شطر شطرنج شطن


شِطْرَنْجٌ

(O, L, Mṣb, Ḳ) and شَطْرَنْجٌ; (L, Mṣb;) some say the former; and some, the latter; (Mṣb;) the latter said to be of established authority, as a dial. var., though disallowed in the Ḳ [and in the O]; but the former is the more approved on account of its being conformable with Arabic words, (Mṣb, TA,) such as جِرْدَحْلٌ, (TA,) which the latter is not; (Mṣb, TA;) and sometimes it is pronounced with the unpointed س, (O,) this being a dial. var.; (Ḳ;) A wellknown game; [namely, chess:] (O, L, Ḳ:) a Pers. word, (TA,) arabicized; (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) [said to be] from صَدْ رَنْغ “ a hundred stratagems; ” or from شُدْ رَنْج “ trouble departed, ” meaning that trouble departs from him who plays at it; (TA;) [or from شَاهْ رَنْج “ the royal care or sorrow; ” or from شَشْ رَنْغ “ six species or ranks, ” because the pieces are of so many species: (Richardson's Pers. Arab. and Engl. Dict., Johnson's ed.:)] or [accord. to some] it is from الشَّطَارَةُ, (O, Ḳ,) or المُشَاطَرَةُ, referring to the word شطرنج; (TA;) or from التَّسْطِيرُ, (O, Ḳ,) referring to the word سطرنج; so says Ibn-Hishám El-Lakhmee: but, as IB and others have said, these derivations are only partial, making the ن and the ج to be augmentative letters, and are manifestly incorrect. (MF, TA.)