دهدى دهر دهش
دَهَرَهُمْ أَمْرٌ, (JK, A, Ḳ,) and دَهَرَ بِهِمْ أَمْرٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) aor. ـَ, (Ḳ,) An event befell them (Ṣ, A) from fate, or fortune: (A:) or an evil event befell them. (JK, Ḳ.) In a trad. respecting the death of Aboo-Tálib occur these words [as said by him]: لَوْ لَا أَنًّ قُرَيْشًا تَقُولُ دَهَرَهُ الجَزَعُ لَفَعَلْتُ [Were it not that the tribe of Kureysh would say, Impatience hath befallen him, (or, perhaps, constrained him, from دَهْرٌ signifying “fate,” or overcome him, see what follows,) I would do it]. (TA.)
دَهَرَهُ, (Bḍ in xlv. 23,) inf. n. دَهْرٌ, (Ḳ,) He overcame, conquered, subdued, overpowered, or mastered, him; gained the mastery, prevailed, or predominated, over him; or surpassed him. (Bḍ ubi suprà, B,* Ḳ.)
عَامَلَهُ مُدَاهَرَةٌ and دِهَارًا is like مُشَاهَرَةً [i. e. it means He made an engagement, or a contract, or bargain, with him to work, or the like, for a long period, or for a constancy; like as مُشَاهَرَةً means “for a month”]. (Ḳ.) And in like manner one says, اِسْتَأْجَرَهُ مُدَاهَرَةً and دِهَارًا [He hired him for a long period, or for a constancy]. (Lḥ, TA.)
Q. Q. 1. دَهْوَرَهُ
دَهْوَرَهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. دَهْوَرَةٌ, (TA,) He collected it together, and threw it into a deep place. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
He pushed it, namely, a wall, so that it fell. (Ḳ.)
دهوراللُّقَمَ He made the mouthfuls large, (Ṣ, A,) or round, (Az,) and gulped them down. (Az, A.)
Q. Q. 2. تَدَهْوَرَ
تَدَهْوَرَ It (sand) poured down, and for the most part fell. (Mṣb.)
And hence, He, or it, fell down, from a higher to a lower place. (Mṣb.)
And It (the night) for the most part went: (Mṣb:) or departed, or retreated. (Ḳ, TA.)
دَهْرٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ, &c.) andدَهَرٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) the latter either a dial. var., agreeably with the opinion of the Basrees in cases of this kind, and therefore such cases are limited by the authority of hearsay, or it is so written and pronounced because of the guttural letter, and so is accordant to a universal rule, agreeably with the opinion of the Koofees, (ISd,) Time, from the beginning of the world to its end; (Esh-Sháfiʼee, Az, Mṣb, Er-Rághib;) as also حِينٌ: (Esh-Sháfiʼee, Az:) this is the primary signification: (Er-Rághib:) and any long period of time; (Z, Mgh, Ḳ, Er-Rághib;) thus differing from زَمَانٌ, which will be explained below: (Er-Rághib:) and a portion of the longest period of time: (Az:) or دَهْرٌ signifies, (Ṣ, A,) or signifies also, (Az, Mṣb,) time; or a time; or a space, or period, of time; syn. زَمَانٌ, (Sh, Az, Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb,) whether long or short: (Mṣb:) or this is the proper signification of زَمَانٌ, but not of دَهْرٌ: (Er-Rághib:) and ‡ a division of the year: and ‡ a less period: (Az, Mṣb:) Az says, I have heard more than one of the Arabs say, أَقَمْنَا عَلَى مَآءِ كَذَا دَهْرًا [We stayed at such a water a long time, or a time]; and هٰذَا المَرْعَى يَكْفِينَا دَهْرًا [This pasture-land will suffice us a long time, or a time]; but one does not say that الدَّهْرُ is four times, or four seasons, because its application to ‡ a short period of time is tropical, and an extension of its proper signification: (Mṣb:) or it signifies i. q. أَبَدٌ [meaning a long unlimited time; or an extended indivisible space of time; or duration without end; time without end]; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) it differs from زَمَانٌ in having no end: (Khálid Ibn-Yezeed:) or a prolonged, or lengthened, term; syn. أَبَدٌ مَمْدُودٌ: (Ḳ, in some copies of which, in the place of ابد, we find أَمَد:) and ‡ the period, or duration, of life; an age: (Kull p. 183:) the present state of existence: (Mṣb:) and † a thousand years: (Ḳ:)pl. [of pauc.] أَدْهُرٌ (Ḳ) and [of mult.] دُهُورٌ: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) both said to be pls. of دَهْرٌ, and no other pls. are known as those of دَهَرٌ; the form أَدْهَارٌ not having been heard. (TA.)
You say مَضَى عَلَيْهِ دَهْرٌ and دُهُورٌ [A long time and long times, or an age and ages, &c., passed over him, or it]. (A.)
And كَانَ ذٰلِكَ دَهْرَ النَّجْمِ That was in the time of God's creation of the stars; meaning, in the beginning of time; in ancient time. (A.)
[And فِى أَوَّلِ الدَّهْرِ In the beginning of time. (A.)]
[And يَبْقَى الدَّهْرَ It remains for ever.]
[And لَا آتِيهِ الدَّهْرَ I will not come to him, ever. See also دَاهِرٌ.]
[Hence, because, in one sense, time brings to pass events, good and evil,] الدَّهْرُ was applied by the Arabs to Fortune; or fate: and they used to blame and revile it: and as the doing so was virtually blaming and reviling God, since events are really brought to pass by Him, Moḥammad forbade their doing thus. (Az, Mgh, TA, &c.) It is said in a trad., لَا تَسُبُّوا ٱلدَّهْرَ فَإِنَّ ٱلدَّهْرَ هُوَ ٱللّٰهُ, (Ṣ, Mgh, TA, &c.,) or, accord. to one reading, فَإِنَّ ٱللّٰهُ هُوَ ٱلدَّهْرُ, (Az, Mgh, TA, &c.,) in which some explain الدهر in the first proposition as having a different meaning from that which it has in the second, whereas others assign to it the same meaning in both cases: (TA:) the meaning of the trad. is, Revile ye not [fortune, or] the Efficient of fortune; for the Efficient of fortune is God: (Az, Ṣ, TA, &c.:) or, accord. to the second reading, for God is the Efficient of fortune. (TA.) Hence, (TA,) some reckon الدَّهْرُ as one of the names of God: (Ḳ, &c.:) but some disallow this: and some say that it is allowable if meant to signify, as rendered above, the Efficient of fortune. (TA, &c.)
زَوْجُ دَهْرٍ A husband prepared for the accidents or calamities of fortune. (Ṣ in art. بهر. [See بَهْرٌ.])
Also A purpose; an intention: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) a desire: (TA:) the scope, or end that one has in view. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, مَا دَهْرِى بِكَذَا, (Ṣ, TA,) and مَا دَهْرِى كَذَا, (TA,) My purpose, or intention, (Ṣ, TA,) and my desire, and my scope, or the end that I have in view, (TA,) is not such a thing. (Ṣ, TA.)
Also ‡ A custom, or habit, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) that is constant, or permanent, (Kull p. 183,) or that lasts throughout life. (TA.) You say, مَا ذَاكَ بِدَهْرِى ‡ That is not my custom, or habit, (Ṣ,) that lasts throughout my life: (TA:) and مَا دَهْرِى بِكَذَا ‡ My habit throughout life is not so. (TA.)
دَهَرٌ: see دَهْرٌ.
دَهْرِىٌّ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andدُهْرِىٌّ↓ (Ḳ) One who deviates from the truth, and introduces into it that which does not belong to it, syn. مُلْحِدٌ; (Ṣ, A;) who asserts that the duration of the present world is from eternity, (A, Mṣb,) or that it is everlasting, (Ḳ,) and does not believe in the resurrection, (Mṣb,) or in the world to come. (TA.)
And the latter, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or the former, (IAmb,) An old, or aged, man. (IAmb, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ.) Th says that both are rel. ns. from الدَّهْرُ, though the latter is contr. to rule, [as is also remarked in the Mṣb,] like سُهْلِىٌّ from الأَرْضُ السَّهْلَةُ. (Ṣ.)
Some say also that the latter signifies An acute, or ingenious, or expert, man. (TA.)
دُهْرِىٌّ: see the next preceding paragraph.
دِهْرَارٌ: see دَهَارِيرُ.
دُهرُورٌ: see دَهَارِيرُ.
دِهْرِيرٌ: see دَهَارِيرُ.
دَهيِرٌ: see دَاهِرٌ.
دَهَارِيرُ, a pl. without a sing.; (Ḳ, TA;) or its sing. is دَهْرٌ↓, like as the sing. of مَذَاكِيرُ is ذَكَرٌ, and that of مَشَابِهُ, شَبَهٌ; or its sing. is دُهْرُورٌ↓, orدِهْرَارٌ↓, [in the TA written by mistake دهرات,] orدِهْرِيرٌ↓; (TA;) Misfortunes; calamities: as in the phrase وَقَعَ فِى الدَّهَارِيرِ He fell into misfortunes, or calamities. (A, TA.)
Also Severe, or calamitous. (Ṣ.) It is said in a trad. of Sateeh,
* فَإِنَّ ذَا الدَّهْرَ أَطْوَارًا دَهَارِيرُ *
[For verily this age is at times calamitous]. (TA.) دَهْرٌ دَهَارِيرُ, A severe, or calamitous, age, is a phrase like لَيْلَةُ لَيْلَآءُ, and نَهَارٌ أَنْهَرُ, &c.: (Ṣ:) [see also دَاهِرٌ:] and it also signifies a time of two states, adverse and prosperous: (TA:) and دُهُورٌ دَهَارِيرٌ, various, or varying, times: (Ḳ:) or long times. (A.) [See دَاهِرٌ.]
Also دَهَارِيرُ [or rather, as IbrD says, دَهْرُ الدَّهَارِيرِ, for this has the signification immediately following,] The beginning of time past: and [absolutely] preceding, or past, time. (Ḳ, TA.) You say كَانَ ذٰلِكَ فِى دَهْرِ الدَّهَارِيرِ [That was in the beginning of past time: or in the time of by-gone ages]. (TA.)
دَهْرٌ دَاهِرٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andدَهْرٌ دَهِيرٌ↓ (Ḳ) are phrases in which the epithet has an intensive effect, [meaning A long, or an endless, period, or course, of time,] (Ḳ,) like أَبَدٌ أَبِيدٌ (Ṣ, TA) and أَبَدٌ آبِدٌ: (TA:) or a severe, or calamitous, age. (TA.) [See also دَهَارِيرُ.]
لَا آتِيكَ دَهْرَ الدَّهِرِينَ I will not come to thee, ever: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) similar to the phrase أَبَدَ الآبِدِينَ. (TA.)
هُمْ مَدْهُورٌ بِهِمٌ, and مَدْهُورُونَ, They are afflicted with an evil event. (Ḳ.)