, (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) aor. عَقُ3َ, (TA,) inf. n. عَقٌّ, (Mgh, O, Mṣb, TA,) He clave, split, slit, ripped, or rent; (Mgh, O, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) and he cut. (Mgh, O, TA.) You say, عَقَّ ثَوْبَهُ He slit, ripped, or rent, his garment. (Mṣb.) And عُقَّتْ تَمِيمَتُهُ فِى بَنِى فُلَانٍ [His amulet was cut off among the sons of such a one]; said of a boy when he has attained to the prime of manhood, and become strong, with a tribe; originating from the fact that as long as the boy was an infant, his mother hung upon him amulets to preserve him from the evil eye; and when he became full-grown, they were cut off from him: whence the saying of a poet,―
[A country in which the attaining to the prime of manhood cut off my amulet, and the first land of which the dust touched my skin]. (TA.)* بِلَادٌ بِهَا عَقَّ الشَّبَابُ تَمِيمَتِى ** وَأَوَّلُ أَرْضٍ مَسَّ جِلْدِى تُرَابُهَا *
And [hence,] عَقَّتِ الرِّيحُ المُزْنَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, The wind drew forth a shower of fine rain from the مزن [or clouds containing water]; as though it rent them. (TA.) And عُقَّتِ السَّحَابَةُ The cloud poured forth its water; [as though it were rent;] and ↓اِنْعَقَّت [means the same]; (TA;) and ↓اعتقّت [likewise]. (O.)―
And عَقَّ عَنْ وَلَدِهِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or عَنِ المَوْلُودِ, (Ḳ,) aor. عَقُ3َ (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA) and عَقِ3َ, (TA,) inf. n. عَقٌّ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) He slaughtered as a sacrifice (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) for his child, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or for the new-born child, (Ḳ,) a sheep or goat, (T, Mṣb, TA,) [generally the latter,] on the seventh day after the birth. (T, Ṣ, Mṣb, TA.) And He shaved the [hair termed] عَقِيقَة [q. v.] (Ṣ, TA) of his child, (Ṣ,) or of the new-born child. (TA.)―
And عَقَّ بِالسَّهْمِ He shot the arrow towards the sky; and that arrow was called عَقِيقَةٌ; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) and it was the arrow of self-excuse: they used to do thus in the Time of Ignorance [on the occasion of a demand for blood-revenge]; and if the arrow returned smeared with blood, they were not content save with the retaliation of slaughter; but if it returned clean, they stroked their beards, and made reconciliation on the condition of the bloodwit; the stroking of the beards being a sign of reconciliation: the arrow, however, as IAạr says, did not [ever] return otherwise than clean: (Ṣ, O:) the origin was this: a man of the tribe was slain, and the slayer was prosecuted for his blood; whereupon a company of the chief men [of the family of the slayer] collected themselves together to the heirs [who claimed satisfaction for the blood] of the slain, and offered the bloodwit, asking forgiveness for the blood; and if the heir [who claimed satisfaction and who acted for himself and his coheirs] was a strong man, impatient of injury, he refused to take the bloodwit; but if weak, he consulted the people of his tribe, and then said to the petitioners, “ We have, between us and our Creator, a sign denoting command and prohibition: we take an arrow, and set it on a bow, and shoot it towards the sky; and if it return to us smeared with blood, we are forbidden to take the bloodwit, and are not content save with the retaliation of slaughter; but if it return clean, as it went up, we are commanded to take the bloodwit: ” so they made reconciliation; for this arrow never returned otherwise than clean; and thus they had an excuse in the opinion of the ignorant of them. (L, TA.) A poet (Ṣ, O, TA) of the family of the slain, said by some to be of Hudheyl, by IB to be El-As'ar El-Joafee, who was absent from this reconciliation, (TA,) says,―
[They shot an arrow towards the sky; them they said, “ Make ye reconciliation: ” would that I were among the party when they stroked the beards]: (Ṣ, O, TA:) or, as some relate it, the first word is عَقَّوْا, with fet-h to the ق; which belongs to the class of unsound verbs [i. e. to art. عقى]. (Ṣ, O.)* عَقُّوا بِسَهْمٍ ثُمَّ قَالُوا صَالِحُوا ** يَا لَيْتَنِى فِى القَوْمِ إِذْ مَسَحُوا الِلُّحَى *
One says also, عَقَّ وَالِدَهُ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) or أَبَاهُ, (Mṣb,) aor. عَقُ3َ, (Ṣ, O, Mṣb,) inf. n. عُقُوقٌ (Ṣ, O, Mṣb, Ḳ) and مَعَقَّةٌ (Ṣ, O, Ḳ) and عَقٌّ, (TA,) He was undutiful, disobedient, refractory, or ill-mannered, to his parent, or father; contr. of بَرَّهُ; (Ḳ;) he broke his compact of obedience to his parent, or father; (TA;) he disobeyed his father; and failed, or neglected, to behave to him in a good, or comely, manner. (Mṣb.) And عَقَّ الرَّحِمَ, (TA, and Ḥam p. 93,) like قَطَعَهَا [i. e. He severed the tie, or ties, of relationship, by unkind behaviour to his kindred]. (Ḥam ib.) And عَقَّ [alone], aor. عَقُ3َ, inf. n. عُقُوقٌ, [He was undutiful, &c.; or he acted undutifully, &c.; or] he contravened, or opposed, him whom he was under an obligation to obey. (Ḥar p. 158.) عُقُوقُ الوَالِدَيْنِ [Undutiful treatment, &c., of the two parents] is said in a trad. to be one of the great sins. (O.) And it is said in a prov., العُقُوقُ أَحَدُ الثُّكْلَيْنِ [Undutiful treatment of a parent is one of the two sorts of being bereft of a child]: or, as some relate it, العُقُوقُ ثُكْلُ مَنْ لَمْ يَثْكَلْ [Undutiful treatment of a parent is (like) the bereavement of him who is not (really) bereft of his child]: i. e. he whom his children have treated undutifully (مِنْ عَقَّهُ وَلَدُهُ) is as though he were bereft of his children although they are living. (O.) [See also 3: and 4.]―
Hence, from عُقُوقُ الوَالِدَيْنِ, the verb is metaphorically used in the saying, in a trad., مَثَلُكُمْ وَمَثَلُ عَائِشَةَ مَثَلُ العَيْنِ فِى الرَّأْسِ تُؤْذِى صَاحِبَهَا وَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَعُقَّهَا إِلَّا بِٱلَّذِى هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَهَا (tropical:) [The similitude of you and of 'Áïsheh is that of the eye in the head, when it hurts its owner, and he cannot treat it severely save with that which is good for it: app. meaning that her severity was for the good of the objects thereof]. (TA.)
عَقَّ, intrans., said of lightning: see 7.
عَقَّتْ said of a mare, and of an ass: see 4.
عَقَّتِ الدَّلْوُ, inf. n. عَقُّ, means The bucket came up full from the well; and some of the Arabs say عَقَّت as having تَعْقِيَةٌ for its inf. n.; but it is [said to be] originally ↓عَقَّقَت, the third ق being changed into ى, [which is then in this case suppressed,] like as they said تَظَنَّيْتُ from الظَّنُّ: [it is, however, mentioned in the TA in art. عقو also, and there expl. as meaning it rose in the well turning round: and from what here follows, it appears to mean it rose swiftly, cleaving the air:] a poet, cited by IAạr, says, of a bucket,
meaning It clave [the air of] the well, rising swiftly, like the hastening of the swift eagle in its flight towards the prey. (TA in the present art.)* عَقَّتْ كَمَا عَقَّتْ دَلُوفُ العِقْبَانٌ *