فأر فأس فأل


1. (فأس)

فَأَسَ, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ, inf. n. فَأَسٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He struck (AḤn, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) him, or it, (Ṣ, O,) or a tree, (AḤn, M,) with a فَأْس: (AḤn, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ:) he cut him, or it, (M,) or a tree, (TA,) therewith: (M:) he clave, (M, O, Ḳ,) or split, (T, O,) a piece of wood, (M,) or one's head, (O,) therewith. (M, Ḳ.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

He hit (Ṣ, Ḳ) a man (Ṣ) in the فَأْس of the head. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

verb form: 1.(dissociation - B1)

He ate wheat, or other food. (O, Ḳ,* TA.)


فَأْسٌ

فَأْسٌ A certain implement of iron, (M,) with which one digs; [i. e., a kind of hoe; thus called in the present day; generally having a blade more long than wide, and a short handle; altogether resembling an adz:] (Kr, M:) and with which one cuts; [i. e., an adz; and an axe; both also thus called in the present day; more commonly the former; used for cutting, cleaving, and splitting, trees and wood, (see فَأَسَ,) and for hewing, forming, or fashioning, wood &c.: (see also قَدُومٌ:)] (M:) a thing well known: (A, Ḳ:) [applied also to a pickaxe: (see صَاقُورٌ:)] the ء in this word may be suppressed: (Mṣb:) it is of the fem. gender: (M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the pl. (of pauc., O) is أَفْؤُسٌ (M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and (of mult., O) فُؤُوسٌ, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and, accord. to some, فُؤْسٌ. (TA.)

word: فَأْسٌ(signification - A2)

فَأْسُ اللِّجَامِ [A certain part of the bit; namely,] the [tongue of] iron that stands up towards [so I render here the particle فِى] the حَنَك [here meaning the palate, against which it is made to press when the rein is drawn hard for the purpose of checking the horse]; (IDrd in his book on the Saddle and Bridle, [in one part of which he likens to it the tongue of a buckle,] S, M, A, O, Ḳ;) the iron that stands up in the شَكِيمَة; (T;) or, as some say, that which is in the middle of the شكيمة, between the مِسْحَلَانِ: (ISh:) the شكيمة is the iron that lies across in the mouth, [i. e., the bit-mouth, or mouth-piece of the bit,] and the مِسْحَل is an iron [i. e. a ring of iron, one of a pair of rings which are inserted each into the other, in the place of our curbchain,] beneath the حَنَك [here meaning the part between the two sides of the lower jaw]: (IDrd:) or, as some say, [and among them Kr.] the transverse iron in the bit; (M;) but this assertion requires consideration. (TA.) You say, فُلَانٌ يَلُوكُ لِسَانَهُ فِى الكَلَامِ كَمَا يَعْلِكُ الفَرَسُ فَأْسَ اللِّجَامِ [Such a one mumbles his tongue in speaking like as the horse moves about in his mouth the فأس of the bit]. (A.)

word: فَأْسٌ(signification - A3)

فَأْسُ الرَّأْسِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) or فَأْسُ القَفَا, (M,) The edge of the قَمَحْدُوَة [or hinder part of the back of the head], that projects above the back of the neck; [i. e., the small protuberance above the back of the neck:] (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or the hinder part of the قمحدوة. (M.)

word: فَأْسٌ(signification - A4)

فَأْسُ الرَّحَى The [protuberant] part of the [nether, or lower,] mill-stone, in the middle of which is [fixed] the axis. (Ḳzw, description of Ursa Minor.)

word: فَأْسٌ(signification - A5)

And hence, الفَأْسُ The Constellation of Ursa Minor. (Idem, same place.)

word: فَأْسٌ(signification - A6)

فَأْسُ الفَمِ The extremity of the mouth, in which are the teeth. (M.)

word: فَأْسٌ(signification - A7)

اِجْعَلْ هٰذَا الأَمْرَ فَأْسًا وَاحِدًا means Make thou this affair to be [uniform, or] of one way or mode or manner. (ISk, TA in art. بأج.)