فصح فصد فصع


1. (فصد)

فَصَدَ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) aor ـِ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. فَصْدٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) and فِصَادٌ, (O, Ḳ,) [or the latter is a simple subst.,] He cut, (Ṣ, O,) or slit, (Ḳ,) [or opened,] a vein; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) as alsoافتصد↓. (Ṣ,* Ḳ.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

And فَصَدَهُ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. فَصْدٌ (M, L, Mṣb) and فِصَادٌ, (M, L,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Mṣb,) He cut, or slit, [or opened,] it, namely, a vein, (M, L.) [And app., accord. to the Mṣb, He bled him by opening a vein; agreeably with what here follows.] And one says also, فَصَدَ النَّاقَةَ He slit [or opened] a vein of the she-camel to draw forth the blood therefrom and to drink it [or to put it in a gut and broil it: see فَصِيدٌ]. (M L.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

لَمْ يُحْرَمْ مَنْ فُصْدَ لَهُ He has not been denied the entertainment of a guest for whom a camel has been bled by the slitting [or opening] of a vein and who has had the blood so obtained, (M, A,* Ḳ,) is a prov.; (Ṣ, M, A, O;) فُصْدَ being for فُصِدَ, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) like ضُرْبَ for ضُرِبَ, and قُتْلَ for قُتِلَ; (M;) and some, also, say فُزْدَ; (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ;) for every quiescent before د may be changed into ز; and every movent before د may have somewhat of the sound of ز given to it, (Ṣ, M, O,) but may not in this case be altogether changed into ز; so that for صَدَرَ and صَدَفَ you may not say زَدَرَ and زَدَفَ: (M:) some, also, say مَنْ قُصِدَ لَهُ, with ق, meaning مَنْ أُعْطِىَ قَصْدًا i. e. [who has been given] a little: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) the origin of the saying was this: two men passed the night at the abode of an Arab of the desert, and, meeting in the morning, one of them asked his companion respecting the entertainment given by the host, and the latter answered, “I was not entertained as a guest, but only a vein [of a camel] was slit [or opened] to draw blood for me;” whereupon the other replied in the words above: (O, Ḳ:) or a man used to entertain another as his guest in a time of scarcity, and, having no food to offer him, and being unwilling to slaughter his camel, bled it by slitting [or opening] a vein, and heated the blood that came forth, for his guest, until it became thick, and gave it to him to eat; and hence this prov.: (M, L:) it is applied to him who has obtained a part of that which he wanted. (Yaạḳoob, M, O, L, Ḳ.) [See فَصِيدٌ.]

verb form: 1.(signification - A4)

One says also, فَصَدَ لَهُ عَطَآءً, (O, L, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. فَصْدٌ, (L,) meaning He apportioned to him a gift, or stipend, and caused it to be transmitted to him. (O, L, Ḳ.)


2. (فصّد)

رَأَيْتُ فِى الأَرْضِ تَفْصِيدًا مِنَ السَّيْلِ means I saw, in the ground, a cleft, or furrowed, state, resulting from the torrent. (ISh, O, L, Ḳ.* [Here تَفْصِيدًا is a pass. inf. n., used as a subst.])

verb form: 2.(signification - A2)

And تَفْصِيدٌ, also, signifies The macerating [a thing] with a little water. (ADk, O, Ḳ.)


4. (افصد)

افصد الشَّجَرُ, andانفصد↓, The trees opened their gems, (M, Ḳ,) and disclosed the extremities of their leaves. (M.)


5. (تفصّد)

see 7. [Hence,] تفصّد جَبِينُهُ عَرَقًا His جبين [i. e. forehead, or side of the forehead,] flowed with sweat: (M, O:) the last word is here put in the accus. case as a specificative; and has the force of an agent; the meaning being, the sweat of his جبين flowed. (M.)


7. (انفصد)

إِنْفَصَدَ see 4.

verb form: 7.(signification - A2)

Also, andتفصّد↓, It flowed: (Ṣ, O:) or both signify it flowed in small quantity; said of blood. (A.)

verb form: 7.(signification - A3)

8. (افتصد)

إِفْتَصَدَ He (a man) had his vein cut [or opened; i. e. he had blood taken from him by the opening of a vein; and soانفصد↓ as used in the present day]. (Lth, L, Mṣb.*)

verb form: 8.(signification - A2)

See also 1, first sentence.


فُصْدَةٌ

فُصْدَةٌ: see فَصِيدَةٌ.


فِصَادٌ

فِصَادٌ an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]: (M, O, L, Ḳ:) or a simple subst. [signifying The act of bleeding by opening a vein]. (Mṣb.)


فَصِيدٌ

فَصِيدٌ andمَفْصُودٌ↓ A vein slit [or opened]. (M, Ḳ.)

word: فَصِيدٌ(signification - A2)

And both signify also A man bled by the opening of a vein. (TḲ.)

word: فَصِيدٌ(signification - A3)

Also, the former, Blood (Ṣ, M, O, L, Ḳ) obtained by the cutting [or opening] of a vein (Ṣ, O, L) of a camel, (L,) and put into a gut, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) in the Time of Ignorance, (M,) and broiled: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) the Arabs in the Time of Ignorance used to eat it, (M, A,* L,) and to give it to the guest to eat, in a season of dearth. (Ṣ, O,* L.)


فَصِيدَةٌ

فَصِيدَةٌ Dates kneaded and mixed with blood; (Ibn-Kuthweh, O, L, Ḳ;) as alsoفُصْدَةٌ↓; (O, Ḳ;) thus termed by Ibn-ʼAbbád: (O:) a medicine given to children. (Ibn-Kuthweh, O, L.)


فَصَّادٌ

فَصَّادٌ A phlebotomist, or bleeder. (MA. [See also what next follows.])


فَاصِدٌ

فَاصِدٌ [Bleeding, or (like فَصَّادٌ) one who bleeds, by opening a vein]. (Mṣb.)

word: فَاصِدٌ(signification - A2)

And الفَاصِدَانِ signifies The place [or the two places] of the running of the tears upon the cheek. (O.)


مَفْصِدَهُ

اِعْصِبْ مَفْصِدَهُ [Bind thou his place of bloodletting]. (A.)


مِفْصَدٌ

مِفْصَدٌ [A lancet;] the instrument with which a vein is slit [or opened]. (O, Mṣb, Ḳ.)


مَفْصُودٌ

مَفْصُودٌ: see فَصِيدٌ.


مُتَفَصِّدٌ

مُتَفَصِّدٌ: see what follows.


مُنْفَصِدٌ

مُنْفَصِدٌ andمُتَفَصِّدٌ↓ Flowing; (M, Ḳ;) running: (Ḳ:) [or flowing in small quantity: see 7.]