شلياق شم شمت

1. (شمّ)

شَمِمْتُ, aor. أَشَمُّ; and شَمَمْتُ, aor. أَشُمُّ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) the latter mentioned by AO; (Ṣ, TA;) third pers. of each شَمَّ; (Mgh;) inf. n. شَمُّ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and شَمِيمٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) which are of both verbs, (TA,) and شِمِّيمَى, mentioned by Z (Ḳ, TA) alone; (TA;) I smelt, i. e. perceived by the nose, (Ḳ,) a thing, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,*) or an odour; (Mgh;) andاِشْتَمَمْتُ↓ signifies the same; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA; [اَشْمَمْتُهُ in the CK is a mistranscription for اِشْتَمَمْتُهُ;]) andتَشَمَّمْتُ↓ also, (Ḳ,) andشَمَّيْتُ↓, thus in the copies of the Ḳ, but correctly شَمَّمْتُ↓: (TA: [both, however, are mentioned in the CK: the former like قَصَّيْتُ for قَصَّصْتُ:]) orتَشَمَّمْتُ↓ الشَّىْءَ signifies شَمِمْتُهُ فِى مُهْلَةٍ [I smelt the thing leisurely, or gently]: (Ṣ, TA:) orتشمّم↓ الشَّىْءَ andاشتمّهُ↓ both signify he put the thing near to his nose in order that he might draw in its odour. (AḤn, TA.)

verb form: 1.(signification - A2)

See an ex. in a prov. mentioned voce خِمَارٌ.

verb form: 1.(signification - A3)

[Hence,] شُمَّHe was tried, or proved by trial or experiment or experience; syn. اُخْتُبِرَ. (IAạr, Ḳ.)

verb form: 1.(dissociation - B1)

شَمَّ, see. pers. شَمِمْتَ, aor. يَشَمُّ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. شَمَمٌ, (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ,*) He (a man) was high, or elevated, in the nose. (Ṣ,* Mṣb, Ḳ.*)

verb form: 1.(signification - B2)

[And hence,] شَمَّ, (Ḳ,) [sec. pers. شَمِمْتَ,] inf. n. شَمَمٌ, (TA,)He (a man, TA) magnified himself; or behaved proudly, or haughtily. (Ḳ, TA. [And اشمّ has a similar meaning.])

verb form: 1.(signification - B3)

[This verb is also probably used in other senses, said of a mountain, &c.: see شَمَمٌ below.]

verb form: 1.(signification - B4)

See also 4, near the end.

2. (شمّم)

شَمَّمْتُ and شَمَّيْتُ: see above, in two places.

3. (شامّ)

شَامَّا, (Ḳ,) inf. n. مُشَامَّةٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) They smelt each other; (Ṣ,* Ḳ;) as alsoتشامّا↓, (Ḳ,) inf. n. تَشَامٌّ. (Ṣ.)

verb form: 3.(signification - A2)

[Hence,] شَامِمْهُLook thou to see what is with him, or in his mind, (مَا عِنْدَهُ, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) and draw near to him, (Ḳ, TA,) and seek after the knowledge of what is with him, or in his mind, (ما عنده,) by means of informations and disclosure; as though each smelt what was with the other in order to act according thereto. (TA.) And hence the saying, شَامَمْنَاهُمْ ثُمَّ نَاوَشْنَاهُمْ[We endeavoured, or looked, to ascertain their condition; then we engaged them in near, though not close, conflict]. (TA.) You say also, شَامَمْتُ الرَّجُلَ meaning [simply]I drew near to the man. (Ṣ.) مُشَامَّةٌ [used tropically] signifies † The looking into a thing. (KL.) And † The approaching the enemy so that the two parties see each other. (Ṣ.)

4. (اشمّ)

اشمّهُ إِيَّاهُ He made him to smell it, or perceive it by the nose. (Ḳ.) You say, أَشْمَمْتُهُ الطِيبَ [I made him to smell the perfume]. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A2)

And [hence] one says to the prefect, or governor, or prince, or commander, أَشْمِمْنِى يَدَكَ أُقَبِّلْهَا[Suffer me to approach thy hand that I may kiss it]; (Ṣ,* TA;) a phrase like نَاوِلْنِى يَدَكَ, (TA,) but better than the latter phrase: so says Kh. (Ṣ.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A3)

And اشمّ الخِتَانَ, and اشمّت البَظْرَ, ‡ He, and she, i. e. the operator, took, (Ḳ, TA,) or cut off, (TA,) a small portion of the prepuce, and of the بَظْر [q. v.]: (Ḳ, TA:) or the latter signifies she cut off a portion of the نَوَاة [q. v.], not extirpating it. (TA.)

verb form: 4.(signification - A4)

And اشمّ الحَرْفَ, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,) inf. n. إِشْمَامٌ, (Ṣ,)He made the consonant to have a smack of the ḍammeh or the kesreh, (lit., made it to smell, Ṣ, or to taste, Ḳ, the ḍammeh or the kesreh,) in such a manner (Ṣ, Ḳ) that the إِشْمَام, (Ṣ,) or that the ḍammeh or kesreh, (Ḳ,) was not heard, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) what is termed إِشْمَامُ الحَرْفِ being less than what is termed رَوْمُ الحَرَكَةِ, the former being apparent only by the motion of the lip, (Ṣ,) or of the upper lip, (so in one of my copies of the Ṣ,) no account being taken of it, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e. of the ḍammeh or kesreh, (Ḳ,) it not being reckoned as a حَرَكَة because of its feebleness, the consonant in this case being quiescent or like that which is quiescent, (Ṣ,) and the prosodical measure not being broken thereby: (Ḳ:) for ex., in the following verse,

* مَتَى أَنَامُ لَا يُؤَرِّقْنِى الكَرِى *
* لَيْلًا وَلَا أَسْمَعُ أَجْرَاسَ المَطِى *

[meaning الكَرِىّ and المَطِىّ, (as is said in one of my copies of the Ṣ,) i. e. When I sleep, he who lets beasts on hire will not render me wakeful by night, nor do I hear the bells of the camels on which people ride], the Arabs [or, as is said in the TA, some of the Arabs] make the ق [in يؤرّقنى] to have a smack of the ḍammeh; but if you took account of the حَرَكَة of the إِشْمَام [in this case,] the measure of the verse would be broken, [the foot] رقنى الكرى becoming, in the scanning, مُتَفَاعِلُنْ, which may be only in the كَامِل; whereas this verse is of the رَجَز: (Sb, Ṣ:) another case of إِشْمَام is that of the ى in دُوَيْبَّةٌ, [in which that letter is quiescent, but made to have a smack of kesreh,] as is the same letter in every similar case, in a dim. noun, when followed by a doubled letter. (Zj, T in art. دب.) Also He pronounced the consonant with a حَرَكَة [or vowel-sound] between damm and kesr, apparent only in utterance, not in writing; as in قِيلَ and غِيضَ in the Ḳur xi. 46. (I’Aḳ pp. 130 and 131.) [See also رَوْمُ الحَرَكَةِ, voce رَامَ.]

verb form: 4.(signification - A5)

[Golius explains اشمّ as signifying also “Reduxit, fecit ut converteret se ab aliqua re;” as on the authority of the KL; in my copy of which, however, I do not find this meaning.]

verb form: 4.(dissociation - B1)

اشمّ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِشْمَامٌ, [as an intrans. verb,] said of a man, (Ṣ,) also signifies He passed by, or along, raising his head; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) and magnified, or exalted, himself; behaved proudly, or disdainfully; or elevated his nose, from pride. (TA. [See also 1, near the end.])

verb form: 4.(signification - B2)

And He turned away from a thing. (Ḳ.) One says بَيْنَا هُمْ فِى وَجْهٍ إِذْ أَشَمُّوا, i. e. [While they were in a certain direction, lo,] they turned away; (Ṣ, TA, as from AA;) orشَمُّوا↓. (Thus in one of my copies of the Ṣ [but I think it to be a mistranscription].) And اشمّ القَوْمُ The people, or party, deviated in their directions to the right and left: a phrase heard in this sense by AA. (Ṣ.)

5. (تشمّم)

see 1, in three places.

6. (تشامّ)

see 3, first sentence.

8. (اشتمّ)

see 1, in two places.

10. (استشمّ)

استشمّ He desired to smell. (KL.)

verb form: 10.(signification - A2)

And He perceived a smell, or an odour, from a thing. (KL.)

verb form: 10.(signification - A3)

دَخَلَ المُخَاطُ أَنْفَهُ فَأْسْتَشَمَّهُ فَأَدْخَلَهُ فِى حَلْقِهِ, said of a man, means اِسْتَنْشَقَهُ [i. e. ‡ The mucus entered his nose, and he snuffed it up, and made it to pass into his fauces]; the verb being metaphorically thus used, like as الاِسْتِنْشَاقُ is metaphorically used for الشَّمُّ. (Mgh.)


شَمَمٌ inf. n. of the intrans. verb شَمَّ [q. v.]. (Mṣb, TA.)

word: شَمَمٌ(signification - A2)

[Used as a simple subst.,] Highness of the nose: (Mṣb:) or highness of the bone of the nose, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and beauty thereof, (Ḳ,) with evenness, or straightness, of its upper part, (Ṣ, Ḳ, when there is in it a gibbousness it is termed قَنًا, Ṣ,) and uprightness of the end, or lowest part: (Ḳ:) or, as some say, this last quality [alone]: (TA:) or length of the end, or lower part, of the nose, so that it extends over the middle of the mustache, (وُرُودُ الأَرْنَبَةِ,) with beautiful evenness, or straightness, of the bone, and highness thereof greater than the highness that is termed ذَلَفٌ: or length and slenderness of the nose, and a downward extending of its رَوْثَة [i. e. end or tip, or part where the blood that flows from the nostrils drops or drips]: (Ḳ:) or [simply] length in the nose. (Ḥam p. 789.)

word: شَمَمٌ(signification - A3)

And, in a man, The quality of having what is termed شَمَمٌ of the nose. (Ṣ.)

word: شَمَمٌ(signification - A4)

[And hence, ‡ Self-magnification, or pride, or haughtiness: see 1, near the end.]

word: شَمَمٌ(signification - A5)

And ‡ Generosity. (Ḥam p. 728.)

word: شَمَمٌ(signification - A6)

Also Highness, (Ḳ,) or tallness of the head, (Ṣ,) of a mountain. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

word: شَمَمٌ(signification - A7)

And ‡ Nearness: and ‡ remoteness: thus having two contr. meanings. (Ḳ, TA.) It has both of such meanings in the phrase دَارُهُ شَمَمٌ[His house, or abode, is near: and, remote]: (Ḳ, TA:) and in the phrase رَأَيْتُهُ مِنْ شَمَمٍ[I saw him, or it, from within a short distance: and, from afar]. (TA.)


شَمُومٌ A thing [odorous, fragrant, or] fit to be smelt. (KL.)


شَمِيمٌ High, or elevated: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) applied in this sense to a [camel's saddle such as is called] قَتَب. (Ṣ.)


شَمَّامٌ A sort of melon resembling a small colocynth, [or rather a small melon resembling a colocynth,] streaked with redness and greenness and yellowness: called in Pers. دَسْتَنْبُويَه [i. e. “perfume”]; (Ḳ;) originally دَسْتْ بُوى [or دَسْتْ بُويَهْ]: (TA:) its odour is cool, pleasant, lenitive, and narcotic; and the eating of it is laxative to the bowels: (Ḳ:) [The cucumis dudaïm of Linn.; called by Forskål cucumis schemmam: the latter thus describes it (Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. 169): “Caules 5-sulcati, setis rigidis, scandentes, cirrhosi: folia cordato-oblonga, acuta, subsinuata, dentato-repanda, hispida: calyces villosi, molles: flores flavi, conferti in alis: fructus globosoovatus, glaberrimus, magnitudine citri, flavus, maculis inæqualibus, fulvo-ferrugineis, versus polos in lineas confluentibus; pulpa aquosa, seminibus tota plena: fructus juvenis villosus; maturus glaber: odor, fortis nec ingratus; eamque ob caussam cultus; non edulis:” in the present day, the same appellation is applied in Egypt to several species of melon, of pleasant odour and taste; but this application I believe to be of very late origin: see also لُفَّاحٌ: and see De Sacy's “Rel. de l'Égypte par Abd-allatif,” pp. 126-7.]


شَمَّامَاتٌ Sweet odours that one smells. (Ḳ.)


شَمَاشِمُ Ripe dates remaining upon the raceme. (AZ, Ḳ.)


[شَامٌّ Smelling, or perceiving by the nose.]

word: شَامٌّ(signification - A2)

يَا ٱبْنَ شَامَّةِ الوَذْرَةِ [O son of her who smells the وَذْرَة] is an expression of reproach. (Ṣ.)


أَشَمُّ, applied to a man, (Mṣb,) Having that quality of the nose which is termed شَمَمٌ; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) or so أَشَمُّ الأَنْفِ, thus applied: (Ṣ:) fem. شَمَّآءُ: (Mṣb, TA:) and pl. شُمٌّ. (TA.)

word: أَشَمُّ(signification - A2)

And [hence, ‡ Self-magnifying, or proud, or haughty: or] a chief characterized by disdainfulness, scornfulness, or disdainful and proud incompliance, (Ḳ, TA,) and high-minded. (TA.)

word: أَشَمُّ(signification - A3)

Also A mountain tall, (Ṣ, TA,) or high, (TA,) in the head. (Ṣ, TA.) [And High, as applied to a place of ascent in a mountain: see an ex. of the pl. in a verse cited voce تَصَدَّفَ.]

word: أَشَمُّ(signification - A4)

And A shoulder high in the head of its bone. (Ḳ.)

word: أَشَمُّ(signification - A5)

[Freytag mentions two other meanings:]

word: أَشَمُّ(signification - A6)

[“Ventus ex alto veniens, qui penetrantioris est odoratus:”]

word: أَشَمُّ(signification - A7)

[and fem. شَمَّاءJugum extensum in monte:” from the Deewán of the Hudhalees.]


مُشِمٌّ [Turning away, or averse]. One says, عَرَضْتُ عَلَيْهِ كَذَا فَإِذَا هُوَ مُشِمٌّ لَا يُرِيدُهُ [I offered to him such a thing, and lo, he was averse, not desiring it]. (Ṣ.)


[مِشَمٌّ An instrument of smelling; like as مِسْمَعٌ signifies “an instrument of hearing.”]

word: مِشَمٌّ(signification - A2)

[Hence, its pl.] مَشَامُّ signifies Noses. (KL.)

word: مِشَمٌّ(signification - A3)

[This pl. is expl. by Jac. Schultens, as meaning Perfumes (odoramenta): so says Freytag.]


مَشْمُومٌ A thing that is smelt; such as any sweet-smelling plant: like as مَأْكُولٌ signifies “a thing that is eaten:” (Mṣb:) [and] musk: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [pl. مَشْمُومَاتٌ.]