صحر صحف صحل
2. ⇒ صحّف
تَصْحِيفٌ signifies (primarily, Mṣb) The making a mistake (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) in a صَحِيفَة, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) by reason of the ambiguity, or dubiousness, of the letters: a post-classical term: (TA:) or the reading a thing in a manner at variance with what the writer intended, or at variance with the conventional usage thereof: (Mgh:) a secondary signification is the altering a word, or an expression, in such a manner that the meaning intended by the application [thereof] becomes altered: (Mṣb:) or it consists in the altering of a diacritical point [or points]; as in النفى for النقى, or vice versâ: (KT, after التَّحْرِيفُ:) one says, صحّف اللَّفْظَ He altered the word, or expression, [in such a manner that the meaning intended by the application thereof became altered, or] so that it became dubious [to the reader]. (Mṣb.) [See also تَحْرِيف, in the first paragraph of art. حرف.]
4. ⇒ اصحف
أُصْحِفَ It had صُحُف [i. e. written pieces of paper or of skin] (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA) collected in it, (Ṣ, O,) or put in it (Ḳ, TA) between two boards. (TA.)
5. ⇒ تصحّف
تصحّف, said of a word, or an expression, It became altered [so as to have a meaning different from that intended by the application thereof, (see 2,) or] so as to be dubious. (Mṣb.) One says, تصحّف عَلَيْهِ لَفْظُ كَذَا [Such a word, or such an expression, became altered so as to be dubious to him]. (O, Ḳ.*)
صَحْفَةٌ [A sort of bowl;] a vessel like the قَصْعَةٌ, (Ṣ, ISd, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,* TA,) expanded, wide, (ISd, TA,) or a large, expanded قَصْعَة, (Mgh,) or, accord. to Z, an oblong قَصْعَة, (Mṣb,) that satisfies the hunger of five [men] (Ks, Ṣ, ISd, Mgh, O, TA) and the like of them: (ISd, TA:) Ks says, (Ṣ, O,) the largest sort of قَصْعَة is the جَفْنَة; next to which is the قَصْعَة [properly so called], (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) which satisfies the hunger of ten [men]; (Ṣ, O;) then, the صَحْفَة, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) which satisfies the hunger of five; (Ṣ, O;) then, the مِئْكَلَة, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) which satisfies two men, and three; (Ṣ, O;) and then, the صُحَيْفَة↓, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) which satisfies one man: (Ṣ, O:) the pl. of صَحْفَةٌ is صِحَافٌ. (Ṣ, O, Mgh, Mṣb.) It is said in a prov., اِسْتَفْرَغَ فُلَانٌ مَا فِى صَحْفَتِهِ Such a one chose for himself, as his share, [or exhausted, all of] what was in his صحفة. (TA.)
صَحَفِىٌّ One who makes mistakes in reading the صَحِيفَة [or writing, or written piece of paper or of skin]; incorrectly termed by the vulgar صُحُفِىٌّ, with two dammehs; (O, Ḳ;) [for the formation of a rel. n. from a pl. of this kind (i. e. from صُحُفٌ) is not allowable,] though the pl. is not restored to the sing. in forming the rel. n. in the case of proper names, such as أَنْمَارِىٌّ, &c., nor in the case of words that are used in a manner like that of proper names, such as أَنْصَارِىٌ, &c.: (O:) or a learner, or one who acquires knowledge, (Mgh, Mṣb,) from the صَحِيفَة, (Mgh,) inferior [in rank] to the مَشَايِخِ [pl. of شَيْخٌ]: (Mṣb:) a rel. n. from صَحِيفَةٌ; (Mgh, Mṣb;) like حَنَفِىٌّ and بَجَلِىٌّ from حَنِيفَةُ and بَجِيلَةُ: (Mṣb:) andمُصَحِّفٌ↓ signifies the same as صَحَفِىٌّ [in the former of these senses]. (TA.)
صِحَافٌ Small places that are made for water to collect and remain therein (مَنَاقِعُ صِغَارٌ تُتَّخَذُ لِلْمَآءِ): pl. صُحُفٌ. (Esh-Sheybánee, O, Ḳ.)
صَحِيفٌ [appears from what here follows, to be syn. with صَحِيفَةٌ↓, or rather it is a coll. gen. n. of which the latter is the n. un.:] ‡ The surface of the ground or earth; (O, Ḳ, TA;) as being likened to the thing [i. e. paper or skin] that is written upon. (TA.)
صَحِيفَةٌ A written piece of paper (MA, Mgh, Mṣb) or of skin; (Mṣb;) a writing, or thing written; a book, or volume; a letter, i. e. an epistle; syn. كِتَابٌ; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) [syn. with كِتَابٌ in all of these senses; in the last of them in an anecdote related in Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 721-2, and in Ḥar p. 119, q. v.;] and a [portion of a book, such as is termed] كُرَّاسَة; and a register; [for] in the إِنْقَاع [a title of several books, it is said that] the كُرَّاسَة andمُصْحَف↓ and صَحِيفَة and كِتَاب and دَفْتَر are one: (MA:) pl. صُحُفٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and صُحْفٌ, a contraction of the former, (TA,) and صَحَائِفُ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) like سَفَائِنُ pl. of سَفِينَةٌ; (Lth, O;) the first of these pls. anomalous, (Lth, Sb, O, Ḳ,) the sing. being likened to قَضِيتٌ (Sb, O, TA) and قَلِيبٌ (Sb, TA) and رَغِيفٌ, (O,) of which the pls. are قُضُبٌ (Sb, O, TA) and قُلُبٌ (Sb, TA) and رُغُفٌ: (O:) [or صَحِيفٌ may be its original, as well as regular, sing.:] see the next preceding paragraph. صُحُفِ إِبْرٰهِيمَ وَمُوسَى, in the Ḳur [lxxxvii. last verse], means [In the books of Abraham and Moses; i. e.] the books revealed to Abraham and Moses. (O.) [صَحِيفَةٌ also means The record of the actions of anyone, that is kept in heaven: (see رَقٌّ:) one says, صَحِيفَنُهُ سَوْدَآءُ, meaning † The record of his actions is black; a phrase often used in the present day, in speaking of a bad man.] Moḥammad [the Hanafee Imám] speaks of صُحُف not written upon; saying, فَإِنْ كَانَتِ السَّرِقَةُ صُحُفًا لَيْسَ فِيهَا كِتَابٌ [And if the stolen property be papers, or books, not having any writing upon them]. (Mgh. [See, again, رَقٌّ.])
صَحِيفَةٌ signifies also A plank, board, or leaf, of a door; like صَحَائِفُ [from which it is perhaps formed by transposition, or it may be tropical in this sense]: pl. صَحِيفٌ. (MA.)
Also ‡ The external skin, or scarf-skin, of the face: (O, TA:) or as some say, the part thereof that fronts one: pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] صَحِيفٌ↓; or this may be used, in a verse in which it occurs, for صَحِيفَة. (TA.)
One says also صَحَائِفُ مِنْ شَحْمٍ [meaning † Layers of fat]. (A in art. نير.)
صُحَيْفَةٌ: see صَحْفَةٌ.
صَحَّافٌ [A bookseller;] a seller of صُحُف: or [a bookbinder;] a maker [meaning binder] of صُحُف. (TA.)
مَصْحَفٌ: see what next follows.
مُصْحَفٌ (Th, Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) andمِصْحَفٌ↓ (Th, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) andمَصْحَفٌ↓; (Th, O, Ḳ;) the first of which is the original, (Fr, Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) being from أُصْحِفَ meaning as expl. above, and one of certain words that are pronounced by [some of] the Arabs with kesr to the م instead of damm because the latter is deemed by them difficult of utterance, of which words are also مِخْدَعٌ and مِطْرَفٌ and مِغْزَلٌ and مِجْسَدٌ, (Fr, Ṣ, O,) or, accord. to AZ, Temeem pronounce the م with kesr, and Keys pronounce it with damm, [as do most persons in the instance of مصحف in the present day,] and Th says that مَصْحَفٌ, with fet-ḥ, is correct and chaste; (O;) [A book, or volume, consisting of] a collection of صُحُف, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Ḳ, TA,) written upon, and put between two boards: (TA:) [generally applied in the present day to a copy of the Ḳur-án:] and also signifying a [portion of a book, such as is termed] كُرَّاسَة: but the former is the primary [and more common] signification: (Mgh:) pl. مَصَاحِفُ. (KL.) See also صَحِيفَةٌ.
مِصْحَفٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مُصَحِّفٌ: see صَحَفِىٌّ.