رشح رشد رشف
رَشَدَ, aor. ـُ; and رَشِدَ, aor. ـَ; (Ṣ, A, L, Mṣb, Ḳ;) the former of which is the better known and the more chaste; (TA;) inf. n. رُشْدٌ, (Ṣ, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is of the former, (Ṣ, L,) and رَشَدٌ, (Ṣ, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is of the latter, (Ṣ, L, Mṣb,) and رَشَادٌ, (L, Ḳ,) which is also of the latter verb, (TA,) or this last is a simple subst.; (Mṣb;) He took, or followed, a right way or course or direction; (Ṣ, A, L, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as to a road, and also as to an affair: (L:) [and often relating to religion; meaning he held a right belief; was orthodox:] andاسترشد↓ signifies the same: (L, Ḳ:) you say, استرشد لِأَمْرِهِ, meaning He took, or followed, a right way to conduct his affair: and رَشَدَ أَمْرَهُ, meaning He took, or followed, a right course in his affair; this latter being a phrase similar to أَلِمَ بَطْنَهُ and سَفِهَ رَأْيَهُ &c. (L.) Some say that رَشْدٌ relates to the things of the present life and to those of the life to come; and رَشَدٌ, only to those of the life to come: but this distinction does not accord with what has been heard from the Arabs, nor with readings of the Ḳur-án, in which some read رُشْد and others رَشَد in several verses. (MF.) The former also signifies The continuing in the way of truth, or the right way, with self-constraining firmness in so doing. (Ḳ.) One says to the traveller, رَشِدْتَ [Mayest thou take, or follow, the right way]. (A.)
[See also رُشْدٌ below.]
رشّدهُ, inf. n. تَرْشِيدٌ, said of a ḳádee, or judge, i. q. جَعَلَهُ رَشِيدًا [meaning He pronounced him to be one who took, or followed, a right way or course or direction: or to be one who held a right belief; to be orthodox]. (Mṣb.)
ارشدهُ (Ṣ, A, L, Mṣb, Ḳ) andرشّدهُ↓, (L,) said of God, (Ṣ, L, Ḳ,) and of a governor, or commander, (L,) [or of any man,] He made him, or caused him, to take, or follow, a right way or course or direction; or he directed him aright, or to the right way or course or direction; (Ṣ,* A,* L, Mṣb,* Ḳ;*) إِلَى الشَّىْءِ and عَلَيْهِ and لَهُ [to the thing]: so says AZ: (Mṣb:) [often relating to religion; meaning he made him, or caused him, to hold a right belief; to become orthodox.] See also the next paragraph.
استرشد: see 1.
Also He sought, or desired, the taking, or following, a right way or course or direction. (So accord. to some copies of the Ḳ.)
And استرشدهُ He desired of him the taking, or following, a right way or course or direction: (L, and so accord. to some copies of the Ḳ, and the TA:) or he asked, demanded, or desired, of him, direction to the right way. (MA.) You say,اِسْتَرْشَدْتُهُ فَأَرْشَدَنِى↓ [I asked, demanded, or desired, of him, direction to the right way, and he directed me to the right way] (A, Mṣb) إِلَى الشَّىْءِ and عَلَيْهِ and لَهُ [to the thing]: so says AZ. (Mṣb.)
رُشْدٌ an inf. n. of 1. (Ṣ, L, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
[As a simple subst., Rectitude.] Also Maturity of in- tellect, and rectitude of actions, and good management of affairs. (TA in art. انس: see 4 in that art.) [Hence, بَلَغَ رُشْدَهُ He attained to years of discretion, when he was able of himself to take, or follow, a right way or course: a phrase of frequent occurrence.]
رَشْدَةٌ: see the next paragraph, in four places.
رِشْدَةٌ A mode, or manner, [andرَشْدَةٌ↓ an act,] of رَشَاد [or right procedure; &c.]. (Ḥam p. 463.) [Hence,] هُوَ لِرِشْدَةٍ, (Ṣ, A, L, Mṣb,) and وُلِدَ لِرِشْدَةٍ, (L, Ḳ,) andلِرَشْدَةٍ↓, (L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) the latter accord. to AZ and Fr, and said to be the more chaste, but the former allowable accord. to Ks, and preferred by Th in the Fṣ, (L, TA,) [and seems to be the more common,] ‡ He is, or was, trueborn; (A, Mṣb;) contr. of لِزِنْيَةٍ, (Ṣ, L, Ḳ,) or لِزَنْيَةٍ, (Fr, TA,) and لِغَيَّةٍ. (AZ, Fr, TA.) Andوُلِدَ لِغَيْرِ رَشْدَةٍ↓ [or رِشْدَةٍ i. e. ‡ He was not trueborn]. (Fr, TA.) And هٰذَا وَلَدُ رِشْدَةٍ ‡ This is an offspring of valid marriage. (TA.) Andاِدَّعَى وَلَدًا لِغَيْرِ رَشْدةٍ↓ ‡ [He claimed, as his, a child not lawfully begotten, or not trueborn]. (TA, from a trad.)
رَشَدَى: see رَشَادٌ.
رِشْدِينٌ: see رَاشِدٌ.
رَشَادٌ an inf. n. of 1, (L, Ḳ,) or a simple subst., (Mṣb,) [signifying Right procedure; or the adoption, or pursuit, of a right way or course or direction; as to a road, and also as to an affair: and often meaning right belief, or orthodoxy: in both these senses] contr. of غَىٌّ, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,) and of ضَلَالٌ: (Mṣb:) andرَشَدَى↓ is a subst. syn. with رَشَادٌ. (L, Ḳ.*)
حَبُّ الرَّشَادِ i. q. الحُرْفُ, (Ḳ,) in the dial. of El-'Irák; (TA;) they gave it this name as one of good omen, because حُرْفٌ is syn. with حِرْمَانٌ: (Ḳ:) [رَشَادٌ and حُرْفٌ are names given to several species of Gress; and حَبُّ الرَّشَادِ seems to mean the seed of رشاد: accord. to Golius, on the authority of Ibn-Beytár, رشاد is the name of the nasturtium: accord. to Delile, (Flor. AEgypt., nos. 576, 580, 571, 584, and 610,) it is the Arabic name of the lepidium sativum of Linn.; the lepidium hortense of Forsk.: and the cochlearia nilotica: رَشَادُ البَحْرِ, i. e., nasturtium maritimum, that of the cakile maritima of Tournef.; Desf., a pinnatifida; the bunias cakile of Linn.; the isatis pinnata of Forsk.: الرَّشَادُ الجَبَلِىُّ, that of the lunaria parviflora: and رَشَادُ البّرِّ, i. e., nasturtium deserti, that of the raphanus recurvatus of Persoon; the raphanus lyratus of Forsk.]
رَشِيدٌ: see رَاشِدٌ.
الرَّشِيدُ, of the measure فَعِيل in the sense of the measure مُفْعِل, (L,) as an epithet applied to God, means The Director to the right way: (L, Ḳ:) and He who appoints, or ordains, well that which He appoints, or ordains: (Ḳ:) or He whose regulations are conducted to the attainment of their ultimate objects in the right way, without any one's aiding in directing their course aright. (L.)
رَاشدٌ andرَشِيدٌ↓ Taking, or following, a right way or course or direction [as to a road, and also as to an affair: and often meaning holding a right belief; or orthodox]. (A, Mṣb.) One says to a traveller, رَاشِدًا مَهْدِيًّا [May God make thee to be a taker, or follower, of a right way; one directed aright]. (A.) And one says,يَا رِشْدِينُ↓, as meaning يَا رَاشِدُ [O thou who takest, or followest, a right way &c.]. (L) الخُلَفَآءُ الرَّاشِدُونَ [The Khaleefehs who took, or followed, a right course, or the orthodox Khaleefehs,] is an appellation specially applied to Aboo-Bekr, ʼOmar, ʼOthmán, and ʼAlee; but applicable also to any others of the Imáms who pursued the same course as those four. (L.)
أُمُّ رَاشِدٍ a surname (Ṣ) applied to The female rat or mouse (الفَأُرَةُ). (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
الطَّرِيقُ الأَرْشَدُ is like الأَقْصَدُ [i. e. The more, or most, direct road]. (Ṣ.)
المَرَاشِدُ, a pl. without a sing., like مَحَاسِنُ and مَلَامِحُ, (L,) The right places to which roads tend; syn. مَقَاصِدُ الطُّرُقِ. (Ṣ, L, Ḳ.) You say, هُوَ يَهْدِى إِلَى المَرَاشِدِ [He directs to the right places to which roads tend]. (A.)