وزب وزر وزع
وَزَرَ, (A, Mgh, Ḳ,) aor. يَزِرُ, inf. n. وِزْرٌ, with kesr, (Ḳ,) He bore, or carried, a heavy load, or burden. (A, Mgh, Ḳ.) It is said in the Ḳur, [vi. 164, &c.,] وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى Nor shall any [soul] bearing [a heavy burden] bear the [heavy] burden of another soul; (Ṣ;) i. e., its burden of sin: (Mgh, Mṣb:) meaning, that no one shall be punished for the sin of another; nor shall any sinning soul bear the heavy burden of another soul; every one shall be requited for his [own] deeds: (TA:) or nor shall any sinning [soul] sin by the sin of another. (Akh, Ṣ, TA.)
Hence, (Akh, Ṣ,) وَزَرَ, (Akh, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. يَزِرُ; and وَزِرَ, aor. يَوْزَرُ; (Akh, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and وُزِرَ (the same and A,) aor. يُوزَرُ; (Akh, Ṣ, Ḳ;) inf. n. وِزْرٌ and وَزْرٌ and زِرَةٌ, (Ḳ,) or وِزْرَةٌ, accord. to Zj, as I have seen it [says IM] pointed and well written; (L;) ‡ He sinned: (Akh, Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) or he bore [a burden of] sin- (Mṣb.) See also 8.
وُزِرَ also signifies ‡ He was charged with, or accused of, a sin. (Ḳ,* TA.)
وَزَرَ لِلْأَمِيرِ, (A,) and لِلْسُّلْطَانِ, (Mṣb, [this I believe to be the right reading; but in the only copy of the Mṣb, that I have, I find it written السلطان;]) aor. يَزِرُ; (A, Mṣb;) inf. n. وَزَارَةٌ; (A;) andتوزّر↓ لِلْأَمِيرِ, (Ṣ.) or لَلْمَلِكِ; (Ḳ;) andوَازرهُ↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) ‡ He was, or became, وَزِير [or vicegerent] (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) to the governor, (Ṣ, A,) or sultán, (Mṣb,) or king. (Ḳ.)
[وَازرهُ He bore a burden with him.]
[Hence,] وازر المَلِكَ أَعْبَآءَ المُلْكِ ‡ He bore with the king (حَامَلَهُ) the burden of the regal office. (A.) See also 1, last signification.
وازرهُ عَلَى الأَمْرِ, (TA,) inf. n. مُوَازَرَةٌ, (A, TA,) He aided, assisted, or helped, him, and strengthened him, to do the thing: originally آزَرَهُ: (A,* TA:) the former of these, وازره, is the more chaste. (TA.)
اوزرهُ He appointed him a وَزَر, (Ḳ, TA,) i. e., a place of refuge to which to betake himself. (TA.)
تَوَزَّرَ see 1, last signification.
8. (اوتزر / اتّزر)
إِتَّزَرَ, of the measure إِفْتَعَلَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) [originally إِوْتَزَرَ,] ‡ He committed a وِزْر, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e., a sin. (Mṣb, TA.)
إِستوزرهُ ‡ He took him, or chose him, as a وَزِير [or vicegerent]. (Ḳ.) You say, أُسْتُوزِرَ فُلَانٌ ‡ Such a one was taken, or chosen, as a وزير. (Ṣ, A.*)
وِزْرٌ A heavy load or burden, (A, Mgh, Ḳ,) a bundle, (Ṣ,) or great bundle, (Ḳ,) that is carried on the back: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) a weight; syn. ثقل: (Ṣ, [in which the syn. is written ثِقْل: so in two copies; and so app. accord. to AʼObeyd, who makes its pl. أَثْقَال:] and Mṣb [in which, in my copy, the syn. is written without syll. signs:] and Ḳ [in which it is written ثِقَل:]) pl. أَوْزَارٌ. (Mṣb, Ḳ.)
‡ A weapon; an instrument of war: or weapons; arms: syn. سِلَاحٌ: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) because heavy upon the wearer: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or أَوْزَارٌ signifies the burdens and instruments of war, &c.; and the sing. is وِزْرٌ; (AʼObeyd, TA;) or it has no sing., accord. to some. (TA.) A poet says, (Ṣ,) namely El-Aạshà, (Mgh, TA.)
* وَأَعْدَدْتُ لِلْحَرْبِ أَوْزَارَهَا ** رِمَاحًا طِوَالًا وَخَيْلًا ذُكُورَا *
[And I prepared for the war its weapons and other apparatus; long lances and male horses]. (Ṣ, Mgh, TA.) And it is said in the Ḳur, [xlvii. 5,] حَيَّى تَضَعَ ٱلْحَرْبُ أَوْزَارَهَا, meaning, ‡ Until the war terminates: (Mgh, Mṣb:) because then the people thereof lay down their arms: (Mgh:) properly, until the people of the war lay down their burdens: (Mṣb:) their weapons and burdens: or, as some say, their sins. (Bḍ.)
‡ A sin: (Ṣ, Bḍ, ubi supra, and Mṣb, Ḳ:) and [especially] polytheism: (Fr, Bḍ, TA:) pl. as above. (Bḍ, Mṣb, &c.) This is the sense in which it is most frequently used in the traditions. (IAth.)
وَزَرٌ A mountain: this is the primary signification: (Ṣ:) or a mountain difficult of access, or strong: (Ḳ, TḲ:) or a mountain to which one betakes himself for refuge: this is the primary signification. (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ.)
A place of refuge: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) any such place. (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, Ḳ.) So in the Ḳur, lxxv. 11. (TA.)
وَزِيرٌ i. q. مُوَازِرٌ [One who bears a burden or burdens with another: or one who aids, assists or helps, and strengthens, another: see 3:] (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) like as أَكِيلٌ signifies i. q. مُؤَاكِلٌ, (Ṣ,) and جَلِيسٌ i. q. مُجَالِسٌ. (A.)
‡ [A vicegerent of a king or the like: or a confidential minister of state: in English commonly written vizier, in imitation of the Turkish pronunciation; but properly, wezeer:] the familiar of the king, who bears his master's burden, and aids him by his counsel: (Ḳ:) or the وزير of the king is the person who bears with him (يُوَازِرُهُ, i. e. يُحَامِلُهُ,) the burdens of the regal office: not from مُوَازَرَةٌ, signifying the “act of aiding or the like,” because the و in this latter word is substituted for ء, and the derivative from it of the measure فَعِيلٌ is أَزِيرٌ: (A:) ISd says, some hold that the و in وزير is substituted for ء; but Abu-l-ʼAbbás says, that this is not agreeable with analogy; for the substitution of ء for و in a word of this measure is rare, and that of و for ء is more strange: (TA:) the وزير is so called because he bears for the king the burden of administration: (Ṣ,* Mṣb:) or it is from وَزَرٌ↓, signifying “a mountain to which one has recourse to save himself from destruction:” so the وزير of the khaleefeh is one upon whose counsel the khaleefeh relies in his affairs, and to whom he betakes himself for refuge or safety: (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, TA:) pl. وُزَرَآءُ (A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَوْزَارٌ; (A, Ḳ;) the latter like أَشْرَافٌ and أَيْتَامٌ, (A, TA,) pls. of شَرِيفٌ and يَتِيمٌ. (TA.)
وِزَارَةٌ and وَزَارَةٌ The condition, or office, of a وَزِير: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the former word is the more approved. (ISk, Mṣb.)
وَازِرٌ Bearing, or carrying, a heavy load, or burden. (A.)
[Hence,] also, (A,) andمَوْزُورٌ↓, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) ‡ Sinning: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) or bearing [a burden of] sin. (Mṣb.) مَأْزُورَاتٍ occurs in a trad., for مَوْزُورَاتٍ, the regular form, because it is there coupled with مَأْجُورَاتٍ, to which it is opposed. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
مَوْزُورٌ: see وَازِرٌ.