صوبج صوت صوج
1. ⇒ صوت ⇒ صات
صَاتَ, aor. يَصُوتُ (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ) and يَصَاتُ, (M, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. صَوْتٌ, (Ṣ, M,) said of a thing (Ṣ, O) [and of a man and of any animal]; andصوّت↓, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَصْوِيتٌ, said of a man (Ṣ) [and of any animal, &c.]; andاصاب↓; (M, Ḳ;) It sounded; it, or he, made, produced, emitted, sent forth, or uttered, a sound, noise, voice, or cry; (PṢ and KL in explanation of the first, and MA and KL in explanation of the second;) he raised his voice, voiced, called or called out, cried or cried out, shouted, clamoured, exclaimed, or vociferated: (M, Ḳ:) صَوْتٌ signifies also the making lamentation: (KL:) andصوّت↓ بِهِ, (M, TA,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) he called, hailed, or summoned, him; called out, cried out, or shouted, to him. (M,* TA.) It is said in a trad., كَانُوا يَكْرَهُونَ الصَّوْتَ عِنْدَ القِتَالِ [They used to dislike blustering on the occasion of combat, or fight]: meaning one's calling to another, or doing a deed to be mentioned in after times, and shouting, and making oneself known in a boasting and self-conceited manner. (TA.) [See also صَوْتٌ below.]
2. ⇒ صوّت
and see also 4, likewise in two places.
4. ⇒ اصوت ⇒ اصات
اصات signifies also He became possessed of صِيت [or fame,, &c.; i. e. he became famous]. (O.)
[It is also trans.; as in the phrase] اصات القَوْسَ He made the bow to sound [or twang]: (M, TA:) [and so is صوّت↓; as in the phrase] صوّت العِلْكَ [He caused the kind of resin called عِلْك to make a sound, or sounds]. (Ḳ voce أَنْقَضَ.)
[And it is trans. by means af بِ; as in the phrase] اصات بِالرَّجُلِ [and in like manner صوّت↓ (see جَرَّسَ)] He rendered the man notorious by a thing that he did not desire. (Ibn-Buzurj, TA.)
7. ⇒ انصوت ⇒ انصات
انصات بِهِ الزَّمَانُ [The age resounded with the mention of him; meaning] he became famous, or celebrated. (Ḳ.)
And انصات He answered, and came, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) being called: of the measure اِنْفَعَلَ from الصَّوْتُ. (Ṣ, O.)
And He became straight in stature after having been bent; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) as though his youthful vigour returned to him; (Ṣ, O; [in one of my copies of the former of which, and in the TA, اِقْتَبَلَ شَبَابُهُ is put for أَقْبَلَ شبابه; or the right explanation is, as though he conformed with a prayer that his youthful vigour might be restored to him; for]) it is said, by a poet, of Naṣr Ibn-Duhmán, after he had lived a hundred and ninety years, (Ṣ, O,) when, in answer to a prayer of his people, his youthful vigour returned to him and his hair became again black. (O.)
Also He went away hiding himself. (Ḳ.)
صَاتٌ: see صِيتٌ:
and see also صَيِّتٌ, in two places.
صَوْتٌ [an inf. n. (see 1): and also a simple subst., signifying] A sound, (M, MA, TA, PṢ,) a noise, a voice, a cry, a shout, an exclamation, or a vociferation; (MA, PṢ;) of a human being and of other things: (ISk, TA:) conventionally, the sound of speech: (Mṣb:) [also a tone, considered with regard to the degree of elevation or depression of the voice:] and any sort of singing: (M, TA:) [and an air, or a song:] and it is used to signify a clamour, or confused noise, or mixture of sounds, (Ṣ,) and a cry for aid or succour: (Ṣ, M:) the pl. is أَصْوَاتٌ: (M, Mṣb, TA:) it is masc.: (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb, TA:) in the following verse, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) of Ruweyshid Ibn-Ketheer (Ṣ, M) Et-Tá-ee, (Ṣ,)
* يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّاكِبُ المُزْجِى مَطِيَّتَهُ ** سَايِلْ بَنِى أَسَدٍ مَا هٰذِهِ الصَّوْتُ *
[O thou, the rider urging on his beast, ask the sons of Asad what is this clamour?], (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) the poet has made الصوت fem. because meaning thereby. الضَّوْضَآء and الجَلَبَة and الاِسْتِغَاثَة, (Ṣ,) or he has made it fem. as meaning الصَّيْحَة, (M, Mṣb,) or الاِسْتِغَاثَة: (M:) the like is often done by the Arabs, when two words, masc. and fem., are syn.: thus they say, أَقْبَلَتِ العِشَآءُ, meaning العَشِيَّةُ; and هٰذَا العَشِيَّةُ, meaning العِشَآءُ: (Mṣb:) but the making a masc. n. fem. for this reason is bad; though the reverse is held to be allowable. (M.) The Arabs say, أَسْمَعُ صَوْتًا وَأَرَى فَوْتًا, meaning I hear a sound, or voice, but I see not a deed. (TA.) بِصَوْتِكَ in the Ḳur xvii. 66 is said to mean With the sounds of [thy] singing, and musical pipes. (M, TA.)
اِسْمُ صَوْتٍ is a term applied to A noun significant of a sound: nouns of this kind being of two classes; namely, nouns applied to the purpose of addressing irrational beings, or what are virtually in the predicament of irrational beings, as young infants; and onomatopœias, or nouns imitative of sounds: the former class consists of two descriptions of words; namely, ejaculations used for the purpose of chiding, as هَلَا (to horses) and عَدَسْ (to mules) and كِخْ كِخْ (to a young infant); and ejaculations used for the purpose of calling, as جِىْء (to camels) and تُشَأْ (to an ass): of the other class are غَاقِ (imitative of the cry of the crow) and طَقْ (imitative of the sound produced by the falling of stones) and قبْ (imitative of the sound produced by the fall of a sword), &c.: nouns significant of sounds are generally indecl., because they resemble certain particles in neither governing nor being governed; but some of them are occasionally decl. [like other nouns]. (El-Ashmoonee's Expos. of the Alfeeyeh of Ibn-Málik, section اسماء الافعال والاصوات.)
See also the next paragraph, in four places.
صِيتٌ (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andصَوْتٌ↓ (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ) andصَاتٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andصِيتَةٌ↓ (Ḳ) Fame, report, repute, or reputation, whether good or evil: (TA:) or good fame, good report, good repute or reputation, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) that spreads (Ṣ) among the people; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) so some say; (TA;) not evil: (Ṣ:) [they may often be well rendered renown:] صِيتٌ is originally صِوْتٌ; the و being changed into ى on account of the kesreh preceding it: it seems as though they made it to be of the measure فِعْلٌ to distinguish between the صَوْت that is heard and the fame, &c. that is known: but sometimes they said,اِنْتَشَرَ صَوْتُهُ↓ فِى النَّاسِ in the sense of صِيتُهُ [i. e. His fame, &c., or good fame, &c., spread among the people]: (Ṣ, TA:) andلَهُ صَوْتٌ↓ فِى النَّاسِ and صِيتٌ [He has fame, &c., or good fame, &c., among the people]: and ذَهَبَ صِيتُهُ فِيهِمْ [His fame, &c., or good fame, &c., went among them]. (A.) It is said in a trad., مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ إِلَّا لَهُ صِيتٌ فِى السَّمَآءِ, meaning [There is no servant of God, i. e. no man, but he has] a report by which he is known [in Heaven]; and it may be in respect of good and evil. (TA.) And in another trad.,فَصْلُ مَا بَيْنَ الحَلَالِ وَالحَرَامِ الصَّوْتُ↓ وَالدَّفٌ [The distinction between the lawful (i. e. marriage) and the unlawful (i. e. fornication) is the report that is made in the case of the former, and the tambourine that is used in that case], meaning the publication of the marriage, and the going of the report thereof among the people. (TA.)
صِيتٌ also signifies A blacksmith's hammer. (Ḳ,* TA.)
And An artificer, or a handicraftsman; syn. صَانِعٌ: (Ḳ accord. to the TA:) or a goldsmith; syn. صَائِغٌ. (So in the CK and in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ.)
صِيتَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
صَائِتٌ [Sounding; making, producing, emitting, sending forth, or uttering, a sound, noise, voice, or cry; (see its verb, صات;)] raising his voice, calling or calling out, crying or crying out, shouting, exclaiming, or vociferating; (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA;) as alsoصَيِّتٌ↓; the two words being like مَائِتٌ and مَيِّتٌ; the latter originally صَيْوِتٌ. (TA. [But see the next paragraph: and see also مِصْوَاتٌ.])
صَيِّتٌ, applied to a man, (Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andصَاتٌ↓, so applied, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and the latter likewise applied to an ass, (Ṣ,) both signify the same, (Ḳ,) Vehement, strong, or loud, of voice: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb:) رَجُلٌ صَاتٌ↓ is like رَجُلٌ مَالٌ “a man having much property,” and رَجُلٌ نَالٌ “a man who gives much,” and كَبْشٌ صَافٌ [“a ram having much wool”], &c., all of these epithets being originally of the measure فَعِلٌ: (Ṣ:) or صَاتٌ may be of the measure فَاعِلٌ from which the medial radical has gone; or it may be [originally صَوِتٌ,] of the measure فَعِلٌ. (M.) One says also صَوْتٌ صَيِّتٌ [A vehement, strong, or loud, voice]. (A.) See also صَائِتٌ.
صَوَّاتٌ: see مِصْوَاتٌ.
مُصَوِّتٌ: see the next paragraph, in two places.
مِصْوَاتٌ One who raises his voice, calls or calls out, cries or cries out, shouts, clamours, exclaims, or vociferates; i. q. مُصَوِّتٌ↓: (Ḳ, TA:) [or, as alsoصَوَّاتٌ↓, often occurring, who does so much, or is in the habit of doing so; each being of a measure denoting intensiveness of the signification.]
[Hence,] one says, مَا بِالدَّارِ مِصْوَاتٌ, meaning There is not in the house any one (Ḳ, TA) that raises his voice,, &c.: in some copies of the Ḳ مُصَوِّتٌ↓, which has the same meaning. (TA.)
مُنْصَاتٌ Straight in stature. (Ṣ.)