طلف طلق طلم
1. ⇒ طلق
طَلَقَتِ النَّاقَةُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) aor. ـُ
[Hence,] طَلَقَتْ, (IAạr, Th, Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb,) or طَلَقَتْ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ
And طَلُقَ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. طَلَاقَةٌ, (Ṣ, O,) or طُلُوقَةٌ and طُلُوقٌ, (TA,) ‡ He was, or became, laughing, or happy, or cheerful, and bright, (Ḳ, TA,) in face, or countenance: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) or, inf. n. طَلَاقَةٌ, † it (the face, or countenance,) was, or became, cheerful, or happy, (MA, Mṣb,) the contr. of frowning or contracted, (Mgh,) displaying openness and pleasantness; (Mṣb;) andتطلّق↓ signifies the same; (MA, Mgh;) as alsoانطلق↓; (Mgh;) syn. انبسط; (Ḳ;) whence the saying, يَنْبَغِى لِلْقَاضِى أَنْ يُنْصِفَ الخَصْمَيْنِ وَلَا يَنْطَلِقُ↓ بوَجْهِهِ إِلَى أَحَدِهِمَا, meaning † [It behooves the judge to treat with equity the two adversaries in litigation, and] he shall not speak to one of them with a cheerful countenance (بِوَجْهٍ طَلْقٍ) and with sweet speech, not doing this to the other: or it may be from الاِنْطِلَاقُ signifying “the going away,” and may hence mean, and he shall not turn his face, or pay regard, to one of them [in preference to the other]. (Mgh.)
And طَلُقَ, inf. n. طُلُوقَةٌ and طَلَاقَةٌ, said of a day, ‡ It was, or became, such as is termed طَلْقٌ; i. e. [temperate,] neither hot nor cold; [&c.; see طَلْقٌ;] and in like manner طَلُقَت is said of a night (لَيْلَة). (Ḳ, TA.)
طَلِقَ, (O, Ḳ,) with kesr, (O,) like سَمِعَ, (Ḳ,) signifies تَبَاعِدَ [He, or it, was, or became, distant, or remote;, &c.]. (O, Ḳ.)
طَلْقٌ is also trans., syn. with أَطْلَقَ: see the latter verb, former half, in two places.
[Hence,] طُلِقَتْ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. تُطْلَقُ, (Ṣ,) inf. n. طَلْقٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh,* O,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) and inf. n. un. طَلْقَةٌ, (TA,) † She (a woman, Ṣ, O, Mṣb) was taken with the pains of parturition: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) a phrase implying a presage of good [i. e. of speedy and safe delivery]. (Mgh.) [And طُلِقَتْ بِهِ † She was, or became, in labour with him.]
2. ⇒ طلّق
طلّق نَاقَتَهُ He left, left alone, or let go, his she-camel. (TA.) See also 4, second sentence.
[Hence,] طلّق ٱمْرَأَتَهُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَطْلِيقٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb,) from طَلَاقٌ [q. v.]; (O;) andاطلقها↓, (Ḳ,) inf. n. إِطْلَاقٌ; (TA;) ‡ [He divorced his wife;] he separated his wife from himself [by a sentence of divorce]. (Ḳ, TA.) [طلّق in this sense is opposed to رَاجَعَ: and hence the meanings of these two verbs in a verse of En-Nábighah which I have cited in art. نذر, (see conj. 6 in that art.,) and which is also cited in the Ṣ and O and TA in the present art.]
And طلّق البِلَادَ ‡ He left, or quitted, the country. (IAạr, TA.) El-'Okeylee, being asked by Ks, أَطَلَّقْتَ ٱمْرَأَتَكَ [Hast thou quitted thy wife?], answered, نَعَمْ وَالأَرْضَ مِنْ وَرَائِهَا † [Yes, and the land behind her]. (IAạr, TA.) And one says, طَلَّقْتُ القَوْمَ † I left, or quitted, the people, or party: and طلّق العِيَالَ † He left [or deserted] the household, like as the man leaves [or divorces] the woman, or wife. (TA.) And طلّق العَيْرُ عَانَتَهُ † The he-ass passed by, or beyond, his she-ass, and then left her: and طَلَّقَتْهُ العَانَةُ † The she-ass submitted herself [the verb which I thus render has been altered to انقدت, for which I read ٱنْقَادَتْ,] to him, after having been incompliant. (TA.)
And طُلِّقَ السَّلِيمُ † The person bitten by a serpent became rid of the pain: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or recovered himself, and his pain became allayed, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) after the paroxysm: (Ṣ, O:) inf. n. as above. (Ḳ.)
طَلَّقَ نَخْلَهُ: see 4, last sentence.
4. ⇒ اطلق
الإِطْلَاقُ signifies The loosing, or setting loose or free, and letting go. (TA.) You say, اطلق النَّاقَةَ مِنْ عِقَالِهَا, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA,) or مِنَ العِقَالِ, i. e. He loosed the she-camel from the bond, or cord, by which her fore shank and arm were bound together; (Mgh;) as alsoطلّقها↓. (TA.) And اطلق الأَسِيرَ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) and اطلق عَنْهُ, (O, TA,) He let go the captive; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA;) and set him free; (TA;) he loosed the bond of the captive, and let him go: (Mgh, Mṣb:) and أُطْلِقَ عَنْهُ إِسَارُهُ [His bond was loosed from him], namely, the captive. (Ṣ.) And اطلق خَيْلَهُ فِى الحَلْبَةِ He made his horses to run [in the race-ground]. (TA.) And اطلق النَّاقَةَ He drove the she-camel to the water: (TA:) or أَطْلَقْتُ النَّاقَةَ إِلَى المَآءِ [I loosed the she-camel from her bond to repair to the water]: (Mṣb:) or أَطْلَقْتُ الإِبِلَ (AZ, Ṣ, O, TA) إِلَى المَآءِ (AZ, Ṣ,* TA) I loosed the camels to repair to the water, it being distant two days' journeys, and left them to pasture while going thither. (AZ, Ṣ, O,* TA.) And اطلق القَوْمُ means The people, or party, had their camels loosed to repair to the water, it being distant two days' journeys, and the camels being left to pasture while going thither. (Ṣ, Ḳ,* TA.)
اطلق ٱمْرَأَتَهُ: see 2, third sentence.
اطلق الدَّوَآءُ بَطْنَهُ The medicine loosened, or relaxed, his belly [or bowels]; (Mṣb;) or moved his belly. (TA.)
[اطلق عِنَانَهُ He let loose, or slackened, his (a horse's) rein; and so † made him to quicken his pace. (See Ḥar p. 356.)] And اطلق رِجْلَهُ † He hastened him; or desired, or required, him to hasten, or be quick; as alsoاستطلقهُ↓. (TA. [Whether the pronoun relate to a beast or a man is not shown. By استطلقه is not meant استطلق رِجْلَهُ as رِجْل is fem.])
اطلق يَدَهُ بِخَيْرِ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA) and فِى خَيْرٍ, and بِمَالٍ and فِى مَالٍ; (TA;) andطَلَقَهَا↓, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ
[اطلقه also signifies † He made it allowable, or free, to be done, or taken, &c.] You say, اطلق لَهُ فِعْلَ كَذَا † He permitted him, or gave him permission or leave, to do such a thing; i. q. أَذِنَ لَهُ فِيهِ. (Mṣb in art. اذن.)
[And † He made it to be unrestricted. Hence the saying, اطلق بِهِمُ السَّيْفَ † He made the sword to have unrestricted scope with them; i. e. he slew them without restriction.] And أَطْلَقْتُ البَيِّنَةَ † I made the evidence, proof, or voucher, to be without any mention of the date; contr. of أَرَّخْتُهَا; (Mṣb in art. ارخ;) or I gave the evidence without restricting it by a date: from أَطْلَقْتُ الأَسِيرَ. (Mṣb in the present art.) And hence also أَطْلَقْتُ القَوْلَ † I made the saying to be unrestricted, and unconditional. (Mṣb.) [And اطلق لَفْظًا † He uttered, or mentioned, or used, a word, or an expression, without restriction: and in like manner, اطلق alone is often employed. And † He used, or applied, a word, or an expression, without restriction, عَلَى مَعْنًى to signify a particular meaning: thus in the saying اطلق المَصْدَرَ عَلَى الفَاعِلِ † He used, or applied, the infinitive noun without restricting it by the prefix ذُو, or the like, to signify the active participial noun; as عَدْلًا to signify عَادِلًا: and thus in the saying اطلق ٱسْمَ عَلَى الجُزْءِ † He used, or applied, the name of the whole without restricting it by a prefix to signify the part; as القُرْآن to signify اللآيَة: and many similar exs. might be added: but this usage of the verb is conventional: see Kull p. 57. Hence also أَلِفُ الإِطْلَاقِ: see art. ا, p. 1, col. 3.]
الإِطْلَاقُ فِى القَائِمَةِ [in which الاطلاق is inf. n. of the pass. v., أُطْلِقَ,] is † The freedom from [the whiteness termed] وَضَح [meaning تَحْجِيل, q. v.,] in the leg [of a horse]: and some make الإِطْلَاق to signify the having a fore leg and a hind leg in one side with تحجيل; and الإِمْسَاكُ [as inf. n. of أُمْسِكَ], the having a fore leg and a hind leg without تحجيل. (TA.)
اطلق عَدُوَّهُ † He dosed his enemy with poison. (IAạr, O, Ḳ.)
And اطلق نخْلَهُ ‡ He fecundated his palm-trees; (IAạr, O, Ḳ, TA;) said when they are tall; (IAạr, O, TA;) as alsoطلّقهُ↓, (IAạr, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَطْلِيقٌ. (Ḳ.)
5. ⇒ تطلّق
تطلّق, said of a gazelle, He went along, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or bounded in his running, or ran briskly in one direction, (اِسْتَنَّ فِى عَدْوِهِ,) and went along, (TA,) not pausing nor waiting for anything; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) as alsoاستطلق↓. (TA.) And تطلّقت الخَيْلُ The horses went [or ran] a heat without restraining themselves, to the goal. (TA.)
And, said of a horse, ‡ He staled after running. (AO, O, Ḳ.)
Said of the face: see 1, latter half.
7. ⇒ انطلق
انطلق, inf. n. اِنْطِلَاقٌ, of which the dim. is نُطَيْلِيقٌ↓, the conjunctive ا being rejected, so that it becomes نِطْلَاقٌ, (Ṣ, O,) [He was, or became, loosed from his bond: whence,] اِنْطِلَاقُ العِنَانِ [The rein's being let loose, or slackened,] is a phrase metonymically used to denote quickness in going along. (Ḥar pp. 355-6.)
[Hence,] † He (a captive loosed from his bond) went his way: (Mṣb:) or [simply] he went away, or departed: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Ḳ:) or he went removing from his place. (Er-Rághib, TA.) Thus in the Ḳur [lxxvii. 29], اِنْطَلِقُوا إِلى مَا كُنْتُمْ بِهِ تُكَذِّبُونَ † [Depart ye to that in which ye disbelieved]; (TA;) meaning to the punishment: (Bḍ, Jel:) or, accord. to IAth, [it seems to mean go ye away quickly into the lowest depth of misery or affliction; for he says, app. in explanation of this verse of the Ḳur, that] الاِنْطِلَاقُ means سُرْعَةُ الذَّهَابِ فِى أَصْلِ المِحْنَةِ. (TA.) And one says also, انطلق يَفْعَلُ كَذَا ‡ He went away doing, or to do, such a thing. (TA.) وَٱنْطَلَقَ ٱلْمَلَأُ مِنْهُمْ أَنِ ٱمْشُوا [in the Ḳur xxxviii. 5 may be expl. in a similar manner; أَن being here used in the place of يَقُولُونَ: or this] means [And the chief persons of them] broke forth, or launched forth, with their tongues, [saying,] Go ye on, or continue ye, in your course of action, &c. (Mughnee, voce أَنْ.) And one says, اُنْطُلِقَ بِهِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) meaning He, or it, was taken away; (Ḳ;) like as one says, اُنْقُطِعَ بِهِ. (Ṣ, O.)
[انطلق لِسَانُهُ means † His tongue was, or became, free from impediment; and hence, eloquent, or chaste in speech. See an ex. in the Ḳur xxvi. 12: and see also طَلُقَ لِسَانُهُ.]
انطلق said of the face: see 1, latter half, in two places.
8. ⇒ اطّلق
مَا تَطَّلِقُ نَفْسِى لِهٰذَا الأَمْرِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,*) of the measure تَفْتَعِلُ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. اِطِّلَاقٌ, of which the dim. is طُتَيْلِيقٌ↓, the [latter] ط being changed [back] into ت because the former ط becomes movent, (Ṣ, O,) † My mind does not become free from straitness [for, or with respect to, this thing, or affair]. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.*)
10. ⇒ استطلق
اِسْتِطلَاقٌ [primarily signifies The desiring to be loosed, unbound, set loose or free, and let go]: its dim. is تُطَيْلِيقٌ↓. (Ṣ, O.)
[Hence,] استطلق بَطْنُهُ † His belly [or bowels] became [unbound,] loosened, or relaxed; (Mṣb, TA;) or became moved; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA;) and the contents thereof came forth. (TA.)
Said of a gazelle, i. q. تطلّق, q. v. (TA.)
[It is also trans., as such primarily signifying The desiring a person or thing to be loosed, unbound, set loose or free, and let go.]
[Hence,] one says, استطلق الرَّاعِى نَاقَةً لِنَفْسِهِ (Ṣ, O) [meaning The pastor desired a she-camel to be left, or he left a she-camel, for himself, not milking her at the water; as is plainly indicated by what immediately precedes it in the Ṣ: or] the pastor took, (PṢ,) or retained, [which is virtually the same,] a she-camel for himself. (PṢ, TA.)
And اِسْتَطْلَقْتُ مِنْ صَاحِبِ الدَّيْنِ كَذَا † [I desired. or demanded, of the creditor, the remission of so much of the debt]. (Mṣb.)
See also 4, former half.
طَلْقٌ [Loosed from his bond, set loose or free, or], as expl. by IAạr, let go; as alsoطَلِيقٌ↓ andمُطْلَقٌ↓: and a man not having anything upon him, as expl. by Ks: and طَلْقُ اليَدَيْنِ a camel not having the fore legs bound. (TA.) You say, حُبِسَ طَلْقًا, (so in the CK,) orطَلَقًا↓, (Ḳ accord. to the TA, [and this is agreeable with the preceding context in the Ḳ, but it requires confirmation which I do not find,]) and with damm, [i. e. طُلْقًا,] accord. to the Ḳ, but correctly with two dammehs, [i. e.طُلُقًا↓,] (TA, and thus in the Ṣ,) He was imprisoned without shackle and without bond. (Ḳ, TA) See also طُلُقٌ, first sentence.
[Hence,] طَلْقُ اللِّسَانِ, andطَلِيقُ↓ اللسان, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andطِلْقُ↓ اللسان, (Ḳ,) andطُلَقُ↓ اللسان, (TA,) ‡ Eloquent, or chaste, in speech, and sweet therein: (Mṣb:) andمُنْطَلِقُ↓ اللِّسَانِ andمُتَطَلِّقُهُ↓ ‡ [free from impediment of the tongue; or] eloquent, or chaste in speech. (TA.) And لِسَانٌ طَلْقٌ ذَلْقٌ, andطَلِيقٌ↓ ذَلِيقٌ, andطُلُقٌ↓ ذُلُقٌ, andطُلَقٌ↓ ذُلَقٌ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) but the last two of these were unknown to Aṣ, and the latter of them was disallowed by IAạr, (TA,) andطَلِقٌ↓ ذَلِقٌ, (O, Ḳ,) [expl. in the Ḳ as meaning A tongue having sharpness; but correctly] meaning ‡ a tongue free from impediment, or eloquent, or chaste in speech, (ذُو ٱنْطِلَاقٍ,) and sharp. (O, TA.)
And طَلْقُ اليَدَيْنِ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andطُلُقُ↓ اليدين, (O, Ḳ,) andطُلْقُ↓ اليدين, (O, TA,) andطَلِيقُ↓ اليدين, (L, TA,) ‡ Liberal, bountiful, munificent, or generous; (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) applied to a man: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb:) and in like manner, a woman: (TA:) [or] a woman is termed طَلْقَةُ اليَدَيْنِ: (Ṣ:) and so, accord to AZ, طَلْقُ الوَجْهِ; which [generally] has another meaning, expl. in what follows. (TA.) And يَدُهُ طَلْقٌ ‡ His hand is liberal; syn. بِسْطٌ; (TA in art. بسط;) and soمُطْلَقَةٌ↓: (Ṣ and Ḳ and TA in that art.:) or the latter signifies opened; and soمَطْلُوقَةٌ↓. (TA in the present art.)
And طَلْقُ الوَجْهِ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andطِلْقُ↓ الوجه, (IAạr, O, Ḳ,) andطُلْقُ↓ الوجه, (IAạr, Ḳ,) andطَلِقُ↓ الوجه, (Ḳ,) andطَلِيقُ↓ الوجه, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) ‡ Laughing, or happy, or cheerful, and bright, in the face, or countenance: (Ḳ, TA:) or cheerful, or happy, displaying openness and pleasantness, in the face; and so طَلْقٌ alone: (Mṣb:) andطَلِيقُ↓ الوجه open and pleasant, and goodly, in countenance: (AZ, TA:) and طَلِيقٌ alone, joyful, and open or cheerful, in countenance. (TA. [And it is there said that the pl. of طَلْقٌ is طَلْقَات: but this is app. a mistranscription for طُلْقَانٌ or طِلْقَانٌ.]) أُوْجُهٌ طَوَالِقُ↓ is not allowable, except in poetry. (IAạr, TA.)
And يَوْمٌ طَلْقٌ, (Lth, Ṣ, Mgh, O, Ḳ,) and لَيْلَةٌ طَلْقَةٌ (Lth, Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and طَلْقٌ, (O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) ‡ A day, and a night, in which is neither heat nor cold: (Lth, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or in which is no cold nor anything hurtful: (Ṣ:) or in which is no rain: or in which is no wind: or in which the cold is mild: (TA: [after which is added, من ايام طَلْقات: but the last word seems, as in an instance before mentioned, to be mistranscribed, or ايام (i. e. أَيَّام) may be a mistake for لَيَالٍ:]) or لَيْلَةٌ طَلْقٌ means a night in which is no cold: (AA, TA:) or in which the wind is still: (O, TA:) and لَيْلَةٌ طَلْقَةٌ sometimes means a moon-lit, or a light, or bright, night: (IDrd, O, TA:) and one says alsoلَيْلَةٌ طَالِقَةٌ↓, (Ḳ, TA,) meaning a still, or calm, and light, or bright, night: (TA:) andلَيَالٍ طَوَالِقُ↓, (Ḳ,* TA,) meaning pleasant nights in which is neither heat nor cold. (TA.) Er-Rá'ee says,
* فَلَمَّا عَلَتْهُ الشَّمْسُ فِى يَوْمِ طَلْقَةٍ *
meaning يَوْمِ لَيْلَةٍ طَلْقَةٍ [And when the sun came upon him, or it,] in a day of a night in which was neither cold nor wind; i. e., in a day after such a night; for the Arabs commence with the night, before the day: and the phrase فِى يَوْمِ طَلْقَةٍ occurs in like manner in a verse of Dhu-r-Rummeh. (Az, TA.)
For the epithet طَلْقُ اليَدِ اليُمْنَى, (applied to a horse, accord. to the Ḳ,) see طُلُقٌ.
And for other meanings assigned in the Ḳ to طَلْقٌ, see طُلُقٌ, in two places.
طَلْقٌ signifies also The pain of childbirth. (Ṣ, O.) One says, ضَرَبَهَا الطَّلْقُ [The pain of childbirth smote her]. (O.) [See also طُلِقَت, of which it is the inf. n.]
And [it is said to signify] A sort of medicine. (Ṣ.) See طَلَقٌ, latter half, in two places.
and طُلْقُ الوَجْهِ: see the next preceding paragraph.
and طِلْقُ الوَجْهِ: see طَلْقٌ.
طِلْقٌ signifies also ‡ Lawful, allowable, or free: (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA:) or it signifies, (Mṣb, TA,) or signifies also, (Mgh,) مُطْلَقٌ↓, (Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) [i. e.] a thing unrestricted, (TA,) i. e. any affair in which one has power, or authority, to act according to his own judgment or discretion or free will. (Mṣb.) One says, هٰذَا حَلَالٌ طِلْقٌ ‡ [This is lawful,, &c., unrestricted; using the latter epithet as a corroborative]: and [in the contr. case] حَرَامٌ غِلْقٌ. (TA.) And هُوَ لَكَ طِلْقًا ‡ [It is thine lawfully, &c.]. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA.) And اِفْعَلْ هٰذَا طِلْقًا لَكَ † Do thou this as a thing lawful, &c. to thee. (Mṣb.) And أَعْطَيْتُهُ مِنْ طِلْقِ مَالِى † I gave him of what was lawful, &c., i. e. free to be disposed of by me, of my property: (Mṣb:) or ‡ of what was clear [from any claim or the like], and good, or lawful, of my property. (TA.) And الخَيْلُ طِلْقٌ, occurring in a trad. as meaning ‡ Horses are allowable to be betted upon. (TA.) And أَنْتَ طِلْقٌ مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ ‡ Thou art clear of this affair; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,* TA;*) quit of it, or irresponsible for it. (Ḳ, TA.)
[In consequence of a misplacement in some copies of the Ḳ, several meanings belonging to طَلَقٌ are assigned to طِلْقٌ.]
See also طَلَقٌ, latter half.
طَلَقٌ: see طَلْقٌ, second sentence.
Also the subst. from طَلَقَتِ الإِبِلُ: (AZ, Ṣ, TA: [see 1, second sentence:]) and [as such] signifying The journeying [of camels] during the night to arrive at the water in the next night, there being two nights between them and the water; the first of which nights is termed الطَّلَقُ [or لَيْلَةُ الطَّلَقِ (see حَوْزٌ)]; the pastor loosing them to repair to the water, [in the CK يَجْلِبُها is put for يُخَلِّيهَا,] and leaving them to pasture while going thither: the camels after the driving, during the first night, are said to be طَوَالِقُ↓; and in the second night, قَوَارِبُ: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) or الطَّلَقُ signifies the first of two days intervening between the camels and the water; and القَرَبُ, the second: and لَيْلَةُ الطَّلَقِ, the night in which the faces of the camels are turned towards the water and during which they are left to pasture; and لَيْلَةُ القَرَبِ, the second night: (Aṣ, TA:) but it has been said that لَيْلَةُ الطَّلَقِ means the second of the nights in which the camels repair to the water: Th says that الطَّلَقُ signifies the second of two days during which the camels seek the water when it is two days distant from them; and القَرَبُ, the first of those days: and it is said that لَيْلَةُ الطَّلَقِ means [the night of] the turning of the faces of the camels towards the water: but this explanation was not pleasing to ISd. (TA.) [See an ex. voce حَوْزٌ, in which it is used tropically.]
Also A heat; i. e. a single run, or run at once, to a goal, or limit; syn. شَوْطٌ; (Ṣ, IAth, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) meaning a running, of a horse, without restraining himself, [or without stopping,] to a goal, or limit: (Mṣb:) and the utmost extent to which a horse runs. (TA.) One says of a horse, عَدَا طَلَقًا or طَلَقَيْنِ [He ran a heat or two heats]. (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ. [In the CK, erroneously, طَلْقًا and طَلْقَيْنِ.])
And (hence, TA) ‡ A share, or portion, (Ibn-ʼAbbád, A, O, Ḳ, TA,) of property [&c.]. (A, TA.)
Also A shackle, or pair of shackles, (قَيْدٌ,) of skins: (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ, TA:) or a rope strongly twisted, so that it will stand up. (TA.)
And sing. of أَطْلَاقٌ which signifies The [intestines into which the food passes from the stomach, termed the] أَمْعَآء, or the أَقْتَاب of the belly; (IDrd, O, Ḳ;* [in some copies of the last of which, القُنْبُ is erroneously put for القِتْبُ as one of the words explaining الطَّلَقُ;]) so in one or more of the dialects: AO says, in the belly are أَطْلَاق, of which the sing. is طَلَقٌ; (O, TA;) meaning the lines, or streaks, (طَرَائِق,) of the belly: and طَلَقُ البَطْنِ is also expl. [in like manner] as meaning the جُدَّة of the belly; pl. as above. (TA.)
Also The [plant called] شُبْرُم: [but what plant is meant by this is doubtful:] or a plant that is used in dyes: or this is a mistake: (Ḳ:) [or] accord. to Ibn-ʼAbbád, الطَّلْقُ↓ is what is used in dyes; and is said to be the شُبْرُم: (O, TA:*) and (Ḳ) accord. to Aṣ, (O,) طَلَقٌ signifies a sort of medicament, (O, Ḳ,) which, when one is anointed therewith, (Ḳ,) i. e. with the extract thereof, (TA,) prevents the burning of fire: (Ḳ:) or a species of plant: so says Aṣ: (O:) the appellation by which it is generally known is طَلْق↓, with the ل quiescent; (O, Ḳ;) or this pronunciation is incorrect: (Ḳ:) and AḤát mentions, (Ḳ, TA,) on the authority of Aṣ, (TA,) its being termed طِلْقٌ↓: (Ḳ, TA:) but it is not a plant: it is of the nature of stones, and of [what are termed] لِخَاف [thin white stones]; and probably he [referring to Aṣ] heard that it is called كَوْكَبُ الأَرْضِ, and therefore supposed it to be a plant; for if it were a plant, fire would burn it; but fire does not burn it, unless by means of artful contrivances: (O, TA:) the word is arabicized, from تَلَكْ: (Ḳ, TA: in the O written تِلك:) [it is the well-known mineral termed talc:] the Ra-ees [Ibn-Seenà, whom we call “Avicenna,”] says, (TA,) it is a brightlyshining stone, that separates, when it is bruised, into several laminæ and split pieces, of which are made مَضَاوِى [correctly مَضَاوِئ, meaning small circular panes which are inserted in apertures to admit light,] for the [cupolas of] hot baths, instead of glass: the best is that of El-Yemen; then that of India; then that of El-Undulus [or El-Andalus]: the art employed in dissolving it consists in putting it into a piece of rag with some pebbles and immersing it in tepid water, then moving it about gently until it becomes dissolved and comes forth from the piece of rag into the water, whereupon the water is strained from it, and it is put in the sun to dry. (Ḳ, TA.)
and طَلِقُ الوَجْهِ: see طَلْقٌ.
طُلَقُ اللِّسَانِ: and لِسَانٌ طُلَقٌ ذُلَقٌ: see طَلْقٌ.
طُلُقٌ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA,) with two dammehs, (Mṣb, TA,) orطَلْقٌ↓, (Ḳ,) but this requires consideration, (TA,) Not shackled; applied to a she-camel, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA,) and to a he-camel, (Ṣ, O, TA,) and to a person imprisoned; (O, TA;) as alsoطَالِقٌ↓ applied to a she-camel; but طُلُقٌ is more common: (Aboo-Naṣr, TA:) the pl. of طُلُقٌ is أَطْلَاقٌ. (Ṣ, TA.) See also طَلْقٌ, second sentence.
[Hence,] لِسَانٌ طُلُقٌ ذُلُقٌ:
and طُلُقُ اليَدَيْن: see طَلْقٌ again.
And طُلُقُ إِحْدَى اَلقَوَائِمِ † A horse having one of the legs without [the whiteness termed] التَّحْجِيل. (Ṣ.) And طُلُقُ اليَدِ اليُمْنَى, (O,) orطُلْقُ↓ اليد اليمنى, (Ḳ, [in this case again deviating from other authorities,]) ‡ A horse without تَحْجِيل in the right fore leg; (TA;) i. q.مُطْلَقُ↓ اليد اليمنى. (O, Ḳ, TA.) Andمُطْلَقَ↓ اليَدَيْنِ † A horse having the fore legs free from تحجيل. (Mṣb.)
[As an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant,] طُلُقٌ, (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O,) orطَلْقٌ↓, (Ḳ, [but this, as in the instances above, is questionable,]) signifies † A gazelle: (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ:) so called because of the quickness of its running: (O,* TA:) pl. أَطْلَاقٌ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ.)
And † A dog of the chase: (Ḳ:) because he is let loose; or because of the quickness of his running at the chase: (TA:) أَطْلَاقٌ is mentioned by Ibn-ʼAbbád as signifying dogs of the chase. (O.)
طَلْقَةٌ [A single divorce: used in this sense in law-books]. (T and Mṣb in art. بت, &c.)
طُلَقَةٌ: see مِطْلَاقٌ.
طَلَاقٌ is the inf. n. of طَلَقَت said of a woman: (Th, Ṣ, Mgh, O, Ḳ:) or the subst. therefrom: (Mṣb:) or [rather] it is also a subst. in the sense of تَطْلِيقٌ; (Mgh;) [whence,] طَلَاقُ المَرْأَةِ signifies † The letting the wife go her way: (Lth, O:) and it has two meanings: one is [the divorcing of the woman; i. e.] the dissolving of the wife's marriage-tie: and the other is the leaving, and dismissing, of the wife [either in an absolute sense or as is done by a single sentence of divorce]. (O, TA.) Some of the lawyers hold that the free woman whose husband is a slave is not separated but by three [sentences, as is the case when both husband and wife are free]; and the female slave whose husband is free, by two: some, that the wife in the former case is separated by two [sentences]; and in the latter case, by not less than three: and some, that when the husband is a slave and the wife is free, or the reverse, or when both are slaves, the wife is separated by two [sentences]. (TA.)
طَلِيقٌ A captive having his bond loosed from him, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) and let go. (TA.) See also طَلْقٌ, first sentence.
And † A man freed from slavery; emancipated; i. q. عَتِيقٌ; i. e. who has become free: pl. طُلَقَآءُ. (TA.)
It is said in a trad., الطُّلَقَآءُ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ وَالعُتَقَآءُ مِنْ ثَقِيفٍ † [The طُلَقَآء are of Kureysh; and the عُتَقَآء, of Thakeef]: الطلقاء being app. applied to Kureysh as it has a more special signification than العتقاء: but accord. to Th, الطُّلَقَآءُ signifies those who have been brought within the pale of El-Islám against their will. (TA.)
طَلِيقُ اللِّسَانِ: and لِسَانٌ طَلِيقٌ ذَلِيقٌ:
and طَلِيقُ اليَدَيْنِ:
and طَلِيقُ الوَجْهِ: see طَلْقٌ again; the last in two places.
طَلِيقُ الإِلٰهِ means ‡ The wind. (O, Ḳ, TA.)
طَلَّاقٌ: see مِطْلَاقٌ.
طِلِّيقٌ: see مِطْلَاقٌ.
طَالِقٌ A she-camel not having having her fore shank and her arm bound together: (TA:) or not having upon her a خِطَام [or halter]: (IDrd, O, Ḳ:) or repairing to the water; and soمِطْلَاقٌ↓; (Aboo-Naṣr, Ḳ, TA;) of which latter she pl. is مَطَالِيقُ: (TA:) or that is left a day and a night and then milked: (Ḳ:) pl. طَوَالِقُ and أَطْلَاقٌ and طَلَقَةٌ; which last is expl. by AA as meaning she-camels that are milked in the place of pasturing. (TA.) See also طُلُقٌ, first sentence: and for an explanation of the pl. طَوَالِقُ applied to camels, see طَلَقٌ, second sentence. Also (O), طَالِقٌ, (Ṣ, O,) or طَالِقَةٌ, (Ḳ,) signifies A she-camel which the pastor leaves for himself, not milking her at the water: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) the former is expl. by Esh-Sheybánee as meaning one which the pastor leaves [with her udder bound] with her صِرَار, not milking her in the place where she lies down to rest: (TA:) or the latter signifies, (Lth, O, Ḳ,) and the former also, (Lth, O,) a she-camel that is set loose among the tribe to pasture where she will in any part of the tract adjacent to their place of alighting or abode, (Lth, O, Ḳ, [من جِنانِهِمْ in the CK being erroneously put for مِنْ جَنَابِهِمْ,]) that has not her fore shank and her arm bound together when she returns in the afternoon or evening, nor is turned away [from the others] in the place of pasturage: (Lth, O:) or طَالِقٌ signifies a she-camel, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and a ewe, (Ṣ,) that is set loose, or dismissed, to pasture where she will: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) and also as first expl. in this sentence: (Ṣ:) it is mentioned by El-Fárábee as signifying a ewe left to pasture by herself, alone. (Mṣb.)
[Hence,] طَالِقٌ and طَالِقَةٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the former, without ة, used by all, (Mṣb,) the latter occurring in a verse of El-Aạshà, (Ṣ, Mgh,* O, Mṣb,) ending a hemistich, and pronounced طَالِقَةٌ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, [which cite the verse somewhat differently,]) ‡ A woman [divorced, or] left to go her way, (Ṣ,* Mgh,* O, Mṣb,*) or separated from her husband [by a sentence of divorce]: (Ṣ,* Mgh,* Mgh,* Ḳ, TA:) both mentioned by Akh: (O, TA:) accord. to IAmb, one says طَالِقٌ only, because it applies only to a female: accord. to Lth and IF, طَالِقَةٌ means طَالِقَةٌ غَدًا [divorced,, &c., to-morrow]; and Lth adds that it is thus to accord with its verb, طَلَقَتْ: some, however, say that the ه is affixed in the verse of El-Aạshà by poetic license, to complete the hemistich; but an Arab of the desert, in reciting this verse to Aṣ, is related to have said طَالِقٌ [which equally completes the hemistich]: and the Basrees hold that the sign of the fem. gender is elided in طَالِقٌ because it is a possessive epithet, meaning ذَاتُ طَلَاقٍ [having divorce]. (Mṣb.)
and لَيْلَةٌ طَالِقَةٌ and لَيَالٍ طَوَالِقُ: see طَلْقٌ, latter half.
مُطْلَقٌ: see طَلْقٌ, first sentence.
[Hence,] يَدُهُ مُطْلَقَةٌ: see طَلْقٌ again, former half.
See also مَآءٌ مُطْلَقٌ طِلْقٌ. means † Water that is unrestricted. (TA.) And حُكْمٌ مُطْلَقٌ means † [A judicial decision, or an ordinance or the like, or a rule, that is unrestricted, or absolute, or] in which is no exception. (TA.)
مُطْلَقُ اليَدِ اليُمْنَى: and مُطْلَقَ اليَدَيْنِ: each applied to a horse: see طُلُقٌ.
[Golius, as on the authority of Meyd, explains it as signifying also A place where horses meet to be sent forth to run, or race: but what here next follows inclines me to think that it may be correctly مُطَلَّقٌ.]
مُطَلِّقٌ One desiring to outstrip with his horse in a race. (Ḳ.)
مِطْلَاقٌ: see طَالِقٌ.
Also, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andمِطْلِيقٌ↓, (O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andطُلَقَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) andطِلِّيقٌ↓, (Ḳ,) andطَلَّاقٌ↓, this last mentioned by Z, (TA,) ‡ One who oftentimes divorces, or dismisses, wives. (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA.)
مِطْلِيقٌ: see what next precedes.
مَطْلُوقَةٌ: see طَلْقٌ.
اِمْرَأَةٌ مَطْلُوقَةٌ † A woman taken with the pains of parturition. (Mgh, Mṣb.)
مُطَيْلِقٌ and مُطَيْلِيقٌ dims. of مُنْطَلِقٌ. (Ṣ.)
مُتَطَلِّقُ اللِّسَانِ: see طَلْقٌ, former half.
مُنْطَلِقُ اللِّسَانِ: see طَلْقٌ, former half.