خشر خشع خشف


1. (خشع)

خَشَعَ, aor. ـَ, inf. n. خُشُوعٌ, He was, or became, lowly, humble, or submissive; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoاختشع↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andتخشّع↓; (Abu-lFet-h, Ḥam pp. 24 and 127;) خُشُوعٌ being syn. with خُضُوعٌ: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or خشوع is nearly the same as خضوع: (Lth, Ḳ:) or the former is mostly used as meaning in the voice; and the latter, in the necks: (Mṣb:) or the latter is in the body; and the former is in the voice and in the eyes: (Ḳ:) or, as we read in the ʼEyn, the former is nearly the same as the latter, except that the latter is in the body, and signifies the acknowledging of humility and submission, and the former is in the voice and in the eyes; and the like is said in the Nh [and in the Mṣb in art. خضع]. (TA.) You say, خَشَعَتِ الأَصْوَاتُ The voices were [or shall be (as in the Ḳur xx. 107)] still and low: (Mṣb:) or low: or, as some say, still. (TA.) And خَشَعَ بِبَصَرِهِ He lowered his eye. (Ṣ.) Andاختشع↓ andتخشّع↓ He cast his eye towards the ground, and lowered his voice. (TA.) Lth says that you say,اختشع↓ فُلَانٌ, but not اختشع بِبَصَرِهِ. (TA.) And خَشَعَ بَصَرُهُ His eye became contracted. (TA.) And خَشَعَتْ دُونَهُ الأَبْصَارُ[meaning The eyes were cast down before him, or it]. (TA.) خُشُوعٌ also signifies The being, or becoming, still: and the abasing oneself; or lowering oneself. (Ḳ, TA.) Andاختشع↓, He lowered, or stooped, or bent down, his breast. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

Also, inf. n. as above, He feared; for instance, in prayer: (TA:) or خَشَعَ فِى صَلَاتِهِ and فِى دُعَائِهِ signifies He applied himself with his heart to [or in] his prayer, and his supplication. (Mṣb.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

خَشَعَتِ الكَوَاكِبُ, (Aboo-ʼAdnán,) inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,)The stars approached to the place of setting; (Aboo-ʼAdnán;) or approached to setting: (Ḳ:) or sank, and nearly disappeared in their setting-place. (Aboo-Sálih El-Kilábee.) [The corresponding phrase in Hebrew, occurring in Gen. xxxvii. 9, probably has the same meaning.]

verb form: 1.(signification - A4)

خَشَعَتِ الشَّمْسُThe sun became eclipsed. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A5)

خَشَعَ السَّنَامُThe hump for the most part went away; (O, Ḳ;) i. e. the hump of the camel: (TA:) or became lean; its fat going away, and its height becoming lowered. (L.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A6)

فُلَانٌ جِذْلٌ حِكَاكٌ خَشَعَتِ عَنْهُ الأُبَنُ is a saying of the Arabs, explained in art. حك. (TA in that art.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A7)

خَشَعَ الوَرَقُThe leaves withered. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A8)

خَشَعَتِ الأَرْضُThe earth, or land, dried up, not being rained upon. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(dissociation - B1)

خَشَعَ فُلَانٌ خَرَاشِىٌّ صَدْرِهِ Such a one ejected the viscous saliva [or phlegm of his chest]. (O, Ḳ.)

verb form: 1.(signification - B2)

And خَشَعَتْ خَرَاشِىٌّ صَرِهِ The viscous saliva [or phlegm of his chest] became ejected. (O, Ḳ.) The verb is thus intrans., as well as trans. (O.)


5. (تخشّع)

تخشّع He lowered, humbled, or abased, himself: (Lth, Ḳ:) or he constrained himself to be, or to become, lowly, humble, or submissive; or to be so, or to become so, in voice, or in the eyes. (Ṣ.) See also 1, in two places.


6. (تخاشع)

تخاشع [He feigned lowliness, humility, or submissiveness, in demeanour, or in voice, or in the eyes]. (TA in art. موت; &c.)


8. (اختشع)

see 1, in four places.


خُشْعَةٌ

خُشْعَةٌ A low hill: (Ṣ:) or a hill cleaving to the ground: (IAạr, Ḳ:) and a piece of rugged ground: (IDrd, Ḳ:) or [elevated ground such as is termed] قُفّ that is for the most part soft, i. e. neither stone nor clay: (Lth:) and a rock growing in the sea: (TA:) pl. خُشَعٌ. (Ḳ.) It is said in a trad., كَانَتِ الأَرْضُ خُشْعَةً عَلَى المَآءِ ثُمَّ دُحِيَتْ [The earth was a low hill, &c., upon the water: then it was spread out]: (Ṣ:) but this trad. is variously related. (TA.)


خَاشِعٌ

خَاشِعٌ Lowly, humble, or submissive, (Ḳ, TA,) and still: (TA:) [or so in the voice and in the eyes: (see 1:)] pl. خَاشِعُونَ and خُشَّعٌ; the latter also signifying men lowering, humbling, or abasing, themselves: or constraining themselves to be, or to become, lowly, humble, or submissive; or to be so, or to become so, in voice, or in the eyes: or casting their eyes towards the ground, and lowering their voices. (TA.) Hence, in the Kur [lxviii. 43, and lxx. 44], accord. to different readings, خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ and خَاشِعًا أَبْصَارُهُمْ [Having their eyes cast down]: the accus. case being used as denotative of state. (Zj, TA.)

word: خَاشِعٌ(signification - A2)

Bowing; or bending down the head and body. (Ḳ.)

word: خَاشِعٌ(signification - A3)

Fearing. (TA.)

word: خَاشِعٌ(signification - A4)

‡ A camel's foot (خُفٌّ) cleaving to the ground. (TA.)

word: خَاشِعٌ(signification - A5)

‡ A wall that has cracked, and given notice of its falling, and [then] become even with the ground. (TA.)

word: خَاشِعٌ(signification - A6)

‡ A herb dried up, and falling down upon the ground. (TA.)

word: خَاشِعٌ(signification - A7)

Applied to a place, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and, with ة, to a بَلْدَة [or portion of country], (Ṣ,)Overspread with dust, [in the CK المُعَنْبَرُ is erroneously put for المُغَبَّرُ,] and having in it no place of alighting, or of abiding: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and to land (أَرْضٌ), meaning of which the wind raises the surface, by reason of its softness, so as to efface its traces, or tracks: (L:) or in this case it is with ة, as in the Ḳur xli. 39, and means altered (مُتَغَيِّرَة [probably a mistranscription for مُتَغَبِّرَة overspread with dust]), and having its herbage broken in pieces: (Zj,* TA:) or dried up, and containing no herbage: (Jel:) or containing no green herbage: or low, or depressed, and still: (TA:) and, without ة, applied to a place, to which one finds not his way: (Ṣgh, Ḳ:) pl. خُشَّعٌ. (TA.)