فضل فضو and فضى فطأ

1. (فضو)

فَضَا, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. يَفْضُو, (M, Mṣb,) inf. n. فُضُوٌّ (M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and فَضَآءٌ, (M, Ḳ,) It (a place) was, or became, wide, or spacious; (M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoافضى↓; (TA as from the Ḳ, in which I do not find it;) the latter occurring in a trad., and expl. in the Nh as signifying it became a فَضَآء [q. v.]. (TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

[And It was, or became, empty, vacant, or void; (for it is said in the TA that الفضو, by which الفُضُوُّ is evidently meant, signifies الخُلُوُّ;) as alsoافضى↓, as appears from an explanation of the part. n. مُفْضٍ, q. v.]

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

فَضَا الشَّجَرُ بِالمَكَانِ, inf. n. فضو [i. e. فُضُوٌّ], The trees became numerous, or abundant, [so as to occupy much space,] in the place. (IḲṭṭ, TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A4)

And فَضَا دَرَاهِمَهُ He did not put his dirhems, or money, into the purse [app. meaning that he left his money strewn]. (Ḳ.)

4. (افضو)

افصى: see the preceding paragraph, in two places.

verb form: 4.(signification - A2)

Also He went forth, (Ṣ,) or came, (TA,) to the فَضَآء [q. v.]. (Ṣ, TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A3)

[Hence] افضى فُلَانٌ إِلَى فُلَانٍ Such a one came to, or reached, such a one: (M, Mgh, TA:) originally, became in the space, or the place, or quarter, of such a one: (M:) or properly, became in the فَضَآء of such a one. (Mgh.) And in like manner, افضى إِلَيْهِ الأَمْرُ [The thing, or event, came to, or reached, him]. (M.) And أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ I came to, or reached, the thing. (Mṣb.) Accord. to IAạr, (TA,) الإِفْضَآءُ properly signifies الاِنْتِهَآءُ [i. e. The coming at last, or ultimately, or the reaching, to a person or thing]. (IAạr, T, Mṣb, TA.) Hence the saying [in the Ḳur iv. 25], وَقَدْ أَفْضَى بَعْضُكُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ i. e. When one of you hath come, and betaken himself, to the other; (TA;) in which the verb is made trans. by means of إِلَى because having the meaning [of اِنْتَهَى or] of وَصَلَ: (M:) or this means, when one of you hath become alone with the other, agreeably with the original derivation; or, accord. to some, it is an allusion to mutual contact, skin to skin: or to copulation. (Mgh.) You say, افضى إِلَى ٱمْرَأَتِهِ [He went in to his wife: or] he became in contact with his wife, skin to skin: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) or it signifies, (M, Ḳ,) or signifies also, (Ṣ, Mṣb,)he compressed his wife: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he was, or became, with her alone in private, whether he compressed her or not. (M, Ḳ.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A4)

افضى بِهِمْ He reached with them, or brought them to, a wide, or spacious, place. (TA.) And افضى بِهِ الطَّرِيقُ إِلَى وَعْرٍ مِنَ الأَرْضِ [The road brought him to a rugged tract of land]. (Ḳ * and TA in art. وعر)

verb form: 4.(signification - A5)

افضى بِيَدِهِ إلَى الأَرْضِ He touched the ground with the palm of his hand (IF, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) in his prostration [in prayer]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) And أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَيْهِ بِيَدِى مِنْ غَيْرِ حَائِلٍ I put my hand to it without anything intervening; i. q. مَسَسْتُهُ (Mṣb in art مس.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A6)

أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَى فَلَانٍ بِسِرِى [I communicated, or made known, to such a one my secret]: (Ṣ;) or أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَيْهِ بِالسِّرِّ I acquainted him with the secret. (Mṣb. TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A7)

افضى also signifies † He became poor: so says IAạr: as though he came to the ground. (TA.)

verb form: 4.(dissociation - B1)

لَا يُفْضِى ٱللّٰهُ فَاكَ, occurring in a trad., is a phrase expressive of a prayer, meaning May God not make thy mouth wide and empty. (TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - B2)

Hence the saying of IAạr, الإِفْضَآءُ أنْ تَسْقُطَ الثَّنَايَا مِنْ تَحْتُ وَمِنْ فَوْقُ [app. meaning that اِفْضَآءٌ is the inf. n. of أُفْضِىَ signifying His central incisors, below and above, fell out: or he was caused to lose them]: and hence [the epithet] المُفْضَاةُ [and therefore hence also what here follows]. (TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - B3)

افضى المَرْأَةَ He made the woman's مَسْلَكَانِ (i. e. her vagina and rectum, Mṣb) to become one, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) in devirginating her, (Mṣb,) or in compressing her; (TA;) the intervening part becoming rent: (Mgh, TA:) and so أَفَاضَهَا: (M, in which it is mentioned in art. فضى:) the epithet applied to her is مُفْضَاةٌ↓, (M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is syn. with شَرِيمٌ. (Ṣ.)

5. (تفضّو)

تَفَضَّيْتُ for تَفَضَّضْتُ see in art. فض (conj. 5).

verb form: 5.(signification - A2)

[التفضّى in a passage of the Fákihet el-Khulafà accord. to several copies thereof is an obvious mistake for التَّفَصِّى, with the unpointed : see Freytag's Critical Annotations and Corrections in his edition of that work, p. 6.]


فَضًا, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) also written فَضًى, (TA,) A thing (Ṣ, Ḳ) mixed. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) You say طَعَامٌ فَضًا Mixed food: (Ṣ:) and تَمْرٌ فَضًا dates mixed, (AA,* Ṣ, M,) as, for instance, (Ṣ, TA,) with raisins, (Lḥ, Ṣ, M, TA,) in one vessel, or bag; thus says El-Ḳálee; (TA;) or scattered, or strewn, and mixed; (M:) and تَمْرَانِ فَضَيَانِ [two sorts of dates mixed]: and تُمُورٌ أَفْضَآءٌ [several sorts of dates mixed]. (AA, TA.) And مَتَاعُهْمٌ فَوْضَى فَضًا Their goods are mixed together: (M:) or are shared in common. (TA.) And أَمْرُهُمْ فَضًا بَيْنَهُمْ [Their case is mixed, or promiscuous, &c., like أَمْرُهُمْ فَوْضَى بَيْنَهُمْ (q. v. in art. فوض); or] their case among themselves is alike; (M, TA;) i. e. they have no commander over them. (Ṣ, TA.) And تَرَكَ الأَمْرَ فَضًا i. e. [He left the affair] in an unsound [or a disordered] state. (TA.) And أَلْقَى ثَوْبَهُ فَضًا [He threw down his garment in a disorderly, or cureless, manner;] he did not commit his garment to any one's care. (M, TA.)

faDF(signification - A2)

[Also One; a single thing or person: and alone; by itself or himself; not having any other with it or him; apart from others: thus it has two contrmeanings.] You say سَهْمٌ فَضًا One, or a single, arrow. (Ḳ:) or an arrow that is alone, by itself, not having any other with it, in the quiver. (AA, TA.) And بَقِيتَ فَضًا I remained alone, (Az, Ḳ, TA,) of such as were fellows: (Az, TA:) or a part from my brethren and my family. (Akh, TA)

faDF(dissociation - B1)

Also, i. e. فَضًا, (M, Ḳ,) or correctly with ى [i. e. فَضًى], as written by El-Ḳálee, (TA,) The stones (حَبّ) of raisins; (M;) i. q. فَضًا [or فصًى]. (Ḳ.)

faDF(dissociation - C1)


فَضْيَةٌ Water collecting and stagnating: pl. فِضَاءٌ, with medd, accord. to Kr: and also فَضًى↓ and فِصًى, with fet-ḥ and with kesr, the former of these like حَلَقٌ as pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] of حَلْقَةٌ, and the latter like بِدَرٌ as a pl. of بَدْرَةٌ; occurring in different relations of a verse of 'Adee Ibn-Er-Rikáa. (M in art. فضى, and TA.)


فَضَآءٌ is an inf. n.: (M, Ḳ, TA:) and is expl. by Aboo-ʼAlee El-Ḳálee as signifying Width, or spaciousness. (TA.)

word: فَضَآءٌ(signification - A2)

[It is also used as an epithet:] see فَاضٍ.

word: فَضَآءٌ(signification - A3)

And [as a subst., or an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant,] it signifies A court, an open area, or a yard, of a house; syn. سَاحَةٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and a wide, or spacious, tract of land: (ISh, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or a plain and wide expanse of land: (Sh, TA:) the pl. is أَفْضِيةٌ. (ISh, TA.)


فِضَآءٌ Water running upon the ground: (Ḳ:) or, accord. to Aboo-ʼAlee El-Ḳálee it is [in measure, but not exactly in meaning,] like حِسَآءٌ [a pl. of حِسْىٌ], signifying water running upon the surface of the earth; [or rather waters &c.; for he adds,] and its sing. is فَضِيَّةٌ↓: in the M, [in art. فضى,] it is said to be a pl. of فَضْيَةٌ, [q. v.,] on the authority of Kr. (TA.)


فَضِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.


فَاضٍ (Mṣb, TA) andمُفْضٍ↓ (M,* TA) Wide, or spacious, (M,* Mṣb, TA,) as alsoفَصَآءٌ↓, (Az, Er-Rághib, Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) open and plain, and vacant. (TA.)

word: فَاضٍ(signification - A2)

[The first of these words, in the present day, pronounced فَاضِى, is commonly used in the sense of فَارِغٌ as meaning Unoccupied, unemployed, or at leisure.]


مَفْضًى i. q. مُتَّسَعٌ [A place of width or spaciousness, &c.]. (TA.)


مُفْضٍ: see فَاضٍ. [And see also its verb, 4.]


مُفْضَاةٌ: see 4, last sentence,