فتن فتو or فتى فث
فَتُوَ, aor. يَفْتُو; (Lth, T;) or فَتِىَ, aor. يَفْتَى; (Ṣ, TA;) inf. n. فَتَآءٌ, (Lth, AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ,* TA,) or فَتًى; (TA [and so in one of my copies of the Ṣ; but the former, which see below, is that which is commonly known];) He was, or became, such as is termed فَتِىٌّ [i. e. youthful, or in the prime of life]. (Lth, AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ,* TA.)
فَتَوْتُهُمْ, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. أَفْتُوهُمْ, (TA,) I overcame them, or surpassed them, in فُتُوَّة, i. e. generosity. (Ḳ, TA.) [Accord. to the TḲ, one says,فَاتَوْنِى↓ فَفَتَوْتُهُمْ, meaning They contended with me for superiority in generosity, and I overcame them, or surpassed them, therein; and the inf. n. of the former verb is مُفَاتَاةٌ.]
فُتِّيَت, (ISk, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَفْتِيَةٌ, (ISk, T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) said of a girl (ISk, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) that has nearly attained to puberty, (ISk, T,) She was prohibited from playing with the boys, (ISk, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and from running with them, (M,) and was concealed, or kept within, or behind, the curtain, (ISk, T, Ṣ, M,) in the house, or tent; (M;) and soتفتّت↓: (ISk, T, Ḳ:) [or]↓ the latter signifies [or signifies also] she assumed, or affected, a likeness to the young women, being the youngest of them. (Ṣ, M. [In text of the latter, as given in the TT, تشبّهت بالفتيان is put for تشبّهت بِالفَتَيَاتِ, which the context shows to be the right reading.])
see 1, last sentence.
المُفَاتَاةُ signifies [also] The summoning another to the judge, and litigating; and soالتَّفَاتِى↓. (TA.)
افتى He (a learned man) notified the decision of the law [in, or respecting, a particular case]. (Mṣb.) [And the verb in this sense is trans.: you say,] افتاهُ فِى الأَمْرِ He notified, made known, or explained, to him, [what he required to know, and particularly what was the decision of the law, in, or respecting,] the case; (M, Ḳ, TA;) it being dubious: said of a lawyer. (TA.) And أَفْتَانِى فِى مَسْأَلَةٍ, (T, Ṣ,) inf. n. إِفْتَآءٌ, (T,) He (a lawyer) gave me an answer, or a reply, [stating the decision of the law,] respecting a question. (T, Ṣ, TA.) And أَفْتَيْتُ فُلَانًا فِى رُؤْيَا رَآهَا I interpreted, or explained, to such a one, a dream that he had seen. (T, TA.)
Also He drank with the فُتَىّ [q. v.]. (IAạr, T, TA.)
تفتّى He affected, or assumed, a likeness to youths, or young men: said of an old, or elderly, man; or one past the prime of life. (TA.)
See also 2, in two places.
And He affected, or endeavoured to acquire, generosity: and also he affected, or made a show of, generosity: (KL:) you say تفتّى andتفاتى↓ [app. as signifying the same: but more properly the former verb has the former of these two significations: and↓ the latter verb has the latter of the same two significations]: both from الفُتُوَّةُ. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
see the next preceding sentence, in two places:
and see 3. You say, تَفَاتَوْا إِلَى الفَقِيهِ They appealed to the lawyer for the notifying of the decision of the law. (Ṣ, TA.)
اِسْتَفْتَيْتُ الفَقِيهَ فِى مَسْأَلَةٍ I sought, or demanded, of the lawyer, a notification of the decision of the law respecting a question. (T,* Ṣ,* Mṣb,* TA.) And in like manner the verb is used in the Ḳur iv. 126, and xxxvii. 149. (TA.)
فَتًى i. q. شَابٌّ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA, but omitted in the CK,) or غُلَامٌ حَدَثٌ, (T,) or شَابٌّ حَدَثٌ: (Mṣb:) it is a subst. [signifying A youth, or young man; or one in the prime of life]: and an epithet [signifying youthful; or in the prime of life]: (TA:) [as an epithet, similar to فَتِىٌّ, but restricted in application to a human being:] or it signifies, (Mgh,) or signifies also, (Mṣb,) a strong youth or young man: (Mgh, Mṣb:) it is said that in the Ḳur xviii. 59 and 61, it is applied by Moses to Joshua the son of Nun, because he served him: (M, TA:) the fem. is فَتَاةٌ↓: (Ṣ, Ḳ:)
and it also means ‡ A slave; (T, M, Mgh, Mṣb, TA;) even if an old man; metaphorically used in this sense; (Mgh, Mṣb, TA;) and in like manner,فَتَاةٌ↓ means ‡ a female slave, (T, M, Mgh, Mṣb, TA;) and a female servant: (TA:) the Prophet is related to have said, Let not any of you say عَبْدِى and أَمَتِى, but let him say فَتَاىَ and فَتَاتِى: (T, Mgh:)
and Generous, honourable, liberal, or bountiful: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [mostly used as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates; meaning a generous man:] a possessor of فُتُوَّة [q. v.]: hence the saying, لَا فَتَى إِلَّا عَلِىٌّ [There is no one endowed with generosity but, or other than, (meaning like,) ʼAlee]: (TA:)
the dual of فَتًى is فَتَيَانِ and فَتَوَانِ; (Ḳ, TA;) the former occurring in the Ḳur xii. 36: (TA:) the pl. of فَتًى is فِتْيَةٌ, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) a pl. of pauc., (Mṣb,) not mentioned in the Ḳ, though occurring in the Ḳur xviii. 9 & 12, (TA,) instead of which they did not say أَفْتَآءٌ, (Sb, M,) and فِتْوَةٌ, (M, Ḳ,) [also a pl. of pauc.,] mentioned by Lḥ, (M,) and (of mult., Mṣb) فِتْيَانٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and فُتُوٌّ (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and فُتِىٌّ: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) the pl. ofفَتَاةٌ↓ is فَتَيَاتٌ: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the dim. of فَتًى is فُتَىٌّ↓; and that of فَتَاةٌ is فُتَيَّةٌ↓. (T.) [It is disputed whether the last radical letter of this and other words mentioned in the present art. be originally و or ى.]
الفَتَيَانِ means ‡ The night and the day; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA;) like الأَجَدَّانِ and الجَدِيدَانِ: (Ṣ, TA:) or, accord. to Seer, the morning and the evening, or the early part of the morning and the late part of the evening, or the forenoon and the afternoon; syn. الغَدَاةُ وَالعَشِىُّ. (Ḥar p. 377.) And you say, أَقْمَتُ عِنْدَهُ فَتًى مِنْ نَهَارٍ i. e. ‡ I remained, stayed, or abode, with him during a first part of a day. (TA.)
فَتَاةٌ fem. of فَتًى: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places.
فَتْوَى (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and فُتْوَى, (M, Ḳ, TA,) [but the latter is mentioned by few,] andفُتْيَا↓, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) substs. from أَفْتَى, (T, Ṣ,) and as such used in the place of [the inf. n.] إِفْتَآءٌ [i. e. The giving an answer, or a reply, stating the decision of the law, respecting a question]: (T:) [or rather, as commonly used, a notification of the decision of the law, in, or respecting, a particular case;] a notification, or an explanation, of a case, given by a lawyer; (M, Ḳ;) or an answer, or a reply, to a question relating to a dubious judicial decision: (Er-'Rághib, TA:) [fancifully said in the Mgh and Mṣb to be derived from الفَتَى:] the pl. is فَتَاوٍ, and فَتَاوَى is said to be allowable, (Mṣb, TA,) and another pl. is فُتًى, mentioned by IḲooṭ. (TA.)
فُتْيَا: see the next preceding paragraph.
فَتَآءٌ [mentioned in the first sentence of this art. as an inf. n.] Youth, or youthfulness; or the prime of life; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) and soفُتَوَّةٌ↓, (T, M,) as a subst. from فَتًى and from فَتِىٌّ: (M:) or the latter is used in relation to human beings; and the former, to camels [and the like], and also, metaphorically, to human beings: (T:) one says, قَدْ وُلِدَ فِى فَتَآءِ سِنِّهِ أَوْلَادٌ [Children had, or have, been born to him in the youthfulness, or prime, of his age]. (Ṣ.)
فُتَىٌّ dim. of فَتًى, q. v., latter half.
Hence, i. e. because of its smallness, (Z, TA,) الفُتَىُّ signifies what is called قَدَحُ الشُّطَّارِ [which may be rendered ‡ The cup, or bowl, of the rogues]; (IAạr, T, Z, Ḳ, TA;) [a cup, or bowl,] with which wine is measured; (TA;) tropically thus called. (Z, TA.)
فَتِىٌّ Youthful; or in the prime of life; (Lth, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) contr. of مُسِنٌّ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) applied to a camel, (T,) or to a beast, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) or to anything [i. e. to a beast and to a human being]; (M, Ḳ;) or it is like فَتًى [which is applied peculiarly to a human being], but is sometimes applied to a camel: (M:) [this last statement, however, requires confirmation, which I have not been able to find: the epithet is generally known as applied only to a camel or the like:] the fem. is فَتِيَّةٌ; (Lth, T, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) of which the dim. is فُتَيَّةٌ↓: (TA:) and the pl. is أَفْتَآءٌ (T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, TA) and فِتَآءٌ. (M, Ḳ, TA. [The former pl., though the more common, is not mentioned in the M nor in the Ḳ.])
فُتُوَّةٌ: see فَتَآءٌ.
[Also Youthful conduct.] One says, مَالَ إِلَى الجَهْلِ وَالفُتُوَّةِ [He inclined to ignorant, or foolish, or silly, and youthful, conduct]. (Ṣ in art. صبو).
And Generosity, honourableness, liberality, or bountifulness: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) used as meaning thus in [treatises on] the law; but not occurring in the Sunneh nor in the Scripture [i. e. the Ḳur-án]: the earliest mentioner thereof was Jaạfar Es-Sádik. (TA.)
أَفْتَى i. q. أَصْغَرُ [as meaning less, and least, in years, or age]: from الفتى [i. e. الفَتَى or الفَتِىُّ]. (Ḥam p. 207.)
أُفَيْتِيَةٌ [an irreg.] dim. of فِتْيَةٌ [which is a pl. of فَتًى; like as أُصَيْبِيَةٌ, accord. to Sb, is dim. of صِبْيَةٌ, a pl. of صَبِىٌّ]. (TA.)
مُفْتٍ [A jurisconsult who notifies the decisions of the law, in, or respecting, cases submitted to him, for the guidance of the قَاضِى and others].
[And] المُفْتِى is the name of A certain measure of capacity, called the مِكْيَال of Hishám Ibn-Hubeyreh. (Aṣ, T, M, Ḳ.)