ذأن ذب ذبح
ذَبَّ عَنْهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) aor. ـُ, (T, M, Mṣb,) inf. n. ذَبٌّ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) He repelled from him: he defended him. (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, يَذُبُّ عَنْ حَرِيمِهِ He repels from, or defends, his wife, or wives, or the like. (T, Mṣb.) [See also R. Q. 1.]
And ذَبٌّ signifies also The act of driving away. (T, TA.) You say, ذَبَّ الذُّبَابَ, andذبّبهُ↓, He drove away the fly, or flies. (M, TA.) And الوَحْشُ تَذُبُّ البَقَّ بِأَذْنَابِهَا [The wild animals drive away the gnats with their tails]. (A.)
And [hence,] أَتَاهُمْ خَاطِبٌ فَذَبُّوهُ ‡ One demanding a woman in marriage came to them, and they rejected him, or turned him back. (A, TA.)
ذُبَّ † He (a man, TA) was, or became, possessed; or mad, or insane. (Ḳ, TA.)
ذَبَّ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, [irreg., (the verb being intrans.,) unless the first pers. be ذَبُبْتُ, like لَبُبْتُ &c.,] inf. n. ذَبٌّ, (M,) He (a man, Ḳ) went hither and thither, not remaining in one place. (M, Ḳ.*)
ذَبَّ, [aor. ـِ,] It dried; dried up; or became dry. (T.) You say, ذَبَّتْ شَفَتُهُ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. ذَبٌّ and ذَبَبٌ and ذُبُوبٌ, (M, Ḳ,) His lip became dry, (M, Ḳ,) or lost its moisture, (Ṣ,) by reason of thirst, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or by reason of vehement thirst, (M,) &c.; (M, Ḳ;) as alsoذَبَّبَتْ↓. (M, Ḳ.) And ذَبَّ لِسَانُهُ (Ṣ, M) in like manner [His tongue became dry &c.]. (M.) And ذَبَّ said of a plant, It withered, or lost its moisture. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) And said of a pool of water left by a torrent, It dried up in the end of the hot season. (IAạr, M, Ḳ.) And ذَبَّ جِسْمُهُ His body became lean, or emaciated, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) and lost its moisture. (TA.) And ذَبَّ, (T, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. ذَبٌّ, (T,) His colour, or complexion, became altered, by reason of emaciation or hunger or travel &c. (T, Ḳ.)
ذبّب عَنْهُ He repelled from him, or defended him, much, or often. (Ṣ.)
ذبّب الذُّبَابَ: see 1.
ذَبَّبَتْ شَفَتُهُ: see 1.
[ذَبَّبَ, inf. n. تَذْبِيبٌ, also signifies It left a ذُبَابَة, i. e. somewhat remaining. Hence,] ذبّب النَّهَارُ (Ṣ, A, TA,) orذَبَّ↓, (so in the Ḳ, but corrected in the TA,) ‡ The day passed so as to leave thereof only a ذُبَابَة; (A, TA;*) i. e. (TA) the day had only a [small] remainder of it left. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) And طَعْنٌ وَرَمْىٌ غَيْرُ تَذْبِيبٍ ‡ A thrusting, or piercing, and a shooting, or casting, with energy [so as not to leave any force unexerted]. (Ṣ,* A, TA.)
[Also It left not a ذُبَابَة, i.e. anything remaining: thus bearing two contr. significations. Hence,] ذبّب فِى السَّيْرِ ‡ He strove, laboured, toiled, or exerted himself, in going, or journeying, so that he left not a ذُبَابَة [or any part of his journey remaining unaccomplished]: (A, TA:) [or] ذبّب signifies † he hastened, made haste, or sped; syn. أَسْرَعَ: (M:) [and, accord. to Et-Tebreezee, this is the primary signification: for he says,] التَّذْبِيبٌ is like الطِّرَادُ [app. as meaning † the act of charging, by a horse or a horseman]: but the primary meaning is الإِسْرَاعُ. (Ḥam p. 207.) And ذَبَّبْنَا لَيْلَتَنَا, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَذْبِيبٌ, (Ḳ,) † Our beasts became fatigued, or jaded, by journeying [during that our night]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
R. Q. 1. (ذبذب)
ذَبْذَبٌ, (T,) inf. n. ذَبْذَبَةٌ, (Ḳ,) He defended his neighbours and family. (T, Ḳ.) [See also 1.]
And He annoyed, molested, harmed, or hurt, (T, Ḳ,) people. (Ḳ.)
And He made a thing to dangle, or move to and fro; (L;) and made it to be in a state of motion, commotion, or agitation. (L, Ḳ.*)
[Hence,] ذَبْذَبَهُ, inf. n. as above, † He left him, or made him to be, confounded, or perplexed, not knowing his right course; wavering, vacillating, or going to and fro. (Mṣb.)
ذَبْذَبَةٌ also signifies The dangling, or moving to and fro, of a thing suspended in the air: (Ṣ, M:) andتَذَبْذُبٌ↓ the being in a state of motion or commotion: (Ṣ, L:) [or the latter has both these meanings; for] you say,تَذَبْذَبَ↓ الشَّىْءُ the thing dangled, or moved to and fro, (M, A, L,) in the air; (A;) and was in a state of commotion or agitation. (M, L.) It is said in a trad., فَكَأَنِّىأَنْظُرُ إِلَى يَدَيْهِ تُذَبْذِبَانِ, meaning And it was as though I looked at his two sleeves in a state of commotion, or shaking. (TA.) And you say,تذَبْذَبَ↓ بَيْنَ أَمْرَيْنِ † He wavered, or vacillated, between two affairs. (MA.) Andتَذَبْذَبَ↓ أَمْرُهُمْ † [Their state of affairs was, or became, fluctuating, or unsteady]. (Lḥ, T in art. دل.)
R. Q. 2. (تذبذب)
تَذَبْذَبَ, inf. n. تَذَبْذُبٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in four places.
ذَبٌّ Repelling: fem. with ة: hence ذَبَّاتُ السَّبِيبِ, a phrase used by Dhu-r-Rummeh, meaning repelling with their tails: or this may be from the signification next following. (Ḥam p. 510.)
Much in motion. (Ḥam ubi suprà.) ذَبٌّ, (M, L,) orذَابٌّ↓, (Ḳ,) [the former correct, and perhaps the latter also,] applied to a camel, That does not, or will not, remain still, or motionless, in a place. (M, L, Ḳ.) A poet says,
* فَكَأَنَّنَا فِيهِمْ جِمَالٌ ذَبَّةٌ *
[And it was as though we were, among them, camels that would not remain still in a place]: which shows that ذَبٌّ is not an inf. n. used as an epithet; for, were it so, he had said جِمَالٌ ذَبٌّ. (M, L.)
الذَّبُّ ‡ The wild bull; [a species of bovine antelope;] also called ذَبُّ الرِّيَادِ; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) so called because he goes to and fro, not remaining in one place; (M;) or because he pastures going to and fro; (T, Ṣ,* M;) or because his females pasture with him, going to and fro: (T:) and called also الأَذَبُّ↓, (T, Ḳ,) by poetic license, for الذَّبُّ; (T;) andالذُّنْبُبُ↓. (Ḳ.)
ذَبُّ الرِّيَادِ is also applied to ‡ A man who goes and comes. (Kr, M, TA.) And ‡ A man who is in the habit of visiting women. (AA, T, Ḳ.)
ذُبَابٌ [The common fly;] the black thing that is in houses, that falls into the vessel and into food; (M;) well known: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) so called, accord. to Ed-Demeeree, because of its fluttering about, or because it returns as often as it is driven away: (TA:) and likewise applied to the bee; (M, Ḳ;) which is also called ذُبَابُ الغَيْثِ [the fly of the rain], (IAth, TA,) or ذُبَابُ غَيْثٍ [the fly of rain]; because the rain is the means of producing herbage, and by herbage it is fed; (Mgh;) or because it accompanies rain, and lives upon that which the rain causes to grow: (IAth, TA:) [accord. to some, it is a coll. gen. n.; and] the n. un. is ذُبَابَةٌ↓: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) one should not say ذِبَّانَةٌ [as the vulgar do in the present day]: (Ṣ:) or one should not say ذُبَابَةٌ↓, though El-Aḥmar and Ks are related to have used this word [as meaning a kind of fly]; for ذُبَابٌ is a sing. [properly speaking], and is used as such in the Ḳur xxii. 72: (M:) the pl. (of pauc., Ṣ, Mṣb) is أَذِبَّهٌ and (of mult., Ṣ, Mṣb) ذِبَّانٌ (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and ذُبٌّ, (M, Ḳ,) the last mentioned by Sb, accord. to the dial. of Temeem. (M.) One says, إِنَّهُ لَأَوْهَى مِنَ الذُّبَابِ [Verily he is more frail than the fly]. (A.) And هُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَىَّ مِنْ طَنِينِ الذُّبَابِ [He is more contemptible to me than the buzzing of the fly]. (A.) مَنْجَى الذُّبَابِ [The refuge of the fly] is a prov., applied to him who is protected by his ignobleness. (Ḥar p. 332: there written مَنْجَا; and in two places, منجأ.) And أَبُو الذُّبَابِ [The father of the fly] is an appellation used as meaning † He who has stinking breath; and some say أَبُو الذِّبَّانِ [the father of the flies]: (M, TA:) and is especially applied to ʼAbd-El-Melik Ibn-Marwán: (M, A, TA:) whence the saying, أَبْخَرُ مِنْ أَبِى الذُّبَابِ (A, TA) and أَبِى الذِّبَّانِ (TA) [More stinking in breath than Abu-dh-Dhubáb and Abu-dh-Dhibbán].
[Hence,] ‡ Evil, or mischief; (A, Ḳ;) and annoyance, or harm; as in the saying, أَصَابَنِى ذُبَابٌ ‡ [Evil, &c., befell me]; (A;) and أَصَابَ فُلَانًا مِنْ فُلَانٍ ذُبَابٌ لَاذِعٌ † Evil, or mischief, [lit. a hurting fly] fell upon such a one from such a one: (T:) or ‡ continual evil, as in the saying, أَصَابَكَ ذُبَابٌ مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ ‡ [Continual evil hath befallen thee from this thing, or event]; and شَرُّهَا ذُبَابٌ ‡ [Her, or its, or their, evil is a continual evil]. (TA.)
† Ill luck. (T, Ḳ.) Fr relates that the Prophet saw a man with long hair; and said ذُبَابٌ, meaning † This is ill luck: and hence, رَجُلٌ ذُبَابِىٌّ↓ † [An unlucky man]. (T.)
† Plague, or pestilence. (TA.)
† Diabolical possession; or madness, or insanity. (Ḳ.)
† Ignorance: so in the phrase رَجُلٌ مَحْشِىٌّ الذُّبَابِ † [A man stuffed with ignorance]. (M.)
‡ The إِنْسَان [as meaning the pupil, or apple,] of the eye: (AZ, T, Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ:) so in the saying, هُوَ أَعَزُّ عَلَىَّ مِنْ ذُبَابِ العَيْنِ ‡ [He is dearer to me than the apple of the eye]: (A:) [ISd says,] I think it to be so termed as being likened to the ذُبَاب [properly so called; i.e. the fly]. (M.) And الذُّبَابُ also signifies † A black speck, or spot, in the interior of the حَدَقَة [or dark part] of the eye of the horse. (M, Ḳ.) The pl. is as above. (M.)
ذُبَابُ السَّيْفِ (T, Ṣ, M, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andذُبَابَةٌ↓ السَّيْفِ (TA) ‡ The حَدّ, (M, Ḳ,) or طَرَف, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) [each app. here meaning the point, or extremity, though the former also means the edge,] of the sword, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is the part wherewith one strikes: (Ṣ, Mṣb:) or its extremity with which one is pierced, or transpierced; and the حَدّ [here meaning edge] with which one strikes is called its غِرَار: (En-Naḍr, T:) or its tapering, or pointed, extremity; expl. by طَرَفُهُ المُتَطَرِّفُ: (M, Ḳ:) or the point (حَدّ) of its extremity (M, A) which is between its شَفْرَتَانِ: (M:) the parts of its two edges that are on either side of it are its ظُبَتَانِ: the ridge in the middle of it, on the inner and outer sides, is called the عَيْر; and each has what are termed غِرَارَانِ, which are the part between the عَيْر and each one of the ظُبَتَانِ on the outer side of the sword and the corresponding portion of the inner side, each of the غِرَارَانِ being on the inner side of the sword and its outer side. (AZ, T, TA.) [The swords of the Arabs, in the older times, were generally straight, twoedged, and tapering to a point; and so are many of them in the present day; a little wider towards the point than towards the hilt.] Hence the saying, ثَمَرَةُ السَّوْطِ يَتْبَعُهَا ذُبَابُ السَّيْفِ ‡ [The knot, or tail, at the end of the whip is followed by the point of the sword; i. e., whipping (if it effect not the desired correction) is followed by slaughter]. (A.)
[Hence,] ذُبَابٌ signifies likewise † The حَدّ [or point, or extremity, or edge,] of anything. (AʼObeyd, T.)
‡ The pointed, or sharp, part of the extremity of the ear (AʼObeyd, M, Ḳ) of a horse (AʼObeyd, M) and of a man. (M.)
† The sharp edge of the teeth of camels. (Ṣ, TA.)
And † The part that first comes forth of the flower of the حِنَّآء (M, Ḳ.)
ذُبَابَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence, in two places:
and see another sentence, in the latter half of the same paragraph.
‡ A remainder, or remains, (T, Ṣ, M, A,* Mṣb, Ḳ,) of a thing, (T, Mṣb,) of the waters of wells, (T,) or of thirst, (M, A,) and of hunger, (A,) and of a debt, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and the like, (Ṣ,) and of the day, (A,) or, as some say, of anything; (M;) or of a thing that is sound, or valid, or substantial; distinguished from دُنَانَةٌ, which signifies a remainder, or remains, of a thing that is weak, or frail, and perishing, and particularly of a debt, or of a promise: (Ṣ and L in art. ذن:) pl. ذُبَابَاتٌ. (T, Ṣ, Mṣb.) You say, صَدَرَتِ الإِبِلُ وَبِهَا ذُبَابَةٌ, (M,) or بِهَا ذُبَابَةٌ مِنْ ظَمَأٍ (A,) i. e. ‡ [The camels returned from water having in them] somewhat remaining of thirst. (M.)
And the pl. ذُبَابَاتٌ also signifies † Small mountains: so says El-Andalusee. (MF.)
ذُبَابِىٌّ: see ذُبَابٌ.
ذَبَّابٌ A man who repels from, or defends, with energy, his wife, or wives, or the like; as alsoمِذَبٌّ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
[Hence,] يِوْمٌ ذَبَّابٌ ‡ A sultry day in which the wild animals are infested by numerous gnats, and drive them away with their tails: the act being thus attributed to the day. (A.)
شَفَةٌ ذَبَّانَةٌ, the latter word of the measure فَعْلَانَةٌ, in some of the copies of the Ḳ erroneously written ذَبَّابَةٌ↓, (TA,) [and so in the TT as from the M,] A lip that has become dry, or has lost its moisture. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
ذَبْذَبٌ The penis, (T,* Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) as some say; (M;) as alsoذَبْذَبَةٌ↓ andذَبَاذِبُ↓, which last is not a pl., (Ḳ,) though of a pl. measure; (TA;) so called because of the motion thereof, to and fro: (TA:) and the tongue: (M, A:) orذَبْذَبَةٌ↓ has this latter meaning: (Ḳ:) andذَبَاذِبُ↓ signifies the genitals; or, as some say, the testicles; (M;) one of which is termed ذَبْذَبَةٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
ذُبْذُبٌ: see ذَبَاذِبُ.
ذِبْذِبٌ: see ذَبَاذِبُ, in two places.
ذَبْذَبَةٌ: see ذَبْذَبٌ, in three places:
ذَبَاذِبُ Certain things that are hung to the [women's camel-vehicle called] هَوْدَج, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) or to the head of a camel, (M,) for ornament; [i. e. tassels, or pendant tufts of wool, or shreds of woollen cloth, of various colours; (see رَعَثٌ;)] as alsoذَبْذَبَةٌ↓: (M, Ḳ:) the sing. of the former is ذِبْذِبٌ↓, (T,) orذُبْذُبٌ↓, with damm. (TA.)
And The fringes, and edges, of a [garment of the kind called] بُرْدَة; because of their motion upon the wearer when he walks: sing. ذِبْذِبٌ↓. (TA from a trad.)
See also ذَبْذَبٌ, in two places.
ذَابٌّ: see ذَبٌّ.
الذُّنْبُبُ: see ذَبٌّ.
أَذَبُّ: see مَذْبُوبٌ:
Also The tush, or canine tooth, of the camel. (T, Ḳ.)
And Tall, or long; syn. طَوِيلٌ. (Ḳ.)
مِذَبٌّ: see ذَبَّابٌ.
أَرْضٌ مَذَبَّةٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) andمَذْبُوبَةٌ↓ (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ) A land containing, (Ṣ,) or abounding with, (M, Ḳ,) flies. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
مِذَبَّةٌ A thing with which one drives away flies; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;*) a fly-whisk made of horse-hairs: (T:) [pl. مَذَابٌ whence,] one says of wild-animals, أَذْنَابُهَا مَذَابُّهَا ‡ [Their tails are their fly-whisks]. (A.)
مُذَبِّبٌ ‡ A rider hastening, or making haste, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) apart from others: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or striving, labouring, toiling, or exerting himself, in going, or journeying, so as to leave not a ذُبَابَة [or any part of his journey remaining unaccomplished]. (A.) And it is also applied to a [wild] bull. (A.) In the following saying,
*مَسِيرَةٌشَهْرٍ لِلْبَعِيرِ المُذَبْذِبِ↓ *
† [A month's journey to the hastening camel], (M,) or لِلْبَرِيدِ المُذَبْذِبِ [to the hastening messenger], (TA,) by المذبذب is meant المُذَبِّب. (M, TA.)
[† A quick journey: or one in which is no flagging, or langour.] You say, لَا يَنَالُونَ المَآءِ إِلَّا بِقَرَبٍ مُذَبِّبٍ, i. e. † [They will not reach the water but by a] quick [night-journey thereto]. (Ṣ.) And خِمْسٌ مُذَبِّبٌ † [A journey in which the camels are watered only on the first and fifth days] in which is no flagging, or langour. (T.)
ظِمْءٌ مُذَبِّبٌ † [An interval between two water-ings] of long duration, in which one journeys from afar (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and with haste. (T, Ṣ, Ḳ.)
مَذْبُوبٌ A camel attacked by flies, (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, M,) that enter his nostrils, (Ṣ,) so that his neck becomes twisted, and he dies; as alsoأَذَبُّ↓: or both signify one that, coming to a cultivated region, finds it unwholesome to him, and dies there: (M:) and the former, a horse into whose nostril the fly has entered. (A.)
See also أَرْضٌ مَذَبَّةٌ, above.
Also † Possessed; or mad, or insane. (Ḳ.)
And, accord. to the Abridgment of the ʼEyn, [in a copy of the Ṣ written ذَبُوبٌ, and in other copies thereof omitted,] † Foolish; stupid; or unsound, dull, or deficient, in intellect. (TA.)
مُذَبْذَبٌ Driven away: (TA:) or driven away, or repelled, much. (T, TA.) It is said in a trad., تَزَوَّجْ وَإِلَّا فَأَنْتَ مِنَ المُذَبْذَبِينَ, i. e. [Marry, or thou wilt be of] those driven away from the believers because thou hast not imitated them, and from the monks because thou hast forsaken their institutes: from الذَّبُّ “the act of driving away:” or, accord. to IAth, it may be from the signification of “motion and agitation.” (TA.) And it is said in the Ḳur [iv. 142], مُذَبْذَبِينَ بَيْنَ ذٰلِكَ, meaning Much driven away, or much repelled, from these and from those: (T, TA:) or this is an ex. of the meaning next following. (Ṣ, M.)
A man (M, Ḳ) wavering, or vacillating, between two things, or affairs; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) or between two men, not attaching himself steadily to either; (T;) andمُذَبْذِبٌ↓ signifies the same; (Ḳ;) as alsoمُتَذَبْذِبٌ↓. (M.)
مُذَبْذِبٌ: see what next precedes:
مُتَذَبْذِبٌ: see مُذَبْذَبٌ, last sentence.