كلأ كلب كلبث
1. ⇒ كلب
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, He (a man) was seized with madness like that of dogs, in consequence of his having been bitten by a [mad] dog; [was seized with hydrophobia]. (Ḳ.) So also a camel. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) See also كَلَبٌ and كَلِبٌ.
كُلِبَ, like عَنِىَ, [i. e., pass. in form, but neut. in signification,] He lost his reason by the kind of madness termed كَلَب. (Ḳ.) See كَلَابٌ.
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, † He was angry (Ḳ) عَلَيْهِ with him; and thus resembled one afflicted with the disease called كَلَب. (TA.)
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, † He was light-witted; weak and stupid, or foolish; ignorant; deficient in intellect: syn. سَفِهَ: (Ḳ:) and thus resembled one afflicted with the disease called كَلَب. (TA.)
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, † He thirsted. (Ḳ.) From كَلِبَ signifying “he was seized with the disease of dogs, and died of thirst:” for the person afflicted with this disease thirsts, and when he sees water, is frightened at it. (TA.)
كَلِبَ عَلَى شَىْءٍ, (TA,) inf. n. كَلَبٌ, ‡ He was eager for, or desired with avidity, a thing. (Ḳ, TA.)
In like manner,تَكَالَبَ↓ النَّاسُ عَلَى الأَمْرِ ‡ The people were eager for the thing, as though they were dogs.
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, ‡ He ate voraciously, without becoming satiated. (Ḳ.)
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, He (a person bitten by a mad dog) cried out, [or barked]. (Ḳ.)
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ; (so accord. to the TA; but accord. to some copies of the Ḳ, كَلَبَ;) andاستكلب↓; He (a dog) had the habit of eating men. (TA.)
كَلَبَ, aor ـِ (Ḳ: but in some copies, كَلِبَ, aor. ـَ
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ and مَكْلَبَةٌ, † He performed the office of a pimp. (Aṣ, IAạr, Ḳ.) [This office seems to be thus compared with that which a dog performs, in inviting travellers, by his bark, to enjoy his master's hospitality.]
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, † It (a tree), not having sufficient watering, had rough leaves, without losing their moisture, so that they caught to the garments of those who passed by, thus annoying them like a dog. (ADk, Ḳ.*)
كَلِبَ † It (a tree) became stripped of its leaves, and rugged, or scabrous, so that it caught to men's garments, and annoyed the persons passing by, like a dog. (TA.)
كَلَبَ المَزادَةٌ, aor. ـُ
كَلَبَتِ السَّيْرِ aor. ـُ
كَلِبَ عَلَيْهِ القِدُّ ‡ The strap or thong of untanned hide pressed painfully upon him, by his being exposed with it to the sun or air, and its drying. (TA.) كَلِبَ عَلَيْهِ الدَّهْرُ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, ‡ Fortune pressed severely upon him. (TA, from a trad.) See also كَلِيبٌ, and 6.
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, ‡ It (winter, Ṣ, Ḳ, cold, &c., Ṣ,) became severe, or intense: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) he (an enemy) pressed hard, or vehemently, upon him. (TA.)
كَلِبَ, inf. n. كَلَبٌ, It (a rope) fell between the cheek and wheel of the pulley. (Ḳ.)
كَلَبَهُ, aor. ـُ
2. ⇒ كلّب
كلّب, inf. n. تَكْلِيبٌ, He trained a dog to hunt: and sometimes, he trained a فَهْد, or a bird of prey, to take game. (L.) See the act. part. n.
3. ⇒ كالب
كالبهُ, inf. n. مُكَالَبَةٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) and كِلَابٌ, (TA,) † He acted in an evil manner, or injuriously, towards him; or contended against him: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) he straitened, or distressed, him, (Ḳ,) as dogs do, one to another, when set upon each other: (TA:) he acted with open enmity, or hostility, to him: (Mṣb:) andتَكَالُبٌ↓ (inf. n. of 6) is syn. with مُكَالَبَةٌ. (Ṣ.)
كَالَبَتِ الإِبِلُ, (inf. n. مُكَالَبَةٌ, TA,) The camels fed upon كَلَالِيب, i. e., the thorns of trees. (Ḳ.)
Also sometimes signifying The camels pastured upon dry, or tough, حش [app. a mistake for خَشّ “what is very rough”]. (TA.)
4. ⇒ اكلب
أَكْلَبَ His camels became affected with the disease called كَلَبٌ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) i. e., with a madness like that which arises from the dog. (TA.)
6. ⇒ تكالب
هُمْ يَتَكَالَبُونَ عَلَى كَذَا They leap, or rush, together upon such a thing [in an evil, or injurious, or contentious, manner]. (Ṣ.) التَّكَالُبُ is syn. with التَّوَاثُبُ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [and so also, accord. to the CK, is التَّكْلاَبُ, which I suppose to be an intensive inf. n. of كَلِبَ].
8. ⇒ اكتلب
اكتلب He made use of a كُلْبَة, i. e., a thong of leather, &c. in sewing a skin, &c. [See كُلْبَة.] (Lḥ.)
10. ⇒ استكلب
كَلْبٌ a word of well-known signification, [The dog:] (Ṣ:) or any wounding animal of prey: (L, Ḳ, &c.:) but whether birds [of prey] are comprised in this term is a point that requires consideration: (Esh-Shiháb El-Khafájee:) and especially applied to the barking animal [or dog]: (Ḳ:) or rather, this is its proper signification; and it admits no other: (MF:) sometimes used as an epithet; as in the ex. إِمْرَأَةٌ كَلْبَةٌ [A woman like a bitch; a woman who is a bitch]: (Ṣ:) pl. [of pauc.] أَكْلُبٌ and (of mult., TA,) كِلَابٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and كَلِيبٌ, which is a rare [form of] pl., like عَبِيدٌ, pl. of عَبْدٌ, [or rather a quasi-pl. n.,] (Ṣ,) and (pl. of أَكْلُبٌ, Ṣ,) أَكَالِبُ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and (pl. of كِلَابٌ, TA,) كِلَابَاتٌ (Ḳ) and (also pl. of كِلَابٌ) أَكَالِيبُ: (Mṣb:) كِلَابٌ is also used as a pl. of pauc.; ثَلَاثَةُ كِلَابٍ being said for ثلاثةٌ مِنَ الكِلَابِ; or كلاب being used in this case for أَكْلُبٍ: (Sb:) كَلِيبٌ andكَالِبٌ↓ signify a pack, or collected number, of dogs: (Ḳ:) [both are quasi-pl. ns. in my opinion, though the former is called a pl. in the Ṣ:] accord. to some, the former, if masc., is a quasi-pl. n.; and if fem., a pl.: (MF:) the latter is like جَامِلٌ and بَاقِرٌ [which are both quasi-pl. ns.]. (L.) The pl. of كَلْبَةٌ [the fem.] is كِلَابٌ and كَلَبَاتٌ. (Mṣb.)
فُلَانٌ بِوَادِى الكَلْبِ ‡ [Such a one is in the valley of the dog:] said of one whom no one cares for, and who has no place of abode or resort, but is like a dog, which one sees ever going forth into the desert.
كَفَّ عَنْهُ كِلَابَهُ ‡ He left reviling him, and injuring or annoying him: [lit., restrained from him his dogs]. (A.) See also كَلَبٌ.
الكِلَابُ على البَقَر ِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) the first word being in the nom. case as an inchoative, (TA,) and الكِلَابَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) put in the acc. case as governed by a verb understood, (TA,) or الكِرَابُ and الكِرَابَ; (Kh, Ṣ, art. كرب, Ḳ;) of which readings, that of الكلاب is the one generally adopted; (TA;) or they are two distinct proverbs, each having its proper meaning; (Meyd;) the former signifying, [if we read الكِلَابَ,] Send the dogs against the wild oxen: i. e., leave a man and his art: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [but accord. to MF, this is the meaning if we read كراب; but if we read كلاب, the signification is, as explained above, “Send the dogs, &c.,” and the proverb is applied on the occasion of instigating one set of people against another set, without caring for what may happen to them:] or it alludes to a man's having little care or solicitude for the state, or case, or affair, of his companion. (AʼObeyd.) If we read الكلابُ, the meaning is The dogs are upon, or against, the wild oxen: and in like manner, if we read الكرابُ, the meaning is “The turning over of the soil is the work of the oxen:” if الكرابَ, “Leave the turning over of the soil to the oxen.” (MF, from expositions of the Fṣ.)
[كَلْبٌ كَلِبٌ seems also to signify A fierce, or furious, dog. See عَقَنْبَاةٌ.]
كَلْبُ البَرِّ The dog of the desert; i. e. the wolf. (Ḳ, voce ذِئْب.)
كَلْبٌ is also especially applied to A lion. (Ḳ, TA.)
The first increase of water in a valley. (Nh, Ḳ.)
A piece of iron at the head of the pivot, or axis, of a mill. (Ḳ.)
A piece of wood by which a wall is propped, or supported. (Ḳ.)
A certain fish (Ḳ) in the form of a dog. (TA.) [كَلْبُ البَحْرِ and الكَلْبُ البَحْرِىُّ are appellations now applied to The shark.]
كَلْبٌ A strap, or thong, cut from an untanned skin, andمُكَلَّبٌ↓ is A man bound with a كَلْب, i. e., with a strap, or thong, cut from an untanned skin. (TA.)
The extremity of a hill of the kind called أَكَمَة. (Ḳ.)
كَلْبٌ (andكُلَّابٌ↓, TA,) The nail that is in the hilt of a sword, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) in which is [fixed] the ذُؤَابَة [or cord or other ligature by which the hilt is occasionally attached to the guard]: (Ṣ:) or a nail in the hilt of a sword, with which is another [nail] called العَجُوزُ: (L:) and (so accord. to the Ḳ: but accord. to the TA, the [cord or ligature, itself, which is called the]) ذؤابة, of a sword. (Ḳ.)
كَلْبٌ A strap, thong, or strip of leather, (or a red أَحْمَر [probably a mistake for آخَر, another] strap, &c., Ḳ,) which is put between the two edges of a skin (Ṣ, Ḳ) when it is sewed. (Ṣ.)
كَلْبُ الفَرَسِ The line, or streak, that is in the middle of the horse's back. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
إِسْتَوَى عَلَى كَلْبِ فَرَسِهِ He sat firmly upon the line, or streak, in the middle of his horse's back. (Ṣ.)
كَلْبٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكَلَّابٌ↓ (Ḳ) An iron at the edge of a camel's saddle of the kind called رَحْل: (Ḳ:) a bent, or crooked, or hooked, iron, by which the traveller hangs, from the saddle (رحل), his travelling-provisions (Ṣ,) and his أَدَاوِى. (TA.) See also فَهْدٌ.
كَلْبٌ Anything with which a thing is made firm, or fast, or is bound: syn. كُلُّمَا وُثِّقَ بِهِ شَىْءٌ, (as in some copies of the Ḳ,) or أُوثِقَ (as in others): so called because it holds fast a thing like a dog. (TA.)
كَلْبٌ i. q. شَعِيرَةٌ [app. meaning the شعيرة of the handle of a knife, &c.]. (Ṣ.)
لِسَانُ الكَلْبِ A certain plant; (Ḳ;) [cynoglossum, or dog's tongue].
كَفُّ الكَلْبِ A certain spreading herb, (Ḳ,) which grows in the plain low tracts of Nejd; thus called when it has dried, in which case it is likened to the paw of a dog; but while it continues green, it is called كفت. (TA.)
أُمُّ كَلْبٍ A certain small thorny tree, (Ḳ,) which grows in rugged ground, and upon the mountains, having yellow leaves, and rough; when it is put in motion, it diffuses a most fetid and foul smell: so called because of its thorns, or because it stinks like a dog when rain falls upon him. (TA.)
أُمُّ كَلْبَةَ Fever. (Ḳ.) So called because it keeps to a man with much tenacity, like a dog. (TA.)
الكَلْبُ الأَكْبَرُ The constellation of Canis Major: and its principal star, Sirius. (El-Ḳazweenee, &c.)
الكَلْبُ الأَصْغَرُ, also called الكلب المُتَقَدِّمُ, The constellation of Canis Minor: and its principal star, Procyon. (El-Ḳazweenee, &c.)
الكَلْبُ [or كَلْبُ الرَّاعِى] A certain star, over against الدَّلْوُ (q. v.), [which is] below; in the path of which is a red star, called الرَّاعِى: (TA:) كلب الراعى is a name given to a star between the feet, or legs, of Cepheus; and الرعى, to that which is upon his left foot, or leg; (El-Ḳazweenee;) [app., from their longitudes, the same two stars to which the above quotation from the TA relates: but the same two names are also given to two other stars.]
كلب الرعى is [likewise] a name given to The star which is on, or in, the head of Hercules; [for الحاوى, an evident mistake in my MṢ. of El-Ḳazweenee, I read الجَاثِى;] that in the head of Ophiuchus (الحَوَّاءُ) being called الراعى. (El-Ḳazweenee.)
[الكَلْبَانِ, accord. to Freytag, A name of the two stars υ and κ which belong to Taurus: but accord. to my MṢ. of El-Ḳazweenee, the two stars that are near together on the ears of Taurus are called الكُلْيَتَانِ.]
كِلَابُ الشِّتَاءِ The stars, or asterisms, of the beginning of winter; namely, الذِّرَاعُ and المَّثْرَةُ and الطَّرْفُ and الجَبْهَةُ [the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, of the Mansions of the Moon: so called because they set aurorally in the winter: the first so set, about the period of the commencement of the era of the Flight, in central Arabia, on the 3rd of January: see مَنَازِلُ القَمَرِ, in art. نزل]. (TA.)
كَلَبٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكُلَابٌ↓ (Lth) Madness which affects a dog in consequence of eating human flesh. (Ḳ.)
Also, Madness like that of dogs, which affects a man in consequence of his having been bitten by a [mad] dog: (Ḳ:) [a disorder] resembling madness, or diobolical possession: (Ṣ:) a disease that befalls a man from the bite of a mad dog, occasioning what resembles madness, or diabolical possession, so that whomsoever he bites, that person also becomes in like manner affected, abstaining from drinking water until he dies of thirst: the Arabs concur in the assertion that its cure is a drop of the blood of a king, mixed with water, and given to the patient to drink. (TA.) Accord. to El-Mufaddal, it originates from a disease which befalls the standing corn, &c., and which is not removed until the sun rises upon it: if cattle eat of it before that, they die: wherefore Moḥammad forbade pasturing by night: but sometimes a camel runs away, and eats of such pasture before sunrise, and dies in consequence: then a dog comes, and eats of its flesh, and becomes mad; and if it bite a man, he also becomes mad, and when he hears the barking of a dog, answers it [by barking]. (TA.)
دِمَاءُ المُلُوكِ أَشْفَى مِنَ الكَلَبِ [The blood of kings has cured of canine madness]: or, accord. to another reading, دِمَاءُ المُلُوكِ شِفَاءُ الكَلَبِ [The blood of kings is the cure for canine madness]. A proverb, explained by what is quoted from Lḥ, voce كَلِبٌ. But some reject this explanation, and assert the meaning to be, that, when a man is enraged [by desire of obtaining revenge], and takes his blood revenge, the blood is the cure of his rage, though not really drunk. (TA.) See also كَلِبٌ and كَلِبَ.
[Also كَلَبٌ A madness like that of the dog, affecting camels. (See 4.)]
كَلَبٌ andكُلْبَةٌ↓ ‡ Vehemence; severity; pressure; affliction: (Ḳ, TA:) severity, or intenseness of cold, &c.; like جُلْبَةُ: (Ṣ:) severity and sharpness of winter: (Ḳ, for the former word; and TA, for the latter) also the latter, accord. to the TA, [and the former also, as appears from its verb,] severity, or pressure, of him or fortune, and of everything: (TA:) and the latter, straitness, or difficulty, (Ḳ,) of life: (TA:) and drought: (Ḳ:) or distress arising from drought or from government, &c. (AḤn.)
دَفَعْتُ عَنْكَ كَلَبَ فُلَانٍ ‡ I have averted from thee the evil, or mischief, and injurious conduct, of such a one. (Ṣ.) See also كَلْبٌ.
كَلِبٌ A dog or man affected with the disease called كَلَبٌ: (Ṣ, TA:)
A dog accustomed to eating human flesh, and in consequence seized with what resembles madness, or diabolical possession, so that when it wounds a man, he also becomes in like manner affected (Lth. Ṣ) by the disease called كُلَابٌ, barking like a dog, reading his clothes upon himself. wounding others, and at last dying of thirst, refusing to drink. (Lth.)
A man thus affected is termed كَلِبٌ andكَلِيبٌ↓: pl. of the former كَلِبُونَ, and of the latter (or of the former accord. to the Ṣ) كَلْبَى. (TA.) When a man thus affected bites another, they come to a man of noble rank, and he drops for them some blood from his finger, which they give to drink to the patient, and he becomes cured. (Lḥ.) See also كَلَبٌ and كَلِبَ.
كَلِبٌ A dog habituated to eating men. (TA.)
‡ An importunate beggar. (A.)
دَهْرٌ كَلِبٌ ‡ Fortune that presses severely and injuriously upon its subjects. (TA.)
كَلِبٌ A tree of which the leaves are rough, in consequence of its not having sufficient watering, without losing their moisture, so that they catch to the garments of those who pass by, thus annoying them like a dog. (ADk.)
كَلْبَةٌ † A thorny tree, destitute of branches: (Ḳ:) so called because it catches to [the garments of] those who pass by it, like a dog: (TA:) a rugged tree, with branches standing out apart, and tough thorns. (TA.)
A small thorny plant, of the kind called شِرْس, resembling the شكاعا [or شُكَاعَى, or شُكَاعَة], of the description termed ذُكُور: (TA:) or a certain thorny tree, (Ḳ,) of the kind called عِضَاه, having [what is termed] جراء; (TA;) as alsoكَلِبَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
كَلْبَتاَنِ The implement with which the blacksmith takes hold of hot iron; [his forceps]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
حَدِيدَةٌ ذَاتُ كَلْبَتَيْنِ [An iron with two curved ends, forming a forceps]. You also say حَدِيدَتَانِ ذَوَاتَا كلبتين, and حَدَائِدُ ذَوَاتُ كلبتين. (TA.)
كُلْبَةٌ The shop of a vintner. (AḤn, Ḳ.)
The hairs that grow upon each side of the fore part of the nose and mouth of a dog or cat: (Z, Ḳ:) wrongly explained as signifying the nails of a dog. (Z.)
A thong, or a strand (طَاقَة) of the fibres of the palm-tree (لِيف), with which skins and the like are sewed: (Ḳ, TA:) [see إِقْتَفَأَ:] or a thong, or [so in the O and in the TA, art. قفأ; but here, in the latter, instead of “or,” “behind,” which is evidently a mistake;] a strand (طَاقَة) of the fibres of the palm-tree, used in the same manner as the shoe-maker's awl that has, at its head, a perforation ثَقْبٌ [so in the O, in the TA حجر a strange mistranscription: what is meant is doubtless an eye, like that of a needle, and it is by means of an implement with an eye at the end that the operation here described is commonly performed in the present day:] the thong, or the thread, or string, is inserted into the كلبة, which is doubled: thus it enters the place [or hole] of the sewing, and the sewer introduces his hand into the إِدَاوَة [q.v., i. e., the vessel upon which he is employed in working], and stretches the thong of leather, or the thread, or string, (O, L, TA,) in the كلبة. (L, TA.) [See كَلَبَ.]
أَرْضٌ كَلِبَةٌ ‡ Land which has not sufficient watering, and of which the plants, in consequence, become dry: (Ṣ:) or rugged land, and such as is termed قُفّ, in which there are neither trees nor herbage, and which is not a mountain. (Aboo-Kheyreh.)
أَرْضٌ كَلِبَةُ الشَّجَرِ Land upon which the rain called الرَّبِيع does not fall: (TA:) or rugged, dry, land, upon which that rain does not fall, and which does not become soft. (ADk.)
كَلَابٌ [perhaps inf. n. of كُلِبَ] The departure of reason by the kind of madness termed كَلَب. (Ḳ.)
كُلَابٌ: see كَلَبٌ.
Respecting this word in the following verse of TaäbbataSharran,
* إِذَا الحَرْبُ أَوْلَتْكَ الكَلِيبَ فَوَلِّهَا ** كَلِيبَكَ وَٱعْلَمْ أَنَّهَا سَوْفَ تَنْجَلِى *
[When war sets over thee, &c.] there are two opinions: one, that by كليب is meant مُكَالِب (see 2): the other, that it is an inf. n. of كَلِبَتِ الحَرْبُ [“The war became vehement, severe, or fierce”]: the former is the more valid. (IM.)
كُلَّابٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andكَلُّوبٌ↓ (Ḳ) A spur; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) the iron instrument that is in the boot of him who breaks in a horse. (Ṣ.)
كُلَّابٌ andكَلُّوبٌ↓ (andكُلُّوبٌ↓, MF, art. سبح q. v.,) [A flesh-hook;] an iron implement with which meat is taken out of the cooking-pot: pl. كَلَالِيبُ: (Ṣ:) an iron flesh-hook, with prongs: (R, which gives this as the explanation of the latter word:) a hooked iron; like خُطَّاف: (Fr., &c.) a piece of wood at the head of which is a hook, (ʼEyn,) of the same or of iron: (T:) an iron instrument for roasting flesh-meat: syn. سَفُّود. (Lḥ.) See كَلْبٌ.
كَلَالِيبُ ‡ The talons of a falcon: (Ḳ:) pl. of كَلُّوبٌ. (TA.)
‡ The thorns of a tree. (Ḳ.)
كُلُّوبٌ / كَلُّوبٌ
كُلُّوبٌ and كَلُّوبٌ: see كُلَّابٌ.
كَلْتَبَانٌ A pimp: from كَلِبَ, q. v., (Aṣ, IAạr, Ḳ) Sb, however, does not mention the measure فَعْتَلَانٌ. ISd thinks it most probable that كَلِبَ is a triliteral-radical, and كلتبان a quadriliteral-radical [or rather a quasi-quadriliteral-radical], like زَرِمَ and إِزْرَأَمّ, &c. (L.) See also قَرْطَبَانٌ and قَلْتَبَانٌ, and art. كلتب.
تِكِلَّابَةٌ A clamourous, very noisy, very garrulous, woman, of evil disposition. (TA, voce جَلَّابَة.)
مُكَلَّبٌ A dog trained and accustomed to hunt. (L.) See the verb.
A captive, or prisoner, (Ṣ,) having the feet shackled, or bound; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) i. q. مُكَبَّلٌ, from which it is formed by transposition, (Ṣ,) accord. to some. (TA.)
مُكَلِّبٌ One who trains dogs to hunt; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoكَلَّابٌ↓: and sometimes signifying one who trains the فَهْد, and birds of prey, to take game: see Ḳur v. 6: one who possesses dogs trained to hunt, and hunts with them; (L;) as alsoكَالِبٌ↓, pl. كُلَّابٌ: (R:) or كَالِبٌ and كَلَّابٌ (Ṣ, L, Ḳ) signify an owner, or a possessor, of dogs; (L, Ḳ;) the former being similar to تَامِرٌ, &c. (Ṣ.)
مُتَكَالِبٌ an appellation given by the people of El-Yemen to ‡ A deputy, or an agent; because of his acting injuriously, or contentiously, towards them over whom he is appointed as such. (TA.)