خيف خيل خيم
1. ⇒ خيل ⇒ خال
خَالَ is syn. with ظَنَّ and تَوَهَّمَ: (TA:) you say, خَالَ الشَّىْءَ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) first pers. خِلْتُ, (JK, Ṣ,) aor. يَخَالُ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) first pers. إِخَالُ and أَخَالُ, (JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) the former irregular, (Mṣb,) but the more chaste of the two, (Ṣ,) and the more used, (Mṣb,) of the dial. of Teiyi, but commonly used by others also, (El-Marzookee, TA,) the latter of the dial. of Benoo-Asad, accord. to rule, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) but of weak authority, (Ḳ,) though some assert it to be the more chaste, (TA,) inf. n. خَيْلٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and خَيْلَةٌ and خِيلٌ (Ḳ) and خِيلَةٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and خَالٌ and خَيَلَانٌ, (Ḳ, TA, [the last accord. to the CK خَيَلَالٌ,]) or, as in the T [and JK], خِيلَانٌ, (TA,) and خَيْلُولَةٌ and مَخِيلَةٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and مَخَالَةٌ; (Ḳ;) and خَالَ الشَّىْءَ, aor. يَخِيلُ, is a dial. var. thereof; (Mṣb;) meaning ظَنَّةُ [He thought, or opined, the thing: and sometimes (see I’Aḳ p. 109) he knew the thing: but it seems to have originally signified توهّم الشىءَ, i. e. he surmised, or fancied, the thing: see خَالٌ, below]. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) This verb, being of the class of ظَنَّ, occurs with an inchoative and an enunciative; if commencing the phrase, governing them; but if in the middle or at the end, it may be made to govern or to have no government. (Ṣ.) You say, إِخَالُ زَيْدًا أَخَاكَ [and, if you will, زَيْدٌ إِخَالُ أَخُوكَ and زَيْدٌ أَخُوكَ إِخَالُ, I think Zeyd is thy brother and Zeyd I think is thy brother and Zeyd is thy brother I think]. (JK.) Hence the prov., مَنْ يَسْمَعْ يَخَلْ, (Ṣ, TA,) i. e. He who hears the things related of men and of their vices, or faults, will think evil of them: meaning that it is most safe to keep aloof from other men: or, accord. to some, it is said on the occasion of verifying an opinion. (TA.)
خال said of a horse, (JK, Ḳ, TA,) aor. يَخَالُ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. خَالٌ, (JK, Ḳ,) He limped, or halted, or was slightly lame. (JK, Ḳ.*)
2. ⇒ خيّل
تَخْيِيلٌ signifies The imaging a thing in the mind, or fancying it; the forming an image, or a fancied image, thereof in the mind: (TA:) [andتَخَيُّلٌ↓ has the same, as well as a quasi-pass., signification.] You say, [خَيَّلْتُهُ فَتَخَيَّلَ↓ لِى and] تَخَيَّلْتُهُ↓ فَتَخَيَّلَ↓ لِى [I imaged it in the mind, or fancied it, and it became imaged in the mind to me, or an object of fancy to me]; like as you say, [صَوَّرْتُهُ فَتَصَوَّرَ لِى and] تَصَوَّرْتُهُ فَتَصَوَّرَ لِى: (Ṣ:) forتَخَيُّلٌ↓ [as inf. n. of a quasi-pass. verb] signifies a thing's being imaged in the mind, or fancied: (Er-Rághib, TA:) andتخيّل↓ الشَّىْءُ لَهُ means تَشَبَّهَ. (Ḳ. [And the same is indicated in the Mṣb.]) You say also, خُيِّلَ لَهُ كَذَا [Such a thing was imaged to him in the mind; i. e. such a thing seemed to him]; from الوَهْمُ and الظَّنُّ: (Mṣb:) and خُيِّلَ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ كَذَا (Ṣ) It was imaged to him [in the mind, i. e. it seemed to him,] that it was so; syn. شُبِّهَ; (PṢ;) from التَّخْيِيلُ and الوَهْمُ: (Ṣ, TA:) andتَخَيَّلَ↓ لَهُ أَنَّهُ كَذَا signifies [in like manner it became imaged, &c.; i. e.] تَشَبَّهَ; as alsoتخايل↓: (Ṣ:) and so the first of these three verbs is used in the Ḳur xx. 69. (TA.) And فُلَانٌ يَمْضِى عَلَى مَا خَيَّلَتْ, (JK and Ṣ in explanation of the phraseفُلَانٌ يَمْضِى عَلَى المُخَيَّلِ↓,) i. e. شَبَّهَتْ [Such a one goes on, notwithstanding what (the mind, or the case,) may image to him, or what is fancied by him, of danger of difficulty; النَّفْسُ, or الحَالُ, accord. to Z, (see Freytag's Arab. Prov. ii. 94,) being understood]; meaning, notwithstanding peril, or risk; without any certain knowledge. (Ṣ.) Whence the prov.,
* عَلَىمَا خُيِّلَتْ وَعْثُ القَصِيمِ *
i. e. I will go on, notwithstanding what the soft tracts abounding in sand in which the feet sink may be imagined to be: [or the right reading is probably خَيَّلَتْ, i. e. notwithstanding what the soft tracts, &c. may image to the mind, of danger or difficulty:] the ت in خيّلت relates to the word وعث, which is [regarded as] pl. of وَعْثَةٌ; and على is a connective of a suppressed verb, namely, أَمْضِى, with what follows it: the meaning is, I will assuredly venture upon the affair, notwithstanding its terribleness. (Meyd.) And اِفْعَلْ ذٰلِكَ عَلَى مَا خَيَّلَتْ, i. e. عَلَى مَا شَبَّهَتْ [Do thou that, notwithstanding what (the mind, or the case, as explained above,) may image to thee, of danger or difficulty]; (JK;) meaning, in any case. (TA.)
[Hence,] خيّل لِلنَّاقَةِ, andأَخْيَلَ↓, He put a خَيَال [q. v.] near the she-camel's young one, in order that the wolf might be scared away from him, (JK,* Ṣ, Ḳ,*) and not approach him. (JK, Ṣ.)
And خيّل فِيهِ الخَيْرَ He perceived, or discovered, in him an indication, or external sign, of good; as alsoتخيّلهُ↓ (Ḳ, TA) and تخوّلهُ: (TA: [see also 4 in art. خول:]) or you say,تَخَيَّلَتْ↓ عَلَيْهِ, (T, Ṣ, TA,) meaning I knew him; or knew his internal, or real, state; (تَخَبَّرْتُهُ, T, TA;) or I chose him; (اِخْتَرْتُهُ, Ṣ, TA;) and perceived, or discovered, in him an indication, or external sign, of good. (T, Ṣ, TA.)
And خيّل عَلَيْهِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf.n. تَخْيِيلٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) andتَخَيُّلٌ↓, (Ḳ,) [the latter anomalous, being properly inf. n. of تَخَيَّلَ,] He conveyed doubt, or suspicion, (التُّهْمَةَ, Ṣ, Ḳ, or الوَهْمَ, Mṣb,) to him; so in the M, on the authority of AZ; (TA;) i. q. لَبَّسَ عَلَيْهِ [he made (a thing, or case) dubious to him]. (Mṣb.)
And خيّلت عَلَيْنَا السَّمَآءُ The sky thundered and lightened [over us], and prepared to rain: but when the rain has fallen, the term تَخَيُّلٌ↓ [so in my two copies of the Ṣ, app. used as an inf. n. of the verb in this phrase, as in a case above, or perhaps a mistranscription for تَخْيِيلٌ, though it will be seen from what follows that خيّلت and تخيّلت are both said of the sky in the same sense,] is not used: (Ṣ:) or خيّلت السَّمَآءُ signifies the sky became clouded, but did not rain; (JK, and Ḥar p. 36;) as alsoاخالت↓ andتخيّلت↓ andخايلت↓: (Ḥar ibid.:) or, as alsoتخيّلت↓ (Mṣb, Ḳ) andاخالت↓, (Mṣb,) orأَخْيَلَت↓, (Ḳ,) the sky prepared to rain, (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) and thundered and lightened, but did not yet rain: (TA:) or, accord. to Az, اخالت↓ السَّمَآءُ signifies the sky became clouded: (Mṣb, TA:) andتخيّلت↓ السَّمَآءُ the sky became clouded, and prepared to rain. (Ṣ.) [In like manner,] one says also,اخالت↓ السَّحَابُ andأَخْيَلَت↓ andخايلت↓ The clouds gave hope of rain: (Ṣ:) orاخالت↓ السَّحَابَةُ the cloud showed signs of rain, so that it was thought [or expected] to rain. (Mṣb.)
خيّل also signifies, (JK, TA,) orتخيّل↓, (Ḥam p. 39,) [or each of these,] He (a man) was cowardly, or weak-hearted, on the occasion of fight, (JK, TA, and Ḥam,) and did not act, or proceed, firmly, or steadily. (Ḥam.) And خيّل عَنِ القَوْمِ andأَخْيَلَ↓, [but the former only is explained in this sense in the TA,] He held back from the people, or party, through cowardice: (Ḳ, TA:) so says Az, on the authority of' Arrám. (TA.)
3. ⇒ خايل
خايلهُ, (JK, TA,) inf. n. مُخَايَلَةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He vied with him, rivalled him, or imitated him, (JK, Ṣ,* Ḳ,* TA,) in pride and self-conceit; (JK;) did as he did. (TA.)
خايلت السَّمَآءُ, and السَّحَابُ: see 2, in the latter part of the paragraph.
4. ⇒ اخيل ⇒ اخال
اخال It (a thing) was, or became, dubious, or confused, or vague, (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) عَلَيْهِ to him. (JK, Mgh.) One says, هٰذَا أَمْرٌ لَا يُخِيلُ [This is a thing, or an affair, or a case, that will not be dubious,, &c.]. (Ṣ.) And لَا يُخِيلُ ذَاكَ عَلَى أَحَدٍ That will not be dubious,, &c., to any one. (JK.)
اخال الشَّىْءُ إِلَى الخَيْرِ, and المَكْرُوهِ, The thing exhibited an indication, or indications, of good, and of evil, or what was disliked or hated. (Mṣb.) [Hence,] اخالت السَّمَآءُ, and أَخْيَلَت: see 2, in the latter part of the paragraph, in four places. And اخالت السَّحَابُ and أَخْيَلَت, or اخالت السَّحَابَةُ: see, again, 2, in the latter part of the paragraph, in three places.
And hence, in the opinion of ISd, the she-camel in this case being likened to clouds [giving hope, or showing signs, of rain], (TA,) اخالت النَّاقَةُ ‡ The she-camel had milk in her udder, (JK, Ḳ, TA,) and was in good condition of body. (JK, TA.)
اخالت الأَرْضُ بِالنَّبَاتِ, (Ḳ,) or, as in the M, اختالت↓, (TA,) ‡ The land became adorned, or embellished, with plants, or herbage. (Ḳ, TA. [See also 5.])
أَخْيَلْنَا and أَخَلْنَا We watched, or observed, or looked at, a cloud which it was thought would rain, to see where it would rain. (Ḳ,* TA.) And أَخَلْتُ السَّحَابَةُ and أَخْيَلْتُهَا I saw the cloud to be such as gave hope of rain. (Ṣ. [See also 10.])
أَخْيَلَ لِلنَّاقَةِ: see 2, in the middle of the paragraph.
أَخْيَلَ عَنِ القَوْمِ: see 2, last sentence.
5. ⇒ تخيّل
تخيّل, as a trans. v., syn. with خَيَّلَ; and its inf. n., syn. with تَخْيِيلٌ: see 2, first two sentences, in two places.
تخيّل فِيهِ الخَيْرِ, as syn. with خَيَّلَ: and تَخَيَّلْتُ عَلَيْهِ: see 2, in the latter half of the paragraph.
Also, as a quasi-pass. v., similar in signification to خُيِّلَ; and its inf. n.: see 2, first three sentences, in five places.
And تَخيُّلٌ used as an inf. n. of خَيَّلَ عَلَيْهِ: and app. as an inf. n. of خَيَّلَتْ عَلَيْنَا السَّمَآءُ: see 2, latter half, in two places.
تخيّلت السَّمَآءُ: see 2, latter half, in three places.
تخيّل as syn. with اختال: see the latter verb.
[Hence, app.,] تخيّلت الأَرْضُ † The land became abundant in its plants, or herbage: (JK:) [and, (as is shown by an explanation of the part. n. of the verb, below,) † the land had its plants, or herbage, in a state of full maturity, and in blossom; and soتخايلت↓; whence,] a poet says,
* تَأَزَّرَ فِيهِ النَّيْتُ حَتَّى تَخَايَلَتْ ** رُبَاهُ وَحَتَّى مَا تُرَى الشَّآءُ نُوَّمَا *
[The herbage in it became, or had become, tangled, or luxuriant, and strong, so that its hills were clad with plants in full maturity, and in blossom, and so that the sheep, or goats, were seen sleeping]. (Ṣ, TA. [In both, the meaning of the verb in this ex. is indicated by the context. See also 4, where a similar meaning is assigned to اخالت or اختالت.])
تَخَيُّلٌ also signifies The being, or becoming, of various colours. (JK, Ḥam p. 39.*) [Hence the saying,] تَخَيَّلَ الغَرْقُ بِالسَّفْرِ, i. e. [The desert, or far-extending desert] became of various colours with the travellers, by reason of the آل [or mirage]. (JK.)
Also The going on, or away; or acting with a penetrative energy; and being quick. (JK, Ḥam p. 39.)
See also 2, last sentence but one.
6. ⇒ تخايل
see 2, third sentence:
and 8, in two places:
and see also 5, in two places.
8. ⇒ اختيل ⇒ اختال
اختال He was proud, or haughty; or he behaved proudly, or haughtily; (Ṣ;) as alsoخَالَ↓, (JK, Ṣ,) aor. يَخِيلُ, (JK,) or يَخَالُ, (Ḥam p. 122,) and يَخُولُ, (JK, Ḥam,) inf. n. خَالٌ and خَوْلٌ; (Ḥam;) andتخيّل↓ andتخايل↓: (Ḳ, TA:) or he was proud, or haughty, and selfconceited: (Mṣb:) and he walked with a proud, or haughty, and self-conceited, gait: (MA, KL:) said of a man, and of a horse: (Mṣb:) andتَخَايُلٌ↓ signifies the behaving, or carrying oneself, with pride, or haughtiness, combined with slowness. (JK.) You say of a horse, يَخْتَالُ فِى مِشْيَتِهِ [He is proud and self-conceited in his gait]. (TA.)
اختالت الأَرْضُ: see 4.
10. ⇒ استخيل ⇒ استخال
استخال السَّحَابَةَ He looked at the cloud and thought it to be raining. (TA. [See also 4, last sentence but two.])
خَالٌ i. q. ظَنٌّ and تَوَهُّمٌ [meaning Thought, or opinion: and surmise, or fancy: though تَوَهُّمٌ is often explained as syn. with ظَنٌّ]: (Ḳ:) an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. (TA.) So in the saying, أَصَابَ فِهِ خَالِى [My thought or opinion, or surmise or fancy, was right respecting him, or it]. (TḲ.)
مَخِيلَةٌ, q. v., (Ḳ,) [accord. to the TA, which is followed in this instance, as usual, by the author of the TḲ, as meaning فِرَاسَةٌ: but this is a mistake: for وهى الفراسة, the explanation in the TA, we should read وَهِىَ مِنَ الفِرَاسَةِ; as is shown by its being there immediately added that one says, أخَالَ↓ فِيهِ خَالًا, explained in art. خول; (see 4, and خَالٌ, in that art.; and see also مَخِيلَةٌ in the present art.;) and by what here follows:] الخَالٌ is syn. with المَخِيلَةٌ and الشِّيَةُ. (JK.)
For another sense in which it is syn. with مَخِيلَةٌ see the latter word, below.
A nature; or a natural, a native, or an innate, disposition or temper or the like; syn. خُلُقٌ. (TA.)
I. q. خُيَلَآءُ, q. v. (Ṣ, Ḳ *)
A limping, or halting, or slight lameness, in a horse or similar beast: in this sense an inf. n. of خَالَ. (JK, Ḳ.*)
Gout; or gout in the foot or feet; syn. نِقْرِسٌ. (TA.)
Lightning: (Ḳ:) [app. as being a sign, or token, of coming rain.]
Clouds; syn. غَيْمٌ: (Ṣ:) or clouds (غيم) lightening: (JK, M, TA:) and also rising, and seeming to one to be raining; and the single cloud (سَحَابَة) is termed مُخِيلَةٌ↓: (JK:) or rising, and seeming to one to be raining, and then passing beyond one; but when having thunder, or lightning, therein, termed مُخِيلَةٌ↓, though not when the rain has gone therefrom: (Ḥar p. 36, from the ʼEyn:) or clouds (سَحَابٌ) raining: (T, TA:) or clouds (سحاب) that fail not to fulfil their promise of rain; (Ḳ,* TA;) and a cloud of this description is termed مَخِيلَةٌ↓: (JK:) or in which is no rain, (Ḳ, TA,) though thought, when seen, to be raining. (TA.)
† A liberal, bountiful, or generous, man: (JK, T, M, Ḳ:) as being likened to the raining clouds, (T, TA,) or to the lightening clouds, (JK, M, TA,) which are so termed. (JK, T, M, TA.)
A man in whom one sees an indication, or a sign, or token, of goodness. (Ḳ, TA.)
Free from التُّهْمَة [as meaning what occasions suspicion]. (Ḳ.)
A man who manages cattle, or camels, &c., (Ḳ, TA,) and pastures them, (TA,) well: (Ḳ, TA:) or خَالُ مَالٍ one who manages cattle,, &c., and watches them, well. (JK.) And One who keeps to a thing, (Ḳ, TA,) and manages, orders, or regulates, it. (TA.) A king who manages, orders, or regulates, the affairs of his subjects. (JK.) [See also خَالٌ in art. خول.]
See also مُخْتَالٌ, in three places.
A man free from an attachment of love. (Ḳ.)
A man having no wife. (Ḳ.)
A man weak in heart and body: (Ḳ:) but this is most probably [خَالٌّ,] with teshdeed, from خَلَّ لَحْمُهُ, meaning “he became lean.” (TA.)
As meaning A maternal uncle, it is mentioned in art. خول. (TA.)
A mole, syn. شَامَةٌ, (Ḳ,) a black شامة, (TA,) upon the person; (Ṣ, Ḳ, Mṣb, TA;) [a thing resembling] a pimple in the face, inclining to blackness; (JK, T, Mgh, TA;) or a small black spot upon the person: (TA:) dim. خُيَيْلٌ↓ (JK, Ṣ) accord. to him who says مَخِيلٌ and مَخْيُولٌ [as meaning “marked with many moles upon the person”], (Ṣ,) and خُوَيْلٌ (JK, Ṣ, Mṣb) accord. to him who says مَخُولٌ, (Ṣ,) which shows it to be, in one dial., of the art. خول [in which it is also mentioned]: (Mṣb:) pl. [of mult.] خِيلَانٌ (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and [of pauc.] أَخِيلَةٌ. (Mṣb.)
A garment, or cloth, of the garments, or cloths, of the جُهَّال [here meaning people of the Time of Ignorance]: (Ṣ:) a soft garment or cloth (JK, Ḳ, TA) of the garments or cloths of El-Yemen: (JK, TA:) and a [garment of the kind called] بُرْد, of the fabric of El-Yemen, (Ḳ, TA,) red [or brown], with black lines or stripes, which used to be made in the first ages: but Az makes these two to be one: it has been mentioned before, in art. خول, to which also it may belong. (TA.)
A garment, or piece of cloth, with which a corpse is shrouded. (Ḳ.)
The [kind of banner called] لِوَآء (JK, T, Ḳ) that is tied [to its spear-shaft] for a commander, (Ḳ,) or to denote one's having the authority of a prefect, commander, ruler, or the like: (T, TA:) [SM adds,] I do not think it to be so called for any other reason than that it was of the بُرُود of the kind termed خَالٌ. (TA.) [See also خَالٌ in art. خول.]
The office of Khaleefeh; (Ḳ;) because belonging to one for whom a banner is tied [on the occasion of his appointment]. (TA.)
A big mountain. (Ḳ.)
And (as being likened thereto, TA) † A big camel: (JK, Ḳ:) pl. خِيلَانٌ: to such, a poet likens certain men, as resembling camels in their bodies and in their being devoid of intellect. (TA.)
And A black stallion-camel. (IAạr, Ḳ,* TA.) Mentioned also in art. خول. (TA.)
A place in which is no one, or no one by whose company one may be cheered. (Ḳ.) [Probably from خَالٍ, part. n. of خَلَا, aor. يَخْلُو.]
A small [hill such as is termed] أَكَمَة. (Ḳ.)
The لِجَام [i. e. bit, or bit with its appertenances,] of a horse: (Ḳ:) app. a dial. var. of خَوَلٌ, q. v. (TA.)
A certain plant, having a blossom, well known in Nejd. (Ḳ.)
خَالٍ, formed by transposition from خَائِلٌ: see مُخْتَالٌ.
خَيْلٌ Horses, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) collectively; (JK, Ḳ;) as some say, (Mṣb,) applied to Arabian horses and [such as are of inferior breed, termed] بَرَاذِين; (Mgh, Mṣb;) the males thereof and the females: (Mgh, TA:*) but of the fem. gender: (Mṣb, TA:) a quasi-pl. n., (Mgh,) having no sing. (Mṣb, Ḳ) formed of the same radical letters: (Mṣb:) or the sing. is خَائِلٌ↓: (Ḳ:) so called because of their اِخْتِيَال, (Mṣb, Ḳ,* TA,*) i. e. pride and self-conceit, (Mṣb,) in their gait: so says AO; but ISd says that this is not well known: (TA:) or because no one rides a horse without experiencing a feeling of pride: (Er-Rághib, TA:) pl., (Mṣb, CK,) or pl. pl., (so in copies of the Ḳ and in the TA,) [of mult.,] خُيُولٌ (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ) and خِيُولٌ and [pl. of pauc.] أَخْيَالٌ. (Ḳ.) And the dual form is used, [although خَيْلٌ has a pl. signification,] like as are [the duals إِبِلَانِ and غَنَمَانِ and] لِقَاحَانِ and جِمَالَانِ. (ISd, TA.) One says, فُلَانٌ لَاتُسَايَرُ خَيْلَاهُ, or لَاتُوَاقَفُ, (Ḳ, TA,) and لَاتُسَايَرُ خَيْلَاهُ وَلَا تُوَاقَفُ, (TA, and so in the CK,) [Such a one, his two troops of horses will not be competed with in going, or running, nor in standing still,] meaning ‡ he is not to be endured in respect of calumny and lying: (Ḳ, TA:) it is said of a great, or frequent, liar. (TA in art. سير.) And الخَيْلُ أَعْلَمُ مِنْ فُرْسَانِهَا [The horses are more knowing than their riders]; (Meyd, Ḳ;) a prov., (Meyd,) applied in relation to him of whom thou formest an opinion (Meyd, Ḳ, TA) that he possesses, or possesses not, what suffices, (TA,) and whom thou findest to be as thou thoughtest, (Meyd, Ḳ, TA,) or the contrary. (Meyd.) And الخَيْلُ أَعْلَمُ بَفُرْسَانِهَا [The horses are possessed of most knowledge of their riders]; a prov., meaning † seek thou aid of him who knows the case, or affair. (Meyd.) And الخَيْلُ تَجْرِى عَلَى مَسَاوِيهَا, another prov. [explained in art. سوأ]. (Meyd.)
خَيَلٌ: see خُيَلَآءُ.
خَيْلَةٌ: see خُيَلَآءُ.
خِيلَةٌ: see خُيَلَآءُ.
خَيَلَةٌ: see خُيَلَآءُ.
خَيْلِىٌّ An equerry; one who has the superintendence of horses. (TA.)
خُيَلَآءُ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.) andخِيَلَآءُ↓ (Ṣ, Ṣgh, TA) andخَالٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andخَيْلٌ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) orخَيَلٌ↓, (CK,) andخَيْلَةٌ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) orخَيَلَةٌ↓, (CK,) orخِيلَةٌ↓, (JK,) andمَخِيلَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andأَخْيَلُ↓, (Lth, JK, Ḳ,) [of all which the first is the most common,] Pride (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and self-conceit; (Mṣb;) [or vanity; i. e.] pride arising from some fancied, or imaginary, excellence in oneself. (TA.) One says, هُوَ ذُو خُيَلَآءَ, &c. He is possessed of pride [and self-conceit, or vanity]. (Ṣ.)
خِيَلَآءَ: see what next precedes.
خَيَالٌ primarily signifies An incorporeal form or image; such as that which is imaged in sleep, and in the mirror, and in the heart or mind: then applied to the form of anything imaged; and to any subtile thing of a similar kind: (Er-Rághib, TA:) anything that one sees like a shadow: and the image of a man in a mirror, (T, Mṣb, TA,) and in water, (Mṣb,) and in sleep: (T, TA:) and a thing that sometimes passes by one, resembling a shadow: (T, Mṣb, TA:) خَيَالٌ andخَيَالَةٌ↓ both signify the same; (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ;) i. e. i. q. طَيْفٌ [meaning an apparition; a phantom; a spectre; a fancied image; an imaginary form; and particularly a form that is seen in sleep]; (Ṣ, TA;) anything that one sees like a shadow [as the former word is explained above]; and a thing that is seen in sleep; (JK;) a form that is imaged to one in the mind when awake, and when dreaming: (Ḳ:) the former word is both masc. and fem.: (Ḥam p. 316:) pl. أَخِيلَةٌ (Ḳ) [a pl. of pauc.; and probably خِيلَانٌ also, as a pl. of mult., mentioned as one of the pls. of خَيَالٌ in another sense, below]. You say, تَخَيَّلَ لِى خَيَالُهُ [His apparition, or phantom,, &c., became imaged to me in my mind]. (Mṣb, TA.) And a poet says, (Ṣ,) namely, El-Bohturee, (TA,)
* فَلَسْتُ بِنَازِلٍ إِلَّا أَلَمَّتْ **بِرَحْلِى أَوْ خَيَالَتُهَا↓ الكَذُوبُ *
[And I do not alight but she visits my abode, or her false apparition]. (Ṣ.)
[In philosophy it signifies] A faculty that retains what the fancy perceives of the forms of objects of sense after the substance has become absent, so that the fancy beholds them whenever it turns towards them: thus it is the store-house of the fancy: its place is the hinder part of the first venter of [the three which are comprised by] the brain. (KT. [In this sense, it is incorrectly written in Freytag's Lex. (in which only the Arabic words of the explanation are given, preceded by the rendering “phantasia,”) خِيالٌ.])
The خَيَال of a bird is The shadow of himself which a bird sees when rising into the sky; whereupon he pounces down upon it, thinking it to be a prey, and finds it to be nothing: he is [the bird] called خَاطِفُ ظِلِّهِ. (TA.)
خَيَالٌ andخَيَالَةٌ↓ signify also The person, or body, or corporeal form or figure which one sees from a distance, syn. شَخْصٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) of a man; and his aspect. (Ḳ.)
And the former also signifies A piece of wood with black garments upon it, (Ṣ,) or with a black [garment of the kind called] كِسَآء upon it, (Ḳ,) which is set up to make the beasts and birds fancy it to be a man: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or a piece of wood with a garment thrown upon it, which is set up for the sake of the sheep or goats, in order that the wolf, seeing it, may think it to be a man: (T, TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَخِيلَةٌ (Ks, TA) and [of mult.] خِيلَانٌ. (TA.) A poet says,
* أَخِى لَا أَخَا لِى غَيْرُهُ غَيْرَ أَنَّنِى ** كَرَاعِى خَيَالٍ يَسْتَطِيفُ بِلَافِكْرِ *
(Ṣ, TA) [cited by J as an ex. of خيال in the former of the senses explained in the sentence immediately preceding: but the meaning seems to be, My brother: I have no brother but he: but I am like one watching an image dressed up to decoy; going round about without reflection: for,] as some say, (TA,) رَاعِى الخَيَالِ means the young ostrich for which the sportsman sets up a خَيَال [i. e. an image dressed up to decoy], (JK, TA,) in order that it may become familiar therewith, and the sportsman may then take it, and the young ostrich may follow him. (TA.)
Also A thing that is set up in land in order that it may be known to be prohibited to the public, and may not be approached. (T, Mṣb.)
And A certain plant. (Ḳ.)
خُيَيْلٌ: see خَالٌ, of which it is a diminutive.
خَيَالَةٌ: see خَيَالٌ, in three places.
[Of, or relating to, the fancy: a rel. n. from خَيَالٌ.]
خَيَّالَةٌ Owners, or attendants, of horses. (JK, Ṣ.) [In modern Arabic, Horsemen; and a troop of horsemen.]
خَائِلٌ [act. part. n. of 1]: see مُخْتَالٌ, in two places:
and see خَيْلٌ, first sentence.
Applied to a horse, Limping, halting, or slightly lame. (JK, TA.)
[أَخْيَلُ More, and most, proud and self-conceited. (See also أَخْوَلُ, in art. خول.) Occurring in several provs.; as, for ex.,] أَخْيَلُ مِنْ غُرَابٍ [More proud and self-conceited than a crow]: because the غراب is proud and self-conceited in its gait. (Meyd.)
Also Having a خَال, meaning [a thing resembling] a pimple, inclining to blackness, [i. e. a mole,] upon his face: (Mgh:) or, as alsoمَخِيلٌ↓ andمَخْيُولٌ↓ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and مَخُولٌ, like مَقُولٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) this last belonging to art. خول, as خَالٌ, whence it is derived, does in one dial., (Mṣb,) A man (Ṣ, Mṣb) having [or marked with] many خِيلَان [or moles upon his person]: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:*) fem. [of the first] خَيْلَآءُ. (Ḳ.)
الأَخَيْلُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) when indeterminate, [أَخَيْلٌ or أَخَيْلُ,] perfectly decl., [thus] used as a subst., but some make it imperfectly decl. both when determinate and when indeterminate, and assert it to be originally an epithet, from التَّخَيُّلُ, (Ṣ, O,) [though accord. to others it seems to be from أَخْيَلُ as meaning “having many moles,”] A certain bird, (JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) regarded as of evil omen, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) that alights upon the rump of the camel, and is app. for that reason held to be of evil omen; (TA; [see مَخْيُولٌ;]) [applied in the present day to the green wood-pecker, picus viridis;] the صُرَد [q. v.]: (Ḳ:) or the green صُرَد: (TA:) or the شِقِرَّاق [a name likewise now applied to the green wood-pecker, and to the common roller, coracias garrula]: (Fr, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) so called because upon its wings are colours differing from its general colour: (Skr, TA:) or so called because diversified with black and white: (Ḳ:) or the شَاهِين [q. v., a species of falcon]: (JK, TA, and Ḥam p. 705:) pl. أَخَايِلُ, (JK, T, Ṣ, Mṣb, TA, and Ḥam ubi suprà,) or خِيلٌ. (Ḳ.)
أُخَايِلٌ: see مُخْتَالٌ, in two places.
مَخِيلٌ / مَخِيلَةٌ
مَخِيلٌ: see its fem. مَخِيلَةٌ, in the next following paragraph, in three places:
مُخِيلٌ A thing dubious, confused, or vague. (TA.)
Exhibiting a خَيَالِ [or fancied image, or rather a خَال or مَخِيلَة, i. e. an indication,, &c., (see 4,) of anything, as, for instance,] of good [and of evil]. (TA.) You say شَىْءٌ مُخِيلٌ إِلَى الخَيْرِ, and المَكْرُوهِ, A thing exhibiting an indication, or indications, of good, and of evil, or what is disliked or hated. (Mṣb.) Hence, (TA,) هُوَ مُخِيلٌ لِلْخَيْرِ, (Ṣ, TA,) said of a man, (Ṣ,) He is adapted or disposed by nature to good [i. e. to be, or to do, or to effect, or to produce, what is good]. (Ṣ, TA. [See also مَخِيلٌ in art. خول.]) And سَحَابَةٌ مُخِيلَةٌ (JK, Mṣb, Ḳ) andمُخَيِّلَةٌ↓ (Ḳ, TA, in the CK مُخَيَّلَةٌ) andمُخَيِّلٌ↓ andمُخْتَالَةٌ↓ (Ḳ) and مخايلة [i. e.مُخَايِلَةٌ↓] (Ḥar p. 36) andمَخِيلَةٌ↓ (Mṣb [but see what follows]) A cloud thought [or expected] to rain, (JK, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA, and Ḥar ubi suprà,) when seen, (TA, and Ḥar,) because showing signs of rain: مُخِيلَةٌ, with damm, being an act. part. n., as meaning causing to think; andمَخِيلَةٌ↓, with fet-ḥ, being a pass. part. n., as meaning thought: and in like manner, accord. to Az, سَمَآءٌ مُخِيلَةٌ andمَخِيلَةٌ↓, meaning a clouded sky: (Mṣb:) or you sayمَخِيلَةٌ↓, with fet-ḥ, when [you use the subst.] meaning a cloud itself [showing signs of rain]; and its pl. is مَخَايِلُ: (T, TA: see خَالٌ, in the former half of the paragraph:) and سَحَابَةٌ مُخِيلَةٌ لِلْمَطَرِ a cloud giving hope of rain. (Ṣ.) See also خَالٌ, in two places, in the former half of the paragraph. You say also, السَّمَآءُ مُخِيلَةٌ لِلْمَطَرِ, meaning The sky is ready to rain. (Ḥar p. 36.)
اِمْرَأَةٌ مُخِيلَةٌ A woman having no husband. (JK.)
مَخِيلَةٌ as fem. of the pass. part. n. مَخِيلٌ: see مُخِيلٌ, in three places.
As a subst.: see, again, مُخِيلٌ. And see خَالٌ, mentioned a second time in the former half of the paragraph.
Hence, A great banner or ensign; as likened to a cloud that fails not to fulfil its promise of rain. (JK.)
Also An indication; a symptom; a sign, mark, or token, by which the existence of a thing is known or inferred; syn. شِيَةٌ (JK) and مَظِنَّةٌ; (TA;) and soخَالٌ↓, q. v.: (JK:) pl. of the former مَخَايِلُ: originally used in relation to a cloud in which rain is thought to be. (TA.) You say, ظَهَرَتْ فِيهِ مَخَايِلُ النَّجَابَةِ, i. e. The indications, &c. [of generosity, or nobility, appeared in him]. (TA.)
You say also, of a cloud (سَحَابَة), مَا أَحْسَنَ مَخِيلَتَهَا andخَالَهَا↓ How good is its [apparent] disposition to rain! (Ṣ, TA.)
مُخَيَّلٌ [A thing imaged to one by the mind or by a case; or fancied]. You say, فُلَانٌ يَمْضِى عَلَى المُخَيَّلِ; explained above: see 2. (JK, Ṣ.) And وَقَعَ فِى مُخَيَّلَى كَذَا [Such a thing occurred in what was imagined, or fancied, by me], and فِىمُخَيَّلَاتِى [among the things imagined, or fancied, by me]. (TA.)
مُخَيِّلٌ / مُخَيِّلَةٌ
مُخَيِّلٌ; and its fem. with ة
مَخْيوُلٌ: see أَخْيَلُ.
Also A camel lacerated in his rump by a bird of the kind called أَخْيَل that has alighted upon it. (TA.)
And hence, † A man whose reason has fled in consequence of fright: a sense in which it is used by the vulgar; but correct. (TA.)
سَحَابَةٌ مُخَايِلَةٌ: see مُخِيلٌ.
مُخْتَالٌ andخَائِلٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andخَالٌ↓ andخَالٍ↓, which is formed by transposition, (Ḳ,) andأُخَايِلٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) like أُدَابِرٌ and أُبَاتِرٌ, (Ṣ,) which are [said to be] the only other epithets of this measure, (TA,) [i. e. of the measure أُفَاعِلٌ, though there are many of the measure فُعَالِلٌ,] applied to a man, Proud (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) and self-conceited: [or vain:] (TA in explanation of all, and Ḳ in explanation of خَالٌ:) orخَالٌ↓ signifies having much خُيَلَآء [or pride and self-conceit, or vanity]: andأُخَايِلٌ↓ one who walks with a proud and self-conceited gait, with an affected inclining of his body from side to side: (JK:) خَائِلٌ↓ has for its pl. خَالَةٌ; (Ṣ, TA;) which is also fem. of خَالٌ↓. (TA.)
أَرْضٌ مُتَخَيَّلَةٌ † Land having its plants, or herbage, in a state of full maturity, and in blossom; (JK, Ṣ;) as alsoمُتَخَايِلَةٌ↓. (Ṣ.)
أَرْضٌ مُتَخَايِلَةٌ: see what next precedes.