ديم دين ذ
1. (دين ⇒ دان)
دَانَ, (IAạr, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) aor. يَدِينُ, (IAạr, M, Ḳ, TA,) [inf. n. دِينٌ, (which see below,) in this and most of the other senses, or the inf. n. is دَيْنٌ, and دِينٌ is a simple subst.,] He was, or became, obedient; he obeyed: (IAạr, Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) this is the primary signification: or, as some say, the primary signification is the following; namely, he was, or became, abased and submissive: (IAạr,* Ḳ,* TA:) or he was, or became, abased and enslaved and obedient. (Ṣ.) You say, دَانَ لَهُ, (Ṣ,) and دِنْتُ لَهُ and دِنْتُهُ, (M, TA,) He, and I, was, or became, obedient to him [&c.], or obeyed him [&c.]. (Ṣ, M, TA.) And دِنْتُهُ, (M, Ḳ,) aor. أَدِينُهُ, (Ḳ,) I served him, did service for him, or ministered to him, and acted well to him. (M, Ḳ.)
[Hence,] He became [a servant of God, or] a Muslim. (TḲ.) You say, دَانَ بِٱلْإِسْلَامِ, inf. n. دِينٌ, with kesr, [and دِيَانَةٌ,] He became, or made himself, a servant of God by [following the religion of] El-Islám; [i. e. he followed El-Islám as his religion;] and soتديّن↓. (Mṣb.) And دَانَ بِكَذا, (Ṣ,) and دِنْتُ بِهِ, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. دِيَانَةٌ [and دِينٌ]; andتديّن↓ به, [and تديّنتُ به; He, and I, followed such a thing as his, and my, religion;] (Ṣ, TA;) from دِينٌ as signifying “obedience.” (Ṣ.) And دان بِدِينِهِمْ He followed them in their religion; agreed with them, or was of one mind or opinion with them, upon, or respecting, their religion; took, or adopted, their religion as his. (TA.) And the trad. of ʼAlee, مَحَبَّةُ العُلَمَآءُ دِينٌ يُدَانُ ٱللّٰهُ بِهِ [The love of the learned is a kind of religion with which God is served]. (TA.) In the phrase وَلَا يَدِينُونَ دِينَ الحَقِّ [Nor follow the religion of the truth, or the true religion], in the Ḳur ix. 29, El-Islám is meant. (Jel.)
Also He was, or became, disobedient; he disobeyed: and he was, or became, mighty, potent, powerful, or strong; or high, or elevated, in rank, condition, or state; noble, honourable, glorious, or illustrious. (IAạr, T, Ḳ.) Thus it bears significations contr. to those mentioned in the first part of this paragraph. (MF.)
Also, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) first pers. دِنْتُ, (T, M8gh,) aor. as above, (T, Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. دَيْنٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) from المُدَايَنَةُ, (Mṣb, [see 3,]) i. q. أَخَذَ الدَّيْنَ, (IḲt, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or [rather] أَخَذَ دَيْنًا, (T,) [He took, or received, a loan, or the like; he borrowed: or he took, or received, or bought, upon credit; which is the meaning generally obtaining:] andاِدَّانَ↓ andأَدَانَ↓ andاستدان↓ andتديّن↓ signify [in like manner] أَخَذَ دَيْنًا: (Ḳ:) or the first, i. e. دان, signifies he sought, or demanded, a loan, or the like; (ISk, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) as alsoادّان↓ andاستدان↓: (Ṣ, Mgh:) and he became indebted, in debt, or under the obligation of a debt: (Ṣ:) andادّان↓ andأَدَانَ↓ andاستدان↓ signify أَخَذَ بِدَيْنٍ [he took, or received, by incurring a debt; i. e. he took, or received, or bought, upon credit; like أَخَذَ دَيْنًا]; (M;) or the first and last of these three signify أَخَذَ الدَّيْنَ, and اِقْتَرَضَ [which means the same]: butأَدَانَ↓ signifies he gave, or granted, what is termed دَيْنٌ [meaning a loan, or the like: or he gave, or granted, or sold, a thing upon credit]: (TA:) accord. to Esh-Sheybánee, this last verb signifies he became entitled to a debt from others [or from another]: Lth says that it (أَدَانَ) signifies he was, or became, such as is termed مُسْتَدِينٌ; [i. e. it is syn. with استدان, as it is said to be in the M and Ḳ;] but [Az says,] this, which has been mentioned on the authority of some one or more by Sh, is in my opinion a mistake; أَدَانَ means he sold upon credit; or became entitled to a debt from others [or from another]; (T, TA;) or he sold to persons upon a limited credit, or for payment at an appointed period, so that he became entitled to a debt from them: (Ṣ:) and accord. to Sh, ادّان↓ signifies he became much in debt. (T, TA.) El-Aḥmar cites the following verse of El-ʼOjeyr Es-Saloolee:
* نَدِينُ وَيَقْضِى ٱللّٰهُ عَنَّا وَقَدْ نَرَى ** مَصَارِعَ قَوْمٌ لَا يَدِينُونَ ضُيَّعِ *
[We incur debt, and God pays for us; and sometimes, or often, we see the places of overthrow of a people, who incur not debt, in a state of perdition]: in the Ṣ [and the T] ضُيَّعَا; but correctly as above; for the whole of the قَصِيدَة is مَخْفُوضَة. (IB, TA.) And it is said in a trad.,اِدَّانَ↓ مُعْرِضًا, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or, as some relate it, دَانَ, (Ḳ,) He bought upon credit, or borrowed, or sought or demanded a loan, of whomsoever he could, addressing himself to such as came in his way: (Ṣ, TA:) or both mean he bought upon credit avoiding payment: or he contracted a debt with every one who presented himself to him: (Ḳ, TA: [see also other explanations voce مُعْرِضٌ:]) ادّان↓ signifies he bought upon credit: (Ḳ:) or [thus and also] the contr., i. e. he sold upon credit. (T, Ḳ.)
It is also trans.; and so is أَدَانَ↓. (Mṣb.) You say, دِنْتُهُ, (M, Mgh, Ḳ, [in the CK دِينَةٌ is here put for دِنْتُهُ,]) inf. n. دَيْنٌ; (TA;) andأَدَنْتُهُ↓ (M, Mgh, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِدَانَةٌ; (TA;) I gave him, or granted him, to a certain period, what is termed دَيْنٌ [meaning the loan, or the like; I lent to him: or I gave him, or granted him, credit; or sold to him, upon credit]: (M, Ḳ, TA:) so that he owed a debt: (TA:) and i. q. أَقْرَضْتُهُ [I gave him, or granted him, a loan, or the like]; (M,* Mgh, Ḳ;) as alsoدَيَّنْتُهُ↓: (Mgh:) or دِنْتُهُ has this last meaning: (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, M:) andأَدَنْتُهُ↓ signifies I sought, or demanded, of him a loan, or the like; syn. اِسْتَقْرَضْتُ مِنْهُ; as alsoاِسْتَدَنْتُهُ↓: (M:) or دِنْتُهُ has each of the last two meanings: (AʼObeyd, T, Mṣb:) and signifies also I received from him a loan, or the like. (Ḳ.) And one says,أَدِنِّى↓ عَشَرَةَ دَرَاهِمَ meaning Lend thou to me ten dirhems. (Ṣ, TA.)
دانهُ, (Ṣ,) first pers. دِنْتُهُ, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. دِينٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and دَيْنٌ, (M, Ḳ,) or the latter is the inf. n. and the former is a simple subst., (M,) also signifies He repaid, requited, compensated, or recompensed, him, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) بِفِعْلِهِ for his deed: and soداينهُ↓, inf. n. مُدَايَنَةٌ and دِيَانٌ. (M.) And دِنَّاهُمْ We did to them like as they did to us. (Ḥam p. 10.) One says, كَمَا تَدِينُ تُدَانُ, (T, Ṣ, M,) a prov., (M,) meaning Like as thou repayest, or requitest, &c., thou shalt be repaid, or requited, &c.; (Ṣ, M;) i. e. according to thy deed thou shalt be repaid, or requited, &c.: (Ṣ:) or, as some say, like as thou doest, it shall be done to thee: (M:) or like as thou doest thou shalt be given, and repaid, &c. (T.) And it is said in a trad., اَللّٰهُمَّ دِنْهُمْ كَمَا يَدِينُونَنَا, meaning O God, repay them, or requite them, &c., with [the like of] that which they do to us. (TA.)
اَللّٰهُ لَيَدِينُ مِنَ الجَمَّّآءِ لِلْقَرْنَآءِ, a trad. of Selmán, means God will assuredly retaliate [for her that is hornless upon her that is horned]. (TA.)
And one says, مَنْ دَانَ نَفْسَهُ رَبِحَ, i. e. He who reckons with himself [gains] (Ḥam p. 10. [Or the verb may here have the meaning next following.])
Also, دانهُ, He abased him, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) and enslaved him. (T, Ṣ.) Hence, (T,) it is said in a trad., الكَيِّسُ مَنْ دَانَ نَفْسَهُ وَعَمِلَ لِمَا بَعْدَ المَوْتِ, (Ṣ, T,) i. e. [The intelligent is] he who abases, and enslaves, himself [and works for that which shall be after death]: or, as some say, who reckons with himself: (T:) or, accord. to some, who overcomes himself. (TA.) And دانهُ, (Ḳ,) first pers. دِنْتُهُ, (T,) signifies He made him to do that which he disliked. (AZ, T, Ḳ.) And دِينَ He was made to do that which he disliked. (T.)
And دِنْتُهُ, inf. n. دِينٌ, I ruled, governed, or managed, him, or it. (M, TA.) And I possessed it; owned it; or exercised, or had, authority over it. (Sh, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
دان, (IAạr, T, Ḳ,) aor. يَدِينٌ, (Ḳ,) [inf. n., app., دِينٌ, which see below,] signifies also He became accustomed or habituated, or he accustomed or habituated himself, to good or to evil: (IAạr, T, Ḳ:) and, accord. to Lth, (T,) دِينَ signifies he was accustomed or habituated: (T, M:) or, as some say, دِينٌ signifying “custom,” or “habit,” has no verb. (M.)
And He (a man, IAạr, T) was, or became, smitten, or affected, by a disease. (IAạr, T, Ḳ.)
ديّنهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَدْيِينٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He left him to his religion; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) left him and his religion, not opposing him in that which he held allowable in his belief. (Mṣb.)
He believed him: so in the saying, ديّنهُ فِى القَضَآءِ [He believed him in respect of the judgment, or judicial decision], (T, M, Mgh,*) and فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ ٱللّٰهَ [in respect of what was between him and God]: (T, M:) but this is a conventional signification used by the professors. (Mgh.)
دَيَّنْتُ الحَالِفَ (T, TA) I confirmed the swearer (قَوَّيْتُهُ [so in the TA, but in the T بَرَّيْتُهُ, app. for بَرَّأْتُهُ, I held him, or pronounced him, to be clear, or quit, if not a mistranscription for قَوَّيْتُهُ,]) in that which he swore. (T, TA.)
See also 1, in the latter half of the paragraph.
دَيَّنْتُهُ القَوْمَ I made him ruler, governor, or manager of the affairs, of the people, or company of men. (M.) And ديّنهُ الشَّىْءَ, (T,* TA,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He made him to possess the thing: to own it; or to exercise, or have, authority over it. (T,* TA.) El-Hotei-ah says, (T, Ṣ, M,) addressing his mother, (T,)
* لَقَدْ دُيِّنْتِ أَمْرَ بَنِيكِ حَتَّى ** تَرَكْتِهِمُ أَدَقَّ مِنَ الطَّحِينِ *
(T, Ṣ, M,) meaning مُلِّكْتِ [i. e. Verily thou hast been made to have the ordering of the affairs of thy sons until thou hast rendered them finer than flour]. (T, Ṣ.) And hence the saying, يُدَيَّنُ الرَّجُلُ أَمْرَهُ i. e. يُمَلَّكُ [The man shall be made to have the ordering of his affair, or affairs, or case]. (Sh, T.)
دَايَنْتُهُ, (Ṣ, M, A, Ḳ,) inf. n. مُدَايَنَةٌ and دِيَانٌ, (TA,) I dealt, or bought and sold, with him upon credit; (A, TA;) I dealt, or sold and bought, with him, giving upon credit and taking upon credit: (Ṣ, TA:) or I lent to him; or I gave him, or granted him, a loan, or the like; and he did so to me: (M, Ḳ:) or I dealt with him upon credit, giving or taking. (Ksh * and Bḍ in ii. 282.)
See also 1, in the latter half of the paragraph.
Each of the inf. ns. mentioned above is also syn. with مُحَاكَمَةٌ [The summoning another to the judge, and litigating with him: &c.]. (TA.)
4. (ادين ⇒ ادان)
ادان, inf. n. إِدَانَةٌ; as an intrans. v.: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in three places.
As a trans. v.: see 1, in the latter half of the paragraph, in four places.
[The following significations, namely, “Subegit,” and “Pensavit,” assigned to this verb by Golius as on the authority of the KL, and “Voluit sibi esse servum,” and “Servum cepit,” followed by an accus., assigned to it by him as on the authority of the Ṣ, I do not find in either of those works.]
تديّن: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in three places.
تَدَايَنُوا They sold and bought, one with another, upon credit; and in like manner تَدَايَنَا is said of two persons: (Ṣ:) or they took, or received, or bought, upon credit [app. one of another]: and so اِدَّايَنُوا [which is a variation of the former]. (M.) إِذَا تَدَيَنْتُمْ بِدَيْنٍ, in the Ḳur ii. 282, means When ye deal, one with another, (Ksh, Bḍ, Jel, Mṣb,) upon credit, giving or taking, (Ksh,* Bḍ,) or by prepayment, (Jel, Mṣb,) or lending or the like, (Jel,) &c. (Mṣb.)
8. (ادّين ⇒ ادّان)
اِدَّانَ, originally اِدْتَانَ: see 1, in six places.
10. (استدين ⇒ استدان)
استدان, as an intrans. v.: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in three places.
استدانهُ He sought, or demanded, of him what is termed دَيْنٌ [meaning a debt]: and also i. q. اِسْتَقْرَضَ مِنْهُ. (M.) See 1, in the latter half of the paragraph.
دَيْنٌ [is an inf. n. of 1:]
[and is also a simple subst., and] properly signifies [A debt; such as] the price of a thing sold [which the purchaser is under an obligation to pay]; and a dowry [which one engages to pay]: and a loan, or the like; syn. قَرْض: (Mṣb:) or it is [a debt] such as has an appointed time of falling due: what has not such an appointed time is [properly, but not always,] termed قَرْضٌ: (Ḳ:) andدِينَةٌ↓ signifies the same as دَيْنٌ (T, M, Ḳ) in the sense above explained: (Ḳ:) a valid دَينْ (دَينٌ صَحِيحٌ) is such as does not become annulled save by payment, or by one's being declared clear, or quit: compensation in the case of a contract which a slave makes with his owner to pay him a certain sum as the price of himself and on the payment thereof to be free is not a valid دَيْن, because it may become annulled without payment, and without his being declared clear, or quit; that is, by the slave's being unable to pay it: (KT:) in the language of the law, but not in the proper language, دَيْنٌ is also applied to † [a debt incurred by] a thing taken unjustly, injuriously, or by violence; as being likened to a دَيْن properly so called: (Mṣb:) and it signifies also anything that is not present: [app. meaning anything to be paid, or done, at a future time:] (M, Ḳ:) thepl. [of pauc.] is أَدْيُنٌ (Lḥ, M, Ḳ) and [of mult.] دُيُونٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) [and in the CK is added and دِينَةٌ, with kesr; but this is a mistranscription for دِنْتُهُ, as syn. with أَدَنْتُهُ, which follows it, connected therewith by وَ]: the pl. ofدِينَةٌ↓ is دِيَنٌ. (TA.) You say, مَا أَكْثرَ دَيْنَهُ andدِينَتَهُ↓ [How great in amount. is his debt!]; both meaning the same. (AZ, T.) Andجِئْتُ لِطَلَبِ الدِّينَةِ↓ i. e. الدَّيْنِ [I came for the demanding of the debt]. (AZ, T.) And عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ [On him lies a debt; i. e. he owes a debt]: and لَهُ دَيْنٌ [To him is due a debt; i. e. he has a debt owed to him]. (Ṣ, TA.) And اِشْتَرَى بِالدَّيْنِ [He bought upon credit]: (Ḳ:) and أَخَذَ الدَّيْنَ (IḲt, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) or [rather] أَخَذَ دَيْنًا [signifies the same; or he took, or received, upon credit: or he took, or received, a loan, or the like; he borrowed]: (T, Ḳ:) and أَخَذَ بِدَيْنٍ [likewise signifies the same; or he took, or received, by incurring a debt]. (M.) And بَاعَ بِالدَّيْنِ [He sold upon credit]: (Ḳ:) and بِعْثُهُ بِدَيْنٍ (TA) orبِدِينَةٍ↓ (Ṣ) [I sold to him upon credit]: and أَعْطَيْتُهُ الدَّيْنَ [signifies the same; or I gave him, or granted him, credit: or I gave him, or granted him, the loan, or the like]. (M, Ḳ, TA.)
[Hence,] ‡ Death; (Ḳ, TA;) because it is a دَيْن [or debt] which every one must pay when [the angel who is] the demander of its payment comes. (TA.) And hence the prov., رَمَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ بِدَيْنِهِ ‡ [May God smite him with his death]. (TA.)
Thaalebeh Ibn-ʼObeyd says, describing palm-trees,
* تَضَمَّنُ الحَاجَاتِ العِيَالِ وَضَيْفِهِمْ ** وَمَهْمَا تَضَمَّنْ مِنْ دُيُونِهِمْ تَقْضِ *
[They comprise the wants of the household and of their guest; and whatever they comprise of their debts, they pay]; by the دُيُون meaning what is obtained of their fruit that is gathered. (M, TA.)
دِينٌ [is an inf. n. of 1: and is also used as a simple subst., signifying] Obedience; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoدِينَةٌ↓: (Ḳ: [in the M it is said, without any restriction, that دِينَةٌ is like دِينٌ:]) this is its primary meaning: and its pl. is أَدْيَانٌ: or, as some say, its primary meaning is that next following: (TA:) a state of abasement, (M, Ḳ, TA,) and submissiveness. (TA.) الدِّينُ لِلّٰهِ means Obedience to, and the service of, God. (T, Ḳ.*) And the saying, in the Ḳur [iv. 124], وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ دِينًا مِمَنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلّٰهِ means [And who is better] in obedience [than he who resigns himself to God?] (Er-Rághib, TA.) In like manner, also, in the same [ii. 257], لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِى الدِّينِ means [There shall be no compulsion] in obedience. (Er-Rághib, TA.)
A religion: (Ḳ, and in one of my copies of the Ṣ:) pl. as above: (Ṣ:) so termed as implying obedience, and submission to the law: [for ex.,] it is said in the Ḳur [iii. 17], إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِنْدَ ٱللّٰهِ ٱلْإِسْلَامُ [Verily the only true religion in the sight of God is El-Islám]. (TA.) الدِّينُ is a name for That whereby one serves God. (Ṣ,* Ḳ.) [It is applied to Religion, in the widest sense of this term, practical and doctrinal: thus comprehending الإِيمَانُ, which means “religious belief.”] And it [particularly] signifies [The religion of] El-Islám. (M, Ḳ.) And The religious law of God; consisting of such ordinances as those of fasting and prayer and pilgrimage and the giving of the poor-rate, and the other acts of piety, or of obedience to God, or of duty to Him and to men; syn. الشَّرِيعَةُ. (TA.) And The belief in the unity of God. (Ḳ.) And Piety, or pious fear, and abstinence from unlawful things; syn. الوَرَعُ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Also A particular law; a statute; or an ordinance; syn. حُكْمٌ (Ḳ, and Jel in xii. 76) and قَضَآءٌ [which signifies the same as حُكْمٌ]. (Ḳatádeh, T, Ḳ.) It is said in the Ḳur [xii. 76], مَا كَانَ لِيَأْخُذَ أَخَاهُ فِى دِينِ ٱلْمَلِكِ, meaning He (Joseph) was not to take his brother as a slave for the theft according to the law of the king of Egypt; i. e., فِى حُكْمِ مَلِكِ مِصْرَ, (Jel,) or فىقَضَائِهِ; (Ḳatádeh, T;) for his punishment according to him was beating, and a fine of twice the value of the thing stolen; not enslavement: (Jel:) or, accord. to El-Umawee, the meaning is, in the dominion of the King. (T.)
[A system of usages, or rites and ceremonies &c., inherited from a series of ancestors.] It is said in a trad., of the Prophet, كَانَ عَلَى دِينِ قَوْمِهِ, meaning He used to conform with the old usages obtaining among his people, inherited from Abraham and Ishmael, in respect of their pilgrimage and their marriagecustoms (IAth, Ḳ, TA) and their inheritances (IAth, TA) and their modes of buying and selling and their ways of acting, (IAth, Ḳ, TA,) and other ordinances of the faith [&c.]; (IAth, TA;) but as to the belief in the unity of God, they had altered it; and the Prophet held no other belief than it: (IAth, Ḳ, TA:) or, as some say, the meaning here is, their dispositions, in respect of generosity and courage; from دِينٌ in the sense next following. (TA.)
Custom, or habit; (AZ, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoدِينَةٌ↓: (M,* TA:) and business: (Ṣ, TA:) pl., as above, أَدْيَانٌ. (M, TA.) This, also, has been said to be the primary signification. (TA.) One says, مَا زَالَ ذٰلِكَ دِينِى That has not ceased to be my custom, or habit. (T, TA.)
A way, course, mode, or manner, of acting, or conduct, or the like. (Ḳ.)
I. q. تَدْبِيرٌ [app. as meaning Management, conduct, or regulation, of affairs]. (Ḳ.)
State, condition, or case. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) ISh says, I asked an Arab of the desert respecting a thing, and he said to me, لَوْ لَقِيتَنِى عَلَى دِنٍ غَيْرِ هٰذِهِ لَأَخْبَرْتُكَ [Hadst thou found me in a state other than this, I had informed thee]. (Ṣ, M.)
A property, such as is an unknown cause of a known effect; syn. خَاصِّيَّةٌ. (KL. [The significations of “Via” and “Signum” and “Opera,” mentioned by Golius as from the KL, I do not find in my copy of that work.])
Disobedience. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) [Thus it bears a signification the contr. of that first mentioned in this paragraph.]
Repayment, requital, compensation, or recompense: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or, as some say, such as is proportioned to the deed of him who is its object. (TA.) Hence, مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ, i. e. [The King] of the day of requital, in the Ḳur [i. 3]: (M, T, TA:) or the meaning in this instance is the next but one of those here following. (T, TA.)
Retaliation, by slaying for slaying, or wounding for wounding, or mutilating for mutilating. (TA.)
A reckoning. (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) [See the sentence next but one above.] Hence, in the Ḳur [ix. 36], ذٰلِكَ الدِّينُ القَيِّمُ [is said to mean] That is the right, correct, or true, reckoning. (T, TA.)
Compulsion against the will: (Ḳ:) subdual, subjection, or subjugation; ascendency: sovereign, or ruling, power; or power of dominion: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) mastership, or ownership; or the exercise, or possession, of authority. (Ḳ, TA.)
A disease: (Lḥ, IAạr, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or, accord. to El-Mufaddal, an old disease. (IAạr, T.)
[It is said to signify also] A constant, or a gentle, rain; as alsoدِينَةٌ↓: (Ḳ:) accord. to the book of Lth, [by which is meant the ʼEyn,] (T,) rain that has been constantly, (T,) or usually, (Ḳ,) recurring in a place: (T, Ḳ:) but this is a mistake of Lth, or of some one who has added it in his book: a verse of Et-Tirimmáh, there cited as an ex., ends with وَدِينِ, which is in that instance syn. with مَوْدُون, meaning “moistened;” its و being the primal radical, not the conjunction وَ; and دِينٌ as meaning any kind of rain being unknown. (T, TA.)
دَيْنَةٌ, (so in the TT, as from the T,) orدِينَةٌ↓, with kesr, (so in the TA,) A cause of death. (T, TA.)
دِينَةٌ: see دَيْنٌ, in five places:
and دِينٌ, in three places:
دَيِّنٌ Religious; or one who makes himself a servant of God; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) as alsoمُتَدَيِّنٌ↓. (Ṣ.)
دَيَّانٌ A requiter, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) who neglects not any deed, but requites it, with good and with evil; (Ḳ, TA;) in this sense, with the article ال, applied as an epithet to God: (Ṣ, M, TA:) a subduer; (T, Ḳ;) applied to a man in this sense; (T;) and also, in the same sense, with the article ال, to God: (TA:) a judge; a ruler, or governor; (T, Ḳ;) in these senses, likewise, applied to a man; and, with the article ال, to God: (T:) a manager, a conducter, or an orderer, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) of affairs of another. (Ṣ.)
دَائِنٌ A debtor; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb,* Ḳ;) as alsoمَدِينٌ↓ andمَدْيُونٌ↓, (Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,* Ḳ,) this last of the dial. of Temeem, (M,) andمُدَانٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andمُدَّانٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or all of these, (M, Ḳ,) orمَدْيُونٌ↓, (Ṣ, TA,) one much in debt: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) andمُدَّانٌ↓, constantly in debt: (Sh, T:) and دَائِنٌ signifies one who takes, or receives, a loan, or the like; who borrows; or who takes, or receives, or buys, upon credit: (Sh, T, Mṣb:) and also one who repays a debt: (Sh, T, TA:) thus bearing two contr. meanings: (TA:) or also one who gives, or grants, credit; or sells upon credit: (Mṣb:) pl. دَائِنُونَ, with which دِينٌ↓ is syn. [as a quasi-pl. n.], as in the saying of a poet,
* وَكَانَالنَّاسُ إِلَّا نَحْنُ دِينَا *
[And the people, except us, were debtors]. (Ṣ.)
مُدَانٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
مَدِينٌ: see دَائِنٌ.
[Also Repaid, requited, compensated, or recompensed: and reckoned with.] أَئِنَّا لَمَدِينُونَ, in the Ḳur [xxxvii. 51], means Shall we indeed be requited, and reckoned with? (Ṣ, TA.) [See also what follows, in two places.]
Possessed; owned; had, or held, under authority: (TA:) [and hence,] a slave; fem. with ة: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) [or] so called because abased by work. (Ḳ.) غَيْرَ مَدِينِينَ, in the Ḳur [lvi. 85], accord. to Zj, means Not held under authority: but Fr says, I have also heard [it explained as meaning] not requited [for your deeds]. (T.) [And it is said that] أَئِنَّا لَمَدِينُوننَ [mentioned above] means ائنّا لَمَمْلُوكُونَ [i. e. Shall we indeed be held in possession, or under authority, as servants of God?]. (M.)
مَدِينَةٌ A city; syn. مِصْرٌ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) so called because had, or held, in possession, or under authority. (Ṣ,* TA.) [See also art. مدن.]
أَنَا ٱبْنُ مَدِينَتِهَا means I am he who is acquainted with it; (IAạr, T,* M,* Ḳ;) like ابن بَجْدَتِهَا [q. v.]. (IAạr, T.)
مُدَّانٌ: see دَائِنٌ, in two places.
مِدْيَانٌ, applied to a man, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and also to a woman, (M, Ḳ,) without ة, (M,) One who gives, or grants, loans, or the like, (Sh, T, M, Ḳ,) to men, (M,) much, or often; (Sh, T, Ḳ:) and also, (Sh, T, Ḳ,) if you will, (Sh, T,) one who seeks, or demands, loans, or the like, much, or often: (Sh, T, Ḳ:) thus bearing two contr. significations: (Ḳ:) or one whose custom it is to take, or receive, by incurring debt, or to buy upon credit; and, to seek, or demand, loans, or the like: (Ṣ:) or it is an intensive epithet, signifying one having [many] debts: (IAth, TA:) pl. مَدَايِينُ, (M, Ḳ,) masc. and fem. (TA.)
مَدْيُونٌ: see دَائِنٌ, in two places.
مُتَدَيِّنٌ: see دَيِنٌ.