ذرق ذرو and ذرى ذعب
ذَرَتْهُ الرِّيحُ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. تَذْرُوهُ, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) inf. n. ذَرْوٌ; (Ṣ M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and aor. تَذْرِيهِ, (Ṣ, M,) inf. n. ذَرْىٌ; (Ṣ;) andذرّتهُ↓; andاذرتهُ↓; (M, Ḳ;) the last on the authority of IAạr, but said in the T to be disallowed in this sense by AHeyth; (TA;) The wind raised it, (T, Ṣ,*) or made it to fly, (AHeyth, T, Ṣ,* M, Ḳ,) and carried it away; (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,* Ḳ;) and dispersed it; (Mṣb;) namely, a thing, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) or the dust, (T, Ṣ, M,) &c. (Ṣ, M.) And accord. to IAạr, one says, ذَرَتِ الرِّيحُ, andأَذْرَت↓, [elliptically,] meaning ذَرَتِ التُّرَابَ [i. e. The wind raised the dust, or made it to fly, &c.]. (T.)
[Hence,] ذَرَا الرِّوَايَةَ ذَرْوَ الرِّيحِ الهَشِيمَ † He carried on the relation uninterruptedly and rapidly [like as the wind carries away the dry herbage that is broken in pieces.] (TA.)
Hence also, ذَرَا النَّاسُ الحِنْطَةَ [The people winnowed the wheat]. (Ṣ.) You say, ذَرَوْتُ الحِنْطَةَ, (IAạr, T, M, Ḳ,*) aor. أَذْرُوهَا, inf. n. ذَرْوٌ; (IAạr, T;) andذَرَّيْتُهَا↓; (M;) I winnowed the wheat: (M, Ḳ:*) orذَرَّيْتُ↓ الطَّعَامَ, inf. n. تَذْرِيَةٌ; (Mṣb;) and ذَرَيْتُهُ and ذَرَوْتُهُ; (T;) I cleared the wheat from its straw. (Mṣb.) And ذَرَوْتُهُ, (Ṣ, M,) and ذَرَيْتُهُ, but the former is more approved; andذَرَّيْتُهُ↓; (M;) I made it to fly, and go away; (Ṣ, M;) namely, a thing, (Ṣ,) or grain, and the like. (M.) تَذْرِيَةُ↓ الأَكْدَاسِ is well known [as meaning The winnowing of the heaps of grain]. (Ṣ.) And hence, (Ṣ,) ذَرَّيْتُ تُرَابَ المَعْدِنِ I sought the gold of the dust of the mine [by sifting it or winnowing it]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) andاِذَّرَيْتُهُ↓ signifies the same. (T and Ṣ in art. درى. [See a verse cited in the first paragraph of that art.: and see also 2 in the same art.])
ذَرَيْتُ الشَّىْءَ, (T,) orأَذْرَيْتُهُ↓, (Ṣ, TA,) accord. to AHeyth, (TA,) I threw the thing [or scattered it] like as one throws grain for sowing. (T, Ṣ, TA.) And ذَرَا الأَرْضَ He sowed the land, scattering the seed; as also ذَرَأَ الارض; but the former is said to be the more chaste. (MF and TA in art. ذرأ.)
And ذَرَاهُمْ, inf. n. ذَرْوٌ, is a dial. var. of ذَرَأَهُمْ, meaning He [God] created them. (M.)
ذَرَا الشَّىْءَ He broke the thing (Ḳ, TA) without separating. (TA.) And ذَرَوْتُ نَابَهُ I broke his canine tooth. (M, TA.)
ذَرَاهُ بِالرُّمْحِ He displaced, or uprooted, him, or it, with the spear. (Kr, M.)
ذَرَا, intrans., It (a thing, Ḳ, or dust, &c., M) flew up, and went away, or became carried away [by the wind]. (M, Ḳ.)
He (a gazelle, Ḳ, or, accord. to some, any animal, TA) hastened (Ḳ, TA) in his running. (TA.) You say, مَرَّ يَذْرُو, inf. n. ذَرْوٌ, He (a man, Ṣ) passed, or went, along quickly: (Ṣ, M:) accord. to some, said particularly of a gazelle. (M.) And ذَرَا إِلَى فُلَانٍ He rose and betook himself to such a one. (TA.)
It (a thing) fell. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
ذَرَا نَابَهُ, inf. n. ذَرْوٌ, His canine tooth broke: or, as some say, fell out. (M.) And ذَرَافُوهُ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. ذَرْوٌ, (TA,) His teeth fell out from his mouth; (Ḳ TA;) as also ذَرَى, and ذَرَأَ; but the last is said to be of weak authority, or a mispronunciation. (MF and TA in art. ذرأ.)
see 1, in five places.
[Hence,] ذَرَّى رَأْسَهُ, (M, TA,) inf. n. تَذْرِيَةٌ, (TA,) He combed his head (M, TA) [so as to remove the scurf &c.], like as one winnows a thing: but دَرَّى [with the unpointed د] is of higher authority. (M.)
ذَرَّيْتُهُ, namely, a sheep, inf. n. as above, I shore, or sheared, his wool, leaving somewhat thereof upon his back in order that he might be known thereby: and in like manner one says in relation to a camel. (Ṣ, M.) [See مُذَرًّى.]
[Hence, app, or from ذِرَوْةٌ, as is indicated in what follows,] † I praised him. (IAạr, M, Ḳ.) You say, فُلَانٌ يُذَرِّى فُلَانًا † Such a one exalts the state, or condition, of such a one; and praises him. (T.) A poet says, [namely, Ru-beh, (so in the margin of one of my copies of the Ṣ,)]
* عَيْدًا أُذَرِّى حَسَبِى أَنْ يُشْتَمَا *
† [Purposely I praise and exalt what constitutes my grounds of pretension to respect or honour, lest it should be reviled]: (T, Ṣ, M:) as though I put it upon the ذِرْوَةٌ [q. v.] (M.)
see 1, in three places.
Accord. to AHeyth, this verb is not used in the sense first explained above; but one says, أَذْرَيْتُ الشَّىْءَ عَنِ الشَّىْءِ, meaning I threw down the thing from the thing: (T, TA:) or إِذْرَآءٌ signifies the striking a thing and throwing it down: (Lth, T:) and sometimes, the throwing down without cutting. (M.) You say, ضَرَبْتُهُ بِالسَّيْفِ فَأَذْرَيْتُ رَأْسَهُ [I struck him with the sword and made his head to fall from him]. (T.) And طَعَنْتُهُ فَأَذْرَيْتُهُ عَنْ فَرَسِهِ, (T,) or عَنْ ظَهْرِ دَابَّتِهِ, (Ṣ,) i. e. [I thrust him, or pierced him, and] threw him down [from his horse, or from the back of his beast]. (T, Ṣ.) And أَذْرَتِ الدَّابَّةُ رَاكِبَهَا The beast threw down its rider. (M.) And اذرى الشَّىْءَ بِالسَّيْفِ He struck the thing with the sword so as to throw it down. (M.) And أَذْرَتِ العَيْنُ دَمْعَهَا, (Ṣ,) or الدَّمْعَ, (M,) The eye poured forth [or let fall its tears, or the tears]. (Ṣ, M.) [See also أَذْرَأَ.]
اذرى said of a camel, He was, or became, tall, or long, in his ذِرْوَة [or hump]. (TA.)
تذرّت الحِنْطَةُ The wheat was, or became, winnowed: (M, Ḳ:) or was, or became, cleared from its straw. (TA.)
تذرّى بِهِ He protected, or sheltered, himself by means of it; (M, Mṣb;) i. e. by means of a wall, &c., from the wind and the cold; as alsoاستذرى↓ √. (M.) One says, تَذَرَّ مِنَ الشَّمَالِ بَذْرًى Protect, or shelter, thyself from the north wind by means of a shelter. (T.) Andاِسْتَذْرِ↓ بِهٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ Shelter thyself by means of this tree: (T:) orاِسْتَذْرَيْتُ↓ بِالشَّجَرَةِ I shaded and sheltered myself by means of the tree. (Ṣ.) And تذرّتِ الإِبِلُ The camels protected, or sheltered, themselves from the cold, one by means of another; or by means of the [trees called] عِضَاه. (M.) Andاِسْتَذْرَيْتُ↓ بِفُلَانٍ I sought refuge with such a one, and became in his protection. (Ṣ.) And اذرى [thus I find it written, without any syll. signs, evidently forاِذَّرَى↓, of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, like اِلْتَجَأَ and اِكْتَنَّ,] He sought protection by means of a king. (TA.)
تذرّى السَّنَامَ, (Ṣ,) or الذِّرْوَةَ, (M, Ḳ,) He mounted upon [the hump, or the top of the hump &c.]. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
[Hence,] تَذَرَّيْتُ بَنِى فُلَانٍ وَتَنَصَّيْتُهُمْ † I married among the ذِرْوَة and the نَاصِيَة of the sons of such a one; (Aṣ, T,* Ṣ;) i. e., among the noble and high of them: (T:) or تذرّى فِيهِمْ † He married among the ذِرْوَة of them. (M.)
see 5, in four places.
اِسْتَذْرَتْ, said of a she-goat, She desired the ram; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) like اِسْتَدَرَّتْ. (Ṣ.)
And the inf. n. اِسْتِذْرَآءُ signifies The act of leaping upon a female. (KL.)
ذُرَةٌ, originally ذُرَوٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or ذُرَىٌ, (Ṣ, M,* Mṣb,) the ة being a substitute (Ṣ, Mṣb) for the final radical letter, (Mṣb,) [A species of millet; the holcus sorghum of Linn.; thus called in the present day, and also, vulgarly, ذُرَة صَيْفِىّ and ذُرَةقَيْظِىّ, to distinguish it from maize, the zea mays of Linn., which is vulgarly called ذُرَةشَامِىّ and ذُرَة كِيزَان;] a species of grain; (M;) a certain grain, well known: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) the word is used as a n. un. and as a coll. n. (T.) [See مِيرَةٌ.]
ذَرْوٌ A portion (طَرَفٌ) not completed, of a saying; as in the phrase, بَلَغَنِى عَنْهُ ذَرْوٌ مِنْ قَوْلٍ [An uncompleted portion of a saying was related to me from him]: (T, Ṣ:) or a little; a dial. var. of ذَرْءٌ [q. v.]. (M.)
Also, andذَرًى↓, i. q.ذُرِّيَّةٌ↓, (M, TA,) [respecting the derivation of which there are different opinions, explained in art. ذرأ,] i. e. Created beings: [or children, or offspring: (see art ذرأ:)] or ذَرْوٌ andذَرًى↓ signify the number of the ذُرِّيَّة. (M.) One says, أَنْمَى ٱللّٰهُ ذَرْأَكَ and ذَرْوَكَ, meaning May God increase [the number of] thine offspring. (T.)
And ذَرْوُالنَّارِ occurs in a trad., as some relate it, instead of ذَرْءُ النَّارِ, as others relate it; meaning [either The children of the fire of Hell, agreeably with what next precedes, or] to be scattered in the fire. (Ṣ and TA in art. ذرأ.)
Also, ذَرْوٌ, The curved extremity of a bow. (So in a copy of the Ṣ.)
ذَرًى, also written ذَرًا, (or, accord. to some copies of the Ṣ,ذُرًى↓,) A thing [such as dust &c.] that the wind has raised, or made to fly, and carried away: (Ṣ:) or it signifies what one has winnowed; (M;) or مَا تَذْرُوهُ [what thou winnowest, as is indicated by the context of this explanation]; like as نَفَضٌ signifies مَاتَنْفُضُهُ. (T.)
And ذَرًى orذُرًى↓ (accord. to different copies of the Ṣ) Tears poured forth: (Ṣ:) or so ذَرِىٌّ↓ [or دَمْعٌ ذَرِىٌّ]. (M, TA.)
Also A shelter; (M, TA;) anything by which one is protected, or sheltered: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) a shelter from the cold wind, consisting of a wall, or of trees: and particularly a shelter that is made for camels such as are termed شَوْل, by pulling up trees of the kind called عَرْفَج &c. and placing them one upon another in the direction whence blows the north, or northerly, wind, in the camel's nightly resting-place. (T.) [Hence,] one says, فُلَانٌ فِى ذَرَى فُلَانٍ Such a one is in the protection of such a one. (T.) And أَنَا فِى ظِلِّ فُلَانٌ وَفِى ذَرَاهُ I am in the protection of such a one, and in his shelter. (Ṣ.) And [hence, perhaps,] إِنَّ فُلَانًا لَكَرِيمُ الذَّرَى † Verily such a one is generous in disposition. (AZ, T.)
Also The court, or yard, (فِنَآء,) of a house. (Ḥar pp. 56 and 442.)
see also ذَرْوٌ, in two places.
ذُرًى: see ذَرًى, in two places:
ذَرْوَةٌ Much property; like ثَرْوَةٌ: so in the saying, هُوَ ذُو ذَرْوَةٍ [He is a possessor of much property]. (TA.)
ذُرْوَةٌ: see what next follows.
ذِرْوَةٌ andذُرْوَةٌ↓ The upper, or uppermost, part of a thing (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) of any kind; (M, Mṣb;) and so, accord. to Et-Takee Esh-Shemenee, ذَرْوَةٌ↓: (TA:) and particularly, of a camel's hump, (Ṣ, M,) and of the head: (M:) and a camel's hump itself: (TA:) pl. ذُرًى. (Ṣ, TA.) It is said in a trad., أَتَى بِإِبِلٍ غُرَرِ الذُّرَى [or غُرِّ الذُّرَى?] He brought camels having white humps. (TA.) And in another trad., عَلَى ذِرْوَةِ كُلِّ بَعِيرِ شَيْطَانُ [On the hump of every camel is a devil]. (TA.) And in a prov., مَا زَالَ يَفْتِلُ فِى الذِّرْوَةِ وَالغَارِبِ [He ceased not to twist the fur of the upper part and the fore part of the hump: originating from, or occurring in, a trad., which see explained in art. غرب]: it means, ‡ he ceased not to render familiar, or tame, [or rather to endeavour to do so,] and to remove refractoriness. (TA.)
[Hence,] تَزَوَّجَ مِنْهُمْ فِى الذِّرْوَةِ وَالنَّاصِيَةِ (T, M *) † He married among the noble and high of them. (T.)
ذَرِىٌّ: see ذَرًى.
ذَرًى ذَرِىٌّ A warm shelter. (TA.)
ذَرِيَّةٌ A she-camel by means of which one conceals himself from the objects of the chase: on the authority of Th: but the more approved word is with د [i. e. دَرِيَّةٌ, or, accord. to AZ, دَرِيْئَةٌ]. (M.)
ذُرَاوَةٌ (vulgarly pronounced دَرَاوَةٌ, TA) What has become broken into small particles, (M, Ḳ,) and dried up, (M,) or of what has dried up, (Ḳ,) of a plant, or of herbage, and has been blown away by the wind. (M, Ḳ.)
And What has fallen of, or from, corn, (M, Ḳ,) or especially wheat, (Lḥ, M,) in the process of winnowing. (M, Ḳ.) And What has fallen of, or from, a thing; as alsoذُرًى↓. (M,* Ḳ.)
ذُرِّيَّةٌ: see ذَرْوٌ.
الذَّرِيَاتٌ [as used in the Ḳur li. 1] means The winds (Ṣ, Bḍ, Jel) raising, or making to fly, and carrying away, or dispersing, the dust &c.: (Bḍ, Jel:) or † the prolific women; for they scatter children: or † the causes of the scattering of the created beings, angels and others. (Bḍ.)
مِذْرًى (Ṣ, M) andمِذْرَاةٌ↓ (M) A wooden implement, (Ṣ, M,) or a small wooden implement, (so in one copy of the Ṣ,) having [several] ex tremities [or prongs], (Ṣ,) with which one winnows (Ṣ, M) wheat, and with which the heaps of grain are cleared [from the straw &c.]: (Ṣ) or the former word signifies the thing with which the wheat is carried to be winnowed: and the latter, the wooden implement with which one winnows. (T.)
Also, the former word, The extremity of the buttock: (AO, T, M, Ḳ:) orمِذْرَوَانِ↓ signifies the two extremities of the two buttocks; (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ *) or the two uppermost parts of the two buttocks; (Meyd in explaining a prov. cited below;) and it has no sing.; (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Meyd, Ḳ;) for if the sing. were مِذْرًى, the dual would be مِذْرَيَانِ. (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, M, Meyd.) Hence, (Meyd,) جَآءَ يَنْفُضُ مِذْرَوَيْهِ↓ [He came shaking the two extremities, or the two uppermost parts, of his buttocks]; (Ṣ, Meyd, Ḳ;) a prov., applied to one behaving insolently (بَاغٍ), and threatening; (Ṣ, Ḳ;*) or to one threatening vainly: (Meyd, and Ḥar p. 603:) andجَآءَ يَضْرِبُ مِذْرَوَيْهِ↓ [He came striking. &c.]; a prov. also, applied to him who has come empty, not having accomplished that which he sought. (Ḥar ubi suprà.)
مِذْرَوَانِ↓ also signifies The two sides of the head: (M, Ḳ:) or مَذَارٍ signifies the temples of the head; and the sing. is مِذْرًى; accord. to AA. (Ṣ.)
Also,مِذْرَوَانِ↓, The two places, of a bow, upon which lies the string, in the upper portion and the lower: (AḤn, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:*) and in this sense it has no sing.: (Ṣ:) or, accord. to AA, its sing. is مِذْرًى. (M.)
مِذْرَاةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence.
مِذْرَوَانِ: see مِذْرًى, in five places.
مُذَرَّى, fem. مُذَرَّاةٌ, A sheep having a portion of its wool left unshorn between the shoulders when the rest has been shorn. (T.) [See 2.]