غوغ غول غوى
1. ⇒ غول ⇒ غال
غَالَهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. يَغُولُهُ, (Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. غَوْلٌ, (Mgh, Mṣb, TA,) He, or it, [accord. to the TA said of a thing,] destroyed him; (Lth, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoاغتالهُ↓: (Ḳ:) and (Ḳ) it (a thing, Ṣ, O) took him, seized him, or took him away, unexpectedly, at unawares, or from an unknown quarter; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) and soاغتالهُ↓: (Ṣ: [see also an ex. of this latter voce خَرُوجٌ:]) and accord. to IAạr, غال الشَّىْءُ زَيْدًا signifies The thing took away Zeyd. (TA.) One says,غَالَتْهُ غُولٌ↓ A [cause of] destruction destroyed him: (Ḳ, TA:) or [destroyed him so that it was not known whither he had gone away; for] it is said of one who has fallen into destruction (Ṣ, TA) and it is not known whither he has gone away: (TA:) and it also signifies Death or the decree of death [destroyed him, or took him away]. (TA.) One says also when persons have perished in a land, غَالَتْهُمْ تِلْكَ الأَرْضُ [That land caused them, or has caused them, to perish in it]: andتَغَوَّلَتِ↓ الأَرْضُ بِفُلَانٍ means The land caused such a one to perish; and to pursue a course that led him astray. (TA.) And one says of a land (أَرْض), تَغُولُ السَّابِلَةَ, meaning It casts away the travellers, or wayfarers; causes them to fall, or drop down; and removes them far away. (TA.)
غَالَتِ الخَمْرُ فُلَانًا means † The wine that he had drunk deprived such a one of his reason: or, of the soundness of his body: (AHeyth, TA:) [or corrupted, or vitiated, him; for] غَالَهُ, aor. يَغُولُهُ, signifies أَفْسَدَهُ; (Ksh and Bḍ in xxxvii. 46;) as well as أَهْلَكَهُ: (Ksh, ibid:) and a poet, cited by AO, says,
* وَمَا زَالَتِ الكَأْسُ تَغْتَالُنَا *
† [And the cup of wine caused not to deprive us of our reason]. (Ṣ, O.)
تَغُولُ الثِّيَابَ فَتَقْصُرُ عَنْهَا is said of a tall woman [app. as meaning She exceeds the measure of the clothes, so that they are too short for her]: such a woman is said to be ذَاتُ غَوْلٍ↓. (TA.)
And one says, مَا غَالَكَ عَنَّا i. e. What withheld, or debarred, or has withheld or debarred, thee from us? (O.)
And غُلْتُهُ, inf. n. غِيَالَةٌ and غِيَالٌ and غُؤُولٌ, signifies I stole it. (O and TA in art. غيل [though belonging to art. غول].)
2. ⇒ غوّل
فَلَاةٌ تُغَوِّلُ, inf. n. تَغْوِيلٌ, [A desert, or water-less desert,] of which the roads, or ways, are unapparent, so that it causes the people thereof [who traverse it] to go astray. (TA.)
3. ⇒ غاول
مُغَاوَلَةٌ is syn. with مُبَادَرَةٌ [The hastening, making haste, or striving to be first or beforehand, in doing or attaining or obtaining a thing], (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) [or] in journeying, &c. (TA.) Jereer says, (Ṣ, O,) or El-Akhtal, (so in the TA,) mentioning a man upon whom horsemen had made a sudden attack, (Ṣ, TA,)
* عَايَنْتُ مُشْعِلَةَ الرِعَالِ كَأَنَّهَا ** طَيْرٌ تُغَاوِلُ فِى شَمَامٍ وُكُورَا *
[I saw those that were spreading themselves of the small parties of horsemen, as though they were birds hastening to nests in (the mountain of) Shemám]. (Ṣ, O, TA.) And it is related in a trad. of 'Ammár, that he was brief in prayer, and said, كُنْتُ أُغَاوِلُ حَاجَةً لِى [I was hastening to accomplish a want that I had]. (TA.) And in a trad. of Keys Ibn-'Ásim, [it is related that he said,] كُنْتُ أُغَاوِلُهُمْ فِى الجَاهِلِيَّةِ i. e. I used to strive to be beforehand with them (أُبَادِرُهُمْ) in making a sudden attack or incursion, and in doing mischief, [in the Time of Ignorance:] or, as some relate it, it is with ر [i. e. كُنْتُ أُغَاوِرُهُمْ I used to make sudden attacks or incursions upon them]. (TA.)
5. ⇒ تغوّل
تَغَوُّلٌ is syn. with تَلَوُّنٌ [which primarily signifies The becoming altered in colour; but here, the varying in state or condition, or in form or appearance; or, agreeably with explanations of its verb by Esh-Shereeshee, (cited in Ḥar p. 480,) the becoming altered in state or condition; and the becoming of various sorts or species]. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) One says, تغوّلت المَرْأَةُ, meaning تلوّنت [The woman varied in state or condition, or in form or appearance,, &c.]: (Ṣ, O, TA:) and in like manner تغوّلت is said of the غُول [q. v.]. (TA.) And The woman made herself to be like the غُول. (TA.) And تَغَوُّلُ الفَلَاةِ means The dubious, and varying, state or condition, of the desert, or waterless desert. (TA.) And one says also, تغوّل الأَمْرُ ‡ The affair, or case, became altered so as to be unknown; [for تَنَاكَرَ, in my original, I read تَنَكَّرَ;] and became dubious, or confused. (TA.)
And تغوّلت الأَرْضُ بِفُلَانٍ: see 1, former half.
And تَغَوَّلَتْهُمُ الغُولُ is said of them who have been made to deviate from, miss, or lose, the right way [by the غُول; i. e. it means The غول made them to deviate, &c.]. (TA.)
[تَغَاوَلُوا i. q. تَبَادَرُوا i. e. They hastened together; vied, or strove, one with another, in hastening; made haste to be, or get, before one another; strove, one with another, to be first, or beforehand, (comp. 3:) expl. by Freytag as meaning “sese invicem studuerunt capere.”]
8. ⇒ اغتول ⇒ اغتال
اغتالهُ: see 1, first sentence, in two places.
Also (Ṣ) He slew him (Ṣ, Mgh, O, Mṣb) covertly (Ṣ,* Mgh, O *) or on an occasion of inadvertence; (Ṣ,* O,* Mṣb;) syn. قَتَلَهُ غِيلَةً↓. (Ṣ, Mgh, O.)
See also 1, latter half.
لَا يَغْتَالُهُ الشَّبَعُ, said of a hawk, (Ṣ, O, TA,), &c., (TA,) signifies ‡ Satiety will not deprive him of his strength, (Ṣ, O, TA,) and his vehemence of flight: meaning that he will not become satiated: (TA:) [it is said that] it occurs in a verse of Zuheyr, [but I do not find it in his Deewán,] describing a hawk. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
هٰذِهِ أَرْضٌ تَغْتَالُ المَشْىَ means † This is a land that renders unapparent in it the footing, or marching, [of travellers,] by reason of its far extent and its width: an ex. of the verb [in this sense] occurs in a verse of El-ʼAjjáj cited voce نِيَاطٌ, in art. نوط. (Ṣ, O.)
[And Freytag adds, in art. غيل, the two following significations: the former, or both, from the Deewán of the Hudhalees: He overtook him in running: (compare 3 and 6 in this art.:)]
[and He filled it so that the space became too contracted to take, or hold.]
غَوْلٌ Far extent of a desert, or waterless desert; (Ṣ, O, TA;) because it destroys him who passes along in it: (Ṣ, TA:) or of a land; because it casts away the travellers, or wayfarers, causes them to fall, or drop down, and removes them far away: and accord. to Lḥ, it is said of a land when one journeys in it without stopping. (TA.) One says, مَا أَبْعَدَ غَوْلَ هٰذِهِ الأَرْضِ How far is the extent of this land! and إِنَّهَا لَبَعِيدَةُ الغَوْلِ [Verily it is far in extent]. (ISh, TA.) And أَرْضٌ ذَاتُ غَوْلٍ A land far extending, though in the view of the eye of little extent: (IKh, TA:) and غَيِّلٌ applied to land is said to have the same meaning. (TA in art. غيل.) And أَغْوَالُ الأَرْضِ [in which اغوال is app. pl. of غَوْلٌ] signifies The extremities of the land. (TA.)
[ناقة غول النجآء is a phrase mentioned without any indication of the meaning in the TA: perhaps نَاقَةُ غَوْلِ النَّجَآءِ, and signifying A she-camel of an exceeding degree of swiftness.]
In the saying in the Ḳur [xxxvii. 46], لَا فِيهَا غَوْلٌ, [referring to the wine of Paradise,] it means The evil result of headache; because it is said in another place, [lvi. 19,] لَا يُصَدَّعُونَ عَنْهَا: (Ṣ, O, TA:) or it [there] means [simply] headache: or intoxication: (Ḳ, TA:) thus some expl. it as used in that instance: (TA:) or, as expl. by AO, it there means privation of the intellectual faculties. (Ṣ, O, TA.)
See also غُولٌ, latter half.
Also Distress, trouble, or molestation: (Ḳ, TA:) thus expl. by some as used in the Ḳur ubi suprà. (TA.)
And Unfaithfulness; or unfaithful acting. (TA.)
أَتَى غَوْلًا غَائِلَةً↓ means He did a cunning, bad, action. (Ḳ.)
Also Much earth. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) Hence the phrase غَوْلًا مِنَ الرَّمْلِ, [app. meaning A large quantity of sand,] in a verse of Lebeed. (Ṣ, O.)
And A collection of [the trees called] طَلْح, (Ḳ, TA,) with which nothing participates. (TA.)
And A low, or depressed, part of the earth, or of land. (Ḳ.)
غُولٌ A kind of [goblin,] demon, devil, or jinnee, which, the Arabs assert, appears to men in the desert, assuming various forms, causing them to wander from the way, and destroying them; (JM, and TA * on the authority of IAth;) but this the Prophet denied, saying, لَا غُولَ; by which, however, accord. to some, he did not mean to deny the existence of the غول, but only the assertion of the Arabs respecting its assuming various forms and its being able to cause any one to go astray: (IAth, JM,* TA:) i. q. سِعْلَاةٌ [q. v.]: or a sort of سِعْلَاة: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb:) or a male jinnee; the female being called سِعْلَاة: (Abu-l-Wefee El-Aarábee, TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَغْوَالٌ and [of mult.] غِيلَانٌ (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and غِوَلَةٌ: (O, TA:) and it signifies also an enchantress of the jinn: (Ḳ:) and a demon, or devil, that eats men: (En-Naḍr, O, Ḳ:) or any jinnee, or devil, or animal of prey, that destroys a man: (TA:) or a certain beast, (Ḳ, TA,) terrible [in appearance], having tusks, or fangs, (TA,) seen by the Arabs, and known by them; and killed by Taäbbata Sharrà: (Ḳ, TA:) and such as varies in form or appearance, of the enchanters and of the jinn; (Ḳ, TA;) on his doing which, as is said in a trad., one should hastily utter the call to prayer, to prevent his mischief by the mention of God: (TA:) or anything by reason of which the intellect departs; as alsoغَوْلٌ↓: (Ḳ:) and anything that takes a man unexpectedly and destroys him: (Ṣ, O, Mṣb:) [whence] one says, الغَضَبُ غُولُ الحِلْمِ Anger [is that which] destroys, and does away with, forbearance, or clemency. (Ṣ, O.)
Also Destruction: [or a cause thereof:] and death; or the decree of death. (Ḳ.) See 1, second sentence.
And A calamity, or misfortune; (Ḳ, TA;) as alsoغَائِلَةٌ↓; (TA;) of which latter the pl. in this sense is غَوَائِلُ; (Ḳ,* TA;) thus mentioned by Ks. (Mṣb.)
And A serpent: pl. أَغْوَالٌ: (Ḳ:) accord. to Az, the Arabs call serpents أَغْوَال; and thus this word is said to mean in the verse of Imra-el-Ḳeys,
* لِيَقْتُلَنِى وَالمَشْرَفِىُّ مُضَاجِعِى ** وَمَسْنُونَةٌ زُرْقٌ كَأَنْيَابِ أَغْوَالِ *
[To slay me, while the Meshrefee sword was my bedfellow, and so were sharpened, polished arrowheads, like the fangs of serpents]: (O, TA:*) but AḤát says that this is meant as an exaggeration: (TA:) and it is said that the poet here means devils. (O, TA.)
غَوْلَانٌ A plant of the [kind called] حَمْض, (AʼObeyd, AḤn, Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) like the أُشْنَان [i. e. kali, or glasswort], (Ḳ,) or, accord. to AḤn, resembling the عُنْظُوَان [which is described as a plant of the حَمْض, or, as some say, the best of the أُشْنَان], except that it is more slender; and it is a pasture. (TA.)
Also sing. of غَوَالِينُ, which signifies [The ribs of a ship or boat, i. e.] the things that resemble the ضُلُوع in a ship or boat. (AA, O, TA.)
غَائِلٌ [act. part. n. of 1].
[Hence,] أَرْضٌ غَائِلَةُ النِّطَآءِ A land that destroys its inhabitant by reason of its far extent. (TA.)
And غَائِلَةٌ [as an epithet applied to a fem. n.] signifies Caused to become absent, or to disappear; hidden, or concealed: or stolen. (ISh, TA.)
And [particularly] Wickedness, or disobedience, of a slave; and his running away; (Mgh in art. عدو, and Mṣb;) and the like thereof: pl. غَوَائِلُ. (Mṣb.)
And [hence, perhaps, (as denoting a cause for reclaiming the price of a slave,) it is said that] it signifies A right which another than the seller has to the possession of a slave, whereby the sale is annulled, and the seller is obliged to return the price to the purchaser. (TA. voce خِبْثَةٌ.)
See also غُولٌ, latter half.
[Its pl.] غَوَائِلُ also signifies Places of destruction. (TA.)
And you say, أَخَافُ غَائِلَتَهُ, meaning I fear the result, and the evil, or mischief, thereof. (TA.)
Also A hole, or perforation, of a watering-trough, or tank, (IAạr, O, Ḳ,* TA,) that causes the water to pass away: (TA:) pl. غَوَائِلُ. (IAạr, O, TA.)
عَيْشٌ غُوَّلٌ: see أَغْوَلُ.
أَرْضٌ غَيِّلَةٌ A land far extending. (Lḥ, TA.) [Mentioned also in art. غيل.]
أَغْوَلُ [More, and most, destructive]. One says, أَيَّةُ غُولٍ أَغْوَلُ مِنَ الغَضَبِ [What destroyer is more destructive than anger?]. (Ṣ, O: immediately following the explanation of the saying, الغَضَبُ غُولُ الحِلْمِ.)
[Hence, perhaps,] عَيْشٌ أَغْوَلُ A soft, or plentiful and easy, life; (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ;) as alsoغُوَّلٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
مِغْوَلٌ [primarily] An instrument with which a thing is destroyed. (Ḥam p. 648.)
And [hence] used as meaning A knife: and in common acceptation, a knife that is put in the midst of a whip which is as a sheath to it: (Ḥam ibid.:) a knife to which a whip is a sheath: (Mgh:) or a slender sword, having a flat back (لَهُ قَفًا), (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) like the knife, (Mṣb,) the sheath of which is like the whip: (Ṣ, O:) or an iron [weapon] that is put within a whip, which thus becomes to it a sheath: (Ḳ:) or a whip in the interior of which is a sword: (AʼObeyd, TA:) said to be thus called because its owner destroys with it his enemy unexpectedly: pl. مَغَاوِلُ: (TA:) and a thing like a مِشْمَل [or short and slender sword over which a man covers himself with his garment], except that it is more slender, and longer: (Ḳ:) and a long نَصْل [or blade], (AḤn, Ḳ, TA,) of little breadth, thick in the مَتْن [which generally means the part in the middle of which is the ridge, but may here mean the back]: (AḤn, TA:) or a short sword which a man wears inwrapped beneath his clothes: (TA:) or a slender sword, having a flat back (لَهُ قَفًا): (Ḳ:) or a slender iron [weapon], having a sharp edge and a flat back (وَقَفًا), which the assassin binds upon his waist in order that he may therewith destroy men. (TA.)
[Hence,] فَرَسٌ ذَاتُ مِغْوَلٍ ‡ A mare having a quality, or faculty, of outstripping: (O, Ḳ, TA:) as though she destroyed the [other] horses so that they fell short of reaching her. (TA.)
نَزَلُوا مُغَاوِلِينَ, occurring in a trad. respecting the lie [that was uttered against ʼÁïsheh, to which allusion is made in the Ḳur xxiv. 11], means They alighted [after] going far in the journeying. (TA.)