خمر خمس خمش
خَمَسَ القَوْمَ, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) [inf. n. خَمْسٌ,] He took the fifth part of the possessions of the people. (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ.) And خَمَسَ المَالَ, (A, Mṣb,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. خَمْسٌ, (Mṣb,) He took the fifth part of the property. (A, Mṣb.) خَمْسٌ signifies The taking one from five: and hence the saying of 'Adee Ibn-Ḥátim, رَبَعْتُ فِى الجَاهِلِيَّة وَخَمَسْتُ فِى الإِسْلَامِ [I took the fourth part of the spoil in the Time of Ignorance, and I took the fifth part thereof in the time of El-Islám]; meaning, I headed the army in both those states; for the commander, in the Time of Ignorance, used to take the fourth part of the spoil; and in El-Islám, the fifth part was assigned to him. (TA.)
خَمَسَ القَوْمَ, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. خَمْسٌ, (Mṣb,) He was, or became, the fifth of the people: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he made them five by [adding to their number] himself. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
خَمَسَ also signifies He made fourteen to be fifteen. (T in art. ثلث.)
And He made forty-nine to be fifty with himself. (AʼObeyd, Ṣ in that art.)
خَمَسَ الحَبْلَ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. خَمْسٌ, He made the rope of five strands twisted together. (TA.)
خَمَسَتِ الإِبِلُ The camels drank on the fifth day, counting the day of the next preceding drinking as the first. (TA.) [See خَمْسٌ.]
خَمَسَ, said of a horse, He came fifth in the race. (T, M, L; all in art. ثلث.)
خمّسهُ, inf. n. تَخْمِيسٌ, He made it five. (EshSheybánee and Ḳ, voce وَحَّدَهُ.)
He made it to be five-cornered; five-angled; pentagonal. (Ḳ.)
خَمَّسَتْ She brought forth her fifth offspring. (TA in art. بكر.)
And خمّسهُ He made it five-fifths. (Mṣb.)
خمّس لِٱمْرَأَتِهِ, or عِنْدَهَا, He remained five nights with his wife: and in like manner the verb is used in relation to any saying or action. (TA voce سَبَّعَ.)
تَخْمِيسٌ also signifies [The watering of land or seedproduce on the fifth day, counting the day of the next preceding watering as the first;] the watering of land that is [next] after the تَرْبِيع. (TA.)
اخمس القَوْمُ The party of men became five: (Ṣ, Ḳ:)
also, The party of men became fifty. (M and L in art. ثلث.)
اخمس الرَّجُلُ The man was, or became, one whose camels came to water on the fifth day, counting the day of the next preceding drinking as the first. (Ṣ,* Ḳ,* TA.) [See خِمْسٌ.]
خَمْسٌ fem. of خَمْسَةٌ [q. v.].
خُمْسٌ: see خُمُسٌ.
خِمْسٌ The drinking of camels on the fifth day, counting the day of the next preceding drinking as the first; their drinking one day, then pasturing three days, then coming to the water on the fifth day, the first and last days, on which they drink, being thus reckoned: this is the correct explanation, accord. to Aboo-Sahl El-Khowlee; and Aboo-Zekereeyà says the like; (TA;) or their pasturing three days, and coming to the water on the fourth day [not counting the day of the next preceding watering; for it is evident that this explanation is virtually the same as that preceding]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) accord. to Lth, the drinking of camels on the fourth day, counting the day on which they returned from [the next preceding] watering; but Az says, that this is a mistake; the day of returning from watering not being counted [when it is explained as meaning the drinking on the fourth day]: (TA:) pl. أَخْمَاسٌ, the only pl. form. (Sb, TA.) [See ظِمْءٌ.] Hence, فَلَاةٌ خِمْسٌ [as in copies of the Ḳ, or it may be فَلَاةُ خِمْسٍ,] A desert in which the water is far distant, so that the camels come to the water on the fourth day, exclusive of the [next preceding] day on which they drank. (Az, Ḳ, TA.) Hence also the saying, فُلَانٌ يَضْرِبُ أَخْمَاسًا لِأَسْدَاسٍ (Ṣ, Ḳ *) ‡ Such a one makes a pretence of اخماس [or fifth-day waterings] for the purpose of اسداس [or sixth-day waterings]: i. e., he advances his camels from the خِمْس to the سِدْس: (Ḳ:) a prov.: (TA:) meaning, such a one strives to deceive, or circumvent: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) applied to him who acts towards another with artifice, pretending that he obeys him, or complies with his desire: (TA:) or to him who pretends one thing while he means another: (Ḳ:) and taken from the saying, related by AO and IAạr, ضَرَبَ أَخْمَاسًا لِأَسْدَاسٍ [He made a pretence of اخماس for the purpose of اسداس]; said of him who proposes a thing whereby he means another thing, which he commences and by slow degrees accomplishes: (TA:) for a man, when he desires to make a long journey, accustoms his camels to drink خِمْسًا سِدْسًا [i. e. on the fifth day and then on the sixth, in each case counting the day of the next preceding drinking as the first]: (Ḳ, TA:) the origin of the saying, accord. to IAạr, being this: an old man was among his camels, accompanied by his sons, men, who pastured them, and who had been long far distant from their families; and he told them one day to pasture their camels رِبْعًا [i. e. watering on the fourth day, counting the day of the next preceding watering as the first], which they did, proceeding in the way towards their families: then they proposed to do so خِمْسًا; and then, سِدْسًا: whereupon the old man, understanding what they meant, said, ye are doing nothing but making a pretence of اخماس for the purpose of اسداس: the object of your desire is not the pasturing of them, but it is only your families. (TA.) [See below, voce خُمُسٌ, a saying similar in words but different in meaning.]
It is also used for سَيْرُ خِمْسٍ [A journey in which the camels are watered only on the first and fifth days; a journey in which the second and third and fourth days are without water]. (L in art. جلذ.) You say خِمسٌ بَصْبَاصٌ, [and صَبْصَابٌ,] and قَعْقَاعٌ, and حَثْحَاثٌ, [and حَصْحَاصٌ, &c.,] i. e. A journey [in which the camels are watered only on the first and fifth days,] in the course of which, to the water, there is no flagging, by reason of its remoteness. (TA.) El-ʼAjjáj uses the expression
* خِمْسٌ كَحَبْلِ الشَّعَرِ المُنْحَتِّ *
meaning, A [journey of the kind termed] خمس without any deviation, like a rope made of hair that has fallen off and that is free from any unevenness. (L, TA.)
خِمْسٌ also signifies The fifth young one, or offspring. (A in art. ثلث.)
A [garment of the kind called] بُرْد, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) of the fabric of El-Yemen; (Ṣ;) so called because first made for a king of El-Yemen named خِمْسٌ, (AA, Ṣ,) or الخِمْسُ; (Ḳ, TA;) as alsoخَمِيسٌ↓. (TA.) For the latter word, we find in the work of Bkh, خَمِيص, with Ṣ; which, if correct, is masc. of خَمِيصَةٌ, which is a small kind of كِسَآء. (IAth, and L.) [The pl. of خِمْسٌ applied to a بُرْدَة is أَخْمَاسٌ.] See also مَخْمُوسٌ, in four places.
خُمُسٌ andخُمْسٌ↓ A fifth part; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoخَمِيسٌ↓, (Ṣ, in art. ثلث, and IAmb and Mṣb,) agreeably with a rule applicable in the case of every one of the units, except ثَلِيثٌ: (TA:) some allow this last; but AZ disallows it, and خميس also: (Ṣ in art. ثلث:) pl. أَخْمَاسٌ. (Mṣb, TA.)
[Hence, app.,] ضَرَبَ أَخْمَاسَهُ فِى أَسْدَاسِهِ He turned his five senses towards his six relative points; [namely, above, below, before, behind, right, and left:] an allusion to the collecting all the thoughts to examine a thing, and turning the attention in all directions. (MF.)
خَمْسَةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) masc.; and خَمْسٌ, fem.; (Ṣ;) [Five;] a certain number. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) You say خَمْسَةُ رِجَالٍ [Five men], and خَمْسُ نِسْوَةٍ [Five women]. (Ṣ.) You say also, عِنْدِى خَمْسَةُ دَرَاهِمْ [I have five dirhems], with refa: and if you please, you incorporate the ة into the د [and say, خَمْسَة دَّرَاهِمَ]: but when you prefix ال to دراهم, you say, عِنْدِى خَمْسَةُ الدَّرَاهِمِ [I have the five dirhems], with damm; and may not incorporate, because you have incorporated the ل into the د: and in the case of a fem. n. you say, عِنْدِى خَمْسُ القُدُورِ [I have the five cooking-pots]: also, هٰذِهِ الخَمْسَةُ الدَّرَاهِمِ [These five dirhems]; and, if you please, الدَّرَاهِمُ, using it in the manner of an epithet: and in like manner [you use the other nouns of number] to عَشَرَةٌ [inclusive]. (Ṣ.) You say also, صُمْنَا خَمْسًا مِنَ الشَّهْرِ [We fasted during a period of five nights of the month with their days]; making لَيَالٍ to predominate over أَيَّام, when you do not mention the word ايّام, though the fasting is in the day; because the night of each day precedes the day: but when you mention the word ايّام, you say, صُمْنَا خَمْسَةَ أَيَّامٍ [We fasted five days]. (ISk, TA.) يَعَضُّ بِالخَمْسِ means He bites the fingers: these being [five in number and] of the fem gender: (Ḥam p. 790:) [i. e.] خَمْسٌ means the five fingers. (Ḥar p. 76.) [Respecting a peculiar pronunciation of the people of El-Ḥijáz, and a case in which خَمْسَة is imperfectly decl., see ثَلَاثَةٌ.]
[خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ, masc.; and خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ, fem.; Fifteen. For variations thereof, see art. عشر.]
خَمْسُونَ [Fifty, and fiftieth,] is also written and pronounced خَمِسُونَ, with kesr to the خَمَسُونَ, by poetic license, as related by Ks; or م, with fet-ḥ, as related by others, after the manner of خَمْسَةٌ and خَمَسَاتٌ: (Fr, TA:) accord. to the T, the variation خَمِسُونَ, with kesr to the م, is [dialectic, being] similar to خَمْسَ عَشِرَةَ, with kesr to the ش [in the dial. of Nejd]. (TA.)
جَاؤُوا خُمَاسَ, andمَخْمَسَ↓, They came five and five; [or five and five together; or five at a time and five at a time;] (Ḳ, TA;) like as they say, ثُنَآءَ and مَثْنَى, and رُبَاعَ and مَرْبَعَ: (TA:) or, accord. to AʼObeyd, not more than أُحَادَ and ثُنَآءَ and ثُلَاثَ and رُبَاعَ has been heard, except عُشَارَ occurring in a verse of El-Kumeyt. (TA in art. عشر.)
خَمِيسٌ: see خُمُسٌ:
and مَخْمُوسٌ, in two places.
An army; because consisting of five parts, namely, the van, the body, the right wing, the left wing, and the rear; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ;) or because the spoils are divided into fifths among it; but this latter assertion requires consideration; (ISd, MF;) for this division of the spoils is an affair of the Muslim law, whereas خميس [thus applied] is an old term: (MF:) or an army having numerous weapons; syn. جَيْشٌ خَشِنٌ. (TA.)
يَوْمُ الخَمِيسِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and simply الخَمِيسُ, Thursday; the fifth day of the week; thus used for الخَامِسُ, in like manner as الدَّبَرَانُ is applied to the star [that follows the Pleiades, for الدَّابِرُ]: (TA:)pl. [of pauc.] أَخْمِسَةٌ and [of mult.] أَخْمِسَآءُ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَخَامِسُ. (Fr, TA.) AZ used to say, مَضَى الخَمِيسُ بِمَا فِيهِ [Thursday passed with what happened in it], making it sing. and masc.: but Abu-l-Jarráh used to say, مَضَىالخَمِيسُ بِمَ فِيهِنَّ, making it pl. and fem., and using it as a n. of number. (Lḥ, TA.) It has no dim. (Sb, Ṣ in art. امس.)
See also خِمْسٌ, last signification.
مَا أَدْرِى أَىُّ خَمِيسِ النَّاسِ هُوَ means I know not what company of men it is. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ṣgh, Ḳ.)
خُمَاسِىٌّ A boy five spans (أَشْبَار) in height: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,* Ḳ:) said of him who is increasing in height [but has not attained his full stature]: (Mṣb:) fem. with ة: (Lth, TA:) and in like manner you say رُبَاعِىٌّ: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) but you do not say سُبَاعِىٌّ, (Lth, Ṣ, Ḳ,) nor سُدَاسِىٌّ; (Lth, Ḳ;) [i. e., in speaking of a boy;] for when he has attained seven spans, (Ṣ,) or six spans, (Lth, Ḳ,) he is a man: (Lth, Ṣ, Ḳ:) or to a slave you apply the epithet سداسىّ also; and to a garment, or piece of cloth, سباعىّ. (Mṣb.)
[Also A word composed of five letters, radical only, or radical and augmentative.]
خَمِيسِىٌّ One who fasts alone on Thursday. (IAạr, Th.)
خَامِسٌ [Fifth]: for this you also say خَامٍ; (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ;) whence the phrase, جَآئَ فُلَانٌ خَامِيًا [Such a one came fifth], for خَامِسًا: (ISk, Ṣ:) [fem. with ة.]
[خَامِسَ عَشَرَ and خَامِسَة عَشْرَةَ, the former masc. and the latter fem., meaning Fifteenth, are subject to the same rules as ثَالِثَ عَشَرَ and its fem., explained in art. ثلث, q. v.]
إِبِلٌ خَامِسَةٌ (TA) and خَوَامِسُ (Ṣ, Ḳ) Camels that drink on the fifth day, counting the day of the next preceding drinking as the first: [see خِمْسٌ:] (TA:) or that pasture three days, coming to the water on the fourth day [not counting the day of the next preceding watering]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
جَاؤُوا مَخْمَسَ: see خُمَاسَ.
مُخَمَّسٌ A thing five-cornered; five-angled; pentagonal. (Ṣ.) [See also مُثَلَّثٌ.]
مَخْمُوسٌ Five cubits in length; applied to a spear, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) as alsoخَمِيسٌ↓; (Ḳ;) and to a garment, or piece of cloth, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) as alsoخَمِيسٌ↓, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Ḳ,) which occurs in a trad. as meaning a small garment or piece of cloth, (Mgh,) andخُمَاسِىٌّ↓ [q. v. suprà]; (TA;) and in like manner,بُرْدَةُ أَخْمَاسٍ↓ a [garment of the kind called] بردة fire cubits long. (ISk, TA.) Hence the saying, هُمَا فِى بُرْدَة أَخْمَاسٍ↓ † They two have become near together, and in a state of agreement. (Ḳ.) A poet says,
* صَيَّرَنِى جُودُ يَدَيهِ وَمَنْ **أَهْوَاهُ فِى بُرْدَةِ أَخْمَاسِ↓ *
i. e., † The bounty of his hands has made me and the person whom I love to be near together, as though we were in a بردة five cubits long: (Th, TA:) app. meaning that the person thus spoken of had purchased for him a female slave, or had given for him the dowry of his wife. (Az, Ṣgh, TA.) You also say,لَيْتَنَافِى بُرْدَةِ أَخْمَاسٍ↓, a prov., meaning † Would that we were near together. (ISk, TA.) [See also بُرْدٌ.]
Also A rope made of five strands twisted together. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)