جزم جزى جس


1جَزَى

, aor جَزِىَ (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. جَزَآءٌ, (Mṣb,) It (a thing) paid; gave, or rendered, as a satisfaction; or made, gave, or rendered, satisfaction: (Mṣb:) or satisfied; sufficed; or contented. (Ḳ.) And جَزَيْتُ الدَّيْنَ I paid the debt. (Mṣb.) And جَزَيْتُ فُلَانًا حَقَّهُ I paid such a one his right, or due. (TA.) And مَا يَجْزِينِى هٰذَا الثَّوْبُ This garment does not suffice me. (TA.)
And hence, (TA,) جَزَى عَنْهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [aor. and] inf. n. as above, (Mgh,) It (a thing) paid for him; gave, or rendered, [a thing] as a satisfaction for him; made, gave, or rendered, satisfaction for him; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,* Ḳ;) and some of the lawyers use ↓اجزى in this sense, like اجزأ: (Az, Mgh, Mṣb:) جَزَى is of the dial. of El-Ḥijáz, and اجزأ of the dial. of Temeem. (Akh, Mṣb.) Hence, in the Ḳur [ii. 45], لَا تَجْزِى نَفْسٌ عَنْ نَفْسٍ شَيْئًا [A soul shall not give anything as a satisfaction for a soul, i. e. for another soul: or a soul shall not make satisfaction for a soul at all; accord. to the latter rendering, شيئا being put in the accus. case after the manner of an inf. n.]. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) You say also, جَزَتْ عَنْكَ شَاةٌ A sheep, or goat, made satisfaction for thee [as a sacrifice]; (Ṣ, TA;) as also ↓أَجْزَتْ: (TA:) Benoo-Temeem say أَجْزَأَتْ, with ء: (Ṣ, TA:) this last, thus explained, is a dial, var. mentioned by IḲṭṭ (Mṣb.) And كَذَا عَنْ كَذَااجزى Such a thing stood, or served, in lieu, in the place, or in stead, of such a thing, without sufficing. (Zj, Ḳ.) And قَلِيلٌ مِنْ كَثِيرٍيُجْزِى; and هٰذَامِنْ هٰذَا; A little stands, or serves, in lieu of much; and this, of this. (IAạr, TA.) And عَنْهُ مُجْزَى اجزى فُلَانٍ and مُجْزَاةَ فُلَانٍ and (as though the augmentative letter [ا in اجزى] were imagined to be rejected, TA) مَجْزَى فلان and مَجْزَاةَ فلان He satisfied, sufficed, or contented, him as such a one; he stood, or served, him in stead of such a one; a dial. var. of اجزأ. (Ḳ.) And اجزى مُجْزَى غَيْرِهِ It (a thing) satisfied, sufficed, or contented, as another thing; it stood, or served, in stead of another thing. (Mṣb.) And ↓اجزاكَ, with the [second] objective complement suppressed, It was sufficient for thee. (Mgh.)
جَزَاهَ كَذَا (Mṣb,* TA,) and جَزَاهُ بِهِ (Ḳ,) or بِمَا صَنَعَ, (Ṣ,) and عَلَيْهِ, (Ḳ,) [aor. and] inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He repaid, requited, compensated, or recompensed, him (Mṣb, Ḳ TA) [for such a thing, for it, or for what he had done]; as also ↓جازاهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. مُجَازَاةٌ and جِزَآءٌ: (Ḳ:) or, accord. to Fr, [contr. to many instances in the Ḳur,] the former verb relates only to good; and the latter, to good and to evil: but accord. to others, the former may relate to good and to evil; and the latter, to evil. (TA.) [See also جَزَآءٌ, below.] One says, in praying for another, جَزَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ خَيْرًا May God repay him good: and requite, or recompense, him for good [that he has done]. (Mṣb.) And بِذَنْبِهِ جَازَيْتُهُ I punished him for his crime, or sin, or act of disobedience. (Mṣb.) And جَزَى عَنْهُ فُلَانًا He requited, compensated, or recompensed, for him, such a one. (TA.)
جَازَيْتُهُ فَجَزَيْتُهُ: see 3.

4اجزى

: see 1, in seven places.
Also He furnished a knife with a handle; a dial. var. of اجزأ: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) but ISd doubts its being so. (TA.)

6تجازى دَيْنَهُ

, and بِدَيْنِهِ, He demanded payment of his debt. (Ḳ.) You say, تَجَازَيْتُ دَيْنِى عَلَى فُلَانٍ I demanded payment of my debt [owed by such a one]. (Ṣ.)
تَجَازَيا [They two repaid, requited, compensated, or recompensed, each other]. (TA in art. قرض.)

8اجتزاهُ

He sought, or demanded, of him repayment, requital, compensation, or recompense. (Ḳ.)

جِزْىٌ

[a coll. gen. n., of which the n. un. is with ة]: see what next follows.

جِزْيَةٌ

The tax that is taken from the free nonMuslim subjects of a Muslim government; (Ṣ, IAth, Mgh,* Mṣb, Ḳ;) whereby they ratify the compact that ensures them protection: (IAth:) [from جَزَى;] as though it were a compensation for their not being slain: (IAth, Mgh:) [or from the Persian غِزْيَهْ:] and also, (metaphorically, Mgh,) (tropical:) a land-tax; (Mgh, Ḳ;) a tax that is paid by the owner of land: (TA:) pl. جِزًى (Ṣ,) or ↓جِزْىٌ, (Mṣb,) or both, (Ḳ,) [but the latter is, properly speaking, a coll. gen. n.,] and جِزَآءٌ, (Ḳ, [in the CK, erroneously, جَزاءٌ,]) like كِتَابٌ. (TA.)

جَزَآءٌ

Repayment, requital, compensation, or recompense, for a thing; as also ↓; جَازِيَةٌ(Ḳ;) a satisfaction, good for good, and evil for evil; (Er-Rághib, TA;) sometimes a reward, and sometimes a punishment: (AHeyth, TA:) [the former word is an inf. n.; see 1;] the latter, a quasi-inf. n.: جَوَازٍ is pl. of the latter, or of the former, or of ↓جَازٍ, accord. to different writers explaining the saying of El-Hoteí-ah,
* مَنْ يَفْعَلِ الخَيْرَ لَا يَعْدَمْ جَوَازِيَهُ *
[Whoso doth good, he will not want his rewards, or his rewarders]. (TA.)
[Hence,] جَزَآءَ العُطَاسِ In the time between the complimentary prayer addressed to a sneezer (called التَّشْمِيت) and the sneeze; [or as soon as one can compliment a sneezer by repeating the usual prayer of يَرْحَمُكَ ٱللّٰهُ (God have mercy on thee).] (TA voce مُعَاقِبٌ)
[And جَزَآءُ شَرْطٍ An apodosis; the complement, or correlative, of a condition; also called جَوَابُ شَرْطٍ, q.v. in art. جوب
And حَرْفُ جَزَآءٍ A particle denoting compensation, or the complement of a condition. And A conditional particle; as إِنْ; also termed حَرْفٌ لِلْجَزَآءِ, and جَزَآءٌ alone, and حَرْفُ شَرْطٍ.]
هُوَ ذُو جَزَآءٍ He is possessed of sufficiency, or competence, or wealth. (TA.)

جَازٍ

[act. part. n. of 1, q. v.]: see جَزَآءٌ
هٰذَا رَجُلٌ جَازِيكَ مِنْ رَجُلٍ This is a man sufficient for thee as a man. (Ṣ.)

جَازِيَةٌ

: see جَزَآءٌ.
Also Wild bulls, or cows. (TA.) [See جَازِئٌ.]

مَجْزًى

and مُجْزًى are used as inf. ns. of 4. [See 1.] (Ḳ.)

مُجْزٍ

[act. part. n. of 4. It is said in the TA that مجزى, applied to a camel, signifies Sufficing for a load or burden; and its pl. is مجازى. And that مجزى لِأَمْرِهِ, applied to a man, signifies Sufficing for his affair. But مجزى in these instances is evidently a mistranscription, for مُجْزٍ; and مجازى, for مَجَازٍ, Mistranscriptions of this Kind are of frequent occurrence in Lexicons.]

مَجْزَاةٌ

and مُجْزَاةٌ are used as inf. ns. of 4. [See 1.] (Ḳ.)