شمخ شمر شمرخ
شَمَرَ, aor. ـُ, inf. n. شَمْرٌ: see the next paragraph, in five places.
شمّر, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَشْمِيرٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He raised, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or tucked up, or contracted, (A,) his garment, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) or his waist-wrapper, (Ṣ,) [or his sleeve,] or his skirts. (A.) One says, شمّر عَنْ سَاقِهِ [He raised, or tucked up, his garment, or waist-wrapper, or skirts, from his shank]. (Ṣ.) [And in like manner, تشمّر↓ signifies He raised, or tucked up, his garment, &c.: for] one says also, تشمّر عَنْ سَاعِدَيْهِ [He tucked up his sleeves from his fore arms]. (TA.) It is said in a prov., شَمَّرَ ذَيْلًا وَٱدَّرَعَ لَيْلًا i. e. [lit.] He contracted, or drew up, his [or a] skirt [and clad himself with night as with a tunic]: (TA:) or شَمِرْ ذَيْلًا وَٱدَّرِعْ لَيْلًا, meaning ‡ Use thou prudence, or precaution, or good judgment, and journey all the night. (Ṣ and Ḳ in art. درع.)
[Hence,] † He strove, or laboured, exerted himself or his power or ability, employed himself vigorously or laboriously or with energy, or took extraordinary pains, (AA, Mṣb, TA,) and was quick, (AA, TA,) فِى الأَمْرِ [in the affair]; as alsoشَمَرَ↓, inf. n. شَمْرٌ: (TA:) and فِى العِبَادَةِ [in religious service]: (Mṣb:) and فِى سَيْرِهِ [in his pace, or journeying]; like تَجَرَّدَ and اِنْجَرَدَ. (L and TA in art. جرد.) Also, (Ḳ,) inf. n. as above; (TA;) andشَمَرَ↓, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. شَمْرٌ; (TA;) andانشمر↓, andتشمّر↓; (Ḳ;) † He passed along striving, or exerting himself, or vigorously: or he passed along with a proud and self-conceited gait; (Ḳ;) [and] مَرَّ يَشْمُرُ↓, inf. n. as above, has the latter meaning. (Ṣ.) And شمّر فِى الأَمْرِ † He was, or became, light, or active, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and quick, (Mṣb,) in, or for, the affair: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and شمّر لِلْأَمْرِ, and شمّر لِلْأَمْرِ أَذْيَالَهُ, (A, TA,) and شمّر عَنْ سَاقِهِ, (TA,) ‡ He was, or became, light, or active, and he rose, or hastened, to do the thing, or affair. (A, TA.) And شمّرت الحَرْبُ and شمّرت عَنْ سَاقِهَا ‡ [The war, or battle, became vehement; like كَشَفَتْ عَنْ سَاقٍ]. (A.)
Also He contracted a thing; syn. قَلَّصَ; (TA;) [and so, perhaps, شَمَرَ↓; for] الشَّمْرُ signifies تَقْلِيصُ الشَّىْءِ, like التَّشْمِيرُ: (Ḳ:) [or the author of the TA may have misunderstood this explanation in the Ḳ, and the meaning may be it (a thing) contracted, or became contracted; for قَلَّصَ is trans. and also (like قَلَصَ) intrans.: that شمّر has this latter meaning, whether it have also, or have not, the former, is shown by the statement that] one says, شَمَّرَتِ الشَّفَةُ meaning قَلَصَت [i. e. The lip became contracted, or became contracted upwards]: (M in art. قلص:) andتشمّر↓ [in like manner] signifies it (a thing) contracted, or became contracted; syn. تَقَلَّصَ. (TA.)
Also, (inf. n. as above, Aṣ, Ṣ,) ‡ He launched forth a ship, or boat; let it go; let it take its course; (Aṣ, IAạr, Ṣ, A, Ḳ;) and in like manner, a hawk; (A;) and he discharged, or shot, an arrow: (Aṣ, IAạr, Ṣ, A, Mṣb:) and hence, (Aṣ, Ṣ,) ‡ he sent, sent forth, or sent away, (Aṣ, Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) a thing. (M, A.) [See also سَمَّرَ.] And شمّر الإِبِلَ, inf. n. as above; (TA;) andاشمرها↓; (Ḳ;) † He hastened the camels; made them to hasten; syn. أَكْمَشَهَا, [which seems to be either syn. with, or a mistranscription for, كَمَّشَهَا, (see سَمَّرَ,)] and أَعْجَلَهَا. (O, Ḳ, TA.)
And شَمَّرْتُ النَّخْلَ ‡ I cut off the fruit of the palm-trees; syn. صَرَمْتُهُ; (A, TA;) or so شَمَرْتُهُ↓, (Ibn-ʼAbbád, O,) [for] الشَّمْرُ signifies صِرَامُ النَّخْلِ. (Ḳ.)
اشمر الإِبِلَ: see 2, last sentence but one.
اشمر الجَمَلُ طَرُوقَتَهُ The he-camel impregnated the she-camel covered by him. (O, Ḳ.)
اشمرهُ بِالسَّيْفِ He destroyed him with the sword; syn. أَدْرَجَهُ. (O, Ḳ.)
تشمّر: see 2, third sentence.
[Hence,] تشمّر لِلْأَمْرِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or لِلْعَمَلِ (A,) andانشمر↓ لَلامر, (Ṣ,) † He prepared himself (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) for the affair, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or for the work. (A.) [Freytag mentions اشمر للامر in a similar sense, “Paratus fuit ad rem peragendam,” as on the authority of J; but I do not find it in the Ṣ,]
See also 2 as syn. with 1 and 7.
[Also, app., as quasipass. of 2, It (a garment, &c.,) was, or became, raised, or tucked up, or contracted; and so signifies انشمر↓.]
See 2 again, in the latter part of the paragraph.
انشمر: see 5, in two places.
See also 2 as syn. with 1 and 5.
Also He (a horse) hastened, or went quickly. (Ṣ, O. [Accord. to Freytag, the verb in this sense in the Ṣ is اشتمر; but this is a mistake.])
And It (the water of a wall) went away. (A, TA.)
شِمْرٌ, applied to a man, † Light, agile, or active; acute, or sharp, or quick, in intellect; clever, knowing, or intelligent; syn. زَوْلٌ; and بَصِيرٌ; (El-Muärrij, O, Ḳ;) and نَاقِدٌ; (O, Ḳ;) thus accord. to the copies of the Ḳ [probably from the O]; but in the Tekmileh &c., نَافِذ, [which I regard as the right reading, meaning one who acts with a penetrative energy, or who is sharp, vigorous, or effective,] (TA,) in everything. (O, TA.) See also شَمَّرِىٌّ.
Also † Liberal, bountiful, munificent, or generous; (O, Ḳ;) and courageous. (TA.)
شَمَرٌ: see شَمَارٌ.
شِمْرَةٌ The gait, or manner of walking, of a vitious, or depraved, man; (O, Ḳ;) or, accord. to IAạr, of a man who goes to and fro, and round about. (TA.) [See also شَنْرَةٌ.]
شَرٌّ شِمِرٌّ Severe evil. (Ṣ, O, Ḳ.) It is said in a prov., أَلْجَأَهُ الخَوْفُ إِلَى شَرٍّ شِمِرٍّ, (TA,) or أَجَآءَهُ, (so in a copy of the A,) [Fear compelled him to betake himself to that which was a severe evil:] i. e. he feared an evil, and fear reduced him to a greater evil. (A.)
شَمَارٌ i. q. رَازِيَانَجٌ, in the dial. of Egypt, (O, Ḳ, TA,) also [and more commonly] called شَمَرٌ↓ [applied to the Anethum graveolens, or common garden-dill, and to its seed; and also to the anethum fœniculum, or fennel: see also سَنُّوتٌ]. (TA.)
شَمَّرِىٌّ [in the CK شَمَرِىٌّ, without teshdeed to the م,] ‡ A man, (Ṣ,) penetrating, or acting with a penetrative energy, or sharp, vigorous, and effective, in the performing of affairs, and expert, or experienced; (Ṣ,* Ḳ, TA;) mostly with respect to travel; (TA;) as though it were a rel. n. from شَمَّرَ; (Ṣ;) as also شِمَّرِىٌّ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and شِمِّرِىٌّ [in the CK شِمِرِىٌّ] and شُمُّرِىٌّ [in the CK شُمُرِىٌّ] andشِمْرٌ↓ andشِمِّيرٌ↓, (Ḳ,) the last an intensive form, (TA,) andمُشَمِّرٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or clever in the performing of affairs, and quick: (Fr, TA:) or one who strives, labours, or exerts himself, and is clever and skilful: (Aboo-Bekr, TA:) or quick in evil, and in what is vain, or false; who strives, labours, or exerts himself, therein; from شَمَّرَ meaning “he strove, laboured, or exerted himself, and was quick:” (AA, Aboo-Bekr, TA:) or one who goes his own way, or pursues a headlong, or rash, course, and will not refrain. (Aboo-Bekr, TA.)
نَاقَةٌ شَمَّرِيَّةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and شِمَّرِيَّةٌ, and شِمِّرِيَّةٌ, and شُمُّرِيَّةٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) [all in the CK without teshdeed to the م,] andشِمِّيرٌ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) † A she-camel that is quick (Ṣ, Ḳ) in pace. (TA.)
شَمُّورٌ, occurring in a trad. respecting 'Ooj Ibn-'Unuk, [or Ibn-'Ook,] as meaning something with which a mass of rock was hollowed out according to the size of his head, (TA,) Diamond: (Ḳ:) thought by El-Khaṭṭábee to have this meaning; but he says, “I have not heard respecting it anything upon which I place reliance.” (IAth, TA.)
شِمِّيرٌ † One who strives, labours, or exerts himself; who employs himself vigorously, laboriously, or with energy; (Ḳ, TA;) in the performance of affairs. (TA.) See also شَمَّرِىٌّ, in two places.
شَاةٌ شَامِرٌ, and شَامِرَةٌ, A ewe or she-goat, having her udder drawn up to her belly: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) an epithet having no verb. (TA.)
شَفَةٌ شَامِرَةٌ, andمُتَشَمِّرَةٌ↓, A contracted lip. (TA.)
لِثَةٌ شَامِرَةٌ, (A, Ḳ,) andمُتَشَمِّرَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) orمُشَمِّرَةٌ↓, (so in a copy of the A,) A gum cleaving to the roots of the teeth. (A, Ḳ.)
مُشَمِّرٌ: see شَمَّرِىٌّ:
مُتَشَمِّرٌ: see its fem. voce شامِرٌ, in two places.