِيَمٌ دِرَرٌ [Lasting and still rains pouring down]. (TA.)
And لِلسُّوقِ دِرَّةٌ † The market has a brisk traffic going on in it, its goods selling much. (AZ, Ṣ.)
And لِلسَّاقِ دِرَّةٌ † The thigh, or shank, [of the horse or the like] has a continuous movement for running; syn.اِسْتِدْرَارٌ↓ لِلْجَرْىِ. (AZ, Ṣ.) You say also, مَرَّ الفَرَسُ عَلَى دِرَّتِهِ, meaning † The horse passed along without being turned aside by anything. (TA. [See also مُسْتَدِرٌّ.])
دِرَّةٌ also signifies ‡ Blood [as being likened to milk]. (Ḳ.) A poet cited by Th likens war and the blood thereof to a [raging] she-camel and her دِرَّة. (TA.)
And † The means of subsistence [as being likened to milk]. (TA in art. غر. [See an ex. voce غِرَّةٌ.])
And A mode, or manner, of flowing, or streaming, of milk. (Mṣb.)
Also A certain thing with which one beats, or flogs; (Kr, Ṣ, A, Ḳ, TA;) i. e. the دِرَّة of the Sultán: (TA:) a whip: (Mṣb:) [app. a whip for flogging criminals; as seems to be implied in the TA: I have not found any Arab who can describe it in the present day: it seems to have been a kind of whip, or scourge, of twisted cords or thongs, used for punishment and in sport, such as is now called فِرْقِلَّة: or a whip made of a strip, or broad strip, (see 1 in art. خفق,) of thick and tough hide, or the like: it is described by Golius and Freytag (by the latter as from the Ṣ and Ḳ, in neither of which is any such explanation found,) as “strophium ex fune aliave re contortum, aut nervus taurinus, similisve res, quibus percuti solet:”] an Arabic word, well known: (TA:) [or an arabicized word, from the Pers. دُرَّهْ:] pl. دِرَرٌ. (A, Mṣb.)
دَرَرٌ The right course or direction of a road: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) its beaten track: its hard and elevated part. (TA.) You say, نَحْنُ عَلَى دَرَرِ الطَّرِيقِ We are upon the right course [&c.] of the road. (Ṣ.) And هُمَا عَلَى دَرَرٍ وَاحِدٍ They two are following one direct course. (Ṣ.)
دَرَرُ بَيْتٍ The direction, point, place, or tract, which is in front of, or opposite to, a house. (Ḳ.) You say, دَارِى بِدَرَرِ دَارِكَ My house is in front of, or opposite to, thy house. (TA.)
دَرَرُ الرِّيحِ The direction, or point, from which the wind blows. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
دَرُورٌ: see دَارٌّ, in two places.
دَرَّآءُ: see دَارٌّ.
كَوْكَبٌ دَرِّىٌّ: see the next paragraph.
الفَارِسِيَّةٌ الدَّرِّيَّةُ The chaste dialect of Persian: (Mgh:) or the most chaste dialect thereof: (TA:) so called in relation to دَرْ, (Mgh, TA,) as the name of a district of Sheeráz, (TA,) or as meaning “a door” or “gate.” (Mgh, TA.)
كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّىٌّ andدِرِّىٌّ↓ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) andدَرِّىٌّ↓ (Ḳ, TA) A shining, or brightly-shining, star: (Ḳ:) or a star that shines, glistens, or gleams, very brightly: (Ṣ, A:) called دُرِّىٌّ in relation to دُرّ [i. e. pearls, or large pearls], (Fr, Zj, Ṣ, A,) because of its whiteness (Zj, Ṣ, A) and clearness, and beauty: (Zj:) pl. دَرَارِىُّ. (A.) It is also termed دُرِّىْءٌ and دِرِّىْءٌ and دَرِّىْءٌ. (TA. [See art. درأ.])
دُرِّىٌّ also signifies The glistening, or shining, of a sword: (Ḳ:) a rel. n. from دُرٌّ; because of its clearness: or likened to the star so termed: it occurs in poetry; but some read ذَرِّىٌّ, with ذ [and fet-ḥ]. (TA.)
دِرِّىٌّ: see the next preceding paragraph.
دُهْ دُرَّيْنِ, (Ṣ,) or دُهْدُرَّيْنِ: (Ḳ:) see art. دهدر.
دَرَّارَةٌ A spindle (Ḳ, TA) with which the pastor spins wool, or with which a woman spins cotton or wool; as alsoمِدَرَّةٌ↓. (TA.)
دُرْدُرٌ The part of the gums where the teeth grow: (TA:) or the part where the teeth grow of a child: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or the part where the teeth grow both before they grow and after they have fallen out: (Ḳ, TA:) pl. دَرَادِرُ. (Ṣ.) Hence the prov., أَعْيَيْتِنِى بِأُشُرٍ فَكَيْفَ بِدُرْدُرٍ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or فَكَيْفَ أَرْجُوكَ بِدُرْدُرٍ, (TA,) i. e. Thou [weariedst me, and] didst not accept good advice when thou wast a young woman and when thy teeth were serrated and sharp in their extremities; then how should I hope for any good in thee now when thou hast grown old, and the places of the growth of thy teeth have become apparent by reason of age? (Ḳ,* TA.) In the Ḳ we read لَمْ تَقْبِلَ النُّصْحَ شَابًّا: but it should be لَمْ تَقْبَلِى النُّصْحَ شَابَّةً. (TA.) دُرْدُرٌ is also said to signify The extremity, or tip, of the tongue: or, as some say, its root: but the signification commonly known is that first given above. (TA.)
دَرْدَرَةٌ inf. n. of R. Q. 1. (TḲ.)
Also an onomatopœia meaning The sound of water rushing along in the beds of valleys. (TA.)
دَرْدَارٌ A certain kind of tree, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) well known; (T;) also called شَجَرَةُ البَقِّ: [both of these names are now applied to the elm-tree; and so both are applied by Golius:] there come forth from it various أَقْمَاع [app. excrescences of the nature of gall-nuts], like pomegranates, in which is a humour that becomes بَقّ [i. e. bugs or gnats, for both are signified by this word]; and when they burst open, the بقّ come forth: its leaves are eaten, in their fresh state, like herbs, or leguminous plants: so in the “Minháj ed-Dukkán.” (TA.)
Also The sound of the drum. (Ḳ.)
دُرْدُورٌ A whirlpool, in which shipwreck is feared; (Ṣ;) a place in the midst of the sea, where the water is in a state of violent commotion, (T, Ḳ,) and from which a ship scarcely ever escapes. (T, TA.)
دَارٌّ: see دِرَّةٌ.
Also, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andدَرُورٌ↓ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andدَرَّآءُ↓ (A) andمُدِرٌّ↓, (Ṣ,) A she-camel, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) or ewe, or she-goat, (Mṣb,) abounding with milk; having much milk: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. (of the first, Ṣ, Mṣb) دُرَّآرٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and one says also إِبِلٌ دُرُرٌ (a pl. of دَرُورٌ [in the CK and in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ ابل دَرُورٌ]) and إِبِلٌ دُرَّرٌ (also a pl. of دَرُورٌ [in the CK and in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ ابل دَرَرٌ]): (Ḳ, accord. to the TA:) andدَرورٌ↓ applied to an udder signifies the same: (TA:) [andمِدْرَارٌ↓ also app. signifies the same; for you say]
سَمَآءٌ مِدْرَارٌ↓ ‡ A sky pouring down abundance of rain: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) andسَحَابَةٌ مِدْرَارٌ↓ a cloud pouring down much rain. (A, TA.)
رِزْقٌ دَارٌّ ‡ Continual, uninterrupted, sustenance, or means of subsistence. (TA.)
دَارٌّ andدَرِيرٌ↓ A lamp giving light, shining, or shining brightly. (Ḳ.)
تَدِرَّةٌ A copious flowing, or streaming, of milk. (Ḳ.)
مُدِرٌّ: see دَارٌّ.
مُدِرٌّ لِلْبَوْلِ [andمُسْتَدِرٌّ↓ لَهُ, and simply مُدِرٌّ andمُسْتَدِرٌّ↓, A diuretic medicine &c.]. (TA in art. جزر, &c.) And مُدِّرٌ لِلطِّمْثِ [Emmenagogue]. (Ḳ in art. اشن, &c.)
مُدِرَّةٌ and مُدِرٌّ A woman twirling her spindle vehemently, so that it seems to be still in consequence of its vehement twirling. (Ḳ,* TA.)
مِدَرَّةٌ: see دَرَّارَةٌ.
مِدْرَارٌ: see دَارٌّ, in three places.
مُسْتَدِرٌّ: see مُدِرٌّ, in two places.
Also ‡ A number of arrows in their flight resembling the streaming of milk, by reason of the vehemence with which they are impelled; occurring in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb. (TA.)