IV.-Indications of Authorities.

From all these authorities I have drawn through the medium of the Táj el-ʼAroos or the Lisán el-ʼArab, except those distinguished by the mark ‡, which denotes those whence I have always drawn immediately: from many of them I have also drawn through the medium of some other lexicon than the two above named: and from those distinguished by the mark † I have often, or generally, drawn immediately. What is meant by an asterisk placed after any indication of an authority in my lexicon has been explained in page xxvi.

A The “ Asás ” of Ez-Zamakhsheree.
AA Aboo-ʼAmr Ibn-El-ʼAlà, and Aboo-ʼAmr Esh-Sheybánee: each being cited simply by the name of “ Aboo-ʼAmr.”
AAF Aboo-ʼAlee El-Fárisee.
ADk Abu-d-Duḳeysh.
AḤát Aboo-Ḥátim Es-Sijistánee.
AḤei Aboo-Ḥeiyán.
AHeyth Abu-l-Heythem.
AḤn Aboo-Ḥaneefeh Ed-Deenawaree, author of the “ Book of Plants.”
AM Aboo-Manṣoor (same as Az).
AO Aboo-ʼObeydeh.
A’Obeyd Aboo-ʼObeyd.
AZ Aboo-Zeyd.
Aạl El-Aạlam.
Akh El-Akhfash.
Aṣ El-Aṣma’ee.
Az El-Azheree (same as AM), author of the “ Tahdheeb.”
B The “ Baṣáʼïr,” by the author of the “ Ḳámoos.”
Bḍ El-Beyḍáwee’s “ Exposition of the Ḳur-án.”
Bkh EI-Bukháree.
Bṭl El-Baṭalyowsee.
CḲ The Calcutta edition of the “ Ḳámoos.”
Dmr Ed-Demeeree.
EM The “ Exposition of the Moʼallaḳát,” printed at Calcutta.
F El-Feyroozábádee, author of the “ Ḳámoos.”
Fei El-Feiyoomee, author of the “ Miṣbáh.”
Fr EI-Farrà.
Fṣ The “ Faṣeeḥ ” of Thaạlab.
Ḥam The “ Exposition of the Ḥamáseh,” (“ Hamasæ Carmina,”) by Et-Tebreezee.
Ḥar El-Hareereeʼs “ Maḳámát,” the Commentary on; 2nd edit. of Paris.
Hr El-Harawee.
IAạr Ibn-El-Aạrábee.
I’Ab Ibn-ʼAbbás.
I’Aḳ Ibn-ʼAḳeel's “ Exposition of the Alfeeyeh of Ibn-Málik,” edited by Dr. Dieterici.
Iamb Ibn-El-Ambáree.
IAth Ibn-El-Atheer El-Jezeree, (Mejd-ed-Deen,) author of the “ Niháyeh.”
IB Ibn-Barree, author of the “ Annotations on the Ṣiḥáḥ,” with El-Busṭee.
lDrd Ibn-Dureyd, author of the “ Jemharah ” &c.
IDrst Ibn-Durustaweyh.
IF Ibn-Fáris, author of the “ Mujmal.”
IHsh Ibn-Hishám, author of the “ Mughnee.”
IJ Ibn-Jinnee.
IKh Ibn-Khálaweyh.
IḲooṭ Ibn-El-Ḳooṭeeyeh.
IḲt Ibn-Ḳuteybeh.
IḲṭṭ Ibn-El-Ḳuṭṭáạ.
IM Ibn-Mukarram, (commonly called in the Táj el-ʼAroos “ Ibn- Manḍhoor,”) author of the “ Lisán el-ʼArab.”
IO Ibn-ʼOdeys.
ISd Ibn-Seedeh, author of the “ Moḥkam.”
ISh Ibn-Shumeyl (En-Naḍr).
ISk Ibn-Es-Sikkeet (Yaạḳoob).
lbrD Ibráheem Ed-Dasooḳee.
J El-Jowharee, author of the “ Ṣiḥáḥ.”
JK A MS. supposed to be the “ Jámiʼ ” of El-Karmánee: a lexicon founded upon the “ ʼEyn,” with additions from the “Tekmilet el-ʼEyn ” of El-Khárzenjee.
JM The “ Jámiʼ ” of the Seyyid Moḥammad.
Jel The “ Exposition of the Ḳur-án ” by the Jeláleyn.
Jm The “ Jemharah ” of Ibn-Dureyd.
The “ Ḳámoos.”
ḲI The ḳádee ʼIyád.
KL The “ Kenz el-Loghah,” of Ibn-Maạroof; an Arabic-Persian Dictionary.
KT The “ Kitáb et-Taạreefát.”
Kf The “ Kifáyet el-Mutaḥaffiḍh.”
Kh EI-Khaleel, commonly supposed to be the author of the “ ʼEyn.”
Kr Kuráạ, author of the “ Munjid.”
Ks El-Kisá-ee.
Ksh The “ Keshsháf ” of Ez-Zamakhsheree.
Ḳt El-Ḳuteybee.
Ḳṭr Ḳuṭrub.
Kull The “ Kulleeyát ” of Abu-l-Baḳà.
Ḳur The “ Ḳur-án. ”
Ḳz El-Ḳazzáz.
Ḳzw El-Ḳazweenee.
L The “ Lisán el-ʼArab.”
Lb El-Leblee.
Lḥ El-Liḥyánee.
Lth El-Leyth Ibn-Naṣr Ibn-Seiyár, held by El-Azheree to be the author of the “ ʼEyn,” which he calls “ Kitáb Leyth.”
M The “ Moḥkam.”
MA The “ Muḳaddamet el-Adab ” of Ez-Zamakhsheree.
MF Moḥammad Ibn-Eṭ-Ṭeiyib El-Fásee, author of “ Annotations on the Ḳámoos.”
MṢ The “ Mukhtár eṣ-Ṣiḥáḥ.”
Mbr El-Mubarrad.
Meyd El-Meydáneeʼs “ Proverbs.”
Mgh The “ Mughrib ” of El-Muṭarrizee.
Mj The “ Mujmal ” of Ibn-Fáris.
Mṣb The “ Miṣbáḥ ” of El-Feiyoomee.
Mṭr EI-Muṭarrizee, author of the “ Mughrib.”
Mughnee The “ Mughni-l-Lebeeb ” of Ibn-Hishám.
Mz The “ Muzhir ” of Es-Suyooṭee.
Nh The “ Niháyeh ” of Ibn-El-Atheer El-Jezeree (Mejd ed-Deen).
Ns En-Nesa-ee.
O The “ ʼObáb ” of Eṣ-Ṣaghánee.
PṢ The “ Persian Translation of the Ṣiḥáḥ.”
R The “ Rowḍ ” (“ Er-Rowḍ el-Unuf ”) of Es-Suheylee.
The “ Ṣiḥáḥ.”
SM The seyyid Murtaḍà, author of the “ Táj el-ʼAroos.”
Sb Seebaweyh.
Seer Es-Seeráfee.
Ṣgh Eṣ-Ṣaghánee, author of the “ ʼObáb ‎” and of the “ Tekmileh fi-ṣ-Ṣiḥáḥ.”
Sh Shemir.
Skr Es-Sukkaree, author of an “ Exposition of the Deewán El-Hudhaleeyeen.”
Suh Es-Suheylee, author of the “ Rowḍ.”
T The “ Tahdheeb ” of El-Azheree
TA The “ Táj el-ʼAroos.”
TḲ The “ Turkish Translation of the Ḳámoos.”
TṢ The “ Tekmileh fi-ṣ-Ṣiḥáḥ ” of Eṣ-Ṣaghánee.
TT The “ Tahdheeb et-Tahdheeb.”
Th Thaạlab, author of the “ Faṣeeh.”
W El-Wáhideeʼs “ Exposition of the Deewán of El-Mutanebbee,” edited by Dr. Dieterici.
Yoo Yoonus.
Yz El-Yezeedee.
Z Ez-Zamakhsheree.
Zbd Ez-Zubeydee, author of an “ Abridgment of the ʼEyn.”
Zj Ez-Zejjáj.