رذ رذل رز
رَذُلَ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. رَذَالَةٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and رُذُلَةٌ; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and رَذِلَ, aor. ـَ; (Ṣgh, Ḳ;) He (a man) was, or became, low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) in his aspect, and in his states, or circumstances: (T:) or it (a thing, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, of any kind, M, Ḳ) was, or became, bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved. (M, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
رَذَلَهُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, inf. n. رَذْلٌ; (M, TA;) andارذلهُ↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) He made, or pronounced, him (a man) to be low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible: (Ṣ,* M, Ḳ,* TA:) or he made, or pronounced, it (a thing of any kind) to be bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved. (M, Ḳ.*) You say,ارذل↓ دَرَاهِمَ, (T,) or مِنْ دَرَاهِمِى كَذَا, (TA,) He (a man, T, or a money-changer, TA) pronounced, or showed, dirhems or pieces of money, or such of my dirhems or pieces of money, to be bad; syn. فَسَّلَهَا. (T, TA.) Andارذل↓ غَنَمِى [He pronounced my sheep, or goats, to be bad; or he disapproved, or refused, them]. (T, TA.) Andارذل↓ مِنْ رِجَالِهِ كَذَا وَكَذَا رَجُلًا (T, TA) He disapproved, or refused, [as low, base, &c.,] of his men, such and such men. (TA.)
ارذل He had low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible, companions. (Ḳ.)
As a trans. v.: see 1, in four places.
استرذلهُ [He reckoned him or esteemed him, or he found him to be, or he desired that he might be, low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible: or he reckoned it or esteemed it, or found it to be, or desired that it might be, bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved:] contr. of اِسْتَجَادَهُ. (O, Ḳ.) Hence the trad., مَا ٱسْتَرْذَلَ ٱللّٰهُ عَبْدًا إِلَّا حَظَرَ عَنْهُ العِلْمَ وَالأَدَبَ [God desires not that a servant (meaning a man) may be low, base, vile, mean or contemptible, but He withholds from him knowledge, or science, and discipline of the mind, or good qualities and attributes of the mind or soul, &c.]. (O, TA.)
رَذْلٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andرُذَالٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andرَذِيلٌ↓ andأَرْذَلُ↓ (M, Ḳ) applied to a man, Low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) in his aspect, and in his states, or circumstances: (T:) or, applied to a thing (M, Mṣb, Ḳ) of any kind, (M, Ḳ,) bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved: (M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) fem. of the first with ة: (M, Mṣb:)pl. [of pauc.], of the first, أَرْذُلٌ, (Mṣb,) or [of the same,] أَرْذَالٌ, (T, Ṣ, M, O, and so in some copies of the Ḳ,) [or this is more probably pl. ofرَذِيلٌ↓, accord. to analogy,] and رُذُولٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and رُذَالٌ, (M, Ḳ,) which is of a rare form, (M,) [in the CK رُذّالٌ,] and رَذْلُونَ, (T,) [which is applied only to rational beings,] and (ofرَذِيلٌ↓, TA) رُذَلَآءُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and, of the pl. أَرْذُلٌ, (Mṣb, [but] said in the O to be of [the pl.] أَرْذَالٌ, TA,) أَرَاذِلُ, (T, Mṣb, TA, and so in some copies of the Ḳ in the place of أَرْذَالٌ,) and [ofالأَرْذَلُ↓,] الأَرْذَلُونَ, (T, M, Ḳ,) [which is applied only to rational beings, and is said in the M and TA to be used only with the article ال prefixed to it, but is written without the ال in the Ḳ.] You say رَجُلٌ رَذْلُ الثِّيَابِ and الفِعْلِ [A man mean, or bad, &c., in respect of clothes and of action]. (T, TA.) And ثَوْبٌ رَذْلٌ A dirty, bad, or vile, garment; (TA;) and soثوب رَذِيلٌ↓: (M, TA:) orثوب رَذِلٌ↓ [so accord. to a copy of the T, but perhaps a mistranscription for رَذْلٌ,] a dirty garment: andثوب رَذِيلٌ↓ a bad, or vile, garment. (T.)
رَذِلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
رُذَالٌ: see رَذْلٌ [of which it is both a syn. and a pl.].
Also, (Ṣ,) orرُذَالَةٌ↓, (T,) or both, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) The worse or viler, or the worst or vilest, (T,) or the bad, or vile, (Ṣ,) of anything: (T, Ṣ:) [or the refuse thereof; i. e.] a thing of which the good has been picked out, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and the bad or vile, (M,) or the worse or viler, or worst or vilest, (Mṣb,) remains. (M, Mṣb.) You say also,هُمْ رُذَالَةُ↓ النَّاسِ and رُذَالُهُمْ [They are the lower or baser &c., or lowest or basest &c., or the refuse, of mankind, or of the people]. (T.)
رَذِيلٌ: see رَذْلٌ, in five places.
رُذَالَةٌ: see رُذَالٌ, in two places.
رَذِيلَةٌ A low, base, vile, mean, contemptible, or bad, quality; contr. of فَضِيلَةٌ; (M, Ḳ:) pl. رَذَائِلُ. (TA.)
رُذَالَى: see the next paragraph.
أَرْذَلُ: see رَذْلٌ, in two places.
Also The worse, or worst: so in the phrase أَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ [The worse, or worst, part of life]. (O, Ḳ.) [In the Ḳ, immediately after the words وَأَرْذَلَ صَارَ أَصْحَابُهُ رُذَلَآءَ, we find, in some copies, وَرُذَالَى كَحُبَارَى وَأَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ أَسْوَؤْهُ; and in other copies, وَرُذَالَى كَحُبَارَى أَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ أَسْوَؤُهُ: accord. to the former reading, the meaning is, that رُذَالَى↓ is syn. with رُذَلَآءُ; and such SM holds to be the case: accord. to the latter reading, that رُذَالَى is syn. with أَرْذَلُ العُمُرِ. I have no doubt that the latter is the original reading in the Ḳ, and that it is taken from the O, where (with a preceding context different from that in the Ḳ) the words are, وَرُذَالَى اَرذَلِ العُمُرِ اَسْوَؤُهُ; thus, with ارذل in the gen. case: but I believe, as this word thus written suggests, and as some persons, alluded to by MF, have supposed, that كحبارى has been foisted into the text of the Ḳ in consequence of a misunderstanding or of a mistranscription of the words in question in some work earlier than the O; that the correct reading is, وَرُدَّ إِلَى أَرْذَلِ العُمُرِ أَسْوَئِهِ; and that this is taken from what here follows.] It is said in the Ḳur [xvi. 72 and xxii. 5], وَمِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرَدُّ إِلَى أَرْذَلِ العُمُرِ, (T, TA,) i. e. [And of you is he who is brought back to] the worse, or worst, [part] of life, (Ksh and Bḍ and Jel,) and the more, or most, contemptible thereof; (Ksh in xvi. 72;) a state of decrepitude and dotage; (Ksh and Bḍ and Jel;) which resembles the state of a young infant: (Ksh and Bḍ:) meaning he who dotes by reason of old age, so that he has no intellect; as is shown by the words in the same [immediately following], لِكَيْلَا يَعْلَمَ بَعْدَ عِلْمٍ شَيْئًا or مِنْ بَعْدِ عِلْمٍ شَيْئًا. (T, TA.*)
مَرْذُولٌ A man made, or pronounced, to be low, base, vile, mean, or contemptible: (Ṣ,* TA:) and a thing made, or pronounced, to be bad, corrupt, vile, base, abominable, or disapproved. (TA.)