جبس جبل جبن
جَبَلَهُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and ـِ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. جَبْلٌ, (KL.) He (God) created him. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, KL.) So in the phrase, جَبَلَهُ عَلَى كَذَا, (Mṣb,) or على الشَّىْءِ, (Ḳ,) He (God) created him with an adaptation, or a disposition, to such a thing, or to the thing; adapted him, or disposed him, by nature thereto. (Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., جُبِلَتِ القُلُوبُ عَلَى حُبِّ مَنْ أَحْسَنَ إِلَيْهَا وَبُغْضِ مَنْ أَسَآءَ إِلَيْهَا [Hearts are created with a disposition to the love of him who does good to them, and the hatred of him who does evil to them]. (TA.)
Also, (Ḳ,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) i. q. جَبَرَهُ [evidently as meaning He compelled him, against his will, عَلَى الأَمْرِ to do the thing; for he who is created with a disposition to do a thing is as though he were compelled to do it]; and soاجبلهُ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. إِجْبَالٌ. (TA.)
جَبِلَ † He (a man) became like a mountain (جَبَل) in bigness, thickness, coarseness, or roughness. (TA.)
جَبِلَ حَدِيدُهُمْ (Ḳ, TA; in the CK, جَبَلَ; and in a MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, without any vowels;) † Their iron was, or became, blunt, such as would not penetrate. (Ḳ,* TA.)
جابل He (a man) alighted, or descended and abode, or sojourned, or settled, in a mountain. (AA, TA.)
اجبل He came, or went, or betook himself, to the mountain. (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ.)
‡ He (a digger) reached a hard place, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or stone, (Mgh,) in his digging. (TA. [الحَافِر, meaning “the digger,” Golius seems to have misunderstood as meaning “the hoof” of a horse.])
[Hence,] ‡ He (a poet) experienced difficulty in diction, (Ḳ, TA,) so that he said nothing original, nor anything in the way of repetition. (TA.)
And طَلَبَ حَاجَةً فَأَجْبَلَ † He sought a thing that he wanted, and failed of attaining it. (TA.)
And سَأَلْنَاهُمْ فَأَجْبَلُوا ‡ We asked them, and they refused, and did not give. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Z, TA.)
And أَجْبَلُوا ‡ Their iron became blunt, so that it would not penetrate. (Ḳ,* TA.)
اجبلهُ ‡ He found him to be a جَبَل, i. e. a niggard: (Ḳ, TA:) it is considered as implying fixedness. (TA.)
تجبّلوا They entered a mountain: (Ḳ:) or, accord. to the O, you say, تجبّل القَوْمُ الجِبَالَ, meaning, the people, or company of men, entered the mountains. (TA.)
جَبْلٌ † Big, thick, coarse, or rough; (TA;) as alsoجَبِلٌ ↓, applied to a thing (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) of any kind: (Ḳ:) or this latter is applied to an arrow, signifying † coarsely, roughly, or rudely, pared. (Ḳ.) You say رَجُلٌ جَبْلُ الرَّأْسِ, (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, جَبَلُ الرأس,]) and الوَجْهِ, (TA,) ‡ A man having a big, thick, coarse, or rough, head, and face; (TA;) having little sweetness. (Ḳ, TA.) [See also جَبِيلٌ.] Andرَجُلٌ مِجْبَالٌ↓ † A big, thick, coarse, or rough, and heavy, man. (Ḥam p. 818.) And اِمْرَأَةٌ جَبْلَةٌ (Ḳ [in one place in the CK جَبَلَةٌ and جِبْلَةٌ, but only جَبْلَةٌ accord. to the TA,]) andمِجْبَالٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) ‡ A woman big, thick, coarse, or rough, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) in make; (Ṣ;) large in make. (TA.) And خِلْقَةٌ جَبْلَةٌ † A big, thick, coarse, or rough, make. (Ḥam p. 821.) And نَاقَةٌ جَبْلَةُ السَّنَامِ ‡ A she-camel having an increasing hump. (TA.) And سَيْفٌ جَبْلٌ andمِجْبَالٌ↓ † A sword not made thin. (TA.)
Also (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK, جَبَل,]) A court [of a house]; syn. سَاحَةٌ. (Ḳ.)
جُبْلٌ: see جِبْلٌ:
Also Dry trees. (Ḳ.)
جِبْلٌ Much; or numerous; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoجُبْلٌ↓ (Ḳ.) So in the phrases مَالٌ جِبْلٌ [Much property; or numerous cattle]; and حَىٌّ جِبْلٌ A numerous tribe. (Ṣ.)
See also جِبِلٌّ, in two places.
جَبَلٌ [A mountain: or] any of the mountains (أَوْتَاد [lit. “pegs,” or “stakes,” a term applied to the mountains because they are supposed to make the earth firm, or fast,]) of the earth, that is great and long; (Mgh, Ḳ;) or, as some say, only such as is long; (Mṣb;) such as is isolated being called أَكَمَةٌ, or قُنَّةٌ: (Ḳ:) [and also applied to a rocky tract; any rocky elevation, however little elevated:] and sometimes it means stone; [or rock;] such, for instance, as is reached by the digger: and hence it is applied to Es-Safà and El-Marweh: (Mgh:) pl. [of mult.] جِبَالٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and (of pauc., Mṣb) أَجْبُلٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَجْبَالٌ. (Ḳ.)
[Hence,] † A man who does not remove from his place: you say of such a one, هُوَ جَبَلٌ. (TA.)
‡ A niggard. (Ḳ, TA.) [See 4.]
‡ The lord, or chief, of a people, or company of men: and their learned man. (Fr, Ḳ, TA.)
ابْنَةُ الجَبَل † The serpent: (Ḳ:) because it keeps to the جَبَل. (TA.)
† Calamity, or misfortune. (Ḳ.)
† The bow that is made from the tree called نَبْع; (Ḳ, TA;) because this is one of the trees of the جَبَل. (TA.)
† The echo. (Ḥar p. 472.)
جَبُلٌ: see جِبِلٌّ.
جَبِلٌ: see جَبْلٌ.
Also, applied to the iron head, or blade, of an arrow, or of a spear, or of a sword, &c., ‡ Blunt; that will not penetrate into a thing: (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ,* TA:) and so, with ة, applied to a فَأْس. (TA.)
جُبُلٌ: see جِبِلٌّ.
جَبْلَةٌ (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK جَبَلَةٌ,]) andجِبْلَةٌ↓ The face: or the بَشَرَة [or external skin] thereof: or the part thereof that is turned towards one. (Ḳ.)
Also, (Ḳ,) or the former, (TA,) A vice, fault, defect, or blemish. (Ḳ.)
And Strength. (Ḳ.)
And Hardness of the earth, or ground. (Lth, Ḳ.)
A camel's hump; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoجَبْلَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
and see جِبِلَّةٌ, in two places.
جِبْلَةٌ: see جِبِلَّةٌ.
Also The origin, or stock, (Ḳ, TA,) of any created thing; (TA;) and soجُبُلَّةٌ↓. (Ḳ, TA.)
The fundamental nature, or composition, of a mountain. (TA.)
ثَوْبٌ جَيِّدُ الجِبْلَةِ ‡ A garment, or piece of cloth, good in respect of the thread (Ḳ, TA) and the weaving. (TA.)
رَجُلٌ ذُو جِبْلَةٍ † A big, thick, coarse, or rough, man. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
See also جِبِلٌّ, in two places:
جَبَلَةٌ: see جِبِلَّةٌ.
جُبُلٌّ: see what next follows.
جِبِلٌّ andجُبُلٌّ↓ andجِبْلٌ↓ [accord. to the CK like عَدْلٌ, but correctly like عِدْلٌ,] andجُبْلٌ↓ andجُبُلٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) accord. to different readings of the instance occurring in the Ḳur xxxvi. 62, the first being the reading of the people of El-Medeeneh, (Ṣ,) [and the most common,] A great company of men; as alsoجِبِلَّةٌ↓ andجَبِيلٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or [simply] a company of men; (Ṣ;) as alsoجَبُلٌ↓, accord. to Kh; (Ṣgh, TA;) and soجَبْلَةٌ↓ andجُبْلَةٌ↓ andجِبِلَّةٌ↓: which last three signify also the same as أُمَّةٌ [a nation, or people, &c.]: (Ḳ:) it is said [by some] that جِبِلٌّ is pl. [or coll. gen. n.] of جِبِلَّةٌ↓ meaning a numerous company: (TA:) جِبَلَةٌ is pl. ofجِبْلٌ↓: one says, قَبَحَ ٱللّٰهُ جِبَلَتَكُمْ [May God remove far from prosperity, or success,] your companies: (Fr, TA:) and جِبَلٌ is pl. ofجِبْلَةٌ↓. (Bḍ in xxxvi. 62.)
جُبُلَّةٌ Much, or an abundance, or a large quantity or number, or anything; as alsoجِبِلَّةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
and see what next follows, in two places.
جِبِلَّةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) andجُبُلَّةٌ↓ andجَبِيلَةٌ↓ (Ṣgh, MF) andجِبْلَةٌ↓ (AA, Ṣ, Ḳ) andجُبْلَةٌ↓ andجَبْلَةٌ↓ andجَبَلَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) but this last, accord. to MF, is unknown, (TA,) Nature; or natural, native, innate, or original, constitution, disposition, temper, or other quality or property; idiosyncrasy; syn. خِلْقَةٌ (AA, Ṣ, Ṣgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and طَبِيعَةٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and غَرِيزَةٌ; all these signifying the same: (Mṣb:) pl. of the first جِبِلَّاتٌ. (Ṣ.) Hence, in the Ḳur [xxvi. 184], وَالجِبِلَّةَ الأَوَّلِينَ, (Ṣ,) meaning الخَلِيقَةَ, (Jel,) or ذَوِي الجِبِلَّةِ, i. e. And the preceding created beings: (Bḍ:) El-Ḥasan read with damm [i. e.الجُبُلَّةَ↓ orالجثبْلَةَ↓]. (Ṣ.)
See also جِبِلٌّ, in three places:
جَبَلِىٌّ Of, or relating to, a mountain or mountains; contr. of سُهْلِىٌّ. (The Lexicons &c. passim.)
جِبِلّىٌّ Natural; i. e. of, or relating to, the natural, native, innate, or original, constitution, disposition, temper, or other quality or property; like طَبِيعِىٌّ; i. e. essential; resulting from the Creator's ordering of the natural disposition in the body. (Mṣb.)
جِبَالٌ ‡ The body, with, or without, the members; syn. جَسَدٌ and بَدَنٌ; (Ḳ, TA;) as being likened to a mountain in bigness [?]. (TA.) One says, أَحْسَنَ ٱللّٰهُ جِبَالَهُ, meaning, ‡ [May God render beautiful] his body (جَسَدَهُ): and [render good] his created خُلُق [or mind, with its qualities and attributes: but I rather think that خُلُق is here a mistranscription for خَلْق, meaning make]. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, TA.)
جَبِيلٌ: see جِبِلٌّ.
جَبِيلُ الوَجْهِ ‡ A man having a bad, or an ugly, face. (Ḳ, TA.) [See also جَبْلٌ.]
جَبِيلَةٌ: see جِبِلَّةٌ.
مِجْبَالٌ: see جَبْلٌ, in three places.
مَجْبُولٌ, applied to a man, † Great, large, or big, (Ḳ, TA,) in make; as though he were a mountain. (TA.)