فث فثأ فثج
فَثَأَ القِدْرَ, aor. ـَ, (T, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. فَثْءٌ (T, M, Ḳ) and فُثُوْءٌ, (M, Ḳ,) both inf. ns. from Lḥ, (M,) He stilled, or allayed, the boiling of the pot, (T, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) with water, (Ṣ, O,) i. e. with cold water, or by lading out with the ladle: (T:) and ثَفَأَهَا signifies the same. (M.)
[Hence] one says, أَطْفَأَ فُلَانٌ النَّائِرَةَ وَفَثَأَ القُدُورَ الفَائِرَةَ ‡ [Such a one extinguished the discord, or rancour, or enmity, and stilled the boiling passions]. (A, TA.)
And فَثَأَ غَضَبَهُ, (M, Ḳ,*) aor. ـَ, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. فَثْءٌ, (M,) ‡ He stilled, or quieted, or abated, his anger, (M, Ḳ,* TA,*) by words, or otherwise. (TA.) إِنَّ الرَّثِيْئَةَ تَفْثَأُ الغَضَبَ † [Verily what is termed رثيئة stills, or appeases, anger] is one of their provs., (Ṣ, O, TA,) expl. in art. رثأ. (TA.)
And فَثَأْتُ الرَّجُلَ, (Ṣ, O,) or فَثَأْتُهُ عَنِّى, (T, TA,) † I averted, or turned back, the man from me, by words, or otherwise. (T, Ṣ, O, TA.) And فَثَأَ الشَّىْءَ عَنْهُ, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. فَثْءٌ, (M,) † He averted the thing from him. (M, Ḳ, TA.) And مَا فَثَأَكَ عَنَّا † What withheld, or has withheld, thee from us? (Ḥar p. 180.)
Also فَثَأَ الشَّىْءَ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ, inf. n. فَثْءٌ and فُثُوْءٌ, (TA,) He allayed the cold of the thing by heating. (M, Ḳ, TA.) And فَثَأَتِ الشَّمْسُ المَآءَ The sun abated, or allayed, the cold of the water. (M.) And فَثَأَهُ, inf. n. فَثْءٌ, He heated it; namely, water, (AZ, T, O,) &c. (T.) And accord. to MF, the phrase فَثَأَ اللَّبَنَ is allowable [as meaning He boiled the milk so that it frothed up and became curdled, or clotted, or dissundered: see what next follows]. (TA.)
فَثَأَ اللَّبَنُ, aor. ـَ, The milk was boiled so that it frothed up and became curdled, or clotted, or dissundered: (AḤát, M, O, Ḳ:) when this is the case, the milk is termed فَاثِئٌ↓. (AḤát, O.)
فَثِئَتِ القِدْرُ The cookingpot ceased to boil. (O.)
And فَثِئَ [or فَثِئَ غَضَبُهُ] † His anger was, or became, abated; (TA;) [and] soانفثأ↓ غَضَبُهُ. (Ḥar p. 232.)
And مَا تَفْثَأُ تَفْعَلُ † Thou dost not cease doing [such a thing]; like ما تَفْتَأُ. (A, TA.)
فَثَأَ بِسَلْحِهِ: see فَطَأَ.
افثأ † It (the heat) became allayed, or assuaged; and remitted, or abated. (Ṣ, O.)
And أَطْبَقَتِ السَّمَآءُ ثُمَّ أَفْثَأَتْ † [The sky became overcast, and then cleared]. (A, TA.)
افثأ بِالمَكَانِ † He remained, stayed, dwelt, or abode, in the place. (O, Ḳ.*)
عَدَا حَتَّى أَفْثَأَ † He (a man, M) ran until he became tired, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,*) and out of breath, (Ṣ, O,) or and languid. (M, Ḳ.) In the saying of El-Khansà,
* أَلَا مَنْ لِعَيْنٍ لَا تَجِفُّ دُمُوعُهَا ** إِذَا قُلْتَ أَفْثَتْ تَسْتَهِلُّ فَتَحْفِلُ *
† [Now who will be as a helper for an eye of which the tears will not dry up? when thou sayest, “They have become tired of flowing,” they pour, and become copious], she means أَفْثَأَتْ. (M.)
أَفْثَؤُوا لَهُ They heated stones for him (i. e. a sick man), and sprinkled water upon them, and he lay prostrate upon them, in order that he might sweat: (O, Ḳ:) this they did when they were unable to procure a hot bath. (O.)
see 1, last sentence but two.
فَاثِئٌ as an epithet applied to milk: see 1, near the end.