فقد فقر فقص

1. ⇒ فقر

فَقَرَ, (TA,) [aor., app., ـُ and ـِ,] inf. n. فَقْرٌ, (O, Ḳ, TA,) He dug the ground; (O,* Ḳ,* TA;) as alsoفقّر↓, (TA,) inf. n. تَفْقِيرٌ. (Ḳ, TA.) And He dug a well to draw forth the water. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

And فَقْرٌ signifies The boring, or perforating, of beads for the purpose of stringing; (Ḳ;) [as also تَفْقِيرٌ; for one says] فَقَّرْتُ↓ [as well as فَقَرْتُ], meaning I bored, or perforated, beads. (Ṣ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Signification: A3

And The act of cleaving, slitting, or rending. (O.) [See also 8.]

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Signification: A4

And فَقَرَ أَنْفَ البَعِيرِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,*) [and فَقَرَ البَعِيرَ also, as is indicated in the TA,] aor. ـُ {يَفْقُرُ} and ـِ {يَفْقِرُ}, inf. n. فَقْرٌ, (Ḳ,) He made an incision in the nose [or muzzle] of the camel, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) the beast being refractory, (TA,) with an iron instrument, (Ṣ, O, TA,) so as to reach to the bone, (Ḳ, TA,) or nearly so, (TA,) then put upon the place of the incision the [cord called] جَرِير, (Ṣ, O, TA,*) with a [string such as is termed] وَتَر wound upon it, (Ṣ, O,) to render him tractable, or to train him, thereby: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) sometimes the refractory camel has three incisions made in his muzzle; and when his owner desires to render him tractable, and to prevent him from being brisk above measure, he puts the جرير upon the incision that is next to his lip, and in consequence he governs him as he will; and if he be between the refractory and the tractable, he puts the جرير upon the intermediate incision, and in consequence he exceeds in his pace; and if he desire that he should stretch forth and go without inconvenience to his owner, he puts the جرير upon the uppermost incision. (Aboo-Ziyád, L.) [The incision above mentioned is termedفُقْرَةٌ↓.]

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Signification: A5

[Hence, app., by a tropical usage, فَقَرَ signifies † He stigmatized a man: Freytag has mentioned it as occurring in the Deewán of the Hudhalees, and meaning “satyra perstrinxit eius vitia commemorans aliquem.”]

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

[فَقَرَهُ, aor. ـُ {يَفْقُرُ}, inf. n. فَقْرٌ, He, or it, broke the فَقَار (or vertebræ) of his back.]

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Signification: B2

[Hence the phrase,] فَقَرَتْهُ الفَافقِرَةُ, (Ṣ, O,) or الدَّاهِيَةُ, aor. ـُ {يَفْقُرُ}, inf. n. فَقْرٌ, (Mṣb,) [lit.] The calamity broke the vertebræ of his back: (Ṣ, O:) [meaning] the calamity befell him. (Mṣb.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Dissociation: C

فَقُرَ, with damm, [aor. ـُ {يَفْقُرُ},] He had a complaint of his vertebræ: and فَقِرَ, aor. ـَ {يَفْقَرُ}, inf. n. فَقَرٌ, He had a complaint of his vertebræ arising from fracture or disease. (Mṣb.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 1. Signification: C2

فَقُرَ or فَقِرَ in the sense of اِفْتَقَرَ: see 8.

2. ⇒ فقّر

see 1, first and third sentences.

Root: فقر - Entry: 2. Signification: A2

فقّر لِلْوَدِيَّةِ, (Ṣ, TA,*) or لِلْفَسِيلَةِ, (Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. تَفْقِيرٌ; [and accord. to Golius, تفقّر↓, but for this I have not found any authority;] He dug a hollow such as is termed فَقِير [q. v.] for the shoot, or offset, of a palm-tree. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 2. Signification: A3

And فُقِّرَ, said of anything, It was incised, or notched; and impressed, or marked. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 2. Signification: A4

Lth has erroneously assigned to تَفْقِيرٌ, a meaning belonging to تَقْفِيزٌ, q. v. (TA.)

4. ⇒ افقر

افقر He (a colt) became fit for riding upon his فَقَار [or vertebræ]; like أَرْكَبَ: (O:) or he (a colt, Mṣb), or it (the back of a colt, L), became [strong in the vertebræ and] fit for being ridden. (L, Mṣb.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 4. Dissociation: B

افقرهُ نَاقَتَهُ, (Ṣ, O,) or بَعِيرَهُ, (ISk, Ḳ,) or ظَهْرَ بَعِيرِهِ, (TA,) or بَعِيرًا, (Mgh,) or دَابَّتَهُ, (AʼObeyd, TA,) or المُهْرَ, (Mṣb,) He lent him the vertebræ [meaning the back] of his she-camel, that he might ride thereon: (Ṣ, O:) and he lent him the back of his camel (ISk, Ḳ, TA) during a journey, (ISk, TA) for carrying a burden, and for riding, (ISk, Ḳ, TA,) to be returned afterwards: (ISk, TA:) and he lent him a camel, that he might ride thereon; from فَقَار signifying the “vertebræ” of the back: (Mgh:) and he lent him his beast to ride as long as he pleased during a journey and then to return it to him: (AʼObeyd, TA:) and he lent him the colt to ride upon its vertebræ [or back]. (Mṣb.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 4. Signification: B2

Hence, افقرهُ أَرْضَهُHe lent him his land for sowing. (TA, from a trad.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 4. Signification: B3

أَفْقَرَكَ الصَّيْدُ means The object of the chase has enabled thee to have its vertebræ within thy power; therefore shoot it, or shoot at it: (O, TA:) or has enabled thee to have its side [which is sometimes termed فُقْر] within thy power: (Ḳ:) or has become near to thee. (TA.) [The Khaleefeh] El-Weleed the son of Yezeed the son of 'AbdEl-Melik is related to have said, أَفْقَرَ بَعْدَ مَسْلَمَةَ الصَّيْدُ لِمَنْ رَمَى i. e. The object of the chase has enabled the shooter at it to have its vertebræ within his power after Meslemeh; meaning that, since the death of his paternal uncle Meslemeh, the territory of the Muslims had become assailable to him who might attempt it. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 4. Dissociation: C

افقرهُ also signifies He (i. e. God, Ṣ, O, Ḳ, or a man, Mṣb) rendered him فَقِير [meaning poor, or needy,, &c.]. (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 4. Dissociation: D

مَا أَفْقَرَهُ [i. e. How poor, or needy,, &c., is he!] and مَا أَغْنَاهُ [which has the contr. meaning] are [said to be] anomalous; for their [respective primitive] verbs are اِفْتَقَرَ and اِسْتَغْنَى, from either of which the verb of wonder is not properly [or regularly] formed. (Ṣ, O. [But see 8.])

5. ⇒ تفقّر

ظَهَرَ قَبْلَنَا نَاسٌ يَتَفَقَّرُونَ العِلْمَ, occurring in a trad., as some relate it, means [There appeared before us men] eliciting what was recondite, or obscure, of knowledge, and opening what was closed thereof; from فَقَرْتُ البِئْرَ meaning “I dug the well to draw forth the water:” but the reading commonly known is [يَتَقَفَّرُونَ, q. v.,] with the ق before the ف. (IAth, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 5. Signification: A2

6. ⇒ تفاقر

تفاقر He feigned the lowliness, or submissiveness, of poverty, humbling, or abasing, himself with men. (Ḳ * and TA in art. بأس.)

8. ⇒ افتقر

افتقر He clave, slit, or rent; and opened: [see also 1, fourth sentence:] hence its usage in a trad. of ʼOmar, in which, after his saying that Imra-el-Ḳeys was the foremost of the poets, and had made the source of poetry to well forth abundantly to them, [see خَسَفَ,] he is related to have added, وَٱفْتَقَرَ عَنْ مَعانٍ عُورٍأَصَحَّ بَصَرٍ: in saying this, he attributed a sound and an opened sight to the poetry, [which he thus personified,] and in like manner he described obscure and occult meanings by applying to them the epithet عُور [generally meaning “blind of one eye”]: he meant that Imra-el-Ḳeys had made the meanings of poetry clear and perspicuous, and unveiled them, and shunned substitution and obscure diction: عَنْ with what is [to be understood as] antecedently connected with it occupies the place of a noun in the accus. case as a denotative of state: it is as though he said, فَتَحَ لِلشِّعْرِأَصَحَّ بَصَرٍ مُجَاوِزًا لِلْمَعَانِى العُورِمُتَخَطِيًا لَهَا [lit. He opened, to poetry, a most sound vision, passing over half-blind meanings]. (O.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 8. Dissociation: B

Also, (O,) He was, or became, فَقِير [meaning poor, or needy,, &c.]; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.;) and soفَقِرَ↓, aor. ـَ {يَفْقَرُ}, inf. n. فَقَرٌ; (Mṣb;) andفَقُرَ↓, aor. ـُ {يَفْقُرُ}; (Ḳ;) or they said افتقر, (Sb, Mṣb, TA,) like as they said اِشْتَدَّ, (Sb, TA,) but they did not say فَقُرَ, (Sb, Mṣb, TA,) like as they did not say شَدُدَ, (Sb, TA,) افتقر serving them instead of فَقُرَ; (Mṣb;) nor did they use any unaugmented form of this verb. (Sb, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: 8. Signification: B2

And one says, افتقر إِلَيْهِ He, or it, wanted, needed, or required, him, or it; [a phrase of frequent occurrence; like فَقِيرٌ إِلَيْهِ;] i. q. اِحْتَاجَ اليه. (TA in art. حوج.)

10. ⇒ استفقر

استفقر بَعِيرًا [He borrowed, or asked for the loan of, the back of a camel, for carrying a burden or for riding]. (See أَرْمَلُ.)


فَقْرٌ andفُقْرٌ↓ signify the same, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) but the latter is bad, (Lth, TA,) and sometimes they said فُقُرٌ↓, (MF, TA,) Poverty, want, or need; contr. of غِنًى: (Ḳ:) or the state of a man when he has [only] what suffices for his household, or those who dwell with him and whose maintenance is incumbent on him: (ISd, Ḳ:) [other meanings are indicated by explanations of the epithet فَقِيرٌ, q. v.:] مَفاَقِرُ↓ [signifying needs, or wants,] is said by some to be a pl. of فَقرٌ, anomalous, like مَشَابِهُ [pl. of شَبَهٌ] and مَلَامِحُ [pl. of لَمْحَةٌ]: or it may be a pl. ofمُفْقَرٌ↓, an inf. n. of أَفْقَرَهُ; or pl. ofمُفْقِرٌ↓; or it has no sing.: (TA:) you say, سَدَّ ٱللّٰهُ مَفَاقِرَهُ↓ God rendered him, or may God render him, free from want; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) [lit.] God supplied, or may God supply, his various needs, or wants. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقْرٌ Signification: A2

And فَقْرٌ signifies also Anxiety; or disquietude, or trouble, of mind: pl. فُقُورٌ: (O, Ḳ, TA:) one says, شَكَى إِلَيْهِ فُقُورَهُ He complained to him of his anxieties;, &c.: and it means also, his circumstances, and wants: (TA:) [for,] accord. to IAạr, the phrase فُقُورُ النَّفْسِ is like شُقُورُهَا. (O.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقْرٌ Dissociation: B


Root: فقر - Entry: فُقْرٌ Dissociation: B

Also The side: pl. فُقَرٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) which is extr. [in respect of analogy]: mentioned by Kr. (TA.) [See أَفْقَرَكَ الصَّيْدُ.]


فَقُرٌ: see فَقْرَةٌ.


فَقِرٌ: see فَقِيرٌ, former half, in two places.


فُقُرٌ: see فَقْرٌ.


فَقْرَةٌ: see فَقَارٌ.

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقْرَةٌ Dissociation: B

Accord. to the Ḳ, it signifies also A certain plant; and its pl. [or rather the coll. gen. n.] isفَقْرٌ↓: but the sing. [or n. un.] is correctlyفَقُرَةٌ↓, with fet-ḥ and then damm, mentioned by Sb as a word of a rare form, of which the pl. [or coll. gen. n.] isفَقُرٌ↓, as it has no broken pl.; and expl. by Th. (TA.)


فُقْرَةٌ A hollow dug in the ground: pl. فُقَرٌ. (O, Ḳ, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فُقْرَةٌ Signification: A2

And The [incision termed] قُرْمَة (IAạr, O, TA) that is made in the nose [or muzzle] (IAạr, O) of the camel, (IAạr, O, TA,) [in order to render him tractable, (see 1, near the beginning,)] after which [if necessary] another is made, [above it,] and then another, until he becomes gentle: (IAạr, O:) pl. [of pauc. أَفْقُرٌ, occurring in the L, evidently as a pl. of فُقْرَةٌ in this sense, and, of mult., but also used as a pl. of pauc.,] فُقَرٌ. (O, TA.) Hence the saying of ʼÁïsheh, in relation to [the murder of] ʼOthmán, [app. alluding to its involving three violations, namely, the violation of the sacredness of the city in which it was perpetrated and of the month in which it occurred and of the person of the Khaleefeh,] بَلَغْتُمْ مِنْهُ الفُقَرَ الثَّلَاثَ, meaning ‡ Ye have done to him the like of your deed to the camel above mentioned [upon which ye have inflicted the three فُقَر]: thus expl. by AZ. (TA.) Accord. to AHeyth, فُقَرٌ means † Great, or grievous, or formidable, events. (O.) And the three فُقَرَات of the son of Adam are said to be † The day of birth and the day of death and the day of resurrection. (O.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فُقْرَةٌ Signification: A3

Also The part, of a shirt, that is the place into which the head is inserted. (Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فُقْرَةٌ Dissociation: B

Also Nearness. (Ḳ.) And one says, هُوَ مِنِّى فُقْرَةً, meaning He is near to me. (Ḳ,* TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فُقْرَةٌ Dissociation: C


فِقْرَةٌ: see فَقَارٌ.

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Signification: A2

[Hence] الفِقَرَاتُ is a name of † The star [or stars] in the خَرَزَات [meaning joints of the tail] of Scorpio. (Ḳzw in his descr. of Scorpio.) And فِقَرٌ signifies † Certain ornaments, moulded, or fashioned, in the form of the vertebra of the back: (A, KT, TA, and Ḥar p. 34:) one of which is termed فِقْرَةٌ. (Ḥar ibid.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Signification: A3

And hence, (KT,) or as being likened to a vertebra of the back, (Ṣ, O, KT,) ‡ The best verse in an ode is termed فِقْرَةٌ. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, KT.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Signification: A4

And hence, as being likened to the best verse in an ode, فِقْرَهٌ means ‡ ‡ Any choice phrase or sentence: (KT:) one says, مَا أَحْسَنَ فِقَرَ كَلَامِهِ i. e. [How beautiful are] the points, or points of wit, (سُكَت [pl. of نُكْتَةٌ]) of his speech, or language! (A, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Signification: A5

And in like manner it is applied to signify † The end [or final word] of every verse of an ode and [of every clause] of a خُطْبَة [which is in rhyming prose]. (Mṣb.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Signification: A6

And † [A pair of clauses of rhyming prose, both ending with the same rhyme; i. e.] the فِقْرَة is that which in [rhyming] prose is like the verse in poetry. (Kull p. 208.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Dissociation: B

Also A piece of land, such as is termed قَرَاح [q. v.], for sowing. (O, Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فِقْرَةٌ Dissociation: C

And A thing that serves as a mark, or sign, (Lth, Ḳ, TA,) to men contending, or competing, in shooting, or casting, (Lth,) such as a mountain, (Ḳ,) or such as a hill, or a hollow dug in the ground, (Lth.) or a هَدَف [or butt, &c.], (Lth, Ḳ, TA,) and the like: (Ḳ, TA:) they say, in such contending or competing, أُرَامِيكَ مِنْ أَدْنَى فِقْرَةٍ [I will contend, or compete, with thee in shooting, or casting, from the nearest فقرة] and مِنْ أَبْعَدِ فِقْرَةٍ [from the furthest فقرة]. (Lth, TA.)


فَقُرَةٌ: see فَقْرَةٌ.


فُقْرَى [The lending one a camel,, &c., to be ridden or to carry a burden;] a subst. [similar to رُقْبَى and عُمْرَى] from أَفْقَرَهُ نَاقَتَهُ (Ṣ) or بَعِيرَهُ. (Ḳ.)


فَقَارٌ The vertebra of the back; (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ;) the bones of the spine, which are set in regular order, one upon another, from the part where is the كَاهِل to the عَجْب: (Ḳ,* TA:) [it is sometimes used as a sing., as in the Ṣ and O and Ḳ voce طَبَقٌ: but properly] the sing., (Mṣb, Ḳ,) or n. un., (Ṣ, TA,) is فَقَارَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) for which one should not say فِقَارَةٌ, with kesr: (ISk, Mṣb:) andفِقْرَةٌ↓, of which the pl. is فِقَرٌ and فِقْرَاتٌ and فِقَرَاتٌ and فِقِرَاتٌ, signifies the same as فَقَارَةٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) as does also فَقْرَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقَارٌ Signification: A2

[Hence,] فَقَارُ الجَوْزَآءِThe three very bright stars [d and e and z] disposed obliquely in the midst of the constellation الجوزآء [i. e. Orion]. (Ḥar p. 456. [See art. جوز.])

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقَارٌ Signification: A3

And [hence also,] ذُو الفَقَارِ † the name of A [celebrated] sword of the Prophet, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) and afterwards, of ʼAlee: it had previously belonged to El-'As Ibn-Munebbih, who was slain at Bedr, (O, Ḳ,) by ʼAlee, by whom his sword was given to the Apostle: (O:) accord. to Abu-l-ʼAbbás [i. e. Th]. it was thus named because there were in it small beautiful hollows [app. meaning small scallops in the edge, such as some modern swords have, for the more easy cleaving of coats of mail]: it is also, accord. to some, called ذو الفِقَار; but this is said by El-Khaṭṭábee to be vulgar. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقَارٌ Signification: A4

It (i. e. ذُوالفَقَارِ) is also used, metaphorically, as meaning ‡ The spear. (TA.)

فَقِيرٌ / فَقِيرَةٌ

فَقِيرٌ A hollow that is dug around the shoot, or offset, of a palm-tree, when it is planted: (Ṣ, O:) or a well [or the like thereof] in which the shoot, or offset, of a palm-tree is planted, (Ḳ, TA,) then alluvial soil with dung of camels or the like is pressed down around it: (TA:) pl. فُقُرٌ, with two dammehs: (Ḳ, TA:) or this [app. the pl., but accord. to the TA the sing.,] signifies wells, (Ḳ, TA,) three, and more, together, (TA,) or communicating, one with another. (Ḳ, TA.) The sing. signifies also A well: (Mgh, O:) or an old well: (O:) or a well having little water: (TA:) pl. as above. (Mgh.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقِيرٌ Signification: A2

And A plain, or soft, place, in which wells are dug forming a regular series. (O, Ḳ,) And رَكِيَّةٌ فَقِيرَةٌ signifies A dug well. (TA.) And فَقِيرُ بَنِى فُلَانٍ فِى الرَّكَايَا is expl. by AʼObeyd as meaning The share of the sons of such a one of the wells. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقِيرٌ Signification: A3

Also The mouth, (Ḳ, TA,) or the place whence the water issues, (Ṣ, O, TA,) of a subterranean channel, or conduit: (Ṣ,* O,* Ḳ,* TA:) pl. as above. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقِيرٌ Signification: A4

And it is said to signify A [hollowed] trunk of a palm-tree, by means of which one ascends to an upper chamber: but the word commonly known in this sense is نَقِيرٌ [q. v.], with ن. (IAth, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقِيرٌ Dissociation: B

As an epithet applied to a camel, it means Having an incision [or two incisions or three] made in his nose [or muzzle] in the manner explained in the first paragraph of this art.; and soمَفْقُورٌ↓. (Ḳ, TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقِيرٌ Dissociation: C

Also, applied to a man, (TA,) Having the vertebræ of the back broken; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,* TA;) and soفَقِرٌ↓ andمَفْقُورٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or having a complaint of the vertebræ of his back, arising from fracture or from disease: (Mṣb:) or having his vertebræ pulled out from his back, so that his spine is interrupted: (T, L:) andفَقِرٌ↓, a man having a complaint of his vertebræ: (Ṣ, O, TA:) and فقير andمَفْقُورٌ↓, a man afflicted [lit. having the vertebræ of his back broken] by a calamity. (Mṣb.)

Root: فقر - Entry: فَقِيرٌ Dissociation: D

Hence, as though having the vertebræ of his back broken, (IDrst, TA in art. جبر,) [but said to be irregularly formed from اِفْتَقَرَ, like مَا أَفْقَرَهُ, q. v.,] Poor: or needy; contr. of غَنِىٌّ; (as implied in the Ḳ;) having [only] what suffices for his household, or those who dwell with him and whose maintenance is incumbent an him: (ISd, Ḳ:) or one who finds food sufficient to sustain life: (Ḳ:) or one who possesses only what is sufficient for life: (ISk, Ṣ, Ḳ:*) or one whose property is, or has become, little: further expl. in art. سكن: (Mṣb:) or one who has what to eat; (Aboo-ʼAmr Ibn-El-ʼAlà;) differing from مِسْكِينٌ, which signifies one who possesses nothing; altogether destitute: (Aboo-ʼAmr Ibn-El-ʼAlà, ISk, Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or both mean destitute, i. e. possessing nothing: (IAạr, Ṣ, O:) Aboo-Ḥaneefeh holds the opinion of ISk, (TA,) who cites the following verse from a poem of Er-Rá'ee in praise of ʼAbd-El-Melik Ibn-Marwán;

* أَمَّا الفَقِيرُ الَّذِى كَانَتْ حَلُوبَتُهُ *
* وَفْقَ العِيَالِ فَلَمْ يُتْرَكْ لَهُ سَبَدُ *

[As to the فقير whose milch camel was sufficient for his household, and nothing (more) was left to him:] (Ṣ, O, TA:) Aṣ says that the مسكين is better in condition than the فقير: and Yoo says that the فقير is better in condition than the مسكين; and adds, I asked an Arab of the desert, Art thou فقير? and he answered, No, by God, but rather مسكين: (Ṣ, O, TA:) or the former signifies needy, needing, or wanting; a needer; and the latter, one abased by need or want, or otherwise; (Ibn-ʼArafeh, O, Ḳ;) who, if abased by need or want, may lawfully receive of the poor-rate; but if abased otherwise than by need or want, he may not receive of the poorrate; for he may be rich: (Ibn-ʼArafeh:) [الفَقِيرُ إِلَى ٱللّٰهِ the needer of God, i. e., of God's help, &c., and الفَقِيرُ إِلَى رَحْمَةِ ٱللّٰهِ the needer of the mercy of God, are epithets which a man often writes before his name:] it is said in the Ḳur [xxxv. 16], أَنْتُمُ الفُقَرَآءُ إِلَى ٱللّٰهِ وَٱللّٰهُ هُوَ ٱلْغَنِىُّ ٱلْحَمِيدُ, which is explained as meaning Ye are the needers, or they who stand in need, of God: [and God, He is the Self-sufficient, the Praised in every case:] (O,* TA: [see also the Ḳur xxviii. 24:]) or فقير signifies one who is crippled, or deprived of the power of motion, by disease, or who suffers from a protracted disease, being weak, and who has no trade; and one who has a mean trade that does not suffice for his need; and مسكين, a beggar, who has a trade that stands in some stead, (حِرْفَةٌ تَقَعُ مَوْقِعًا,) but does not cause him and his household to be without want; (Esh-Sháfiʼee, T, O, Ḳ;) so that the former is in a harder condition than the latter accord. to Esh-Sháfiʼee; (T;) and it seems that he is called فقير because of crippleness, or protracted disease, which prevents his freely employing himself in making gain: (Khálid Ibn-Yezeed:) Aṣ also says that the latter is in a better condition than the former; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) and so says Aḥmad Ibn-ʼObeyd: (TA:) and as to the verse of Er-Rá'ee, cited above, it is said to mean that the person there mentioned had a milch camel in former times, but possessed it no longer, and that لَمْ يُتْرَكْ لَهُ سَبَد means that nothing was left to him: (Mgh:) the pl. of the latter epithet is also applied in the Ḳur xviii. 78 to men possessing a ship, or boat, which is worth a considerable sum; (Mgh;) whence Aboo-Bekr holds the opinion of Aṣ to be correct: (TA:) but it is urged in reply, that these men were hirers, not owners, of the vessel, as appears from one reading, [app. يُعَمَّلُونَ for يَعْمَلُونَ,] with teshdeed: (TA:) or the former signifies one who has neither property nor gain that suffices for his need; and the latter, one who has property or gain not sufficient for him: or, as some say, the converse is the truth: (Bḍ in ix. 60:) or both signify the same, (IAạr, Ṣ, Ḳ,) one who possesses nothing: (IAạr, Ṣ:) or when they are used together, they differ in signification; and when used separately, they both [sometimes] signify the same: (El-Bedr El-Karáfee:) [see more voce مِسْكِينٌ:] fem. with ة {فَقِيرَةٌ: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. masc. فُقَرَآءُ; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) pl. fem. فَقَائِرُ, (Ḳ,) and فُقَرَآءُ (Lḥ, Mṣb, TA) like the masc., [said to be] the only instance of the kind except سُفَهَآءُ as pl. of سَفِيهَةٌ; (Mṣb;) [though فُقَهَآءُ, and perhaps some other instances, should be added;] but ISd says, I know not how this is. (TA.)


فَقَارَةٌ: see فَقَارٌ.


فَيْقَرٌ: see the next paragraph.


فَاقِرَةٌ [An act that breaks, or will break, the vertebræ of the back: and hence,]a calamity, or misfortune; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as alsoفَيْقَرٌ↓: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or, accord. to Lth and others, such as breaks the vertebræ of the back: (TA:) pl. فَوَاقِرُ. (Ḥar p. 399.) عَمِلَ بِهِ الفَاقِرَةَ is a prov., meaning He did to him an act breaking, or that would break, his vertebræ; or a calamity, or misfortune, as in the Ḳur lxxv. 25: (Meyd:) [or, accord. to J, it app. means he did to him that which would render him tractable; for he says,] it is from the phrase فَقَرْتُ أَنْفَ البَعِيرِ. (Ṣ. [This phrase in the Ṣ has been strangely misunderstood by Golius; who has consequently, after mentioning the meaning “infortunium,” added “et Habena seu capistrum, de quo in Conj. 1.”])

Root: فقر - Entry: فَاقِرَةٌ Signification: A2

And [hence] الفَاقِرَةُ signifies † The resurrection. (TA.)


أَفْقَرُ [More, and most, poor or needy, &c.: said to be formed irregularly from اِفْتَقَرَ, not from an unaugmented form of the verb; like مَا أَفْقَرَهُ]. (See Ḥam pp. 573-4.)


مُفْقَرٌ: see فَقْرٌ.


مُفْقِرٌ, applied to a man, (O, TA,) Strong (O, Ḳ, TA) in the vertebræ of the back; (TA;) and thus مُفَقَّرٌ↓, applied to a camel; and [in like manner] ذُوفُقْرَةٍ↓, so applied, strong to be ridden: (O, TA:) and مُفْقِرٌ signifies also strong in the back; applied to a colt: (TA:) and, thus applied, that has attained to the time when he may be ridden. (Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: مُفْقِرٌ Signification: A2

And [hence] one says, إِنَّهُ لَمُفْقِرٌ لِهٰذَا الأَمْرِVerily he is equal to this affair, possessing firmness of mind, or strength, or power, for it; (ISh, O, L, Ḳ;) and لهذا العَزْمِ for this determination, or resolution; and لهذا القِرْنِ for this adversary, or opponent. (L.) Andرَجُلٌ مُفَقَّرٌ↓A man sufficient for everything that he is ordered to do; (O, Ḳ, TA;) as thought by reason of the strength of his vertebræ. (TA.)

Root: فقر - Entry: مُفْقِرٌ Dissociation: B


مُفَقَّرٌ A sword having notches, or indentations, in its مَتْن [q. v.], (Ṣ, Ḳ,) forming depressions therein. (Ḳ.)

Root: فقر - Entry: مُفَقَّرٌ Dissociation: B

See also مُفْقِرٌ, in two places.


مَفْقُورٌ: see فَقِيرٌ, in three places.


مَفَاقِرُ: see فَقْرٌ, in two places.


أَرْضٌ مُتَفَقِّرَةٌ Land in which are many فُقَر, meaning hollows. (O, Ḳ.)


مُتَفَاقِرٌ A man asserting himself to be in a state of فَقْر [i. e. poverty, or need,, &c.]. (A, TA.)