شكد شكر شكس
شَكَرَ لَهُ, and شَكَرَهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) but the former is the more chaste, (Ṣ,) and the latter is for شَكَرَ نِعْمَتَهُ, (A,) aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. شُكْرٌ and شُكْرَانٌ (Ṣ, A,* Mṣb, Ḳ) and شُكُورٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ) which last, in the Ḳur lxxvi. 9, may be either an inf. n. or pl. of شُكْرٌ [used as a simple subst.], (Ṣ,) He thanked him; or praised, eulogized, or commended, him, for a benefit or benefits: (Ṣ:) he was grateful, or thankful, to him; or he acknowledged his beneficence, and spoke of it largely: (Ṣ,* Ḳ: [but in the Ṣ, the verb in the former sense has شُكْرٌ only for its inf. n., and it is implied that in the latter sense it has for its inf. n. only شُكْرَانٌ, as will be seen below:]) and شَكَرَ لِلّٰهِ, and شَكَرَ ٱللّٰهَ, (Lḥ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which latter is less common than the former, and even disallowed by Aṣ in prose, though allowed by him in verse, (Mṣb,) and شَكَرَ بِٱللّٰهِ and شَكَرَ نِعْمَةَ ٱللّٰهِ, and شَكَرَ بِنِعْمَةِ ٱللّٰهِ, (Lḥ, Ḳ,) and شَكَرَ لِلّٰهِ نِعْمَتَهُ, (A,) inf. n. شُكْرٌ and شُكْرَانٌ (Mṣb) [and شُكُورٌ], He thanked, or praised, God for his beneficence: (A:) he was grateful, or thankful, to God; or acknowledged his beneficence, and spoke of it largely: (Ḳ:) he acknowledge the beneficence of God, and acted in the manner incumbent on him in rendering Him obedience and abstaining from disobedience; so that شُكْر is in word and in deed: (Mṣb:) andتَشَكَّرَ↓ لَهُ signifies the same as شَكَرَ لَهُ: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) you say,تَشَكَّرْتُ↓ لَهُ مَا صَنَعَ [I thanked him, &c., for what he did]: (A:) andتشكّر↓ لَهُ بَلَآءَهُ [He was grateful to Him, &c., i. e. to God, for his probation]: (Ḳ:) and أَشْكُرُ إِلَيْكَ نِعَمَ ٱللّٰهِ [I praise to thee, or mention to thee with thanks, the favours of God]: (L in art. حمد:) [but there are many explanations of شَكَرَ beside those given above: its meanings will be more fully shown by what here follows:] شُكْرٌ is the thanking a benefactor; or praising, eulogizing, or commending, him, (Ṣ, A,) for a benefits: (Ṣ:) or the being grateful, or thankful; or acknowledging beneficence; and speaking of it largely; and [in the copies of the Ḳ, “or,” but this is evidently a mistake,] it is only on account of favour received; (Ḳ;) and شُكْرَانٌ is [the same, being] contr. of كُفْرَانٌ: (Ṣ:) شُكْرٌ [sometimes] differs from حَمْدٌ; (Mṣb in art. حمد;) for شكر is only on account of favour received; whereas حمد is sometimes because of favour received, (Th, Az, TA in art. حمد, and Mṣb ubi suprà,) and sometimes form other causes; (Th ubi suprà;) [and thus] the latter is of more common application than the former; (Ṣ in art. حمد;) therefore you do not say شَكَرْتُهُ عَلَى شَجَاعَتِهِ, but you say حَمِدْتُهُ على شجاعته: (Mṣb ubi suprà:) or شُكْرٌ is more common than حَمْدٌ with respect to its kinds and means, and more particular with respect to the objects to which it relates; and the latter is more common with respect to the objects to which it relates, and more particular with respect to the means; for the former is, with the heart, the being humble, or lowly, and submissive; and with the tongue, the act of praising, eulogizing, or commending; and acknowledging beneficence; and with the members, the act of obeying, and submitting one's self; and the object to which it relates is the benefactor, exclusively of his essential qualities; therefore one does not say شَكَرْنَا ٱللّٰهَ عَلَى حَيَاتِهِ [we thanked God for his existence, or praised Him, &c.]; but He is مَحْمُود on that account, like as He is for his beneficence; and شُكْرٌ is also for beneficence: thus حَمْدٌ relates to every object to which, as an object, شُكْرٌ relates; but the reverse is not the case: and everything whereby is حمد, thereby is شكر; but the reverse is not the case; for the latter is by means of the members, or limbs, and the former is by means of the tongue: شُكْرٌ is of three kinds; with the heart, or mind, which is the forming an [adequate] idea of the benefit; and with the tongue, which is the praising, eulogizing, or commending, the benefactor; and with the members, or limbs, which is the requiting the benefit according to its desert: it rests upon five foundations; humility of him who renders it towards him to whom it is rendered; his love of him; his acknowledgment of his benefit; the eulogizing him for it; and his not making use of the benefit in a manner which he [who has conferred it] dislikes: it is also explained as devotion of the heart to love of the benefactor, and of the members to obey him, and the employment of the tongue in mentioning him and eulogizing him: [and there are several other explanations of it which it is unnecessary to add:] some say that it is formed by transposition from كَشْرٌ, the “act of uncovering, or exposing to view:” others, that it is from عَيْنٌ شَكْرَى “a full fountain, or eye;” accord. to which etymology it would signify the being full of the praise of the benefactor. (B, TA.)
شُكْرٌ on the part of God signifies ‡ The requiting and commending [a person]: (Ḳ:) or † the forgiving a man: or ‡ the regarding him with content, satisfaction, good will, or favour: and hence, necessarily, ‡ the recompensing, or rewarding, him: the saying شَكَرَ ٱللّٰهُ سَعْيَهُ signifies ‡ May God recompense, or reward, his work, or labour. (TA.)
شَكِرَتْ, aor. ـَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. شَكَرٌ, (Ṣ,) ‡ Her (a camel's) udder became full (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) of milk: (Ṣ, TA:) or she (a camel) obtained a good share of leguminous herbage, or [other] pasturage, and in consequence abounded with milk after having had little milk: (T, TA:) and she (a beast;) became fat, (Ḳ, TA,) and her udder became full of milk. (TA.)
And شَكِرَ ‡ He was, or became, liberal, or bountiful, (A, Ḳ,) after having been niggardly: (A:) or he gave largely after having been niggardly. (Ḳ.)
شَكِرَتْ said of a tree (شَجَرَةٌ), (Fr, Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ, inf. n. شَكَرٌ, (Ṣ,) † It produced, or put forth, what are termed شَكِير, (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e. what grow around it, from its أَصْل [i. e. root, or base, or stem]; (Ṣ;) as alsoاشكرت↓, (Fr, TA,) andاشتكرت↓: (Ṣgh, TA:) or its شَكِير, i. e. sappy twigs or shoots, from its stem, or small leaves beneath the large, became abundant. (A.)
And شَكِرَ, aor. ـَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. شَكَرٌ; (TA;) and شَكَرَ, aor. ـُ; andاشكر↓; (Ḳ;) said of palm-trees (نَخْلٌ), † They had many شَكِير, i. e. offsets, or suckers. (AḤn, Ḳ,* TA.)
And شَكَرَ andاشكر↓ andاشتكر↓ are all verbs from شكِيرٌ. (Ḳ.) [It is said in the Ḳ that these verbs are from شكير in all of certain significations there mentioned; app. meaning, all that are there mentioned after the next preceding verb: and hence they seem to have the significations here following:]
[said of palmtrees (نَخْل), † They put forth leaves around their branches::]
[and, said of trees in general شَجَرَ, † They put forth branches:]
[and † They produced bark:]
[and, said of a grape-vine, † it grew from a shoot planted:]
[in the TA it seems to be implied that, said of a vine, they signify † It put forth long shoots, or upper shoots.]
شَاكَرْتُهُ I showed him that I was thankful, or grateful, (A, O, Ḳ,) to him. (A.)
And شَاكَرْتُهُ الحَدِيثَ I commenced with him discourse. (O, Ḳ.)
اشكر القَوْمُ † The people's camels had their udders full of milk (شَكِرَتْ إِبِلُهُمْ): (Ḳ:) or the people's camels became fat: (TA:) or the people milked a camel or sheep or goat having her udder full of milk, i. e., such as is termed شَكِرَة: (Ṣ:) or the people milked camels or sheep or goats having their udders full of milk, one such after another: (O, TA: [but for اِحْتَلَبُوا شَكْرَةً شَكْرَةً in the O, and شُكْرَةً شُكْرَةً in the TA, I read احتلبوا شَكِرَةً شَكِرَةً, agreeably with what here next precedes:]) or the people, having alighted in a place where their camels found herbs, or leguminous plants, had abundance of milk from them. (T, TA.)
اشكر said of an udder: see 8.
اشكرت الأَرْضُ † The land produced fresh herbage after other herbage that had become dried up and dusty. (TA.)
See also 1, near the end of the paragraph, in three places.
تشكّر: see 1, in three places.
Also [He affected, or made a show of, thankfulness, or gratitude: (see تَحَمَّدَ:) or] he seemed, or appeared, thankful, or grateful. (KL.)
اشتكر ‡ It (an udder) became full (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) of milk; (Ṣ, TA;) as alsoاشكر↓. (Ḳ.)
اشتكرت السَّمَآءُ † The rain fell vehemently: (Ṣ:) or the sky rained much. (Ḳ.)
اشتكرت الرِيَاحُ † The winds brought rain: (Ḳ:) or blew violently: or, as is said on the authority of AʼObeyd, were contrary; but ISd says that this is a mistake. (TA.)
Also اشتكر † It (heat, and cold,) became intense. (Ḳ.)
‡ He (a man) strove, exerted himself, or did his utmost, in his running. (Ḳ, TA.)
Also † It became what is termed شَكِير [q. v.]. (TA.)
See also 1, near the end of the paragraph, in two places.
[Hence, app.,] ‡ It (a fœtus) put forth downy hair. (A.)
شَكْرٌ The vulva, or pudendum, of a woman: (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the flesh thereof: (M, Ḳ,* MF:) as alsoشِكْرٌ↓, in either of these senses: (Ḳ:) pl. شِكَارٌ: (Mṣb, TA:) لَحْمُهَا, in the Ḳ, as the second explanation, is a mistake for لَحْمُهُ. (MF.) It is said in a trad., نَهَى عَنْ شَكْرِ البَغِىِ, meaning He forbade the giving hire for prostitution; the word ثَمَنِ being understood as prefixed to شكر. (TA.)
Also i. q. نِكَاحٌ [i. e. The act of compressing, or of contracting marriage with, a woman]. (TṢ, Ḳ.)
شُكْرٌ and inf. n. of شَكَرَ: (Ṣ, A,* Mṣb, Ḳ:) and it may [be used as a simple subst., and, as such,] have for its pl. شُكُورٌ. (Ṣ. [See 1.])
شِكْرٌ: see شَكْرٌ.
شُكْرَةٌ † [Fulness of the udder of a camel; and soشَكَرِيَّةٌ↓ is expl. in the TḲ;] a subst. from أَشْكَرَ القَوْمُ [q. v.]. (Ḳ.) One says, هٰذَا زَمَنُ الشُّكْرَةِ, so in the L and other lexicons, (TA,) orالشَّكَرَةِ↓, (so in my copies of the Ṣ,) orالشَّكَرِيَّةِ↓, (so in the O and Ḳ,) † [This is the time of the fulness of the udder,] when the camels abound with milk, or have their udders full, (إِذَا حَفَلَتْ, q. v.,) from the [herbage called] رَبِيع. (Ṣ, O, L, Ḳ.)
شَكَرَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
شَكِرَةٌ ‡ A she-camel, (Aṣ, Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and ewe or she-goat, (A,) having her udder full (Aṣ, Ṣ, A, Ḳ) of milk, (Ṣ,) whatever be the fodder, or herbage, she has eaten; (A;) as alsoمِشْكَارٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or the former, that has obtained a good share of leguminous herbage, or of [other] pasture, and in consequence abounds with milk after having had little milk: (T, TA:) and↓ the latter, that abounds with milk though having had but a small share of pasture: (TA:) or that abounds with milk in summer and ceases in winter: (IAạr, TA:) pl. of the former شَكَارَى, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) applied to camels and to sheep or goats, (Ṣ,) and شَكْرَى (Ḳ) and شَكِرَاتٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and شَكَارَى is applied to camels, and sheep or goats, as meaning abounding with milk, or having their udders full, (إِذَا حَفَلَتْ,) from the [herbage called] رَبِيع. (Ṣ, TA.) [شَكْرَى↓ is also a sing. epithet, having a similar signification: as well as a pl.] One says ضَرَّةٌ شَكْرَى↓ ‡ An udder abounding with milk: (A:) or having much milk. (Ṣ.) Andعَيْنٌ شَكْرَى↓ † A full source or eye. (B, TA.) Andفِدْرَةٌ شَكْرَى↓ † A fat piece of flesh-meat: (Ḳ:) or ‡ [a piece of flesh-meat] flowing with grease, or gravy: (A: [but in my copy, قِدْرَةٌ is erroneously put for فِدْرَةٌ:]) pl. شَكَارَى. (A.)
شَكْرَى: see the next four preceding sentences.
شَكَرِيَّةٌ: see شُكْرَةٌ, in two places.
شَكُورٌ an intensive epithet, (TA,) signifying كَثِيرُ الشُّكْرِ [i. e. One who thanks much; or who is very thankful or grateful: see 1]: (Ḳ, TA:) and one who is earnest, or does his utmost, in thanking his Lord, or in being thankful or grateful to Him, by obedience to Him, performing his appointed religious services: (TA:) or one who does his utmost in showing his thankfulness, or gratitude, with his heart and his tongue and his members, or limbs, with firm belief, and with acknowledgment [of benefits received]: or who sees his inability to be [sufficiently] thankful or grateful: or who renders thanks, or is thankful or grateful, for probation: or, for what is denied him: (KT:) pl. شُكُرٌ. (TA.)
‡ A beast that is sufficed by little fodder or herbage, (Ṣ, A,) and that fattens upon it: (A:) or that fattens upon little fodder or herbage: (Ḳ:) as though thankful for that small benefit. (TA.)
الشَّكُورُ, applied to God, ‡ [He who approves, or rewards, or forgives, much, or largely:] He who gives large reward for small, or few, works: He in whose estimation small, or few, works performed by his servants increase, and who multiplies his rewards to them. (TA.)
شَكِيرٌ ‡ The shoots that grow around a tree, from its أَصْل [i. e. root, or base, or stem]: (Ṣ:) or sappy twigs or shoots, that grow from the stem of a tree: or small leaves beneath the large: (A:) or fresh and tender twigs or shoots, that grow among such as have become thick and tough: and what grow at, or upon, the أُصُول [i. e. roots, or bases, or stems,] of large trees: or small leaves that grow at, or upon, the root, or base, or stem, of a tree: (IAạr, TA:) and offsets, or suckers, or sprouts, of palm-trees: (Ḳ:) and the leaves that are around the branches of the palm-tree: (Yaạḳoob, Ḳ:) and plants, and hair, and feathers, and abundant ostrich-feathers (عِفَآء, Ḳ, TA, in the CK عَفاء), such as are small, growing among such as are large: or the first, of herbage, growing after other herbage that has become dried up and dusty: (Ḳ:) and downy hair, or down: and any soft, fine hair: (A:) or hair growing among the plaits: pl. شُكُرٌ: and weak hair: (TA:) and hair at the roots of a horse's mane, (Ḳ, TA,) like down, and in the forelock: (TA:) and the hair that is next to the face and the back of the neck: (A, Ḳ:) and branches: (AḤn, Ḳ: [in the CK, والغُصُونِ is erroneously put for والغُصُونُ:]) and the bark (لِحَآء) of trees: pl. شُكُرٌ: (Ḳ:) and the pl. also signifies the long shoots of a grape-vine: or its higher, or highest, shoots: (AḤn, TA:) and the sing., a grape-vine growing from a planted shoot. (AḤn, Ḳ, TA.)
Also ‡ Young men: (A:) or young offspring. (TA, from a trad.)
And ‡ The young ones of camels: (Ḳ, TA:) as being likened to the شَكِير of palm-trees. (TA.)
شَكَائِرُ † Forelocks: (Ḳ, TA:) as though pl. of شَكِيرَةٌ [which may be n. un. of شَكِيرٌ]. (TA.)
[شِكُورِيَةٌ a name applied in the present day to Cichorium, intybus and endivia; wild and garden-succory, and endive; as also هِنْدَبَى, correctly هِنْدَبًى.]
شَاكِرِىٌّ A hired man, or hireling; one taken as a servant: an arabicized word, from [the Pers.] َۜاكَرْ. (O, Ḳ.)
شَوْكَرَانٌ: see the next paragraph.
شَيْكُرَانٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and شَيْكَرَانٌ, (Ḳ,) [in the CK, erroneously, شَكْرَان and with damm to the ك,] or the correct form is شَيْكُرَانٌ, with damm to the ك as Ibn-Hishám El-Lakhmee and El-Fárábee have expressly affirmed; (TA;) or it is correctly with س, (Ḳ,) unpointed, and so it is mentioned by AḤn; (TA;) [but see سَيْكُرَانٌ;] or correctly شَوْكَرَانٌ↓, (Ḳ,) as Ṣgh holds to be the case, (TA,) [and thus it is written in several medical books, from the Pers. شَوْكَرَانْ; accord. to Golius, Cicuta herba, and applied in the present day to conium, i. e. hemlock, or a species thereof; and this is probably what is meant by Golius, as the conium maculatum, or common hemlock, is called by some cicuta;] a certain plant, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) of the kind called حَمْض, (so in a marginal note in a copy of the Ṣ,) the stem of which is like that of the رَازِيَانَج [or fennel], and the leaves of which are like those of the [species of cucumber called.] قِثَّآء, or, as some say, like those of the يَبْرُوح [q. v.], and smaller; having a white flower, and a slender stem, without any fruit; and its seed is like [that of] the نَانَخَوَاة [or ammi], or [of] the أَنِيسُون [or anise], without taste or odour, and mucilaginous. (TA.)
أَشْكَرُ [More, and most, thankful, or grateful, &c.: see an ex. voce بَرْوَقٌ].
عُشْبٌ مَشْكَرَةٌ (O, Ḳ, TA, in the CK مُشْكِرَةٌ,) † Herbage that causes milk to be copious. (O, Ḳ, TA. [In the CK, مُغْزَرَةُ اللَّبَنِ is erroneously put for مَغْزَرَةٌ لِلَّبَنِ.])
مِشْكَارٌ: see شَكِرَةٌ, in two places.
رِيحٌ مُشْتَكِرَةٌ † A violent wind: (O, Ḳ:) or, as some say, a contrary wind; (O, TA;) but ISd, says that this is a mistake. (TA.)