رن رنب رنج


أَرْنَبٌ

[The hare; and now applied to the rabbit also;] a certain animal, (TA,) well known, (M, A, Ḳ, TA,) like the عناق [?], having short fore legs and long hind legs, that treads the ground with the hinder parts of its [hind] legs: (TA:) a certain very prolific animal, called in Pers. خركوش [or خَرْغُوشْ]: it is said that it is one year a male and another year a female, and menstruates like women; and its fore legs are shorter than its hind legs: when it sleeps, it keeps its eyes open; and when it is sick, it eats green canes (قَصَب), and its sickness ceases: (Ḳzw:) the word is a gen. n., (TA,) of the fem. gender, (Mṣb, TA,) accord. to El-Jáhidh; (TA;) but (Mṣb) applied to the male and the female; (M, A, Ḳ, TA;) as is also أَرْنَبَةٌ, (Mṣb,) which is a dial. var.: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or to the female [only]; the male being called خُزَزٌ; (T, M, Ḳ, TA;) accord. to Lth; but others allow its application to the male: (T:) the female is also called عِكْرِشَةٌ: and the young, خِرْنِقٌ: (TA:) the pl. is أَرَانِبُ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَرَانٍ, (Lḥ, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) the latter, like ثَعَالٍ for ثَعَالِبُ, occurring in poetry, (Ṣ, M, *) and not allowed by Sb except in poetry. (M.) The ا in أَرْنَبٌ is augmentative, accord. to Lth: accord. to most of the grammarians it is disjunctive, (so in a copy of the T and in the TA,) or radical: (so in another copy of the T:) Lth says that no word commences with a radical ا but such as is triliteral; as أَرْضٌ and أَرْشٌ. (T, TA.) [Hence,] one says of the low, abject, or ignominious, and weak, إِنَّمَا هُوَ أَرْنَبٌ [He is only a hare]; because that animal cannot defend itself, and even the lark will endeavour to make it its prey. (A, TA.) See another ex. below, voce أَرْنَبَةٌ. [Hence, also,] الأَرْنَبُ is the name of (assumed tropical:) A certain constellation, [Lepus,] comprising twelve stars in its figure, having no observed stars around it, situate beneath the feet of الجَبَّار [i. e. Orion], and facing the west. (Ḳzw.)
Also, (Ḳ,) or مَرْنَبٌ accord. to the L, (TA,) or both, (M,) and يَرْنَبٌ, A جُرَذ [or large field-rat], (M, L, Ḳ,) like the jerboa, (M, L,) having a short tail. (M, L, Ḳ.)
الأَرْنَبُ البَحْرِىُّ, accord. to Ḳzw, A certain marine animal, the head of which is like that of the أَرْنَب [or hare], and the body like that of a fish: or, accord. to Ibn-Seenà, a small testaceous animal, which is of a poisonous quality when drunk [app. meaning in water]: so that, accord. to this explanation, the resemblance [to the ارنب commonly so called] is in the name, not the form. (TA.)
Also A sort of ornament worn by women. (M, Ḳ.)

أَرْنَبَةٌ

The end, or tip, [i. e. the lower portion, or lobule,] of the nose: (T, Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) this is [also] called أَرْنَبَةُ الأَنْفِ: (Mgh, Mṣb:) it is one of the parts that touch the ground in prostration [in prayer]: (TA:) pl. أَرَانِبُ. (T, A, TA.) You say, جَدَعَ أَرْنَبَتَهُ [lit. He cut off the end of his nose;] meaning (assumed tropical:) he held him in mean estimation, or in contempt. (A, TA.) And وَجَدْتُهُمْ مُجَدَّعِى الأَرَانِبِ أَشَدَّ فَزَعًا مِنَ الأَرَانِبِ (assumed tropical:) [I found them to be held in contempt, (lit. having the ends of their noses cut off,) more fearful than hares]. (A, TA.)
See also أَرْنَبٌ.

أَرْنَبَانِىٌّ

[Cloth of the kind called] خَزّ of a blackish colour (أَدْكَنُ). (Ḳ.)
See also مَرْنَبَانِىٌّ.

مَرْنَبٌ

A large فَأْرَة [or rat]: (Ḳ:) omitted in some copies of the Ḳ. (TA.) See أَرْنَبٌ.
See also مُؤَرْنَبٌ.

مُرْنَبٌ

: see مُؤَرْنَبٌ.

مَرْنَبَةٌ

A villous [garment of the kind called] قَطِيفَة. (T, Ḳ.)
See also أَرْضٌ مُؤَرْنِبَةٌ.

كِسَآءٌ مَرْنَبَانِىٌّ

A [garment of the kind called] كساء that is of the colour of the أَرْنَب [or hare]; (T, M, A, Ḳ;) as also أَزْنَبَانِىٌّ. (A.) See also the next paragraph.

كِسَآءٌ مُؤَرْنَبٌ

A [garment of the kind called] كساء of which the thread is intermixed with the soft hair of the أَرْنَب [or hare]; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as also مُرْنَبٌ, (so in a copy of the M,) or مَرْنَبٌ, like مَقْعَدٌ: (A, Ḳ:) or, as some say, i. q. مَرْنَبَانِىٌّ. (T.)
See also the next paragraph.

أَرْضٌ مُؤَرْنِبَةٌ

A land in which are أَرَانِب [or hares]: (Ṣ:) or abounding therewith; (T, Kr, M, and so in some copies of the Ḳ;) as also مُؤَرْنَبَةٌ, (M, and so in some copies of the Ḳ, and in a copy of the A,) and مَرْنَبَةٌ. (T, M, A.)

يَرْنَبٌ

: see أَرْنَبٌ.