سبح سبخ سبد
سَبِخَتِ الأَرْضُ, (JK, A, Mṣb,) aor. ـَ, inf. n. سَبَخٌ; (Mṣb;) andاسبخت↓; (JK, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) The land, or earth, exuded water and produced salt: (JK, Ḳ:) or was, or became, salt; had in it salt. (A, Mṣb.) And سَبِخَ المَكَانُ, inf. n. as above, The place produced salt, and was such that the feet sank in it. (TA.)
سَبْخٌ, an inf. n. of which the verb is سَبَخَ, aor. ـُ, (TḲ,) means also † The being in a state of sleep: (AA, Ṣ:) andتَسْبِيخٌ↓ † The sleeping soundly: (Ṣ:) or both have this meaning: (Ḳ:) or the former signifies † the being in a state of rest, and easing the body by sleep: (IAạr, L:) and↓ the latter, † the sleeping every hour: (TA:) and the former signifies also † the being unoccupied, at leisure, or free from work or business; (AA, Ṣ, Ḳ;) and so↓ the latter. (Ḳ.) In the Ḳur lxxiii. 7, some read سَبْخًا [instead of سَبْحًا, q. v.]; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) meaning † rest, and easing of the body by sleep; (IAạr, L;) and said by Fr to be from تَسْبِيخٌ, in the first of the senses expl. in the next paragraph: (L:) or † freedom from occupation or work or business. (Ṣ.) Accord to Zj, السَّبْحُ and السَّبْخُ are nearly the same in meaning. (TA.) You say also سَبْخٌ مِنْ نَوْمٍ and مَشْىٍ and حَرٍّ [app. meaning † A ceasing from sleeping and from walking or journeying and of heat]. (JK.)
And سَبَخْتُ النَّوْمَ, inf. n. سَبْخٌ, † [I slept long; or] I lengthened sleeping. (JK.)
And سَبَخْتُ فِى الأَرْضِ † I went, or travelled, far, in, or into, the land, or country; (JK, Ḳ,* TA;) like سَبَحْتُ. (TA.)
تَسْبِيخٌ [inf. n. of سبّخ] The separating, or plucking asunder, and loosening, of cotton, and making it [or spreading it out] wide. (Fr, L.)
And The winding of cotton and the like, (Ḳ, TA,) such as wool, and soft hair (وَبَر), after the separating and loosening, for a woman to spin it; (TA;) [as also سَبْخٌ, inf. n. of سَبَخَ↓; see سَبِيخٌ.]
[Hence,] ‡ The act of lightening, or alleviating. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.) It is related in a trad. that the Prophet said to ʼÁïsheh, when she had cursed a thief, (Ṣ, A, TA,) who had stolen something from her, (Ṣ, A, TA,) who had stolen something from her, (Ṣ, TA,) لَا تُسَبِّخِى عَنْهُ بِدُعَائِكِ عَلَيْهِ, (Ṣ, A,* TA,) meaning ‡ Do not thou alleviate (Ṣ, A, TA) the merited punishment of his crime by thy cursing him. (Ṣ,* TA.) And a poet says,
* فَسَبِّخْ عَلَيْكَ الهَمَّ وَٱعْلَمْ بِأَنَّهُ ** إِذَا قَدَّرَ الرَّحْمٰنُ شَيْئًا فَكَائِنُ *
[Then alleviate thou the disquietude of thy mind; and know that, when the Compassionate decreeth a thing, it happeneth]. (Ṣ.) One says also, سَبَّخَ ٱللّٰهُ عَنْكَ الحُمَّى May God alleviate thy fever. (Ṣ.) And اَللّٰهُمَّ سَبِّخْ عَنَّا الأَذَى O God, remove from us, or alleviate to us, that which harms, or hurts. (TA.)
And † The act of stilling, quieting, rendering motionless, appeasing, tranquillizing, calming, allaying, assuaging, or quelling. (Ḳ.)
Also † The becoming [alleviated, or lightened,] still, quiet, motionless, appeased, tranquil, calm, allayed, assuaged, or quelled. (Ḳ,* TA.) One says of heat, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and of anger, (TA,) سبّخ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. as above; andتسبّخ↓; (Ḳ;) † It became abated, or allayed, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) and alleviated. (Ṣ.)
Also † The ceasing of veins from the throbbing occasioned by pain therein. (IAạr, L, Ḳ.*)
See also 1, in three places.
[سابخ expl. by Freytag as meaning He contended with another in swimming is a mistake for سابح.]
اسبخ He reached salt earth in digging (Ṣ, Ḳ) a well. (TA.)
See also 1, first sentence.
see 2, near the end of the paragraph.
[سَبَخٌ is expl. by Freytag as applied in the Deewán of Jereer to A dense cloud that is seen suspended apart from other clouds.]
سَبِخٌ; and its fem., with ة: see سَبَخَةٌ, in three places.
سَبْخَةٌ: see the next paragraph, in three places.
سَبَخَةٌ andسَبْخَةٌ↓ [A piece, or tract, of] land that exudes water and produces salt: (Ḳ:) pl. (of the former, Ṣ, or of the latter, Mṣb) سِبَاخٌ: (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) أَرْضٌ سَبِخَةٌ↓ [also] signifies as above; (JK;) or land containing سِبَاخ, (Ṣ, A,) i. e. [places that exude water and produce salt, or simply] salt; (A;) or salt land or earth, as alsoارض سَبْخَةٌ↓, in which the latter word is a contraction of سَبِخَةٌ, and ارض سَبَخَةٌ also: (Mṣb:) andسَبِخٌ↓ signifies a place producing salt, (Mṣb,* TA,) and in which the feet sink: (TA:) the pl. ofسَبِخَةٌ↓ is سَبِخَاتٌ. (Mṣb.) The Prophet said to Anas, on his mentioning El-Basrah, إِنْ مَرَرْتَ بِهَا وَدَخَلْتَهَا فَإِيَّاكَ وَسِبَاخَهَا, meaning [If thou pass by it and enter it, then beware thou of] its tracts of land overspread with saltness, that seldom, or never, give growth to anything but some trees, or shrubs. (L.)
Also, (Ḳ,) or the latter, i. e.سَبْخَةٌ↓, (JK,) A thing that overspreads water (JK, Ḳ, TA) in consequence of its having been long left, (TA,) resembling [the green substance called] طُحْلُب, (JK, Ḳ,) or such as طحلب and the like. (TA.)
سَبِيخٌ Cotton, and wool, and soft hair (وَبَر), separated, or plucked asunder, and loosened; as alsoمُسَبَّخٌ↓: (TA:) [andسَبِيخَةٌ↓, in which the ة is added to convert the epithet into a subst., signifies a portion, i. e. a loose flock, thereof; and its pl. is سَبَائِخُ, whence] one says, طَارَتْ سَبَائِخُ القُطْنِ [The loose flocks of the cotton flew about]. (A.)
[Hence,] ‡ Feathers (رِيش) that fall off (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) and become scattered: (Ḳ:) as alsoمُسَبَّخٌ↓: (TA:) the pl. of the former (Ḳ, TA) [used as a subst.], in this and in the following senses, (TA,) [or rather of سَبِيخَةٌ↓ as a n. un. thus used,] is سَبَائِخُ. (Ḳ, TA.) One says, وَرَدْتُ مَآءً حَوْلَهُ سَبِيخُ الطَّيْرِ, andسَبَائِخُهُ↓, i. e. ‡ [I came to water around which were] the feathers that had fallen off [and become scattered] of birds. (A.)
Also Cotton made wide for a medicament to be put upon it (Ḳ, TA) and for it to be applied upon a wound: (TA:) andسَبِيخَةُ↓ signifies a portion of cotton thus prepared for this purpose. (JK, Ḳ.*)
And Cotton, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and wool, and soft hair (وَبَر), (Ṣ,) wound, after the separating and loosening, (Ṣ, Ḳ, in the formerيُسْبَخُ↓ بَعْدَ النَّدْفِ i. e. يُلَفُّ,) to be spun (Ṣ, Ḳ) by a woman: (Ṣ:) andسَبِيخَةٌ↓ signifies a portion thereof. (Ṣ.)
سَبِيخَةٌ; and its pl., سَبَائِخُ: see the next preceding paragraph, in five places.
مُسَبَّخٌ: see سَبِيخٌ, in two places.