صود صور صوع


1صَارَهُ

, aor. يَصُورُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) inf. n. صَوْرٌ, (M, Ḳ,) He made it (a thing, M, Ḳ, or, as some say, specially the neck, M) to incline, or lean; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as also صارهُ, aor. يَصِيرُ; (Ṣ;) and اصارهُ: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he demolished it threw it down, or pulled it down to the ground; as also اصارهُ. (Ḳ.) One says, of a man, يَصُورْ عُنُقَهُ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ He inclines his neck to the thing. (Lth.) And صُرْتُ إِلَىَّ الشَّىْءَ, and أَصَرْتُهُ, I inclined, or bent, the thing to, or towards, me. (El-Ahmar.) And صُرْتُ الغُصْنَ لِأَجْتَنِىَ الثَّمَرَ [I inclined, or bent, the branch, that I might pluck, or gather, the fruit]. (A.) And قُلُوبٌ لَا تَصُورُهَا الأَرْحَامُ (assumed tropical:) [Hearts which the ties of relationship do not incline]. (TA, from a trad.) فَصُرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ, in the Ḳur [ii. 262], means And turn them towards thee; and so فَصِرْهُنَّ: (Akh, Ṣ, M:) but the former is the more common reading: this is the meaning commonly known, of each reading: though Lḥ says that the former means as above, and the latter means cut them, and divide them, in pieces; (M;) and some thus explain the former, making a transposition in the verse, as though the words were thus, فَخُذْ إِلَيْكَ أَرْبَعَةً مِنَ ٱلطَّّيْرِ فَصُرْهُنَّ. (Ṣ.) One says also, صُرْ إِلَىَّ, and صُرْ وَجْهَكَ إِلَىَّ, Turn thou thy face towards me. (Akh, Ṣ.) And صَارَ وَجْهَهُ, aor. يَصُورُ, (M, Ḳ,) and يَصِيرُ, (Ḳ,) He turned his face towards a person or thing. (M, Ḳ.) And هُوَ يَصُورَ مَعْرُوفَهُ إِلَى النَّاسِ (tropical:) [He turns his beneficence towards men]. (TA.)
[Agreeably with a statement cited above, it is said that] صَارَهُ, aor. as above, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) signifies also He dissected it; or cut it, or divided it, in pieces. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
And hence, (TA,) صَارَ الحُكْمَ (assumed tropical:) He (the judge, A, TA) decided the judgment. (Ṣ, * A, TA.)
[Freytag states, on the authority of the Kitáb el-Addád, that صار, aor. as above, has two contr. significations: He separated, or dispersed:
and He collected.]
See also 2.
صَارَ also signifies He (a man, M) uttered a cry, or sound. (M, Ḳ.)
صَوِرَ, (M, A, Ḳ,) [aor. يَصْوَرُ,] inf. n. صَوَرٌ, (Ṣ, M, A,) He, (Lth,) or it, (a thing, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, or a man's neck, M, A, *) inclined, or leaned; (Lth, Ṣ, * M, A, Ḳ;) as also انصار: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ: *) it bent; or was, or became, crooked. (A.) One says, فِى عُنُقِهِ صَوَرٌ In his neck is an inclining; and a bending, or crookedness. (A.)
And صَوَرٌ as an attribute of a man signifies also (tropical:) An inclining, or inclination; (Ṣ;) a desiring, or desire. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)

2صوّر

[inf. n. تَصْوِيرٌ,] He formed, fashioned, figured, shaped, sculptured, or pictured, him, or it; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) and تصوّر signifies the same; (Mṣb, and Bḍ in iii. 4;) and so does صار, accord. to Aboo-'Alec, in the saying,
* بَنَاهُ وَصَلَّبَ فِيهِ وَصَارَا *
[Which (referring to a church) he has built, and in which he has made a cross, or crosses, and has made sculptured, or painted, work]. (M.) One says, صَوَّرَهُ ٱللّٰهُ صُورَةً حَسَنَةً [God formed him a goodly, or beautiful, form]. (Ṣ.)
See also 5, in two places.

5تصوّر

He, or it, was, or became, formed, fashioned, figured, shaped, sculptured, or pictured. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA.)
And [hence,] تصوّر لِى [and لِى صُوِّرَ, like تَخَيَّلَ لِى and خُيِّلَ لِى,] It appeared to my mind, or imagination, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) as an image, or a picture. (Mṣb.)
See also 2.
[Hence,] تصوّر شَيْئًا He imagined a thing; imaged it in the mind; as also صوّرهُ; [like تَخَيَّلَهُ and خَيَّلَهُ;] he imagined, or conceived, the form of the thing. (Ṣ.) [تَصَوُّرٌ in logic signifies The forming of an idea; conception, perception, or apprehension; sometimes qualified by the epithet سَاذَجٌ i. e. simple.]
Also He (being pierced with a spear or the like) inclined, to fall: (Ṣ:) or he (being struck) fell: (M, Ḳ:) or he, or it, fell, or alighted. (TA.)

7اِنْصَارَ

: see صَوِرَ.
Also It (a thing) became demolished, and cut, or divided, in pieces: (O:) it (a mountain) became demolished, and fell: (Ṣgh, TA:) it cracked, and split. (TA.)

8اصطارهُ

He doubled it, or folded it; or he bent it; syn. ثَنَاهُ. (O.)

صَارٌ

: see صَيِّرٌ, below, in two places.

صَوْرٌ

Small palm-trees: (M, Ḳ:) or a collection of small palm-trees: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) a word having no proper sing.: (Ṣ, M:) [but see صَوْرَةٌ:] pl. صِيرَانٌ: (Sh, M, Ḳ:) and other trees: pl. as above. (Sh, TA.)
Also The root of a palmtree, (M, Ḳ,) or of a palm-trunk. (M.)
And The bank, or side, of a river or rivulet. (M, Ḳ.)
And The side of the neck. (O, * Ḳ, * TA. [In the CK, واللِّيتِ is erroneously put for وَاللِّيتُ.])
And The forelock: so in the saying of a rájiz,
* كَأَنَّ عُرْفًا مَائِلًا مِنْ صَوْرِهِ *
[As though a mane inclining from his forelock]. (Ṣ.)

صُورٌ

A horn: (Ṣ, M:) and a horn in which one blows: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) so in the Ḳur [vi. 73, &c.], يَوْمَ يُنْفَخُ فِى ٱلصُّورِ [i. e. On the day when the horn shall be blown in]: El-Kelbee says, I know not what is الصور: and it is said to be pl. of صُورَةٌ, like as بُسْرٌ is of بُسْرَةٌ; [or rather a coll. gen. n., of which صُورَةٌ is the n. un.;] i. e., [the phrase means] when the souls shall be blown into the forms of the dead: and El-Ḥasan read فِى الصُّوَرِ: (Ṣ, L, TA:) this is related on the authority of AO; but AHeyth asserts him to have said wrong. (L, TA.)

صَوَرٌ

inf. n. of صَوِرَ [q. v.]. (M, A.)
Also An itching (أُكَالٌ) in the head. (IAạr, TA.) [See also صَوْرَةٌ.]

صَارَةٌ

The head, (O,) or the upper, or uppermost, part, (Ḳ,) of a mountain: (O, Ḳ:) and صُؤَيْرَةٌ [with ء] has been heard from the Arabs as its dim. (TA.)
See also صِوَارٌ.

صَوْرَةٌ

(tropical:) An inclination, or a desire. (TA.) You say, أَرَى لَكَ إِلَيْهِ صَوْرَةً (tropical:) I see thee to have a loving inclination to him. (A.) And مَا بِى إِلَيْهَا صَوْرَةٌ (tropical:) I have not any inclination to, or desire for, her. (TA, from a trad.)
And An itching, or itch, (حِكَّة,) in the head: (A:) or an affection like حِكَّة in a man's head, occasioning a desire to be loused. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) [See also صَوَرٌ.]
And A palm-tree. (IAạr.) [See also صَوْرٌ.]

صُورَةٌ

Form, fashion, figure, shape, or semblance; syn. شَكْلٌ, (M, Ḳ,) and مِثَالٌ; (Mṣb;) the external state of a thing; (IAth;) that whereby a thing is sensibly distinguished by men in general, and even by many other animate beings, from other things; as the صورة of a man, and of a horse, and of an ass. (B.)
And An effigy; an image, or a statue; a picture; anything that is formed, fashioned, figured, or shaped, after the likeness of any of God's creatures, animate or inanimate: it is said that the maker of an effigy, or image, will be punished on the day of resurrection, and will be commanded to put life into it; and that the angels will not enter a house in which is a صورة. (Mgh.) [See also تَصَاوِيرُ.]
[Hence, A mental image; or a resemblance, of any object, formed, or conceived, by the mind; an idea: a meaning of frequent occurrence in philosophical works &c.]
And Species; syn. نَوْعٌ. (Ḳ.)
And The essence of a thing; that by being which a thing is what it is; or the property, or quality, or the aggregate of properties or qualities, whereby a thing is what it is; syn. حَقِيقَةٌ: (IAth:) [specific character;] that whereby a thing is mentally distinguished by particular persons, not by the vulgar, from other things; as the صورة by which a man is specially distinguished, consisting in reason and thought and other distinctive attributes: (B:) a quality, an attribute, a property; or a description, as meaning the aggregate of the qualities or attributes or properties, of a thing; or the state, condition, or case, of a thing; syn. صِفَةٌ: (IAth, Mṣb, Ḳ:) as when you say, صُورَةُ الأَمْرِ كَذَا [The quality, &c., of the thing is of such a kind]: (IAth, Mṣb:) and صُورَةُ المَسْأَلَةِ كَذَا [The description, statement, or form, of the question is of such a kind]: (Mṣb:) and so in the saying of the Prophet, أَتَانِى اللَّيْلَةَ رَبِّى فِى أَحْسَنِ صُورَةٍ [My Lord came to me to-night in a most goodly state]; or صورة may here refer to the Prophet, and may mean external state, or manner of being, or condition. (IAth.)
And The mode, or manner, of an action. (IAth.)
The pl. is صُوَرٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and صِوَرٌ and صُورٌ; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) the second of which is rare, and by some disallowed. (MF.)
The saying of the Prophet خَلَقَ ٱللّٰهُ آدَمَ عَلَى صُورَتِهِ may mean that God created Adam in the صورة [or form &c.] that He, namely, God, originated and ordained; or in the صورة proper to him, namely, Adam. (M.)
صُورَةٌ signifies also The face: so in a trad. cited voce مُحَرَّمٌ; in which it is said that the صورة is pronounced sacred, i. e. that it is not to be slapped: and in another, in which it is said that the Prophet disliked marking the صورة with a hot iron. (TA.)

صُوَارٌ

: see the next paragraph, in four places.

صِوَارٌ

A herd of [wild] bulls or cows; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also صُوَارٌ and صِيَارٌ [the latter in the CK written صِيّار] and صُوَّارٌ [in some copies of the Ḳ erroneously written صُوَار, which, as observed in the TA, is a repetition]: (M, Ḳ, TA:) pl. of the first (Ṣ, M) and second and third (M) صِيرَانٌ. (Ṣ, M.)
Also A sweet odour; and so صُوَارٌ. (M, Ḳ.)
And A vesicle (وِعَآء) of musk; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) as also صُوَارٌ, (Mṣb,) and صِيَارٌ, (Ṣ,) and صَارَةٌ [also] signifies [the same, i. e.] a فَارَة or فَأْرَة of musk: (O, Ḳ:) or صِوَارٌ and صُوَارٌ signify a small quantity of musk: (M, Ḳ:) or a piece, or portion, thereof: (M:) and صِوَارٌ signifies also musk [itself]: (TA:) pl. أَصْوِرَةٌ. (M, Ḳ.) [Said in the M to be Pers.]
الصِّوَارَانِ The two corners of the mouth; (O, Ḳ;) called by the vulgar الصَّوَّارَيْن, (O, TA,) or الصَّوَارَيْن (O in art. صمغ.)

صِيَارٌ

: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

صُؤَيْرَةٌ

[with ء] a dim. of صَارَةٌ [q. v.]. (TA.)

صَيِّرٌ

Goodly in صُورَة [i. e. form &c.]; (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ;) as also صَارٌ. (TA in art. شور.) One says رَجُلٌ صَيِّرٌ شَيِّرٌ (Fr, Ṣ) and شَارٌ صَارٌ (TA ubi suprà) A man goodly in صورة [or form &c.] and in شَارَة [i. e. appearance or apparel &c.]. (Fr, Ṣ.) [See also شَيِّرٌ in art. شور.]

صَوَّارٌ

A sparrow (عُصْفُورٌ) that answers when called. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ. *)

صُوَّارٌ

: see صِوَارٌ, first sentence.

أَصْوَرُ

Inclining: (M, Ḳ:) pl. صُورٌ. (M.) One says رَجُلٌ أَصْوَرُ A man having an inclining, or a bending, or crooked, neck. (A.) And هُوَ أَصْوَرُ إِلَى كَذَا He is inclining his neck and face towards such a thing. (A.)
[And hence,] (assumed tropical:) Having an inclination, or a desire, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) to, or for, (إِلَى,) a friend, or an object of love. (M.)

تَصَاوِيرُ

[pl. of تَصْوِيرٌ and تَصْوِيرَةٌ] Effigies, images, or statues; pictures; and the like. (Ṣ, Mgh.) [See also صُورَةٌ.]

مُصَوِّرٌ

[A sculptor; and a painter, or limner, or the like]. المُصَوِرُ as an epithet of God, The Former, or Fashioner, of all existing things, who hath established them, and given to every one of them a special form and a particular manner of being whereby it is distinguished, with their variety and multitude. (TA.)