حنك حنو and حنى حو
حَنَاهُ, (Ḳ,) first pers. حَنَوْتُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) aor. ـُ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. حَنْوٌ, (Ḳ, [in the CK, حَناء is erroneously substituted, as another inf. n., for حَنَّاهُ, another form of the verb,]) He bent it, or curved it; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) namely, a branch, or stick, or piece of wood, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and his back; (Ṣ;) as also حَنَاهُ, (Ḳ in art. حنى,) first pers. حَنَيْتُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) aor. ـِ, inf. n. حَنْىٌ, (Mṣb,) or حِنَايَةٌ; (Ḳ in art. حنى;) but the former verb is the better known; (ISd, TA in that art.;) andحنّاهُ↓, (Ḳ and TA in this art.,) inf. n. تَحْنِيَةٌ. (Ḳ in art. حنى.) You say also, لَمْ يَحْنُ ظَهْرَهُ as meaning He did not bend his back for the act of رُكُوع [in prayer]. (TA.) And حَنَاهُ الدَّهْرِ Time bent him, by reason of age. (Mṣb.) And فُلَانٌ مِمَّنْ لَا تُحْنَى عَلَيْهِ الأَصَابِعُ [Such a one is of those at the mention of whom the fingers are not bent; (see a portion of the first paragraph of art. ثنى, commencing with the second sentence;)] i. e. such a one is not counted among the brethren. (Th, TA.) And [hence] a poet says,
* بَرَكَ الزَّمَانُ عَلَيْهِمُ بِجِرَانِهِ ** وَأَلَعَّ مِنْكَ بِحَيْثُ تُحنَى الإِصْبَعُ *
[Time, or fortune, bore upon them with its weight, and was pressing in its exactions from thee, so that the finger was bent]; meaning that it took the best, those that were counted [with the fingers]. (IAạr, TA.)
حَنَاقَوْسًا, inf. n. حَنْوٌ, (Ḳ,) He strung, or braced the string of, a bow; because, in doing so, one bends it: (TA:) or he made a bow. (Ḳ.)
حَنَا يَدَهُ He twisted his arm, or hand; (Ḳ in this art.;) as also حَنَى يَدَهُ, aor. ـِ, inf. n. حِنَايَةٌ. (Ḳ in art. حنى.)
حَنَا also signifies He peeled a branch, or stick; or stripped it of its bark; (ISd, TA in art. حنى;) and so حَنَى; (ISd and Ḳ in that art.;) but the former is the better known. (ISd, TA.)
حَنَتْ عَلَى وَلَدِهَا, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. حُنُوٌّ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and حَنَتْ, aor. ـِ; (Mṣb;) She (a woman) undertook the care and maintenance of her children, and did not marry again, after [the loss of] their father: (AZ, Ṣ:) or, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) as alsoاحنت↓, (Hr, Ḳ,) she acted affectionately towards her children, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) and did not marry again, after [the loss of] their father. (Mṣb.) And حَنَوْتُ عَلَيْهِ I was affectionate, kind, or compassionate, towards him. (Ṣ.) Andتحنّى↓ عَلَيْهِ, also, He was affectionate, kind, or compassionate, towards him; like تحنّن. (Ṣ.) Accord. to IAạr, حَنَا عَلَى قَرَابَتِهِ andاحنى↓ andحنّى↓ all signify the same as رِتم [evidently, I think, a mistranscription for رَحِم; i. e. He compassionated his relations]. (TA.)
حَنَتْ, (Ṣ, M, TA,) aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. حُنُوٌّ, (M, TA,) said of a ewe, and of a wild cow, She desired the male, (Ṣ, M, TA,) and submitted herself to him. (M, TA.)
see 1; for each in two places.
see 1; for each in two places.
and see also 1, near the end of the paragraph.
انحنى It (a thing, Ṣ, as, for instance, a branch, or stick, TA) was, or became, bent, or curved; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoتحنّى↓: and the latter, it (a حِنْو, q. v.) was, or became, crooked. (TA.) [Also He bent, or bowed, himself.] And انحنى مِنَ الكِبَرِ [He became bent, or bowed, by reason of age]. (Mṣb.)
حَنْوٌ: see what next follows.
حِنْوٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) andحَنْوٌ↓ (Ḳ) Anything in which is a bending, curving, or crookedness, (Ḳ,) and the like; (TA;) of the body, (Ḳ,) such as the bone beneath the eyebrow, (Ḳ,* TA,) and the jaw-bone, and a rib; and of other things, such as the [high ground termed] قُفّ, and the [tract of sand termed] حِقْف, (Ḳ,) and the bend of a valley [like مَحْنِيَةٌ &c.]: (TA:) see مَحْنِيَةٌ: and any curved piece of wood, (Ḳ,) such as any of the curved pieces of wood of the horse's saddle, and of the [camel's saddle called] قَتَب, (Ṣ,* CK, TA,) and of the [camel's saddle called] رَحْل: (CK, TA:) each of [the curved pieces of wood called] the قَرْبُوسَانِ, the anterior and the posterior, of the horse's saddle: (Mgh:) and a bending, curving, or crookedness, of anything: whence, حِنْوٌ الجَبَلِ [the bend of the mountain]: (Ṣ:)pl. [of pauc.] أَحْنَآءٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) and [of mult.] حِنِىٌّ, [in the CK, erroneously, حَنِىٌّ,] and حُنِىٌّ [originally حُنُوٌّ, first altered to حُنِىٌّ, and then, because of the kesreh, to حِنِىٌّ]. (Ḳ, TA.)
[The dual] حِنْوَانِ signifies The two curved pieces of wood, with a net upon them, by means of which wheat is conveyed to the heap that is collected together in the place where it is trodden out. (Ḳ.)
And the pl. أَحْنَآءٌ, i. q. جَوَانِبُ [as meaning † Sides, regions, quarters, or the like; and limits, bounds, or boundaries]; like أَعْنَآءٌ. (Ṣ.) The saying, أُزْجُرْ أَحْنَآءَ طَيْرِكَ means نَوَاحِيَهُ, [i. e. † Straiten thou the limits, or bounds, of thy levity, (alluding to the restraining of birds from flight,)] on the right and left, and before and behind; by طيرك being meant خِفَّتِكَ and طَيْشِكَ. (Ṣ, TA.)
أَحْنَآءُ الأُمُورِ † Dubious affairs: (Ḳ,* TA:) or, as some say, it means أَطْرَافُهَا وَنَوَاحِيهَا [† the ends, and limits, or bounds, of affairs]. (TA.)
حَنْوَةٌ A stooping of the head, and bowing of the back, in prayer. (TA.)
حِنَآءٌ The desire of a ewe, and of a wild cow, for the male. (Ṣ.) [See also حِرْمَةٌ.]
حَنِىٌّ: see what next follows.
حَنِيَّةٌ A bow; (T, Ṣ, Ḳ;) so called because it is bent: (T:) pl. حَنِىٌّ↓, (Ṣ,* Ḳ,) [or this is a coll. gen. n., of which حَنِيَّةٌ is the n. un.,] and حَنَايَا, (T, Ṣ, Ḳ,) or this may be pl. of حَنِىٌّ. (TA.)
Also applied to A [bowed, or curved,] structure or building. (M, TA.)
حِنَايَةٌ A state of bending, or curving. (Ḳ.) Hence the saying, respecting a man in whose back is a bending, إِنَّ فِيهِ لِحِنَايَةٌ يَهُودِيَّةٌ [Verily in him is a Jewish bending.] (TA.)
حَانٍ [Bending, or curving].
[Hence,] حَانِيَةٌ, applied to a ewe, (Ḳ,) and to a she-camel, (TA,) That twists her neck, without any disease; (Ḳ;) as alsoحَنْوَآءُ↓, applied to a ewe or she-goat: (TA:) and sometimes, the former, from a disease. (TA.)
And حَانِيَةٌ, applied to a woman, That undertakes the care and maintenance of her children, (AZ, Ṣ, TA,) or acts affectionately towards them, (TA,) and does not marry again, after [the loss of] their father: (AZ, Ṣ, TA:) pl. حَوَانٍ and حَانِيَاتٌ; the latter applied in a similar sense to she-camels. (TA.)
And حَانٍ, applied to a ewe, (Aṣ, Ṣ, M,) and to a wild cow, (Ṣ,) Desiring the male, (Aṣ, Ṣ, M,) and submitting herself to him: (M:) and حَانِيَةٌ, (Ḳ,) applied to a ewe, (TA,) vehemently desirous of the male. (Ḳ.)
حَانَاةٌ: see what next follows.
حَانُوتٌ (Mgh and Ḳ in this art., and Mṣb in art. حون, and mentioned also in the Ḳ in arts. حنت and حين) A shop; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoحَانَاةٌ↓ andحَانِيَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) but this last was unknown to Sb: (TA:) [see دُكَّانٌ, in art. دكن:] and particularly the house [or shop] of a vintner, in which wine is sold; as also حَانَةٌ [mentioned in art. حون]; (Mṣb, TA;) called by the people of El-'Irák مَاخُورٌ: (TA:) the first of these words (i. e. حانوت) is said to be of the measure فَعَلُوتٌ, (AAF, Mṣb, TA,) like مَلَكُوتٌ and رَهَبُوتٌ; the و [of the root] being changed into ا, as in طَالُوتٌ and جَالُوت and the like: (Mṣb:) or originally فَعَلُوتٌ, and then فَلَعُوتٌ, like طَاغُوت: (Mgh:) or it is originally حَانُوةٌ, like تَرْقُوَةٌ: (Mgh, Mṣb: [but the former is said in the Mgh to be the right opinion:]) or it is originally of the measure فَاعُولٌ; (M, Mṣb;) so says El-Fárábee; (Mṣb;) from حَنَوْتٌ; what is so called being likened to the building termed حَنِيَّةٌ; the ت being a substitute for و, as is said by AAF, (M,) and being originally ة, changed into ت because of the quiescent letter before it: (Mṣb:) Az says that the ت is augmentative: (TA:) the word is fem. and masc.: (Mgh, Mṣb, TA:) accord. to Zj, when masc., meaning بَيْتٌ: (Mṣb:) pl. حَوَانِيتُ. (Mṣb, TA.)
Also The vintner himself: (Ḳ in art. حنت:) [like حَانِىٌّ &c.]
حَانِيَةٌ [fem. of حَانٍ, q. v.]
The pl. الحَوَانِى [as a subst.] signifies The longest of the ribs; (Ḳ;) four in number; two on either side. (TA.)
And حَوَانِى الهَرَمِ The benders of the back of the old man, that cause him to fall prostrate. (TA. [But what this means I know not.])
حَانِىٌّ rel. n. of حَانِيَةٌ, as alsoحَانَوِىٌّ↓; (TA;) or of حَانَةٌ; (Mṣb;) and some say that حَانَوِىٌّ↓ is rel. n. of حَانَاةٌ: (TA:) andحَانُوتِىٌّ↓ is rel. n. of حَانُوتٌ; applied to a man [as meaning A shopman, or the occupant of a shop: and particularly. as also the first and second, a vintner: see also حَانُوتٌ, last sentence; and see the next paragraph]: (Mṣb:) or the Arabs did not say حَانُوتِىٌّ↓. (Fr, TA in art. حنت.)
حَانِيَّةٌ Wine; (Ṣ and Ḳ in art. حين, and Ḳ in the present art.;) a rel. n. from حَانَةٌ [mentioned in art. حون]: (Ṣ, TA:) or vintners; (Ḳ in this art.;) [from حَانِىٌّ, q. v.; or] a rel. n. from حَانِيَةٌ. (TA.)
حَانَوِىٌّ: see حَانِىٌّ; for each in two places.
حَانُوتِىٌّ: see حَانِىٌّ; for each in two places.
أَحْنَى الظَّهْرِ A man having a [bent, bowed, or] humped back: fem., applied to a woman, حَنْوَآءُ and حَنْيَآءُ: (Ṣ:) the former fem. also applied, in the same sense, to a she-camel. (Ḳ.)
See also the former fem. voce حَانٍ.
فُلَانٌ أَحْنَى النَّاس ضُلُوغًا عَلَيْكَ † Such a one is the most affectionate, kind, or compassionate, of men towards thee. (Ṣ.)
مَحْنَاةٌ: see what next follows.
مَحْنُوَةٌ: see what next follows.
مَحْنِيَةٌ A bend, or place of bending, of a valley; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) below the acclivity; (TA;) as alsoمَحْنُوَةٌ↓ andمَحْنَاةٌ↓: (Ḳ:) pl. مَحَانٍ; (Ṣ;) with which أَحْنَآءٌ [pl. ofحِنْوٌ↓] is syn: (TA:) andمُنْحَنَى↓ الوَادِى [in like manner] signifies the [bending] part of the valley that is below the acclivity. (TA.)
Also, [in one copy of the Ḳ written مَحْنِيَّةٌ,] A bending, or curving, tract of ground, (Sb, ISd, Ḳ,) whether of sand or of any other kind: (Sb, ISd:) Sb says that the ى is substituted for و, because it is from حَنَوْتُ; which shows that he did not know حَنَيْتُ. (ISd.) And مَحْنِيَةُ رَمْلٍ The part of a tract of sand over which winds [a portion such as is termed] a حِقْف. (TA.)
Also A milking-vessel (عُلْبَة, q. v.,) made of the skins of camels [or rather of a piece of the skin of a camel]: sand is put into a piece of the skin, which is then suspended, and dries, becoming like a bowl: (Ḳ:) it is more convenient (أَرْفَقُ) to the pastor than other kinds. (TA.)
مَحْنُوٌّ andمَحْنِىٌّ↓ Bent, or curved. (Mṣb.)
مَحْنِىٌّ: see what next precedes.
مُنْحَنَى الوَادِى: see مَحْنِيَةٌ.