عنب عنبر عنبس


عَنْبَرٌ

[Ambergris;] a certain odoriferous substance, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ,) well known; (O, Mṣb;) an excrement found in the belly of a certain great fish, [the spermaceti-whale,] which is called by the same name; (Towsheeh, TA;) or an excrement of a certain marine beast; (Ḳ;) or, accord. to Ks, a vegetable [substance found] in the bottom of the sea and driven by the waves to the shores thereof, whence it is taken; (O;) or, (O, Ḳ,) as the physicians say, (O,) it issues from a source in the sea; (O, * Ḳ;) [and there are other opinions respecting its origin, mentioned in the TA; but these I do not add, as it is well known to be an excrement of the spermaceti-whale;] the best kind is the white, and the whitish; next, the blue [or gray]; and the worst, the black: (TA:) the word is masc. and fem., (AA, IAmb, O, Mṣb,) like مِسْكٌ: (IAmb, TA voce ذَكِىٌّ:) MF says that most hold the ن to be augmentative, the measure being فَنْعَلٌ, as it is said to be in the Mṣb. (TA.)
[As mentioned above, it signifies also The spermaceti-whale;] a certain great fish; (Mṣb in art. عبر;) a certain marine fish, (Az, O, Ḳ,) the length of which reaches to fifty cubits, called in Pers. ۩اله [app. a mistranscription for وَالْ: see بَالٌ]: (Az, TA:) shields are made of its skin; (Mgh, O, TA;) and the people of Juddeh have sandals, or shoes, made thereof. (O, TA.)
And hence, (O,) A shield (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) made of the skin of the fish above-mentioned: (O, Ḳ:) and some say, coats of defence (دُرُوع). (O.)
Also Saffron. (Ḳ.)
And (as some say, TA) [The plant called] وَرْس. (Ḳ.)
[Accord. to Forskål (Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. lxiv.) now applied to Gomphrena globosa.]
See also the next paragraph, in two places.

عَنْبَرَةُ قَوْمٍ

The purity of the pedigrees of a people. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O, Ḳ.) Hence the vulgar say of a thing that is pure, هٰذَا عَنْبَر. (TA.)
عَنْبَرَةُ القِدْرِ The onion: (Ḳ:) because it makes [the contents of] the قدر to become savoury. (TA.)
عَنْبَرَةُ الشِّتَآء, (Ks, O, Ḳ, TA,) or, accord. to Kr, it is الشتآءِ عَنْبَرُ, (TA,) The vehemence, or rigour, of winter. (Ks, Kr, O, Ḳ.)

عَنْبَرِىٌّ

Of, or belonging to, بَنُو العَنْبَرِ, (O, Ḳ,) or بَلْعُنْبَرِ, (O,) a tribe of تَمِيم, (O,) who were the most skilful people as guides: (O, Ḳ:) hence the proverbial saying, أَنْتَ عَنْبَرِىٌّ بِهٰذَا البَلَدِ [Thou art an 'Amberee in this country, or district]. (O, Ḳ. *)