دهم دهن دهو
1. ⇒ دهن
دَهَنَهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) aor. ـُ
[Hence,] دَهَنَ الأَرْضَ, said of rain, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) ‡ It moistened the ground slightly, or a little: (Ṣ, TA:) or it moistened the surface of the ground. (Ḳ.)
And [hence also,] دَهَنْتُهُ بِالعَصَا (Ṣ, Ḳ *) ‡ I struck him (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) gently (TA) with the staff, or stick; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) like as one says, مَسَحَهُ بِالعَصَا and بِالسَّيْفِ. (TA.) And دَهَنْتُهُ بِالعَصَا دَهَنَاتٍ ‡ I struck him [gently] with the staff or stick [some gentle strokes: دَهَنَاتٌ being pl. ofدَهْنَةٌ↓, which is the inf. n. of un.]. (So in a copy of the Ṣ.)
[Hence, likewise,] دَهَنَ signifies also He (a man, TA) played the hypocrite. (Ḳ, TA.) And you say, دَهَنَ فُلَانًا, aor. ـُ
دَهُنَتْ, (Ḳ, and so in more than three copies of the Ṣ,) and دَهَنَتْ, aor. ـُ
And دَهِنَ, inf. n. دَهْنٌ, [or, as appears to be probable from what follows and from general analogy, دَهَنٌ,] said of a man, † He was, or became, weak: and also, foolish, or stupid: and [app. soft, flaccid, or flabby; for] دَهَنٌ signifies the being soft, flaccid, or flabby; or softness, flaccidity, or flabbiness. (JK.) [See دَهِينٌ.]
2. ⇒ دهّن
see 1, first sentence.
3. ⇒ داهن
مُدَاهَنَهٌ andإِدْهَانٌ↓ signify the same; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) i. e. ‡ The endeavouring to conciliate; syn. مُصَانَعَةٌ: (Ṣ, TA:) or the making peace with another; or becoming reconciled with another: (Mṣb:) or the pretending the contrary of, or what is different from, that which one conceals in his mind: (Ḳ:) and the former signifies also the acting with dishonesty, or dissimulation: or↓ the latter has this signification; and the former signifies the striving to outwit, deceive, beguile, or circumvent; syn. مُوَارَبَةٌ: (TA:) or دَاهَنْتُ signifies I hid, concealed, or covered; syn. وَارَيْتُ [accord. to four copies of the Ṣ; but probably this is a mistranscription for وَارَبْتُ, meaning I strove to outwit, deceive, beguile, or circumvent, as is indicated in the TA]; andأَدْهَنْتُ↓ signifies I acted with dishonesty, or dissimulation: (Ṣ:) orإِدْهَانٌ↓ is [originally] like تَدْهِينٌ [as has been stated above]: but is used as denoting the act of treating with gentleness or blandishment, soothing, coaxing, wheedling, beguiling, or deluding; and abstaining from restraint or prohibition: (AHeyth, TA:) or it originally signified the anointing such a thing as a hide with some oil or the like: and as such a thing is rendered soft to the sense [of feeling], it was used tropically, or metaphorically, to denote ideal softness, absolutely: hence, the treating with gentleness or blandishment, soothing, coaxing, wheedling, beguiling, or deluding, was termed مُدَاهَنَةٌ: then this tropical signification became commonly known, and conventionally regarded as proper: and then the word [مداهنة orادهان↓, or rather each of these words,] was tropically used as signifying the holding a thing in light, or little, or mean, estimation, or in contempt: so in the 'Ináyeh. (MF, TA.) It is said in the Ḳur [lxviii. 9], وَدُّوالَوْ تُدْهِنُ فَيُدْهِنُونَ↓ ‡ They wish that thou wouldst endeavour to conciliate [them], and in that case they will endeavour to conciliate [thee]: (Ṣ, TA:*) or that thou wouldst be soft, pliant, or gentle, in thy religion, and in that case they will be soft, pliant, or gentle: (TA:) or that thou wouldst be soft, pliant, or gentle, to them, and in that case they will be so to thee: (Jel:) or, accord. to Fr, that thou wouldst be an unbeliever, and they will be unbelievers. (TA.)
4. ⇒ ادهن
الإِدْهَانُ is also syn. with الإِبْقَآءُ, which, accord. to IAmb, is the primary signification: in the copies of the Ḳ erroneously written الإِنْقَآءُ. (TA.) One says, لَا تُدْهِنْ عَلَيْهِ, meaning لَا تُبْقِ عَلَيْهِ [Show not thou mercy to him; or pity not him; or pardon not him]. (IAmb, TA.) And مَا أَدْهَنْتَ إِلَّا عَلَى نَفْسِكَ, i. e. مَا أَبْقَيْتَ [Thou didst not show, or hast not shown, mercy, save to thyself]. (Lḥ, TA.)
One says also, أَدْهَنْتُ فِى أَمْرِهِ, meaning I fell short in his affair, or case. (JK.)
And أُدْهِنَ He (a camel) was affected with the vertigo termed دُهْن. (JK.)
5. ⇒ تدهّن
8. ⇒ ادّهن
اِدَّهَنَ, of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, He anointed himself with دُهْن, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,*) i. e. oil, &c.; (Mṣb;) [oiled, or greased, himself;] as alsoتدهّن↓. (Ṣ.)
Q. Q. 2. ⇒ تَيَدْهَنَ
تَيَدْهَنَ He (a man) took a مُدْهُن [q. v.]. (Ṣ.)
دَهْنٌ: see دُهْنٌ.
عَيْشٌ دَهْنٌ Bad and scanty [means of subsistence]. (JK.)
دُهْنٌ Oil, (MA, Mṣb, KL,) &c., (Mṣb,) [i. e. grease of any kind,] or دُهْن [i. e. oil] of sesame, &c., (Mgh,) with which one anoints, (Mgh, Mṣb,) [or greases,] or moistens, (Ḳ,) the head or mustache, (Mgh,) or the hair, &c., (Mṣb,) or the head, &c.: (Ḳ:) it is well known: (Ṣ:) andدُهْنَةٌ↓ signifies a portion thereof: (Ḳ:) [or this latter, being the n. un., signifies a particular oil or kind of oil; like as the former does when it is prefixed to another noun:] you say دُهْنُ البَانِ (Ṣ and Mgh and Mṣb in art. بون) and دُهْنَةُ بَانٍ (TA in the present art. from a poet) [both meaning oil of ben]: the pl. (of دُهْنٌ, Ṣ, Mṣb, and Bḍ in lv. 37) is دِهَانٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, and Bḍ ubi suprà) and أَدْهَانٌ; (Ḳ;) [the latter a pl. of pauc.; both pls. signifying kinds of oil, &c.;] orالدِّهَانُ↓ signifies that with which one anoints; (Bḍ ubi suprà) or it has this signification also: (TA:) you say, دَهَنْتُهُ بِالدِّهَانِ [meaning I anointed him with oils or with ointment]: (Ṣ, in which this is mentioned as an ex. of the pl. of دُهْنٌ:) and hence the prov. كَالدِّهَانِ عَلَى الوَبَرِ Like [ointment or] that with which one anoints [upon fur, or soft hair]. (TA.) [See also دِهَانٌ below.]
Also ‡ Weak rain: (AZ, Ṣ:) or rain such as moistens the surface of the ground; (JK, Ḳ;) and soدَهْنٌ↓: (Ḳ:) pl. دِهَانٌ. (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ.)
And A vertigo (دُوَار) that affects the camel. (JK.)
دِهْنٌ / دِهْنَةٌ
دِهْنٌ A kind of tree with which beasts of prey are killed, (JK, Ḳ,) and by means of which they are taken: (JK:) it is a noxious tree, like the دِفْلَى [q. v.]: (TA:) n. un. with ة
And Such as is large, of trees. (JK.)
دَهِنٌ Oily, or greasy. (KL.) You say alsoرَجُلٌ مُدْهَانٌّ↓ meaning دَهِنُ الشَّعَرِ [A man having oily, or greasy, hair]. (TA.) [See also دَهِينٌ.]
دَهْنَةٌ / دَهَنَاتٌ
دَهْنَةٌ; pl. دَهَنَاتٌ: see 1.
دُهْنَةٌ: see دُهْنٌ.
Also Odour: so in the saying هُوَ طَيِّبُ الدُّهْنَةِ [He, or it, is sweet in respect of odour]. (Ḳ. [Erroneously written and explained by Golius in his Lexicon.])
دَهْنَآءُ A [desert such as is termed] فَلَاة: (Ḳ:) or a place of sands: (JK:) or a place all sand: (TA:) [or a desert of reddish sand. Hence,] with the article ال, A certain place [or desert tract] belonging to Temeem, in Nejd, (Ṣ Ḳ, TA,) extending to the distance of three days' journey, in which is no water; (TA;) as also الدَّهْنَى; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) this latter occurring in poetry. (TA.) [The same appellation is also applied to The great desert of which the central part lies towards the Ṣ. E. of Nejd.]
Also A certain red herb, (Ḳ,) having broad leaves, used for tanning. (TA.)
[An oily quality.]
دِهَانٌ A red hide. (Ṣ, Ḳ. [See also دَهِينٌ.]) Hence, in the Ḳur [lv. 37], فَكَانَتْ وَرْدَةً كَالدِّهَانِ, i. e. And shall become red, (Ṣ,) or of a rosecolour, (Zj, L in art. ورد,) or of a red colour inclining to yellow, (L in that art.,) like the red hide: (Ṣ, Bḍ, Jel:) or like the hide that is of a pure red colour: (TA:) or like that [oil] with which one anoints; see دُهْنٌ: or it is pl. of دُهْنٌ: (Bḍ:) [thus] it means, accord. to Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ [Zj], and shall become [red,, &c., and] of various colours, by reason of the very great terror, like divers oils: or, accord. to Er-Rághib, like the dregs of oil, or of olive-oil; for this is another signification of الدهان. (TA.)
Also A slippery place. (JK, Ḳ.) And A smooth road: or long and smooth. (TA.)
دَهِينٌ [Anointed with oil, &c.; i. q. مَدْهُونٌ↓ and مَدْهُونَةٌ]. You say لِحْيَةٌ دَهِينٌ (Ḳ) and دَهِينَةٌ (TA) andدَاهِنٌ↓, (Ḳ,) [the last, properly, a possessive epithet,] meaning مَدْهُونَةٌ [i. e. A beard anointed with oil, &c.]. (Ḳ, TA.)
And A hide intensely red. (JK. [See also دِهَانٌ.])
Also, applied to a she-camel, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) ‡ Having little milk: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or having very little milk; (JK;) not yielding a drop of milk (JK, TA) when her dug is squeezed: (JK:) accord. to Er-Rághib, having the meaning of an act. part. n., i. e. that yields as much as that with which one may anoint himself: or, as some say, having the meaning of a pass. part. n., because she is anointed [or as though she were anointed] with the milk, by reason of its scantiness; and this is the more probable, because it has not the affix ة: pl. دُهُنٌ. (TA.)
And, applied to a stallion, † That does not impregnate at all: as though because of the paucity of his seminal fluid. (TA.)
And Weak; applied to a man, and to a thing: one says, أَتَيْتَ بِأَمْرٍ دَهِينٍ [Thou didst, or saidst, or thou hast done, or said, a weak thing]: and Ibn-Hiráweh says,
* لِيَنْتَزِعُوا تُرَاثَ بَنِى تَمِيمٍ ** لَقَدٌ ظَنُّوا بِنَا ظَنًّا دَهِينَا *
[In order that they might wrest the inheritance of the sons of Temeem, verily they have opined of us a weak opining]. (TA.)
دَهَّانٌ A seller of oil: (MA, TA:) and a maker of oil. (MA.) [In the present day, it is applied to A painter of houses, &c.]
دَاهِنٌ: see دَهِينٌ.
مُدْهَنٌ A camel affected with the vertigo termed دُهْن. (JK.)
مُدْهُنٌ, with damm, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) only, (Ṣ,) to the م and ه, (Mṣb, TA,) extr [in form], (Fr, TA,) for by rule it should be مِدْهَنٌ, (Mṣb,) or it was مِدْهَنٌ originally, (Lth, TA,) The utensil (آلَة) for دُهْن [or oil, &c.]; (Ḳ, TA;) i. e. (TA) the thing [or pot or vase] in which دُهْن is put; (T, Mṣb, TA;) a flask, or phial, (قَارُورَة,) for دُهْن: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [andمُدْهُنَةٌ↓, occurring in this art. and in art. وقب in the TA, signifies the same:] pl. مَدَاهِنُ. (Ṣ.)
And ‡ A place, (M, Ḳ, TA,) or a small hollow or cavity, in a mountain, (Ṣ, TA,) in which water remains and collects, or collects and stagnates: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) or any place excavated by a torrent: (Ḳ:) or water exuding in stone. (TA.)
مُدْهِنٌ [act. part. n. of 4, q. v.].
أَفَبِهٰذَا الحَدِيثِ أَنْتُمْ مُدْهِنُونَ, in the Ḳur [lvi. 80], means Do ye then reject this announcement? or disbelieve, &c.? (TA:) or hold in light, or little, or mean, estimation, (Bḍ, Jel,) and reject,, &c.? (Jel.)
مَدْهَنَةٌ A place where oil is made; an oil-mill. (MA.)
مُدْهُنَةٌ: see مُدْهُنٌ.
قَوْمٌ مُدَهَّنُونَ ‡ A people, or company of men, upon whom are [visible] the traces of ease and plenty, welfare, or well-being. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.)
مَدْهُونٌ: see دَهِينٌ.
[Hence,] أَرْضٌ مَدْهُوَنَةٌ ‡ Land moistened slightly, or a little, by rain. (Ṣ, TA:) or having its surface moistened by rain. (TA.)
مُدْهَانٌّ: see دَهِنٌ.