ثفرق ثفل ثفن
[ثَفَلَ, accord. to Golius, as on the authority of J, quasi سَفْلَ, i. q. رَسَبَ, i. e. It subsided; said of any sediment: but I do not find this in the Ṣ, nor in any other lexicon.]
ثَفَلَ الرَّحَى, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. ثَفْلٌ; (TA;) orثَفَّلَهَا↓; (so in a copy of the M;) He placed a ثِفَال [q. v.] beneath the hand-mill. (M, Ḳ.)
ثَفَلَهُ, (Lth, T, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. ثَفْلٌ, (T, M,) He left it, or cast it away as a thing of no account, or neglected it, (تَرَكَهُ, Lth, T, M,) or he scattered it, strewed it, or dispersed it, (نَثَرَهُ, Ḳ,) all of it, (Lth, T, TA,) at once. (Lth, T, M, Ḳ.)
ثفّل عَنِ اللَّبَنِ بِالطَّعَامِ, inf. n. تَثْفِيلٌ, He ate wheat, or other food, with the milk. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ.)
[ثافل probably signifies † He ate ثُفْل, i. e. grain, &c.; as Golius has assumed from the explanation, in the Ṣ and Ḳ, of the act. part. n., which see below: or ثافلهُ he ate ثُفْل with him.]
Accord. to Ibn-ʼAbbád, (TA,) ثافلهُ is syn. with ثَافَنَهُ, q. v. (Ḳ, TA.)
اثفل It (wine, or beverage,) had in it ثُفْل [meaning a sediment, or dregs]. (Zj, Ḳ.)
تثفَلهُ ‡ It (a radical, or hereditary, evil quality) withheld him from generous actions. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ, TA.)
‡ He overcame him, or subdued him, [as though] putting him beneath him like the ثِفَال. (TA.)
ثُفْلٌ The sediment, or settlings, of anything; (Ṣ;) the dregs; lees; or thick, or turbid, portion that sinks to the bottom of a thing, (T, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) beneath the clear portion; (T, Mṣb;) as, for instance, of water, and of broth, (TA,) and of medicine, (T, TA,) and the like, and of a cookingpot, [i. e. of its contents,] (T,) &c.; (TA;) as alsoثَافِلٌ↓. (IDrd, M, Ḳ.)
‡ Grain, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA,) and whatever is eaten of flesh-meat or bread or dates; and particularly when people are in want of milk: (T:) or flour; and what is not drunk, as bread, and the like: (TA:) or the refuse, or worse sort, of طَعَام [i. e. wheat, or other food]. (Ḥam p. 768.) You say, شَرِبَ المَآءَ عَلَى غَيْرِ ثُفْلٍ ‡ [He drank water, or the water, not upon, i. e. not having eaten, grain, or flesh-meat, &c.]. (A in art. بحت.)
ثَفَلٌ: see ثَفَالٌ.
ثَفِلٌ ‡ One who eats ثُفْل. (Ḳ. [It seems to be there indicated that the latter word is to be understood in this case in the former of the senses assigned to it above; but it is not so.]) One says, لَيْسَ الثَّفِلُ كَٱلْمَحِضِ, i. e. ‡ He who eats ثُفْل [or grain, &c.,] is not like him who drinks pure milk. (TA.) Andهُمْ مُثَافِلُونَ↓ ‡ They are eating ثُفْل, i. e. grain, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA,) or flesh-meat, or bread, or dates, (T,) [&c.,] being in want of milk; (T, Ṣ;) the hardest of the means of subsistence (T, Ṣ, M) to the Bedawee. (T, Ṣ.)
ثُفْلَةٌ, (T,) or ثَفَلَةٌ, (TA,) † Somewhat remaining (T) of dates, in a sack: on the authority of a person of the tribe of Suleym. (T, TA.)
ثَفَالٌ Slow; (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ;) applied to a camel (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ) &c.; as alsoثَفَلٌ↓; (Ḳ;) and ثَقَالٌ: (Ḳ in art. ثقل:) one that will not rise and go save with reluctance: (T:) the first thus written with fet-ḥ [to the ث] in the generality of books; but in the Tekmileh [of the ʼEyn] ثِفَالٌ↓, and there said to be applied to a beast and to a man. (Mgh.)
ثُفَالٌ: see the paragraph next following.
ثفَالٌ The thing by which the mill is preserved from the ground; as alsoثُفْلٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) it is a skin that is spread beneath the hand-mill to preserve the flour from the dust; (T;) a skin, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or the like, that is put beneath the mill, (Mṣb,) [i. e.,] which is spread, and whereon is placed the mill, which is turned with the hand, (Ṣ,) in order that the flour may fall upon it. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) When the ثفال has another thing to preserve it from the ground, this latter is called the وِفَاض. (M.) Zuheyr says, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) describing war, (T,)
* فَتَعْرُكُكُمْ عَرْكَ الرَّحَىبِثِفَالِهَا *
(T, Ṣ, Ḳ,*) meaning [And it frets you as frets the mill] when it is with its ثفال: for they do not place a ثفال beneath the mill except when grinding. (Ḳ.)
Also, (sometimes, Ṣ,) The nether, or lower, mill-stone; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and soثُفَالٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
And A ewer; syn. إِبْرِيقٌ: (IAạr, T, M, Ḳ:) occurring in a trad. in which mention is made of washing the hand therewith. (T, M.)
ثَافِلٌ: see ثُفْلٌ.
Hence, as some say, metonymically, (M,) Dung; ordure; syn. رَجِيعٌ. (M, Ḳ.)
مُثَافِلٌ: see ثَفِلُ.