كشك كظ كظب


1. (كظّ)

كَظَّهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. كَظٌّ, (Ṣ,) It (food, Ṣ, Ḳ, and in like manner drink, TA) affected him with كِظَّة, q. v.; (Ṣ,) filled him so that he could not breathe: (Ḳ:) filled him, and made him heavy. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

He, or it, made him sad, or sorrowful, by reason of much eating; inf. n. كَظَّةٌ. (Lth.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

He filled it (namely a skin for water or milk) so as to make it stretch. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A4)

[And hence, app.,] He made it (namely a rope) firm, or fast. (Ibn-ʼAbbád.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A5)

كَظَّ الغَيْظُ صَدْرَهُ [in the TA كَظَّه, which is evidently a mistranscription,]Wrath, or rage, filled his bosom: andإِكْتَظَّهُ↓ الغَيْظُ signifies the same as كَظَّهُ[wrath, or rage, filled him]. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A6)

كَظَّهُ الأَمْرُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. كَظٌّ (TA) and كَظَاظٌ and كَظَاظَةٌ, (Ḳ,)The affair, or case, oppressed him with grief; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) distressed him; (Ḳ, TA;) filled him with grief, or disquietude, or anxiety, and burdened him. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A7)

كَظَّ خَصْمَهُHe bridled his adversary so that he found no way of escape. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(dissociation - B1)

3. (كاظّ)

كَاظَّ القَوْمُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا, inf. n. مُكَاظَّةٌ and كِظَاظٌ, † The people, or company of men, straitened one another, or crowded together, and clave together, in the place of fight, in war; as alsoتكاظّوا↓. (TA.) كِظَاظٌ signifies [likewise]Long cleaving, or holding fast, (Ḳ, TA,) notwithstanding difficulty: (TA:) and vehement striving for the mastery in war or fight; as also مُكَاظَّةٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and the latter, [or both,] † the exceeding the ordinary bounds in enmity; as alsoتَكَاظٌّ↓. (TA.) You say, بَيْنَهْمْ كِظَاظٌ[Between them is vehement striving for the mastery in fight]. (Ṣ.) And it is said in a prov., لَيْسَ أَخُو الكِظَاظِ مَنْ يَسْأَمُهُ[He who is fitted for vehement striving for the mastery is not he who turns away from it with disgust]: meaning كَاظِّهِمْ مَا كَاظُّوكَ[Strive thou vehemently for the mastery with them as long as they so strive with thee]; i. e. do not thou turn away from them with disgust unless they so turn away from thee. (TA.) [Meyd relates it thus: أَخُو الكِظَاظِ مَنْ لَا يَسْأَمُهُHe who is fitted for vehement striving for the mastery is he who does not turn away from it with disgust.] You say also,تَكَاظَّ↓ القَوْمُThe people, or company of men, exceeded the ordinary bounds in enmity. (Ṣ.) See also كِظَاظٌ below.


6. (تكاظّ)

see 3, in three places.


8. (اكتظّ)

اكتظّ He became filled by food so that he could not breathe, (Ḳ,) and in like manner by drink. (TA.) It is also said of the belly. (TA.)

verb form: 8.(signification - A2)

It (a water-course) became straitened by the abundance of its flow of water; (Ṣ;) as alsoكَظَّ↓, [aor., accord. to general rule, ـِ;] (TA;) and so اكتظّ بِالمَآءِ: (Ḳ:) and اكتظّ بِثَجِيجِ المَآءِit (a valley) became filled by the rain and torrent. (TA.) [See also R. Q. 1 and 2.]

verb form: 8.(signification - A3)

اكتظّ القَوْمُ فِى المَسْجِدِThe people straitened, or crowded, one another in the mosque. (TA.)

verb form: 8.(signification - A4)

اكتظّهُ الغَيْظُ: see 1.


R. Q. 1. (كظكظ)

كَظْكَظَ, inf. n. كَظْكَظَةٌ, It (a skin for water or milk) stretched when being filled: (Lth, Ḳ:) was seen to become even [more and more] as often as water was poured into it. (O, Ḳ.) [See also 8, and R. Q. 2.]


R. Q. 2. (تكظكظ)

تَكَظْكَظَ He erected himself, sitting, as often as he filled his belly, (Lth, Ḳ,) becoming filled so that he could not breathe, (Ḳ,) after being seen to be in a bending posture, (Lth,) while eating. (Ḳ.)

verb form: RQ2.(signification - A2)

It (a skin for water or milk) became filled, or full. (TA.) [See also 8, and R. Q. 1.]


كَظُّ

كَظُّ [originally an inf. n.]

word: كَظُّ(signification - A2)

[Used as a simple subst.,]Grief, or disquietude, or anxiety, that fills the bosom: so in the saying of ʼOmar Ibn-ʼAbd-el-'Azeez, in speaking of death, وَكَظٌّ لَيْسَ كَالْكَظِّ, meaning And grief, &c., that is not like other grief, &c., but more vehement. (TA.) [See also غَنْظٌ.]

word: كَظُّ(dissociation - B1)

It is also used as an epithet: you say رَجُلٌ كَظٌّA man whom affairs oppress, or distress, and overcome, so that he is unable to perform them. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ.*)

word: كَظُّ(signification - B2)

And رَجُلٌ لَظٌّ كَظٌّA man, hard, or difficult, in disposition. (Ṣ, L: in some copies of the former, كَظٌّ لَظٌّ.) ISd thinks that كظّ is here an imitative sequent. (TA in art. لظ, q. v.)


كِظَّةٌ

كِظَّةٌ Repletion, or the state of being much filled, with food or drink: (M, Mgh,* Ḳ:) and a thing that befalls (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) a man, (Ṣ,) or an animal, (A,) in consequence of impletion [or repletion] with food: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) pl. أَكِظَّةٌ. (TA.) Hence the trad. of En-Nakha'ee, الأَكِظَّةُ عَلَى الأَكِظَّةِ مَسْمَنَةٌ مَكْسَلَةٌ مَسْقَمَةٌ [Repletions upon repletions are causes of fattening, rendering heavy or lazy, diseasing]. (TA.)


كِظَاظٌ

كِظَاظٌ: see 3, of which it is an inf. n.

word: كِظَاظٌ(signification - A2)

Also, † Difficulty, or distress, and fatigue, (Ḳ, TA,) in an affair, such as takes away the breath. (TA.) And † Grief, or disquietude, or anxiety, occasioned by war, filling the heart. (L.)


كَظِيظٌ

كَظِيظٌ A man replete with food. (Mgh.)

word: كَظِيظٌ(signification - A2)

A skin for water or milk filled so as to be made to stretch; as alsoمَكْظُوظٌ↓. (TA.)

word: كَظِيظٌ(signification - A3)

‡ A man oppressed, or distressed [and overcome, (see كَظٌّ,)] by affairs, so as to be unable to perform them; as alsoمَكْظُوظٌ↓ andمُكَظَّظٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or all these signify ‡ grieved, and full of heaviness. (TA.)

word: كَظِيظٌ(signification - A4)

Angry, or enraged, in the most vehement degree. (TA.)

word: كَظِيظٌ(dissociation - B1)

A state of fulness, or impletion. (TA.)

word: كَظِيظٌ(signification - B2)

A mutual straitening, or crowding together. (TA.) You say, عَلَى بَابِ فُلَانٍ كَظِيظٌAt the door of such a one is a crowding together. (Ḥar, p. 341.)


مَكَظَّةٌ

هٰذَا الطَّعَامُ مَكَظَّةٌ This food is a cause of indigestion, and heaviness of the stomach. (TA.)


مُكَظَّظٌ

مُكَظَّظٌ: see كَظِيظٌ; the latter in two places.


مَكْظُوظٌ

مَكْظُوظٌ: see كَظِيظٌ; the latter in two places.