نهأ نهب نهت
نَهَبَ النَّهْبَ aor. ـَ, and ـُ; and نَهِبَهُ, aor. ـَ; (inf. n. نَهْبٌ; TA;) andانتهبه↓; [andناهبه↓;] He took the spoil, plunder, or booty. (Ḳ.) الاِنْتِهَابُ↓ is The taking of spoil, plunder, or booty, by whomsoever will: you say أَنْهَبَ↓ الرَّجُلُ مَالَهُ [the man allowed, or gave, his property to be taken as spoil], فَٱنْتَهَبُوهُ↓, and نَهَبُوهُ, andنَاهَبُوهُ↓, which all signify the same, [and they took it as spoil]. (Ṣ.)
نَهَبَهُ الكَلْبُ, aor. ـَ, The dog seized him (a man) by the tendon of his heel. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
نَهَبُوهُ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) andناهبوه↓, (Ḳ,) inf. n. مُنَاهَبَةٌ; (TA;) ‡ They carped at him in their speech, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or, with their tongues, and spoke roughly, harshly, or coarsely, to him: [as though they plundered him of his good name]. (A.)
ناهب الفَرَسُ الفَرَسَ, inf. n. مُنَاهَبَةٌ, ‡ The [one] horse emulated, or contended with, the [other] horse in running. (TA: and agreeably with this the inf. n. is explained in the Ṣ and Ḳ.)
Used not only with reference to a horse. The Rájiz says,
* نَاهَبْتُهُمْ بِنَيْطَلٍ جَرُوفِ *
[I emulated them, or contended with them, with a bucket that took up much water]. (Ṣ.) See also 6.
انهب الرَّجُلُ مَالَهُ (Ṣ) The man allowed, or gave, his property to be taken as spoil, plunder, or booty. (TA.) It is doubly trans.: you say أَنْهَبْتُ زَبْدًا المَالَ [I allowed Zeyd to take the property as spoil]. (Mṣb.) See 1. انهبهُ فُلَانًا He offered it, or exposed it, to such a one, [to be taken as spoil]. (TA.)
تناهب الفَرَسَانِ ‡ The two horses emulated, or contended with, each other. (TA.) See also 3.
تَنَاهَبَا المَآءَ i. q. تَجَاشَعَاهُ, q. v. (TA, in art. جشع.)
تَنَاهَبَتِ الإِبِلُ الأَرْضَ ‡ The camels took much of the ground with their legs: (Ḳ:) [app. meaning, took wide strides over it: not, as rendered by Golius, “multum pulveris pedibus suis rapuerunt;” nor, as rendered by Freytag, “multum terræ pedibus abstulerunt”].
الإِبِلُ يَنْهَبْنَ السُّرَى, and يَتَنَاهَبْنَهُ, [The camels perform the night-journey with large strides]: and [in like manner] تناهبتِ الأَرْضَ. Camels that do so are termed إِبِلٌ نَوَاهِبُ. (A.)
انتهب الفَرَسُ الشَّوْطَ ‡ The horse gained the winning-post; or won the race. (Ḳ, TA.)
نَهْبٌ Spoil; plunder; booty; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoنُهْبَةٌ↓: (TA, art. خلس:) ex. أَتَى لَهُ بِنَهْبٍ he came to him with, or brought to him, spoil: (TA:) pl. نِهَابٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and نُهُوب: (Nh, &c:) نُهْبَى↓ also signifies the same; and thus is similar to نُحْلَى, meaning عَطِيَّةٌ: and also signifies what is allowed, or given, to be taken as spoil, plunder, or booty; and thus is similar to عُمْرَى and رُقْبَى; (IAth;) and soنُهْبَةٌ↓ (Mṣb) [andنُهَيْبَى↓ andنُهَّيْبَى↓:] a man, named Fizr, said of some goats which he drove forth, هِىَ النُّهَّيْبَى, or النُّهَيْبَى, accord. to different readings; meaning that it was not allowable to any one person to take of them more than one (TA:) or نَهْبٌ signifies what is taken as spoil, plunder, or booty; or so taken by whomsoever will, of what is allowed to be so taken: syn. مَا ٱنْتُهِبَ: (Lḥ, Ḳ:) andنُهْبَى↓, what is allowed to be so taken; syn. إِسْمُ مَا أُنْهِبَ: (Ṣ:) or what is taken as spoil, plunder, or booty; syn. إِسْمُ مَا نُهِبَ. (So in one copy of the Ṣ.)
[Hence] نَهْبٌ An incursion made into an enemy's territory for the sake of acquiring spoil, plunder, or booty; and a spoiling, or plundering. (TA.)
أَحْرَزْتُ نَهْبِى وَأَبْتَغِى النَّوَافِلَ, in a trad. of Aboo-Beker, means I have accomplished what I had to perform of the prayers termed الوِتْرُ before my sleeping, lest the occasion for my doing so should slip from me; and when I awake, I perform the prayers termed النوافل. (TA.) [He termed the وتر prayers نَهْبٌ because he performed them before the right time.]
نَهْبٌ ‡ A kind of رَكْض [i. e., app., of running, with reference to a horse]. (Lḥ, Ḳ.)
نُهْبَةٌ andنُهْبَى↓ (Lḥ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) andنُهَيْبَى↓ and نُهَّيْبَى (Ḳ) Spoil, plunder, or booty; a thing taken as spoil: (Mgh, Mṣb:) and also Spoliation; a taking of spoil, plunder, or booty: (Mgh:) substs. from نَهَبَ: (Ḳ:) and substs. in the sense of اِنْتِهَابٌ: (Lḥ, Mgh:) نُهْبَى↓ is explained in the Towsheeh as signifying the taking of a Muslim's property by force: it is said, [of Moḥammad,] in a trad., that he seattered some articles of property, and the people did not take them; so he asked them why they did not take; and they replied أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ النُّهْبَى [Hast thou not forbidden spoliation?]; but he said إِنَّمَا نَهَيْتُ عَنْ نُهْبَى العَسَاكِرِ [I have only forbidden soldiers' spoliation]. (TA.) See نَهْبٌ.
إِبِلٌ نَوَاهِبُ [pl. of نَاهِبٌ and نَاهِبَهٌ]: see 6.
مِنْهَبٌ A horse that excels in running: (Ḳ:) and in like manner an ass. (TA.)
مَنْهُوبٌ What is sought, or sought after, quickly: syn. مَطْلُوبٌ مُعَجَّلٌ. (Ḳ.)