, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. صَدَعَ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. صَدْعٌ, (Ṣ, * Mṣb, Ḳ, *) He clave, split, slit, or cracked, it [i. e. a hard thing, such as a glass vessel, and a wall, and the like of these; (see صَدْعٌ below;) or so generally]; syn. شَقَّهُ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also ↓صدّعهُ, [but app. in an intensive sense, or relating to a number of objects,] inf. n. تَصْدِيعٌ: (TA:) or so as to divide it in halves: or so that it did not separate. (Ḳ.)―
[Hence,] one says, صَدَعَهُ صَدْعَ الرِّدَآءِ [He slit it, or rent it, as with the slitting, or rending, of the garment called رداء]. (TA.)―
And صَدَعَ الفَلَاةَ (tropical:) He traversed, or crossed, the desert; [as though he clave it;] (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) and in like manner, النَّهْرَ the river. (TA.) And هٰذَا الطَّرِيقُ يَصْدَعُ فِى أَرْضِ كَذَا وَكَذَا (assumed tropical:) [This road extends through such and such a land]. (TA.) And صَدَعَ اللَّيْلَ, inf. n. as above, (tropical:) He journeyed during [or through] the night. (IḲṭṭ, TA.)―
صَدْعٌ also signifies The act of separating, or dispersing, or scattering; (Mṣb;) and so ↓تَصْدِيعٌ; (Ṣ, O;) syn. تَفْرِيقٌ [with which each is probably syn. in other, but similar, senses]. (Ṣ, O, Mṣb.) One says, صَدَعَ الشَّىْءَ He, or it, separated, or dispersed, or scattered, the thing. (TA.) And صَدَعْتُ القَوْمَ, inf. n. صَدْعٌ, (assumed tropical:) I separated, or dispersed, or scattered, the people, or party. (Mṣb.) And صَدَعَتْهُمُ النَّوَى means [in like manner] فَرَّقَتْهُم [i. e. (tropical:) The place that was the object of the journey separated them from their homes &c.]; and so ↓صَدَّعَتْهُم; whence التَّصْدَاعُ [as an inf. n., like التَّصْدِيعُ]. (TA.) And صَدَعْتُ الغَنَمَ صِدْعَتَيْنِ (assumed tropical:) I separated, or divided, the sheep, or the goats, into two flocks or herds. (Ṣ, TA.)―
[And hence,] صَدَعْتُ الشَّىْءَ (assumed tropical:) I made the thing distinct [as though separate from others], apparent, manifest, evident, clear, or plain: whence the saying of Aboo-Dhu-eyb in a verse cited in art. فيض, conj. 4. (Ṣ.)―
And صَدَعَ بِالحَقِّ (tropical:) He spoke the truth openly, or aloud, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) distinguishing, or discriminating, between it and falsehood: and thus Kh has expl. the verb as used in the verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb above referred to. (TA.) And صَدَعَ بِالأَمْرِ, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He made known the affair, or case, by speaking of it. (Ḳ, TA.)―
فَٱصْدَعْ بِمَا تُؤْمَرُ, in the Ḳur [xv. 94], means (assumed tropical:) Therefore cleave thou, or divide thou, their congregation, [app. by separating the believers from the unbelievers, with that wherewith thou art charged, (بِهِ being understood after تؤمر,) i. e.,] with the declaration of the unity [of God]: (IAạr, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or (assumed tropical:) distinguish thou therewith between the truth and falsehood: (AO, O, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or (assumed tropical:) dispense thou among them in their collective state [that wherewith thou art charged, i. e.] the announcement [of the unity &c.]: (TA:) or (assumed tropical:) reveal thou, or make manifest, (Fr, Zj, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA,) that with which thou art charged, (Zj, Mṣb, TA,) and fear not any one, (Zj, TA,) or the ordinance, i. e., (Fr, TA,) thy religion; (Fr, Ṣ, TA;) ما [with what follows it] being held by Fr, who thus explains the phrase, to occupy the place of an inf. n., namely, الأَمْر: (TA:) or (assumed tropical:) utter thou openly, or aloud, (O, Ḳ, TA,) that with which thou art charged, meaning, accord. to Ibn-Mujáhid, (TA,) the Ḳur-án: (O, Ḳ, TA:) in the R it is said to be from الصَّدِيعُ meaning “ the daybreak; ” ignorance being likened to the darkness of night, and the Ḳur-án to light that cleaves that darkness: (TA:) or (assumed tropical:) order thou, or ordain, or decree, [that with which thou art charged, i. e.,] the truth: and (assumed tropical:) decide thou according to the ordinance [prescribed to thee]: (O, Ḳ, TA:) or (tropical:) direct thy course by that [revelation] with [the preaching of] which thou art charged: (O, Ḳ, TA:) so says Th, on the authority of an Arab of the desert; accord. to whom, (O, TA,)―
صَدَعَ فُلَانًا signifies (tropical:) He directed his course to such a one because of his generosity. (Th, O, Ḳ, TA.)―
صَدَعَ بِالأَمْرِ, (Ḳ, TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) also signifies (assumed tropical:) He hit, or attained, with the affair, its proper place [or object]. (Ḳ, TA.)―
And صَدَعْتُ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ, (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (AZ, Ṣ,) inf. n. صُدُوعٌ, (assumed tropical:) I inclined to the thing. (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ. *)―
And صَدَعَهُ عَنْهُ (assumed tropical:) He, or it, turned him away from him, or it. (Ḳ.) One says, مَا صَدَعَكَ عَنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ (assumed tropical:) What turned thee away from this affair? (Ṣ, O, TA:) and some say, ما صَدَغَكَ, with the pointed غ, which is better. (O, TA.)
See also the next paragraph.
And see صَادِعٌ, last sentence.