ذيف ذيل ذيم
1. (ذيل ⇒ ذال)
ذَالَ, aor. يَذِيلُ, inf. n. ذَيْلٌ, It (a garment) was long, so that it touched the ground. (Mṣb.)
He, or it, had a ذَيْل; [app. said of a horse &c., as meaning he had a long tail, or a pendent portion to his tail; and probably of a garment, as meaning it had a skirt, or lower extremity, reaching nearly, or quite, to the ground, or dragged upon the ground, when made to hang down; and perhaps of a man, as meaning he had a ذيل to his garment;] as alsoأَذْيَلَ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
And, said of a man, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (M, Mṣb,) and so the inf. n., (M,) He walked with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, dragging his ذَيْل [or skirt, or the lower extremity of his garment]; (M, Ḳ;) and in like manner ذَالَتْ is said of a she-camel: (M:) or he dragged his أَذْيَال [or skirts, or the lower extremities of his garment or garments], by reason of pride and self-conceit: (Mṣb:) or ذَالَتْ, (T, Ṣ,) فِى مِشْيَتِهَا, said of a girl, or young woman, (T,) or of a woman, (Ṣ,) aor. تَذِيلُ, (T, Ṣ,) inf. n. as above, (T,) she dragged her أَذْيَال, (T,) or her ذَيْل, (Ṣ,) upon the ground, walking with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait. (T, Ṣ.) [See also 5.]
ذال بِذَنَبِهِ He raised his tail; (M, Ḳ;) said of a horse, and of a mountaingoat. (M.) And ذالت بِذَنَبِهَا She (a camel) spread her tail upon her thighs. (T.)
ذال إِلَيْهِ i. q. اِنْبَسَطَ [app. as meaning He acted towards him, or behaved to him, with boldness, forwardness, presumptuousness, or arrogance]; as alsoتذيّل↓. (Ḳ.)
ذال الشَّىْءُ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (M,) and so the inf. n., (Mṣb,) The thing was, or became, low, base, vile, mean, contemptible, or ignominious. (M, Mṣb, Ḳ.) And ذالت حَالُهُ His state, or condition, became lowered, or abased; as alsoتذايلت↓. (O, Ḳ.)
ذالت said of a woman, (M, Ḳ,) and of a she-camel, (M,) She was, or became, lean, or emaciated, (M, Ḳ,) and in a bad condition. (M.)
ذيّل ثَوْبَهُ, inf. n. تَذْيِيلٌ, [He made his garment to have a ذَيْل, i. e. shirt, or lower extremity, reaching nearly, or quite, to the ground, or such as to be dragged upon the ground; or] he made his garment long: (T:) andاذال↓ ثَوْبَهُ he made his garment to have a long ذَيْل. (T, TA.)
[Hence, ذَيَّلْتُ كِتَابَهُ † I added an appendix to his writing, or book; like ذَنَّبْتُهُ. And hence, the inf. n. تَذْيِيلٌ is used to signify † An appendix; like تَذْنِيبٌ; as alsoذَيْلٌ↓.]
4. (اذيل ⇒ اذال)
أَذْيَلَ: see 1, second sentence.
اذال ثَوْبَهُ: see 2.
اذالت قِنَاعَهَا She (a woman) let down her head-covering. (T, Ṣ, Ḳ.*)
اذالهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِذَالَةٌ, (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,) He lowered him; abased him; rendered him vile, mean, contemptible, or ignominious; or held him in low, or mean, estimation; (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and did not tend him, or take care of him, well; (M, Ḳ;) namely, his horse, (T, Ṣ, M,) and his young man, or slave; (Ṣ;) or it is said of the owner of a thing. (Mṣb.) It is said in a trad., (Ṣ, M,) of the Prophet, (M,) نَهَى عَنْ إِذَالَةِ الخَيْلِ, (Ṣ, M,) i. e. [He forbade] the using of horses for mean work, and burdens. (Ṣ, TA.)
And أَذْلْتُهَا I rendered her lean; or emaciated her; namely, a woman, and a camel. (TA.)
تذيّلت الدَّابَّةُ The beast moved about its tail. (M.)
And hence, (M,) تذيّل He (a man, TA) walked with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait, (M, Ḳ,) [app., dragging his ذَيْل (or skirt), like ذَالَ.]
[It occurs in the M and L, in art. رأد: said of a branch, or twig, app. as meaning It inclined limberly from side to side: but in the Ḳ, I there find in its place تذبّل.]
see 1, last sentence but one.
ذَيْلٌ The latter, or kinder, or the last, or kindmost, part of anything. (M, Ḳ.) Accord. to MF, this is the proper signification, and the other significations here following are tropical. (TA.) [But in my opinion, the word in each of the next two senses, or at least in the former of them; if not strictly proper, is what is termed حَقِيقَةٌ عُرْفِيَّةٌ, i. e. a word so much used in a tropical sense as to be, in that sense, conventionally regarded as proper.]
[A skirt, or lower extremity, of a garment, reaching nearly, or quite, to the ground, or that is dragged upon the ground, when made to hang down:] the extremity, of a garment, that is next the ground, and so if not touching it [as well as if touching it]; an inf. n. used in this sense: (Mṣb:) or the part of a waist-wrapper (إِزَار), and of a garment [of any kind], that is dragged [upon the ground], (M, Ḳ,) when it is made to hang down: (M:) or the part, of an إِزَار, and of a [garment of the kind called] رِدَآء, that is made to hang down, and touches the ground: and the part, of any kind of garment worn by a woman, that the wearer drags upon the ground behind her: (Lth, T:) or the parts, all round, of a woman's garment, that fall upon the ground: and the portion that is made to hang down, of a woman's shift and of her قِنَاع [or head-covering]: you do not [properly] say of a man that he has a ذَيْل [but only when you liken the lower part of his garment to the similar part of a woman's garment]: a man's having a long garment, such as a shirt and a جُبَّة, [or his dragging the skirt thereof,] is termed إِرْفَالٌ: (Khálid Ibn-Jembeh, T:) the pl. of ذَيْلٌ (in this sense, T, Mṣb, as relating to a shirt [&c.], S, and in all its senses, T, M) is أَذْيَالٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَذْيُلٌ (El-Hejeree, M, Ḳ) [both pls. of pauc.] and ذُيُولٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) which is a pl. of mult. (M.) Hence طُولُ الذَّيْلِ is a metonymical expression meaning ‡ Richness, or competency; because long أَذْيَال generally pertain to the rich and the prodigal and the proud and self-conceited: (Er-Rázee, Ḥar p. 493:) and you say, طَالَ ذَيْلُ فُلَانٍ, meaning ‡ The state, or condition, of such a one became good, and his wealth became abundant: and هُوَ طَوِيلُ الذَّيْلِ, meaning ‡ He is rich. (Ḥar p. 319.)
Of a horse (T, Ḳ) &c., (Ḳ,) [i. e.] of a horse and a camel and the like, (M,) The tail: (T, M, Ḳ:) or the tail when long: (TA:) or the part, of the tail, that is made to hang down. (M, Ḳ.)
[† Of a cloud, The skirt; or lower, pendent, part: used in this sense in the Ḳ voce هَيْدَبٌ.]
ذَيْلُ الرِّيحِ † What is dragged along, (T, Ṣ, O,) or drawn together, (M,) by the wind, upon the ground, (T, Ṣ, O, M,) of dust (T, M, O) and rubbish: (T, O:) or what the wind leaves upon the sand, (M, Ḳ,) in the form of a rope, (M,) resembling the track of a ذَيْل [or skirt] dragged along: (M, Ḳ:) or, as some say, أَذْيَالُالرِّيحِ means † the after-parts of the wind, with which it sweeps what is light to it. (M.)
ذَيْلُ جَبَلٍ † The foot, bottom, base, or lowest part, of a mountain. (A and TA voce جَرٌّ.)
أَذْيَالُ النَّاسِ † The hindmost of the people. (Ḳ.) You say, جَآءَ أَذْيَالٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ † Some few of the hindmost of the people came. (Ṣ, Ṣgh.)
ذَيَّالٌ: see ذَائِلٌ, in three places.
Also That behaves proudly, conceitedly, or vainly, and walks with an elegant and a proud and self-conceited gait. (TA.) Applied to a horse, That carries himself in an elegant and a proud and self-conceited manner, in his step, and in curvetting, or raising his fore legs together and putting them down together, and kneading with his hind legs, or in prancing, as though he dragged along the ذَيْل [or pendent portion] of his tail. (M.)
ذَائِلٌ, applied to a horse, Having a ذَيْل, (T, Ḳ,) i. e. tail: (T:) andذَيَّالٌ↓ having a long ذَيْل: (T, Ḳ:) or the former word has the latter signification; (IḲt, T, M;) it means having a long tail: (Ṣ:) and↓ the latter word, tall, and having a long ذَيْل, (M, Ḳ,) and that carries himself in an elegant and a proud and self-conceited manner, in his step; (Ḳ;) and is applied in the same sense to a wild bull: (M:) or the former word signifies short, and having a long tail; and its fem. is with ة: (T:) or when a horse is of this description, they say ذَيَّالُ↓ الذَّنَبِ, mentioning the ذَنَب. (T, Ṣ.)
Also, applied to a دِرْع, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) [i. e. a coat of mail, as is shown in the Ṣ and TA,] Long (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) in the ذَيْل [or shirt]; (Ṣ;) and so ذَائِلَةٌ andمُذَالَةٌ↓. (M, Ḳ. [In the CK, the last word is erroneously written مَذَالَةٌ.])
And حَلْقَةٌ ذَائِلَةٌ andمُذَالَةٌ↓ A ring [app. of a coat of mail] that is slender (M, Ḳ *) and elongated. (M.)
ذَيْلٌ↓ ذَائِلٌ [an expression like ذُلٌّ ذَلِيلٌ, the former word an inf. n.,] means [Exceeding] lowness, baseness, vileness, meanness, contemptibleness, or ignominiousness. (Ṣ.)
مُذَالٌ; fem. with ة: see the latter in the next preceding paragraph, in two places.
The fem. also means † A female slave: (T, Ṣ, M:) because she is held in low, or mean, estimation, while she carries herself in an elegant and a proud and selfconceited manner: so in the prov., أَخِيلُ مِنْ مُذَالَةٍ [More proud and self-conceited than a female slave]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
مُذْيِلٌ [so in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ, as in the M, but in other copies of the Ḳ مُذَيَّلٌ,] andمُتَذَيِّلٌ↓ [in the CK مُتَذَيَّلٌ] i. q. مُتَبَذِّلٌ [One who performs his own work; or who is careless of himself or his honour or reputation]. (M, Ḳ.)
مُذَيَّلٌ A garment, (T,) of the kind called مُلَآء, (T, Ṣ,) or رِدَآء, (Ḳ,) Long (T, Ṣ, Ḳ) in the ذَيْل [or skirt]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) So in a verse of Imra-el- Keys, of which the latter hemistich is cited voce دُوَارٌ. (T, TA.)
أَرْضٌ مُتَذَيَّلَةٌ A land upon which has fallen a weak and small quantity (لَطْخٌ ضَعِيفٌ) of rain. (Ṣgh, Ḳ.)
مُتَذَيِّلٌ: see مُذِيلٌ.