فأر فأس فأل


1فَأَسَ

, (Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ,) aor. فَاَ^َ, inf. n. فَأَسٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He struck (AḤn, Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) him, or it, (Ṣ, O,) or a tree, (AḤn, M,) with a فَأْس: (AḤn, Ṣ, M, O, Ḳ:) he cut him, or it, (M,) or a tree, (TA,) therewith: (M:) he clave, (M, O, Ḳ,) or split, (T, O,) a piece of wood, (M,) or one's head, (O,) therewith. (M, Ḳ.)
He hit (Ṣ, Ḳ) a man (Ṣ) in the فَأْس of the head. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
He ate wheat, or other food. (O, Ḳ, * TA.)

فَأْسٌ

A certain implement of iron, (M,) with which one digs; [i. e., a kind of hoe; thus called in the present day; generally having a blade more long than wide, and a short handle; altogether resembling an adz:] (Kr, M:) and with which one cuts; [i. e., an adz; and an axe; both also thus called in the present day; more commonly the former; used for cutting, cleaving, and splitting, trees and wood, (see فَأَسَ,) and for hewing, forming, or fashioning, wood &c.: (see also قَدُومٌ:)] (M:) a thing well known: (A, Ḳ:) [applied also to a pickaxe: (see صَاقُورٌ:)] the ء in this word may be suppressed: (Mṣb:) it is of the fem. gender: (M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the pl. (of pauc., O) is أَفْؤُسٌ (M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and (of mult., O) فُؤُوسٌ, (Ṣ, M, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and, accord. to some, فُؤْسٌ. (TA.)
فَأْسُ اللِّجَامِ [A certain part of the bit; namely,] the [tongue of] iron that stands up towards [so I render here the particle فِى] the حَنَك [here meaning the palate, against which it is made to press when the rein is drawn hard for the purpose of checking the horse]; (IDrd in his book on the Saddle and Bridle, [in one part of which he likens to it the tongue of a buckle,] Ṣ, M, A, O, Ḳ;) the iron that stands up in the شَكِيمَة; (T;) or, as some say, that which is in the middle of the شكيمة, between the مِسْحَلَانِ: (ISh:) the شكيمة is the iron that lies across in the mouth, [i. e., the bit-mouth, or mouth-piece of the bit,] and the مِسْحَل is an iron [i. e. a ring of iron, one of a pair of rings which are inserted each into the other, in the place of our curbchain,] beneath the حَنَك [here meaning the part between the two sides of the lower jaw]: (IDrd:) or, as some say, [and among them Kr.] the transverse iron in the bit; (M;) but this assertion requires consideration. (TA.) You say, فُلَانٌ يَلُوكُ لِسَانَهُ فِى الكَلَامِ كَمَا يَعْلِكُ الفَرَسُ فَأْسَ اللِّجَامِ [Such a one mumbles his tongue in speaking like as the horse moves about in his mouth the فأس of the bit]. (A.)
فَأْسُ الرَّأْسِ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) or فَأْسُ القَفَا, (M,) The edge of the قَمَحْدُوَة [or hinder part of the back of the head], that projects above the back of the neck; [i. e., the small protuberance above the back of the neck:] (Ṣ, O, Ḳ:) or the hinder part of the قمحدوة. (M.)
فَأْسُ الرَّحَى The [protuberant] part of the [nether, or lower,] mill-stone, in the middle of which is [fixed] the axis. (Ḳzw, description of Ursa Minor.)
And hence, الفَأْسُ The Constellation of Ursa Minor. (Idem, same place.)
فَأْسُ الفَمِ The extremity of the mouth, in which are the teeth. (M.)
اِجْعَلْ هٰذَا الأَمْرَ فَأْسًا وَاحِدًا means Make thou this affair to be [uniform, or] of one way or mode or manner. (ISk, TA in art. بأج.)