, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) aor. غَضِفَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. غَضْفٌ, (TA,) He broke it, namely, a branch, or stick, or the like, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA,) and a thing, (TA,) but not thoroughly. (Ṣ, O, TA.) [See also 2.]―
And غَضَفَ أُذُنَهَ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Ṣ, O,) He (a dog) relaxed his ear, and folded, or creased, it: (Ṣ, O, Ḳ, TA:) [see, again, 2:] or غَضَفَ أُذُنَهَ, inf. n. غَضْفَانٌ and غَضَفَانٌ, he (a dog) twisted his ear: and in like manner one says of the wind, [غَضَفَتْهَا,] i. e. it twisted it. (TA.) And غضَف الوِسَادَةَ He folded the pillow [so as to make creases in it]. (Ḥam p. 785. [But perhaps this is correctly ↓غضّف: comp. its quasi-pass., 5.])―
غَضَفَتْ said of [wild] she-asses, (O,) or of a she-ass, (Ḳ,) aor. as above, (O, TA,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) signifies أَخَذَتِ الجَرْىَ أَخْذًا [as though meaning They, or she, restrained the running, i. e. their, or her, running; agreeably with what here follows]: (O, Ḳ, TA:) غَضَفَ, [for غَضَفَ مِنَ الجَرْىِ,] said of a horse &c., means he lessened, lit. took from, the rate of the running, (أَخَذَ مِنَ الجَرْىِ,) without reckoning: (L, TA:) Umeiyeh Ibn-Abee- 'Áïdh El-Hudhalee says,
(O, TA) meaning He (the ass) withholds somewhat of his running, (يَكُفُّ بَعْضَ جَرْيِهِ,) and they (the she-asses) lessen, lit. take from, the [or rather a] first, or former, rate of their running, (يَأْخُذْنَ أَخْذًا مِنْ أَوَّلِ جَرْيِهِنَّ,) without reckoning: (Skr: see Kosegarten's “ Carmina Hudsailitarum, ” p. 189:) Skr says, in explanation of the citation above from Umeiyeh, that غَضْفٌ signifies the act of taking and lading out [with the hand] (أَخْذٌ and غَرْفٌ); and on one occasion he says, the taking easily; [adding,] one says, غَضَفَ فُلَانٌ مِنْ طَعَامٍ لَيِّنٍ [Such a one took, or laded out with his hand, from soft food]. (TA.)* يَغُضُّ وَيَغْضِفْنَ مِنْ رَيِّقٍ *
غَضَفَ العَيْشُ, inf. n. غُضُوفٌ, The life was soft, or easy, and plentiful. (TA.)
غَضِفَ, [aor. غَضَفَ, inf. n. غَضَفٌ,] He (a dog, Ṣ) was, or became, relaxed, or flabby, in the ear. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) And غَضِفَتِ الأُذُنُ, inf. n. غَضَفٌ, is said to mean The ear was, or became, long and relaxed or flabby: or it advanced upon the face: or it retired towards the head: or its extremities folded upon the inner part thereof: or, in a dog, it turned towards the back of the neck: or it became folded, or creased, naturally. (TA.) [See also غَضَفٌ, below: and see 7.]―
غَضِفَ اللَّيْلُ: see 4.