بطأ بطح بطخ
بَطَحَهُ, aor. ـَ, (Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. بَطْحٌ, (Mgh, TA,) He spread it; spread it out, or forth; expanded it; extended it. (Mgh,* Mṣb, TA.)
Also, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) or بَطَحَهُ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ, (Mgh, Mṣb,) aor. as above, (Ḳ,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) He threw him down upon his face. (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
بطّح المَسْجِدَ, (TA,) inf. n. تَبْطِيحٌ; (Ḳ;) andابطحهُ↓; (TA;) He strewed pebbles in the mosque, and made it plain, or level [in its ground, or floor]: (Ḳ, TA:) and بَطْحُهُ, [inf. n. of بَطَحَهُ↓,] occurring in a trad., also signifies the making it plain, or level. (TA.)
تبطّح: see 7.
Also It (a torrent) flowed widely: (ISd, A:) or spread widely in the بَطْحَآء. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Also, [andانبطح↓,] It (a place &c.) spread; spread out, or forth; became expanded or extended. (TA.)
And i. q. اِنْتَصَبَ [It became set up or upright, erected, &c.: thus the verb bears two contr. significations]. (TA.)
Also He (a man) took the أَبْطَح as a place of abode. (A, TA.)
انبطح It (water) went to the right and left in a place. (AA.)
He became thrown down upon his face: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) or he lay, or lay as though thrown down or extended, upon his face: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or he stretched himself; or lay, and stretched himself; upon his face, extended upon the ground; as alsoتبطّح↓. (TA.)
It (a valley) became wide; (Ḳ, TA;) as alsoاستبح↓. (TA.)
بَطِحٌ: see أَبْطَحُ, in two places.
بَطْحَةٌ The stature of a man [app. in a lying posture]: as in the phrase هُوَ بَطْحَةٌ رَجُلٍ [It is of the stature of a man]. (Ḳ.)
بَيْنَهُمَا بَطْحَةٌ بَعِيدَةٌ Between them two is a far-extending distance or space or interval. (L.)
بَطْحَآءُ: see أَبْطَحُ, in four places.
بِطَاحٌ بُطَّحٌ [Many wide water-courses in which are fine, or minute, or broken, pebbles: the former word is pl. of أَبْطَحُ or of بَطْحَآءُ]: a phrase like أَعْوَامٌ عُوَّمٌ. (Aṣ, AʼObeyd, Ṣ.)
بَطِيحَةٌ: see أَبْطَحُ.
بَاطِحٌ applied to a man, i. q.مُنْبَطِحٌ↓ [part. n. of 7, q. v.]. (Ḥam p. 244.)
أَبْطَحُ, originally an epithet [and therefore imperfectly decl.], (M, TA,) that is, an epithet converted into a subst., and not used as an epithet, (Ḥam p. 21,) A wide water-course, or channel of a torrent, in which are fine, or minute, or broken, pebbles; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, and Ḥam ubi suprà;) so called because the water goes in it to the right and left; [i. e. spreads widely; see 7;] (AA;) as alsoبَطْحَآءُ↓, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, Ḥam,) fem. of the former, and, like it, an epithet converted into a subst.; (Ḥam ubi suprà;) andبَطِيحَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) andبَطِحٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or a water-course, or channel of a torrent, in which are sand and pebbles; as alsoبَطْحَآءُ↓: (Mgh:) or a wide place [app. in a water-course]; as alsoبطحة↓ [app. بَطْحَةٌ, which is explained by Freytag, but without his stating on what authority, as signifying a depressed place through which water flows, abounding with pebbles; as is also بِطْحَةٌ; and in like manner Golius explains the former, but mentions the latter as a pl. of بطيحة]: (Mṣb:) or, accord. to AḤn, the bottom of a water-course, or channel of a torrent, producing no plants or herbage: (TA:) orبَطْحَآءُ↓ signifies soft earth of a valley, such as has been drawn along by the torrents: (ISd, TA:) or the soft pebbles in the bottom of the water-course, or channel of a torrent, of a valley; as also أَبْطَحُ: (IAth, TA:) or the soft earth, such as has been drawn along by the torrents, in the bottom of a تَلْعَة [meaning a water-course &c.] and of a valley; and the أَبْطَح andبَطْحَآء↓ of a valley are its earth and soft pebbles: (En-Naḍr, TA:) and accord. to AA, بَطِحٌ↓ signifies sand in a بَطْحَآء: (TA:) the pl. is أَبَاطِحُ and بِطَاحٌ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and بَطَائِحُ; (Ḳ;) the first of these, and the second also, contr. to analogy, being pls. of ابطح; (Ṣ;) or both are pls. of بطحآء, contr. to analogy; (Ḥam p. 251;) or the first is pl. of ابطح, formed after the manner of the pl. of a subst. of this measure, though the sing. is originally an epithet; (M, TA;) and the second, as is asserted by more than one, is correctly pl. of بطحآء, as is also بَطْحَاوَاتٌ; (TA;) and the third is pl. of بطيحة. (M, TA.)
مُنْبَطِحٌ [part. n. of 7, q. v.: often applied to anything Spread out, expanded, or flat]: see بَاطِحٌ.