عفن عفو عفى
عَفَا, aor. يَعْفُو, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. عَفَآءٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and عُفُوٌّ and عَفْوٌ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) It was, or became, effaced, erased, rased, or obliterated; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoتعفّى↓: (Ḳ:) and it, or he, perished, came to nought or to an end, or died. (Ṣ, TA.) One says, عَفَا الأَثَرُ The trace, vestige, or footprint, was, or became, effaced, &c. (TA.) And [hence,] عَفَا أَثَرُهُ, inf. n. عَفَآءٌ, He perished, or died. (Ḳ.) And عَفَا المَنْزِلُ, aor. as above. (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and so the inf. ns. as in the first sentence, (Mṣb,) the place of alighting, or abode, was, or became effaced, &c., (Ṣ, Mṣb:) and عَفَت الدَّارُ. aor. تعْفُو, inf. a عَفَآءٌ and عُفُوٌّ [and عَفْوٌ]: (TA;) andتَعَفَّت↓, (Ṣ, TA.) andعَفَّت↓ also; (TA;) The house, or dwelling, or abode, was, or became, effaced, &c. (Ṣ, TA) AʼObeyd cites, as an ex. of العَفَآءُ signifying the being, or becoming, effaced, &c., and the perishing, &c., the saying of Zuheyr, (Ṣ, TA.) mentioning a dwelling, or an abode, (TA.)
* تَحَمَّلُ أَهُلَهَا عَنْهَا فَبَانُوا ** عَلَى آثَارِ مَا ذَهَبَ العَفَآءُ *
[Its occupants departed from it, and separated themselves, or removed far away; may the state of that which is effaced, &c., be or rest, upon the traces of what has gone away; or the meaning may be, dust is upon the traces &c., (see عَفَآءٌ as a subst., below;) but it is not thus accord to AʼObeyd; for] he says, This is like their saying عَلَيْهِ الدَّبَارُ as an imprecation against one expressing a prayer that he may go away and not return. (Ṣ, TA.) MF says that عَفَا is one of those verbs that have contr. significations, for at signifies It was, or became, unapparent, or imperceptible and also It was, or became, apparent, or perceptible: and it has two other contr. significations, which will be mentioned in what follows (TA.)
And عَفْوٌ signifies also The act of effacing, erasing, rasing, or obliterating. (Ḳ, TA.) One says, عَفَتِ الرِّيحُ الأَثَرَ, (TA,) or المَنْزِلَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and الدَّارَ, (TA,) the wind effaced, &c, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) the trace, vestige, or footprint, (TA,) or the place of alighting, or abode, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and the house, or dwelling, or abode: (TA:) and in like manner,عَفَّتِ↓ الرِّيحُ الدَّارَ, (Ṣ, TA,) inf. n. تَعْفِيَةٌ, (TA,) in which the verb is with teshdeed to denote intensiveness [of the signification, i. e. the wind effaced, &c., mightily, or utterly, the house, or dwelling, or abode]: (Ṣ, TA:) andعَفَّى↓ عَلَى أَثَرِهِ It, or he, effaced its, or his, trace, vestige, or footprint. (MA.)
Hence, as some say, عَفَا ٱللّٰهُ عَنْكَ i. e. May God efface [from thee thy sin, &c.; meaning may God absolve thee]; (TA;) or may God efface thy sins: (Mṣb:) [and عُفِىَ عَنْهُ May he be absolved, or forgiven, or pardoned:] and hence the saying in a trad., سَلُوا ٱللّٰهَ العَفْوَ i. e. [Ask ye of God] the effacement of sin; [or ask ye of God absolution, or forgiveness, or pardon;] andالمُعَافَاةَ↓, andالعَافِيَةَ↓ [which have a similar meaning: see 3]: (TA:) and one says, عَفَوْتُ عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ, meaning I left him, and did not punish him: (Ṣ:) or عَفَوْتُ عَنْهُ and عَفَوْتُ عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ and عَفَوْتُ لَهُ عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ i. e. I turned away from him, or from his crime, sin, fault, or offence; syn. صَفَحْتُ عَنْهُ; and I turned away (أَعْرَضْتُ) from punishing him: (Mgh:) or العَفْوُ signifies the turning away (الصَّفْحُ, Ḳ, TA) from the committer of a crime or the like; (TA;) and the relinquishing the punishment of the deserving [thereof]: and one says, عَفَا عَنْهُ and عَفَا لَهُ ذَنْبَهُ and عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ [he turned away from him, or from his crime, &c; and relinquished the infliction of his merited punishment, i. e. forgave him, or pardoned him]: (Ḳ, TA:) or عَفَا عَنْهُ ذَنْبَهُ and عَفَا لَهُ ذَنْبَهُ and عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ: (so accord. to the CK:) accord. to MF, the primary signification of العَفْوُ is التَّرْكُ: but this is not the case: and الصَّفْحُ [by which it is expl. in the Ḳ] is [or rather implies] the relinquishing of blame, or reproof, or of severe, or angry, blame or reproof; and this is more than [is signified by] العَفْوُ, for the latter is sometimes without the former: the primary signification of العَفْوُ [when trans.] is [said to be] the purposing to take a thing; and Er-Rághib says that عَفَوْتُ عَنْكَ is as though it meant I have purposed to remove [or to take away] thy crime or the like: (TA:) [but I think that the primary signification of العَفْوُ when its object is a crime or the like is that of effacement: and hence likewise what next follows:]
العَفْوُ is also metaphorically used as meaning ‡ The withdrawing from a right, or due, and from seeking, or demanding, it: and thus the verb is used in the Ḳur ii. 238 [q. v.]: and in the saying of the Prophet, عَفَوْنَا لَكُمْ عَنْ صَدَقَةِ الخَيْلِ وَالرَّقِيقِ [i. e. ‡ We have remitted to you the poor-rate of horses and of the slave or slaves]: (Mgh:) [and hence] عَفَوْتُ عَنِ الحَقِّ means † I have annulled [or remitted] the right, or due; as though I erased it from [the account of] him who owed it: (Mṣb:) and عَفَوْتُ لَهُ عَنْ مَا لِى عَلَيْهِ † I have relinquished [or remitted] to him what was due to me on his part. (TA.)
عَفَا signifies also It was, or became, much in quantity, or many in number: (Mṣb, MF, TA:) and also the contr., i. e. It was, or became, little in quantity, or few in number. (MF, TA.) It is said in the former sense of hair, and of herbage, &c.: (Ṣ:) or, said of hair, It was, or became, long, and much in quantity; (TA;) and said of the hair of a camel, (Ḳ,) or of the hair of a camel's back, (TA,) it became abundant and long, and covered his rump; (Ḳ, TA;) and said of herbage, it was, or became, much in quantity, and tall. (TA.) And عَفَوْا in the Ḳur vii. 93 means They became many, or numerous. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) And عَفَتِ الأَرْضُ The land became covered with herbage. (Ḳ and TḲ. [In the CK, والارضَ is erroneously put for وَالأَرْضُ.])
And عَفَوْتُهُ I made it to become much in quantity, or many in number; as alsoأَعْفَيْتُهُ↓; (Ṣ,* Mṣb, TA;*) and soعَفَّيْتُهُ↓. (TA.) Accord. to Es-Sarakustee, one says, عَفَوْتُ الشَّعَرَ, aor. أَعْفُوهُ, inf. n. عَفْوٌ; and عَفَيْتُهُ, aor. أَعْفِيهِ, inf. n. عَفَىٌ; meaning I left the hair to become abundant and long. (Mṣb.) And one says,اعفى↓ اللِّحْيَةَ He left the beard to become abundant and long, (Mgh, Ḳ, TA,) having ceased from cutting it: (Mgh:) whence, (TA,) it is said in a trad., أَمَرَ أَنْ تُحْفَى الشَّوَارِبُ وَتُعْفَى اللُّحَى [He commanded that the mustaches should be clipped closely, or much, and that the beards should be left to become abundant and long]: (Ṣ, TA:) or أَحْفُوا الشَّوَارِبَ وَأَعْفُوا اللِّحَى [Clip ye &c.], and one may also use the unaugmented verb [saying وَٱعْفُوا, from عَفَا]. (Mṣb, TA.) Andأَعْفَيْتُ↓ شَعَرَ البَعِيرِ, (Ḳ,) or شَعَرَ ظَهْرِ البَعِيرِ, (TA,) I left the hair of the camel, or the hair of the back of the camel, to become abundant and long; as alsoعَفَّيْتُهُ↓; (Ḳ, TA;) this latter with teshdeed. (TA. [In the CK, عَفَيْتُهُ.]) عَفَا الصُّوفَ, expl. in the Ḳ as signifying He shore, or sheared, the wool, signifies he left the wool to become abundant and long, then shore, or sheared, it. (TA.)
Also, inf. n. عَفْوٌ, i. q. فَضَلَ [It exceeded; it was, or became, redundant, or superfluous; or it remained over and above]. (Mṣb.) You say, خُذْ مَا صَفَا وَعَفَا, [correctly, مَا عَفَا وَصَفَا,] meaning فَضَلَ وَتَسَهَّلَ [i. e. Take thou what has exceeded, or become redundant, and has become facilitated]. (Mgh.)
[And He exceeded.] You say, عَفَا عَلَيْهِ فِى العِلْمِ He exceeded him in knowledge; syn. زَادَ. (Ḳ.) And هُوَ يَعْفُو عَلَى مُنْيَةِ المُتَمَنِّى وَسُؤَالِ السَّائِلِ He exceeds, in giving, the wish of the wisher and the petition of the petitioner. (TA.) And عَفَوْتُ لَهُ بِمَالِى I exceeded to him [what was incumbent on me] with my property, and gave him. (TA.)
And عَفَا, aor. يَعْفُو, signifies also [simply] He gave. (TA.) Andاعفاهُ↓ He gave to him, namely, one seeking, or demanding, his beneficence. (Ḥam pp. 377 and 723.) Andاعفاهُ↓ بِحَقِّهِ He gave to him fully, or wholly, his right, or due. (Ḥar p. 117.)
And عَفَوْتُ لَهُ مِنَ المَرَقِ I laded out for him first, and gave to him in preference, some of the broth. (Ṣ. [See عِفَاوَةٌ.])
And عَفَوْتُ القِدْرَ I left in the bottom of the cooking-pot [as a gratuity for the lender thereof] the last of the broth, which is termed the عُفَاوَة. (Ṣ.)
And عَفَوْتُ الرَّجُلَ I asked, or petitioned, the man. (Mṣb.) And عَفَوْتُهُ andاِعْتَفَيْتُهُ↓ I came to him seeking, or demanding, his beneficence: you say, فُلَانٌ تَعْفُوهُ الأَضْيَافُ andتَعْتَفِيهِ↓ [Such a one, guests come to him seeking, or demanding, his hospitality]. (Ṣ.)
And عَفَتِ الإِبِلُ المَرْعَى, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. تَعْفُوهُ, inf. n. عَفْوٌ, (TA,) The camels took [or cropped] the pasture near by. (Ḳ, TA.)
عَفَا المَآءُ The water was untrodden by what would render it turbid. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
عَفَّتِ الدَّارُ: -b2- and عَفَّتِ الرِّيحُ الدَّارَ: and عَفَّى عَلَى أَثَرِهِ: see 1, former half, in three places. [Hence] one says, عَفَّى عَلَيْهِمُ الخَبَالُ, inf. n. تَعْفِيَةٌ, [Perdition, or destruction, &c., effaced them,] meaning ‡ they died. (Z, Ḳ, TA.) And عَفَّى عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْهُ [He effaced what had proceeded from him], meaning † he acted well, or rightly, after acting ill, or wrongly. (Ṣ.)
See also 1, latter half, in two places.
[Hence] one says, عَفُّوا ظَهْرَ هٰذَا الجَمَلِ, meaning Leave ye this camel [lit. the back of this camel] so that he may become fat. (TA.)
عافاهُ ٱللّٰهُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) مِنَ المَكْرُوهِ, inf. n. مُعَافَاةٌ (Ḳ) and عِفَآءٌ (TA as from the Ḳ) andعَافِيَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) or this is a subst. (Ṣ, Mṣb) put in the place of an inf. n., (Ṣ,) or also an inf. n.; (Mṣb;) andاعفاهُ↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) God granted him [health, or soundness, and safety, or security, i. e.] defence (Ṣ, Ḳ) from diseases and from trial: (Ḳ:) or [restored him to health, or soundness, and to security from punishment, i. e.] effaced from him diseases, and sins. (Mṣb. See also 1, former half.) And عُوفِىَ andاعفى↓ [the latter perhaps أَعْفَى, but more probably, I think, أُعْفِىَ, agreeably with what here precedes,] are both used in the same sense, said of a sick person [as meaning He was restored to health, or soundness]. (TA.)
And مُعَافَاةٌ signifies also God's defending thee from men and defending them from thee: (Ḳ, TA:) IAth says that it signifies his rendering thee independent, or in no need, of them, and rendering them independent, or in no need, of thee, and averting their harm from thee and thy harm from them: and some say that it signifies one's forgiving, or pardoning, men, and their forgiving, or pardoning, him. (TA. [See also 6.])
اعفاهُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ He made him to be free, or exempted him, from the affair. (Ḳ.) You say, أَعْفِنِى مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ and أَعْفِ عَنِّى مِنْهُ [Make thou me to be free, or exempt thou me, from this affair]. (TA.) And أَعْفِنِى مِنَ الخُرُوجِ مَعَكَ Exempt thou me, or excuse me, from going forth with thee. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb.*)
See also 3, in two places:
and 1, latter half, in three places:
and the same paragraph, last quarter, in two places.
اعفى also signifies He expended the عَفْو of his property; (Ḳ, TA;) i. e., the clear portion thereof; or the redundant portion of it. (TA.)
And He was, or became, a possessor of much property; and independent, or in no need. (TA.)
see 1, first and fourth sentences.
التَّعَافِى signifies [The forgiving, or pardoning, one another, or] the turning away from punishing one another: and تَعَافَوُا الحُدُودَ فِيمَا بَيْنَكُمْ, originally تَعَافَوْا عَنِ الحُدُودِ, [i. e. Relinquish ye the prescribed punishments in respect of what occurs between you,] means let every one of you turn away from [or relinquish] punishing his fellow; the phrase being elliptical, or the verb being made to imply the meaning of التَّرْك, and therefore being made trans. in the same manner as الترك: [hence,] لَوْ تَعَافَيْتُهَا is used by El-Hareeree as meaning If I relinquished them: (Ḥar p. 60:) [and hence] it is said that التَّعَافِى signifies التَّجَاوُزُ [app. when each is followed by عَنْ, and thus meaning The passing by, or over, another, or one another, without punishing]. (TA.)
And it signifies also The finding, experiencing, or obtaining, health, or soundness. (KL.)
see 1, last sentence but two, in two places:
and see also the paragraph here following.
الاِسْتِعْفَآءُ is Thy seeking, or demanding, of him who imposes upon thee an affair that is difficult, or troublesome, or inconvenient, his exempting, or excusing, thee from doing it. (Ḳ.) You say, اِسْتَعْفَاهُ مِنَ الخُرُوجِ مَعَهُ He asked, or petitioned, him to exempt, or excuse, him from going forth with him. (Ṣ, Mṣb,* TA.)
اِسْتَعْفَتِ الإِبِلُ اليَبِيسَ andاِعْتَفَتْهُ↓ mean The camels took with their lips the dry herbage (Ḳ, TA) from above the dust, (TA,) picking out the clear, or best. (Ḳ, TA.)
عَفًا: see عَفْوٌ, second and last sentences.
عِفًا: see the next paragraph, last sentence.
عَفْوٌ [an inf. n.; for which see 1, throughout.]
[And also] A land in which is no sign of the way nor trace of habitation or cultivation; untrodden, and not having in it any traces, or vestiges, or footprints: (Ṣ:) or a country, or portion of the earth or of land, in which is no trace of its being possessed by any one: and soعَفًا↓. (Ḳ.)
And A redundant portion, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) being such as is left, (Mgh,) of property, remaining over and above what is expended. (Ṣ.) A poet says, [app. addressing his wife,]
* خُذِى العَفْوَ مِنِّى تَسْتَدِيمِى مَوَدَّتِى ** وَلَا تَنْطِقِى فِى سَوْرَتِى حِينَ أَغْضَبُ *
[Take thou what is redundant from me, seeking the continuance of my affection; and speak not in my fit of irritation, when I am angry]. (Ṣ.) قُلِ العَفْوَ, in the Ḳur [ii. 217], means Say thou, Expend ye what is redundant and abundant. (TA.) And خُدِ العَفْوَ, in the same [vii. 198]. means [Take thou, or accept thou,] what is redundant: or accept thou what is easily obtained from the dispositions of men; and oppose them not, for in that case they would oppose thee, and thence would be engendered hatred and enmity. (TA.) And you say, أَعْطَيْتُهُ عَفْوَ المَالِ i. e. [I gave him, of the property, that for which he did not ask; or spontaneously;] without being asked. (Ṣ.) And أَعْطَيْتُهُ عَفْوًا [I gave him spontaneously;] without being asked: (Ḳ, TA:) or without constraint. (TA.) And أَدْرَكَ الأَمْرَ عَفْوًا He attained the thing easily. (TA.) And أَتَانِى ذٰلِكَ عَفْوًا [That came to me easily]. (A and Ḳ in art. غمض.)
Also The portion of water that remains over and above what is required by the شَارِيَة [which may mean either the people that dwell thereby and to whom it belongs or the drinkers], (Ḳ, TA,) and is taken without constraint and without crowding or pressing. (TA.)
And The most lawful, (أَحَلُّ,) so in the copies of the Ḳ, but in the M أَجْمَلُ [most beautiful, or goodly], (TA,) and most pleasant, of wealth, or property: (M, Ḳ, TA:) and the clear portion thereof. (TA.)
And The choice, and best, or most excellent, portion of a thing, (Ḳ, TA,) and such as is not attended with fatigue, or weariness. (TA.)
And Goodness, or beneficence; or a benefit, or benefaction: syn. مَعْروفٌ. (Ḳ.)
And A first run: one says of a courser, هُوَ ذُو عَفْوٍ وَعَقِبٍ He has a first run, and a subsequent, and more vehement, ran. (A in art. عقب.)
Also, andعُفْوٌ↓, andعِفْوٌ↓, A young ass; and soعَفًا↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or, accord. to ISk, عِفًا↓: (Ṣ:) and the female is called عَفْوَةٌ (Ṣ, TA) andعِفَاوَةٌ↓: (TA:) pl. [of mult.], accord. to the copies of the Ḳ, عَفْوَةٌ, but correctly عِفَوَةٌ, said by ISd to be the only instance of a word with و as a final radical movent after a fet-ḥah, (TA,) and عِفَآءٌ, (ISd, Ḳ, TA,) and [of pauc.] أَعْفَآءٌ: (ISd, TA:) and [hence] أَبُو العِفَآءِ means The ass; (Ḳ, TA;) [lit. the father of the young asses;] العفَآء being pl. of عَفْوٌ signifying the young ass. (TA.)
عُفْوٌ and عِفْوٌ: see the next preceding sentence.
عَفْوَةٌ A bloodwit: (Ḳ, TA:) because by means of it pardon is obtained from the heirs of the slain man. (TA.)
عَفْوَةُ القِدْرِ andعِفْوَتُهَا↓ andعُفْوَتُهَا↓, as alsoعَفَاوَتُهَا↓, andعِفَاوَتُهَا↓ andعُفَاوَتُهَا↓, signify The froth, or foam, of the cooking-pot; (Ḳ, TA;) and the best, or choice, portion thereof, i. e., [of the contents] of the cookingpot; (TA:) orالعِفَاوَةُ↓ signifies the broth that is first taken up out of the cooking-pot, and with which he who is honoured is peculiarly favoured: or, as some say, the first and best of the broth: andالعَفَاوَةُ↓, the last of the broth, which the borrower of the cooking-pot returns with the cooking-pot. (Ṣ, TA. [See also عَافٍ.])
عَفْوَةُ المَرْعَى is What has not been depastured, of herbage, and is therefore abundant. (TA.)
And عَفْوَةُ المَآءِ is The supply of water that has collected before the drawing from it. (TA.)
عُفْوَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph:
and also the next following, in two places.
عِفْوَةٌ: see عَفْوَةٌ.
Also, (Ṣ, TA,) andعَفْوَةٌ↓, (TA,) The best, or choice, (Ṣ, TA,) and abundant, (TA,) of a thing, (Ṣ,) or of property, (TA,) and of food, and of beverage. (Ṣ, TA.) One says, ذَهَبَتْ عِفْوَةُ هٰذَا النَّبْتِ The soft, or tender, and best, of this herbage, has gone: (Ṣ, TA:) and accord. to the M, عُفْوَةٌ↓, with damm, signifies such as is soft, or tender, of any herbage, and such as has not in it anything troublesome, or burdensome, to the pasturing cattle. (M, TA.)
And عِفْوَةٌ andعُفْوَةٌ↓ signify The hair of the head of a man. (TA.)
عَفَآءٌ [an inf. n.: used as a subst., signifying The state of being effaced, erased, rased, or obliterated: and of perishing, or dying.]
[Also] Dust. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) One says, in reviling, بِفِيهِ العَفَآءُ وَعَلَيْهِ العَفَآءُ [In his mouth be dust, and may the state of that which is effaced, &c., be, or rest, upon him: see also the verse cited near the beginning of this art.]. (TA.)
And Rain: (Ḳ:) because it effaces the traces of the places of alighting. (TA.)
And A whiteness upon the black of the eye. (Ḳ.)
عِفَآءٌ Such as is abundant of the plumage of the ostrich, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and of the fur, or soft hair, of the camel, (Ṣ, and so in the Ḳ accord. to the TA,) and long and abundant hair: (Ḳ:) [see an ex. of the last meaning in a verse cited in art. صب, conj. 6:] the n. of un. is with ة; but it is said that a single feather is not termed عِفَآءَةٌ unless it be [one of feathers that are] dense and abundant. (TA.) One says نَاقَةٌ ذَاتُ عِقَآءٍ [A she-camel having abundant far]. (Ṣ.)
عِقَآءُ السَّحَابِ means † What resembles nap, or pile, in the surface of the clouds, which [when they have this] scarcely ever, or never, break their promise of yielding rain. (TA.)
عَفُوٌّ عَنِ الذَّنْبِ A man forgiving [or who forgives] the crime, or misdeed: (Ḳ:) [or rather] العَفُوُّ signifies he who forgives much: (Ṣ:) and [as meaning thus, or the Very Forgiving,] it is one of the names of God. (TA.)
عَفَاوَةٌ: see عَفْوَةٌ.
عُفَاوَةٌ: see عَفْوَةٌ, in two places.
عِفَاوَةٌ: see عَفْوَةٌ, in two places:
and see also عَفْوٌ, last sentence.
عَافٍ Being, or becoming, effaced, erased, rased, or obliterated: [&c.: see 1, of which it is a part. n.:] pl. عُفِىٌّ. (Ṣ, TA.)
Having long hair. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
A fleshy, plump, boy. (TA.) And عَافِيَةُ اللَّحْمِ A she-camel having much flesh: pl. عَافِيَاتٌ. (Ḳ.)
And أَرْضٌ عَافِيَةٌ A land of which the herbage, not having been depastured, has become abundant. (TA.)
Some broth that is returned in the cooking-pot when it has been borrowed: (Ḳ:) or عَافِى القِدْرِ means what is left in the cooking-pot (Aṣ, Ṣ, M) by the borrower, for the lender. (M, TA.) [See also عَفْوَةٌ.]
A guest: (Ṣ,* Ḳ:) and any seeker, or demander, of a favour or bounty, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or of means of subsistence: as alsoمُعْتَف↓: (Ḳ:) pl. عُفَاةٌ (Ṣ, TA) and عُفِىُّ, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,) both signifying guests, &c., (TA,) as also عَافِيَةٌ; (Ṣ,* TA;) which last signifies also beasts, and birds, (Ṣ, TA,) as well as men, (Ṣ,) seekers of, or seeking, the means of subsistence; (Ṣ, TA;) and its pl. is عَوَافٍ. (TA.) One says, هُوَ كَثِيرُ العُفَاةِ and العَافِيَةِ and العُفِىِّ [He is one who has many guests, &c.]. (Ṣ, TA.)
And A seeker of herbage. (Ḳ,* TA. [In the CK, الزّائِدُ is erroneously put for الرَّائِدُ.])
And A comer to water: (Ḳ,* TA:) and عَافِيَةُ المَآءِ the comers to the water. (Ṣ, TA.)
عَافِيَةٌ a subst. from عَافَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ, q. v., (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and from الإِعْفَآءُ [inf. n. of 4, q. v.], (TA,) signifying Health, or soundness, and safety, or security: (TḲ:) [or, as it may be best rendered, health and safety, considered as proceeding from God; i. e.] God's defence of a man (Ṣ, Ḳ) from diseases and from trial: (Ḳ:) or freedom from evil. (KL.) See also 1, former half.
[Also fem. of عَافٍ (q. v.), and used as a pl.]
أَعْفَى a word occurring in the saying of ʼOmar Ibn-ʼAbd-El-'Azeez, لَعَمْرِى مَا البَرَاذِينُ بِأَعْفَى مِنَ الفَرَسِ فِيمَا كَانَ مِنْ مَؤُونَةٍ وَحَرْسٍ i. e. [By my life, or by my religion, the hackneys] are not more easy in respect of sustenance [and guardianship than the horse, or mare, of good breed: see فَرَسٌ]. (Mgh.)
مُعْفٍ, thus correctly, like مُكْرِمٌ, as in the M, in the Ḳ said to be like مُحَدِّثٌ, (TA,) One who associates with another without seeking to obtain his bounty. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, اِصْطَحَبْنَا وَكِلَانَا مُعْفٍ [We associated, each of us doing so without seeking to obtain the other's bounty]: and hence the saying of Ibn-Mukbil,
* فَإِنَّكَ لَا تَبْلُو ٱمْرَأَ دُونَ صُحْبَةٍ ** وَحَتَّى تَعِيشَا مُعْفِيَيْنِ وَتَجْهَدَا *
[For verily thou wilt not test a man before companionship, and until ye live associating without either's seeking to obtain the other's bounty, and toil in so living]. (TA.)
مُعَفًّى A camel left unridden. (Ḳ and TA in art. سنم.)
مُعْتَفٍ: see عَافٍ.