طفق طفل طفو
1. ⇒ طفل
طَفُلَ, aor. ـُ
طَفَلَت said of a she-camel: see 2.
طَفَلَ, (Ḳ, TA,) inf. n. طُفُولٌ, said of a man, (TA,) He entered upon the [time called] طَفَل, (Ḳ, TA,) which has two contr. meanings; (TA;) as alsoاطفل↓. (Ḳ.)
And طَفَلَتِ الشَّمْسُ The sun rose: (O, Ḳ:) so says Fr in his “Nawádir.” (O.)
And, (O, Ḳ,) accord. to Zj, (O,) The sun became red on the occasion of setting; and soأَطْفَلَت↓: (O, Ḳ:) thus the former has two contr. meanings: (Ḳ:) andطفّلت↓ الشَّمْس, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or طفّلت لِلْغُرُوبِ, (Ṣ,) inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ, (Ṣ, O,) The sun inclined to setting: (Ṣ, O:) or approached the setting; as also طَفَلَت, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. ـُ
طَفَلَتِ الحُمُرُ العُشْبَ The asses depastured the herbs so as to raise the dust upon them. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O.)
And طَفِلَ النَّبْتُ; (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ;) and طُفِلَ; (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, TA;) or, accord. to the Ḳ, طُفِّلَ↓, inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ; (TA;) The herbage became soiled by dust, (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ, TA,) and thereby marred, or injured. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, TA.)
2. ⇒ طفّل
طفّلت النَّاقَةُ i. q. رَشَحَتْ طِفْلَهَا or رَشَّحَتْهُ [i. e. The she-camel rubbed the root of her young one's tail, and pushed him on with her head; and went before him, and waited for him until he overtook her; and sometimes gently urged him on, and followed him]; (Ḳ accord. to different copies; [but both of these verbs signify the same, as expl. in the L;]) and soطَفَلَت↓, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. ـُ
طفّلت الشَّمْسُ: see 1.
طفّل اللَّيْلُ The night began to be dark: (Ṣ, O:) or drew near. (Ḳ.)
طفّل الإِبِلَ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ, (Ṣ, O,) He treated the camels gently, in journeying, in order that their young ones (أَطْفَالُهَا) might come up to them. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.)
And طفّل الكَلَامَ, ‡ He considered, or forecast, the results of the speech, or saying; he looked to what would, or might, be its result; or he thought, or meditated, upon it, and endeavoured to understand it; syn. تَدَبَّرَهُ; (Ḳ, TA;) and (TA) so اطفلهُ↓. (O, TA.)
See also 1, last sentence.
And see 5, in two places.
4. ⇒ اطفل
اطفلت, said of a woman, (Ṣ, O, TA,) and of a girl, or young woman, (صبية, [but this, I doubt not, is a mistranscription for ظَبْيَة, i. e. a doe-gazelle,]) and of a she-camel, (TA,) or of any female, (Mṣb,) She had a طِفْل [or young one of tender age]: (Ṣ, O, TA:) or she brought forth. (Mṣb.)
See also 1, in two places.
5. ⇒ تطفّل
تطفّل He was, or became, an intruder at feasts, uninvited; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoطفّل↓, (Ḳ,) inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ: (TA:) or he imitated Tufeyl: (Ḥar p. 179: [see طُفَيْلِىٌّ:]) andطفّل↓ عَلَيْهِ and تطفّل عليه he intruded upon him at a feast, uninvited. (TA.) It is of the speech of the people of El-'Irák. (Lth, Mṣb.)
طَفْلٌ / طَفْلَةٌ
طَفْلٌ Soft, or tender; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) applied to anything, (Ḳ:) fem, with ة
* فَلَمَّا كَشَفْنَ اللِّبْسَ عَنْهُ مَسَحْنَهُ ** بِأَطْرَافِ طَفْلٍ زَانَ غَيْلًا مُوَشَّمًا *
[And when they (referring to females) removed from over him the clothing, they wiped him with the extremities of soft, or tender, fingers, that adorned a plump fore arm, tattooed]; meaning, بِأَطْرَافِ بِنَانٍ طَفْلٍ. (Ṣ, O.)
Also [Fullers' earth, which is used for scouring cloths, and is sometimes used in the bath, instead of soap;] a certain yellow [or rather yellowish, and sometimes white, or whitish,] earth, well known in Egypt, with which cloths are dyed [or rather scoured]; (TA;) also called بَيْلُونٌ. (Esh-Shiháb El-'Ajamee, TA in art. بلن.)
طِفْلٌ A young one, or youngling, or the young, (Mṣb, Ḳ,*) of anything, (Ḳ,) [or] of a human being and of a beast: (Mṣb:) or (Ḳ) a new-born child, or young infant: and also a young one, or the young, of any wild animal: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or it is applied to a child until he discriminates; (Mṣb, TA;) after which he is called صَبِىّ; thus some say, (Mṣb,) [and] thus says El-Munáwee: (TA:) or, accord. to Az, (Mṣb, TA,) on the authority of AHeyth, (TA,) a child from the time of his birth (Mgh, TA) until he attains to puberty: (Mgh, Mṣb, TA:) fem. طِفْلَةٌ: (Zj, Mgh, Mṣb, TA:) and pl. أَطْفَالٌ: (Zj, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA:) but طِفْلٌ is also used as fem., (Zj, Mgh, O, Mṣb, TA,) and dual, (Zj, TA,) and pl., (Zj, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, TA,) occurring as pl. in the Ḳur xxiv. 31, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) and [xxii. 5 and] xl. 69: (Zj, TA:) andطِفْيَلٌ↓ signifies the same as طِفْلٌ; (Ḳ, TA;) used in this sense by a rájiz; but accord. to some, by poetic license, for the dim. طُفَيْلٌ↓. (TA.)
[Hence,] † Any part or portion of anything, whether a substance or an accident: (Ḳ, TA:) pl. أَطْفَالٌ: whence they say طِفْلُ الهَمِّ and الحُبِّ † [The portion of anxiety and of love]. (TA.)
‡ A falling spark or portion (سِقْط [in the CK سَقَط]) of fire: (M, Ḳ, TA:) or a live coal: (A, TA:) or fire when just struck; as also طِفْلَةٌ: (T, TA: [but this latter is the n. un.:]) and the pl. is أَطْفَالٌ: one says, تَطَايَرَتْ أَطْفَالُ النَّارِ, meaning ‡ The sparks of the fire [became scattered]. (TA.)
† Small clouds: so in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb. (TA.)
‡ An object of want: (Ḳ:) or a small object of want. (TA.) One says, هُوَ يَسْعَى فِى أَطْفَالِ الحَوَائِجِ i. e. [‡ He labours in the accomplishment of] small objects of want. (A, TA.)
‡ Night: (Ḳ, TA:) or the first part thereof. (A, TA.)
And † The sun when near to the setting. (ISd, Ḳ, TA.)
طَفَلٌ: see طُفُولِيَّةٌ.
Also The period [next] after sunrise: from طِفْلٌ signifying “a young one” or “youngling:” (O:) or طَفَلُ الغَدَاةِ signifies the period from that when the sun is about to rise, or appear, until its light has ascendancy over the earth: (T, TA:) or when the sun is about to rise, or appear, and has not yet ascendancy in, or upon, the earth: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or the period from the rising, or appearing, of the sun, until its having ascendancy [for إِلَى ٱسْتِكْمَالِهَا in a copy of the M, and استكمانها and استكنانها in different copies of the Ḳ, I read الى ٱسْتِمْكَانِهَا, agreeably with the explanation in the the T and with that of Er-Rághib, in both of which the verb used is يَسْتَمْكِن,] in, or upon, the earth. (M, Ḳ.) And (O) The period after [that called] the عَصْر [q. v.] when the sun inclines to the setting: (Ṣ, O:) or طَفَلُ العَشِىِّ signifies the last part of the afternoon, at sunset, (Ḳ, TA,) and at the time of the sun's becoming yellow, when it is about to set. (TA.) One says, أَتَيْتُهُ طَفَلًا [I came to him at one of the periods termed طَفَل]. (Ṣ, O.)
Also The coming of the night with its darkness. (TA.)
And The darkness itself. (O, Ḳ.)
Also Rain: so in the phrase طَفَلُ الثُّرَيَّا [The rain of the auroral setting of the Pleiades]. (Ṣ, O.) [Or A shower of rain: for] one says, وَقَعَتْ أَطْفَالُ الوَسْمِىِّ The showers of the [rain called] وسمىّ [q. v.] fell: and جَادَهُ طَفَلٌ مِنْ مَطَرٍ [A shower of rain descended copiously upon him, or it]. (A, TA.)
And رِيحٌ طَفَلٌ A wind that blows gently, or softly. (TA.)
طَفِلٌ Herbage that does not become tall (TA.)
طُفَالٌ and طَفَالٌ Dry clay: (Ḳ:) of the dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.)
طَفِيلٌ / طَفِيلَةٌ
طَفِيلٌ, like أَمِيرٌ, (Ḳ,) or, accord. to the L, طِفْئِلٌ↓, mentioned in the L in art. طفأل, (TA,) Turbid water remaining in a watering-trough: (Ḳ, TA:) n. un. with ة
طُفَيْلٌ dim. of طِفْلٌ, q. v.
طِفْئِلٌ: see طَفِيلٌ.
طِفْيَلٌ: see طِفْلٌ.
طَفَالَةٌ: see what next follows.
طُفُولَةٌ: see what next follows.
طُفُولِيَّةٌ, mentioned by ISd and the expositors of the Fṣ and others, as well as in the Ḳ, and also pronounced without teshdeed, [i. e. طُفُولِيَةٌ,] which shows, as do several other reasons, that the ى therein is not that which is the characteristic of rel. ns., though it has been asserted to be so, (MF, TA,) The state, or condition, of the طِفْل; [i. e. early infancy: or, in a larger sense, childhood;] as alsoطُفُولَةٌ↓ andطَفَالَةٌ↓ andطَفَلٌ↓; (Ḳ;) [inf. ns.] having no verb [corresponding to them]. (TA.)
طُفَيْلِىٌّ One who intrudes at feasts, uninvited; (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoطِفْلِيلٌ↓: (Ḳ:) the former is a rel. n. from طُفَيْلٌ, the name of a certain man of El-Koofeh, (ISk, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) who used to intrude at feasts, uninvited, (ISk, Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) and who was called طُفَيْلُ الأَعْرَاسِ and طُفَيْلُ العَرَائِسِ: (ISk, Ṣ, O: [two other derivations are mentioned in the TA; but they are too far-fetched to deserve notice:]) such the Arabs [in their proper language] called وَارِشٌ. (ISk, Ṣ, O, Mṣb.)
طَفَّالٌ One who sells طَفْل [or fullers' earth]. (TA.)
طِفْلِيلٌ: see طُفَيْلِىٌّ.
[طَافِلَةٌ, which Golius explains as meaning “i. q. فَايِدَةٌ et خَيْرٌ, utilitas, bonum,” referring to the KL as his authority, is evidently a mistake for طَائِلٌ, expl. as meaning فَائِدَةٌ and خَيْرٌ in my copy of the KL, which does not mention طَافِلَةٌ in any sense.]
أَطْفَلُ [More, or most, like to the طُفَيْلِىّ: and hence, more, and most, intrusive, uninvited]. أَطْفَلُ مِنْ لَيْلٍ عَلَى نَهَارٍ [More intrusive, uninvited, than night upon day], and مِنْ شَيْبٍ عَلَى شَبَابٍ [than hoariness upon youthfulness], and مِنْ ذُبَابٍ [than flies], are proverbs. (Meyd.)
مُطْفِلٌ, (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and مُطْفِلَةٌ also, (TA,) applied to a female, of human beings and of wild animals, (Ḳ, TA,) and of camels, (AʼObeyd, TA,) i. q. ذَاتُ طِفْلٍ [Having a young one, or youngling,, &c.], (AʼObeyd, Ḳ, TA,) with her: (AʼObeyd, TA:) or applied to a she-gazelle and camel, (Ṣ, O,) or to any female, (Mṣb,) that has recently brought forth: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb:*) pl. مَطَافِلُ and مَطَافِيلُ. (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) [See also عَائِذٌ, in art. عوذ.] سَارَتْ قُرَيْشٌ بِالعُوذِ المَطَافِيلِ i. e. Kureysh journeyed with the camels that had recently brought forth having with them their young ones, occurring in a trad., means, † with their collective company, their old and their young. (TA.) [See, again, عَائِذٌ.]
[It is also said by Freytag to be applied in the Deewán of the Hudhalees to clouds followed by small ones.]
And لَيْلَةٌ مُطْفِلٌ means A night that kills the young ones by its cold. (Ḳ, TA.)